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2008

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Articles 1 - 30 of 4961

Full-Text Articles in Law

The Coase Theorem And Arthur Cecil Pigou, Herbert J. Hovenkamp Dec 2008

The Coase Theorem And Arthur Cecil Pigou, Herbert J. Hovenkamp

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

In "The Problem of Social Cost" Ronald Coase was highly critical of the work of Cambridge University Economics Professor Arthur Cecil Pigou, presenting him as a radical government interventionist. In later work Coase's critique of Pigou became even more strident. In fact, however, Pigou's Economics of Welfare created the basic model and many of the tools that Coase's later work employed. Much of what we today characterize as the "Coase Theorem," including the relevance of transaction costs, externalities, and bilateral monopoly, was either stated or anticipated in Pigou's work. Further, Coase's extreme faith in private ...


Catholic Social Teaching And Global Migration: Bridging The Paradox Of Universal Human Rights And Territorial Self-Determination, Vincent D. Rougeau Dec 2008

Catholic Social Teaching And Global Migration: Bridging The Paradox Of Universal Human Rights And Territorial Self-Determination, Vincent D. Rougeau

Journal Articles

In this essay, I will consider how law, religion, and democratic pluralism revolve around a particular issue: global migration. I use the term global migration to encompass a number of related issues that are often collapsed under the term immigration. In nations that have constructed their identities around waves of settlers or migrants -- places like the United States, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand -- immigration involves the formal reception of foreigners into the host country as potential new citizens. This is just one part of the migration of peoples around the globe. Migration also encompasses emigration, asylum, economic migration,and undocumented ...


Reinvigorating Tax Expenditure Analysis And Its International Dimension, J. Clifton Fleming Jr., Robert J. Peroni Dec 2008

Reinvigorating Tax Expenditure Analysis And Its International Dimension, J. Clifton Fleming Jr., Robert J. Peroni

Faculty Scholarship

Tax expenditure analysis (TEA) was rigorously criticized from its inception and continues to draw negative reviews. Notwithstanding this criticism, the Congressional Budget and Impoundment Control Act of 1974 requires the President's annual budget submission to contain a list of tax expenditures, and Congress's Joint Committee on Taxation has produced its own tax expenditure list each year since 1972. Although TEA has not restrained or reversed the growth of tax expenditures, TEA continues to play a major role in tax policy debates to the chagrin of its detractors. The persistence of TEA in a hostile environment suggests that it ...


Initial Public Offerings And The Failed Promise Of Disintermediation, A. Christine Hurt Dec 2008

Initial Public Offerings And The Failed Promise Of Disintermediation, A. Christine Hurt

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


The Undercivilization Of Corporate Law, A. Christine Hurt Dec 2008

The Undercivilization Of Corporate Law, A. Christine Hurt

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Exercising Passive Personality Jurisdiction Over Combatants: A Theory In Need Of A Political Solution, Eric Talbot Jensen Dec 2008

Exercising Passive Personality Jurisdiction Over Combatants: A Theory In Need Of A Political Solution, Eric Talbot Jensen

Faculty Scholarship

On March 4, 2005, a car carrying Nicola Calipari and Andrea Carpani, members of the Italian Ministry of Intelligence, and Giuliana Sgrena, a journalist who had been taken hostage one month before and who had just been released and was on her way back to Italy, was traveling to the Baghdad Airport. The car was fired on by US forces from a checkpoint, killing Mr. Calipari and wounding Ms. Sgrena and Mr. Carpani. As a result of this tragic event, a joint investigation occurred and but Italy and the United States could not agree on the results. The United States ...


The Dystopian Potential Of Corporate Law, D. Gordon Smith Dec 2008

The Dystopian Potential Of Corporate Law, D. Gordon Smith

Faculty Scholarship

The community of corporate law scholars in the United States is fragmented. One group, heavily influenced by economic analysis of corporations, is exploring the merits of increasing shareholder power vis-a-vis directors. Another group, animated by concern for social justice, is challenging the traditional, shareholder-centric view of corporate law, arguing instead for a model of stakeholder governance. The current disagreement within corporate law is as fundamental as in any area of law, and the debate is more heated than at any time since the New Deal. This paper is part of a debate on the audacious question, Can Corporate Law Save ...


Untying The Gordian Knot: A Proposal For Determining Applicability Of The Laws Of War To The War On Terror, Geoffery S. Corn, Eric Talbot Jensen Dec 2008

Untying The Gordian Knot: A Proposal For Determining Applicability Of The Laws Of War To The War On Terror, Geoffery S. Corn, Eric Talbot Jensen

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


State Of Utah V. Amador Santonio : Reply Brief Of Appellant, Utah Court Of Appeals Dec 2008

State Of Utah V. Amador Santonio : Reply Brief Of Appellant, Utah Court Of Appeals

Utah Court of Appeals Briefs (2007– )

THIS APPEAL IS FROM A CONVICTION AND SUBSEQUENT SENTENCWG TO AGGRAVATED ASSAULT, A THIRD DEGREE FELONY; DISARMING A PEACE OFFICER, A FIRST DEGREE FELONY; ASSAULT ON A PEACE OFFICER, A CLASS A MISDEMEANOR, AND INTERFERING WITH LEGAL ARREST, A CLASS B. MISDEMEANOR AND WAS SENTENCED TO SERVE CONSECUTIVE TERMS OF NOT TO EXCEED FIVE YEARS ON THE THIRD DEGREE FELONY AND AN INDETERMINATE TERM OF NOT LESS THAN FIVE YEARS WHICH MAY BE FOR LIVE ON THE FIRST DEGREE FELONY AT THE UTAH STATE PRISON, IN THE FOURTH JUDICIAL DISTRICT COURT IN AND FOR UTAH COUNTY, STATE OF UTAH, THE ...


Target Interact Us, Llc V. Worforce Appeals Board, Department Of Worforce Services, And Jody Peterson : Reply Brief, Utah Court Of Appeals Dec 2008

Target Interact Us, Llc V. Worforce Appeals Board, Department Of Worforce Services, And Jody Peterson : Reply Brief, Utah Court Of Appeals

Utah Court of Appeals Briefs (2007– )

Writ of Review from a Final Administrative Agency Decision of the Workforce Appeals Board, Utah Department of Workforce Services


The Impact Of Legalized Abortion On Teen Childbearing, John Donohue Dec 2008

The Impact Of Legalized Abortion On Teen Childbearing, John Donohue

Faculty Scholarship Series

No abstract provided.


Tennessee Department Of Transportation, Petitioner, Vs. Edward Smith, Grievant Dec 2008

Tennessee Department Of Transportation, Petitioner, Vs. Edward Smith, Grievant

Tennessee Department of State, Opinions from the Administrative Procedures Division

No abstract provided.


Cyber Civil Rights, Danielle Keats Citron Dec 2008

Cyber Civil Rights, Danielle Keats Citron

Faculty Scholarship

Social networking sites and blogs have increasingly become breeding grounds for anonymous online groups that attack women, people of color, and members of other traditionally disadvantaged groups. These destructive groups target individuals with defamation, threats of violence, and technology-based attacks that silence victims and concomitantly destroy their privacy. Victims go offline or assume pseudonyms to prevent future attacks, impoverishing online dialogue and depriving victims of the social and economic opportunities associated with a vibrant online presence. Attackers manipulate search engines to reproduce their lies and threats for employers and clients to see, creating digital “scarlet letters” that ruin reputations. Today ...


The Lecture Notes Of St. George Tucker: A Framing Era View Of The Bill Of Rights, David T. Hardy Dec 2008

The Lecture Notes Of St. George Tucker: A Framing Era View Of The Bill Of Rights, David T. Hardy

NULR Online

No abstract provided.


At A Crossroads In The Charm City: Northern Central, United Railways And Power Politics At The Dawn Of Twentieth Century Baltimore - Northern Central Rr Co. V. United Railways & Electrinc Co. 105 Md. 345, Andrew R. Mccarty, David S. Warner Dec 2008

At A Crossroads In The Charm City: Northern Central, United Railways And Power Politics At The Dawn Of Twentieth Century Baltimore - Northern Central Rr Co. V. United Railways & Electrinc Co. 105 Md. 345, Andrew R. Mccarty, David S. Warner

Legal History Publications

In June 1905, attorneys for the Northern Central Railway Company filed suit in Baltimore Superior Court against the United Railways and Electric Company. The suit charged that United Railways owed Northern Central for a portion of the expenses incurred by Northern to repair two bridges in the City of Baltimore, Maryland. Northern Central’s railroad lines ran under the bridges and United Railways’ streetcar lines ran across them. The amount claimed was relatively small for a company the size of the Northern Central and the possibility of collecting somewhat remote even if the case were decided in its favor. However ...


Interview With Rich Arenberg By Brien Williams, Richard 'Rich' A. Arenberg Dec 2008

Interview With Rich Arenberg By Brien Williams, Richard 'Rich' A. Arenberg

George J. Mitchell Oral History Project

Biographical Note
Richard A. “Rich” Arenberg, the son of Bernard and Mary Arenberg, was born on October 16, 1945, in Norwich Connecticut. He was a campus activist during his undergraduate years at Boston University, and worked on some local campaigns, including the campaign of Tom Atkins, the first African American city councilor in Boston. He received a Ph.D. in political science also from Boston University and has a background in survey research. He worked as the issues director for Paul Tsongas’s first congressional campaign in Massachusetts and continued on Tsongas’s congressional and Senate staff until Tsongas retired ...


Vol. Vi, Tab 38 - Ex. 24 - Email From Christopher Klipple, Christopher Klipple Dec 2008

Vol. Vi, Tab 38 - Ex. 24 - Email From Christopher Klipple, Christopher Klipple

Rosetta Stone v. Google (Joint Appendix)

Exhibits from the un-sealed joint appendix for Rosetta Stone Ltd., v. Google Inc., No. 10-2007, on appeal to the 4th Circuit. Issue presented: Under the Lanham Act, does the use of trademarked terms in keyword advertising result in infringement when there is evidence of actual confusion?


Charles Binkley Dec 2008

Charles Binkley

Tennessee Department of State, Opinions from the Administrative Procedures Division

No abstract provided.


Stephen H. Norris, Petitioner, Vs. Brian Borst & Shanna Gosselin-Borst, Respondents Dec 2008

Stephen H. Norris, Petitioner, Vs. Brian Borst & Shanna Gosselin-Borst, Respondents

Tennessee Department of State, Opinions from the Administrative Procedures Division

No abstract provided.


Land Use Cases Highlight Lessons, Evolving Patterns: The Year In Review, John R. Nolon, Jessica A. Bacher Dec 2008

Land Use Cases Highlight Lessons, Evolving Patterns: The Year In Review, John R. Nolon, Jessica A. Bacher

Pace Law Faculty Publications

New York courts busily decided a multitude of land use cases in 2008 due to the increased growth in magnitude and complexity of land use issues. This year, as in the past, the authors summarize some of the most important cases. This year’s cases include the following topics: judicial deference to land use board decisions, zoning boards of appeals discretion, standard local practice, the New York State Environmental Quality Review Act, statute of limitations, affordable housing, and eminent domain.


Public Health Legal Services: A New Vision, David I. Schulman, Ellen Lawton, Paul R. Tremblay, Randye Retkin, Megan Sandel Dec 2008

Public Health Legal Services: A New Vision, David I. Schulman, Ellen Lawton, Paul R. Tremblay, Randye Retkin, Megan Sandel

Boston College Law School Faculty Papers

In recent years, the medical profession has begun to collaborate more and more with lawyers in order to accomplish important health objectives for patients. That collaboration invites a revisioning of legal services delivery models and of public health constructs, leading to a concept we develop in this article, and call "public health legal services." The phrase encompasses those legal services provided by non-government attorneys to low-income persons the outcomes of which when evaluated in the aggregate using traditional public health measures advance the public's health. This conception of public health legal services has emerged most prominently from innovative developments ...


Introduction: Beyond The State? Rethinking Private Law, Ralf Michaels, Nils Jansen Dec 2008

Introduction: Beyond The State? Rethinking Private Law, Ralf Michaels, Nils Jansen

Faculty Scholarship

Introduction to an issue of the journal that brings together the papers presented, as revised by the participants, at a conference held at the Max Planck Institute for Comparative and International Private Law in Hamburg, Germany in the summer of 2007.


The New European Choice-Of-Law Revolution, Ralf Michaels Dec 2008

The New European Choice-Of-Law Revolution, Ralf Michaels

Faculty Scholarship

Conflict of laws in Europe was long viewed by outsiders as formalist, antiquated, and uninteresting. Now that the European Union has become more active in the field, things are changing, but most view these changes as a mere gradual evolution. This is untrue. Actually, and fascinatingly, we are observing a real European conflicts revolution—in importance, radicalness, and irreversibility comparable to the twentieth-century American conflicts revolution. European developments go beyond the federalization of choice-of-law rules in EU regulations. In addition, EU choice of law is being constitutionalized, in particular through the principles of mutual recognition and the country-of-origin principle, along ...


President’S Emergency Plan For Aids Relief: Health Development At The Crossroads, Lawrence O. Gostin Dec 2008

President’S Emergency Plan For Aids Relief: Health Development At The Crossroads, Lawrence O. Gostin

O'Neill Institute Papers

The President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) was the largest commitment by any nation to combat a single disease in human history, authorizing up to $15 billion over 5 years. On July 30, 2008, President Bush signed into law the historic reauthorization of PEPFAR, dramatically increasing the financial commitment by authorizing up to $48 billion over 5 years, including $5 billion for Malaria and $4 billion for Tuberculosis. PEPFAR’s global targets are inspiring: treat 3 million people; prevent 12 million new HIV infections, and care for 12 million people, including 5 million orphans and vulnerable children. But ...


Agenda: Managing Oil And Gas Development In Colorado: The New Cogcc Rules, University Of Colorado Boulder. Natural Resources Law Center Dec 2008

Agenda: Managing Oil And Gas Development In Colorado: The New Cogcc Rules, University Of Colorado Boulder. Natural Resources Law Center

Managing Oil and Gas Development in Colorado: The New COGCC Rules (December 16)

NRLC Hot Topic held on December 16, 2008 from 12:00 noon to 1:30 p.m. at the offices of Hogan and Hartson, Denver, Colorado.

Panelists from COGCC, the oil & gas industry, and environmental community, will present their perspectives on the soon-to-be-issued rules on oil and development in Colorado. Discussion and questions from attendees will follow.


Male Circumcision As An Hiv Prevention Strategy In Sub-Saharan Africa: Socio-Legal Barriers, Lawrence O. Gostin Dec 2008

Male Circumcision As An Hiv Prevention Strategy In Sub-Saharan Africa: Socio-Legal Barriers, Lawrence O. Gostin

O'Neill Institute Papers

UNAIDS and WHO recommend safe, voluntary male circumcision as an additional, important strategy for the prevention of heterosexually-acquired HIV in men in areas with high HIV prevalence and low levels of male circumcision. Comprehensive male circumcision services should include HIV testing and counseling, partner reduction, and male and female condom use. Yet, male circumcision can have deep symbolic meaning that could pose barriers to implementation. In some parts of the world, it is a traditional practice with religious or cultural significance, in others it is a common hygiene intervention, and in yet others it is unfamiliar or foreign. Consequently, the ...


Tennessee Department Of Safety, Petitioner, Vs. Kyle Cantwell, Grievant Dec 2008

Tennessee Department Of Safety, Petitioner, Vs. Kyle Cantwell, Grievant

Tennessee Department of State, Opinions from the Administrative Procedures Division

No abstract provided.


Whose Business Is Your Pancreas?: Potential Privacy Problems In New York City's Mandatory Diabetes Registry (With N. Gingo Et Al.), Harold J. Krent, Nicholas Gingo, Monica Kapp, Rachel Moran, Mary Neal, Meghan Paulas, Puneet Sarna, Sarah Suma Dec 2008

Whose Business Is Your Pancreas?: Potential Privacy Problems In New York City's Mandatory Diabetes Registry (With N. Gingo Et Al.), Harold J. Krent, Nicholas Gingo, Monica Kapp, Rachel Moran, Mary Neal, Meghan Paulas, Puneet Sarna, Sarah Suma

All Faculty Scholarship

New York City authorities in 2006 formulated a policy requiring that medical data from all diabetics in the City be stored in a centralized registry. This diabetic registry is the first in the nation to require collection of personal testing data for the purpose of monitoring treatments for a noninfectious disease. The registry represents an important step on the path toward better understanding and managing of the disease. Nonetheless, establishment of the registry threatens privacy in a number of ways. Many individuals are open about their diabetes, but others prefer to keep that information to themselves, whether because of concerns ...


Honor's Constitutional Moment: The Oath And Presidential Transitions, Paul Horwitz Dec 2008

Honor's Constitutional Moment: The Oath And Presidential Transitions, Paul Horwitz

NULR Online

No abstract provided.


Allocating Business Profits For Tax Purposes: A Proposal To Adopt A Formulary Profit Split, Reuven S. Avi-Yonah, Kimberly A. Clausing, Michael C. Durst Dec 2008

Allocating Business Profits For Tax Purposes: A Proposal To Adopt A Formulary Profit Split, Reuven S. Avi-Yonah, Kimberly A. Clausing, Michael C. Durst

Law & Economics Working Papers Archive: 2003-2009

The current system of taxing the income of multinational firms in the United States is flawed across multiple dimensions. The system provides an artificial tax incentive to earn income in low-tax countries, rewards aggressive tax planning, and is not compatible with any common metrics of efficiency. The U.S. system is also notoriously complex; observers are nearly unanimous in lamenting the heavy compliance burdens and the impracticality of coherent enforcement. Further, despite a corporate tax rate one standard deviation above that of other OECD countries, the U.S. corporate tax system raises relatively little revenue, due in part to the ...