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Series

2010

Challenges

University of Wollongong

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Full-Text Articles in Law

Benefits And Challenges Of Mpa Strategies, Caitlyn Toropova, Richard Kenchington, Marjo Vierros, Imen Meliane Jan 2010

Benefits And Challenges Of Mpa Strategies, Caitlyn Toropova, Richard Kenchington, Marjo Vierros, Imen Meliane

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

During the 1950s and early 1960s, as coastal and marine ecosystems became increasingly degraded by human activities and heavily exploited by fishing, the calls for management and protection of the marine environments and resources became more stressing. The iinternational community started to develop a response to the need for effective conservation and management of coastal and marine systems. National and global policies were developed around concepts of integrated marine resources and environmental management, and were fostered by several international initiatives, including the United Naitons Conference on the Human Environment, held in Stockholm in 1972. (United Nations 1972), the protracted negotiations ...