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Series

2001

Law Faculty Publications

Articles 1 - 30 of 39

Full-Text Articles in Law

Introduction And Symposium Overview: The Changing Labor Markets Of The Western Hemisphere: Labor Issues Relating To The Ftaa, Ann C. Hodges Oct 2001

Introduction And Symposium Overview: The Changing Labor Markets Of The Western Hemisphere: Labor Issues Relating To The Ftaa, Ann C. Hodges

Law Faculty Publications

In 1994, thirty-four countries in the Western Hemisphere met in Miami to begin negotiations designed to establish a comprehensive free trade agreement. The initial meeting led to a "Declaration of Principles" and a "Plan of Action" which committed the signatory countries to take steps toward open markets and free trade in the hemisphere. Subsequent meetings in 1998 and 2001 have moved the countries toward creation of the Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA), with an expectation that the agreement will be in place by 2005.


A Truism That Isn't True? The Tenth Amendment And Executive War Power, D. A. Jeremy Telman Oct 2001

A Truism That Isn't True? The Tenth Amendment And Executive War Power, D. A. Jeremy Telman

Law Faculty Publications

The Tenth Amendment is invoked whenever congressional powers threaten the independent law-making power of the several states. In that context, however, the Tenth Amendment does not tell us very much. After all, if powers are not delegated to the federal government, where else would they go but to the states? Accordingly, the Supreme Court has dismissed the Amendment as a truism.

Although the Amendment is only deployed as a rather ineffectual check on congressional authority, it clearly applies to all branches of the federal government. However, according to the theory of inherent executive authority, certain powers are unique to the ...


Shifting Winds: Court Whittles Away At Plaintiffs' Recovery Of Attorney Fees, Carl W. Tobias, Margaret L. Sanner Sep 2001

Shifting Winds: Court Whittles Away At Plaintiffs' Recovery Of Attorney Fees, Carl W. Tobias, Margaret L. Sanner

Law Faculty Publications

A Supreme Court ruling in a case brought by an assisted-living home doesn't offer much assistance to civil rights lawyers. The ruling in Buckhannon Board & Care Home v. West Virginia will frustrate plaintiffs' efforts to recover attorney fees in litigation to vindicate important societal values such as the prevention of discrimination. But it shouldn't come as a big surprise. Buckhannon is only the most recent of numerous High Court decisions since the 1980s that can complicate attempts by plaintiffs lawyers to secure attorney's fees.


An Introduction To The Mission And Methodology Of Academic Support, Emmeline Paulette Reeves Apr 2001

An Introduction To The Mission And Methodology Of Academic Support, Emmeline Paulette Reeves

Law Faculty Publications

Academic Support Programs (ASPs) "are an extremely hot issue" in legal education. Earlier this semester, the Law School Admission Council (LSAC) announced that it would fund annual academic support conferences for the next six years, and last fall, the LSAC published an updated handbook on ASPs. The Association of American Law Schools established a permanent section on academic support in 1998. A recent survey of 151 ABA-accredited law schools revealed that 13 7, or 90.7% of the schools surveyed, have an academic support program in one form or another. Within the past year, three Virginia Law schools-the University of ...


Setting The Record Straight: A Proposal For Handling Prosecutorial Appeals To Racial, Ethnic Or Gender Prejudice During Trial, Andrea Lyon Apr 2001

Setting The Record Straight: A Proposal For Handling Prosecutorial Appeals To Racial, Ethnic Or Gender Prejudice During Trial, Andrea Lyon

Law Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


The Ali Principles: A Farewell To Fault--But What Remedy For The Egregious Marital Misconduct Of An Abusive Spouse, Peter N. Swisher Jan 2001

The Ali Principles: A Farewell To Fault--But What Remedy For The Egregious Marital Misconduct Of An Abusive Spouse, Peter N. Swisher

Law Faculty Publications

The fundamental premise of this commentary is that the ALl has erred in not including appropriate nonfinancial fault-based factors in the Principles for three major reasons: 1) other no-fault laws, including no-fault automobile insurance law, no-fault workers compensation law, and strict liability in tort law, have all incorporated a number of fault-based exceptions to their general no-fault framework for serious or egregious conduct, and American divorce law should likewise have a similar fault-based exception for serious or egregious marital misconduct; 2) a substantial number of states continue to recognize and utilize a number of fault-based statutory factors in divorce for ...


Discrimination, Plain And Simple, Henry L. Chambers, Jr. Jan 2001

Discrimination, Plain And Simple, Henry L. Chambers, Jr.

Law Faculty Publications

This short essay is a brief examination of the Court's relatively recent attempts to simplify Title VII and employment discrimination; it is not intended to be a comprehensive review of the Court's discrimination jurisprudence. Rather, it seeks to identify a few concerns with and implications of the Court's apparent desire to simplify Title VII jurisprudence. Part I briefly examines how the Court has simplified employment discrimination through Hicks and Oncale. Part II examines how the Court's simplifications have been used. Part III suggests concerns that should accompany the Court's simplification.


Fatal Attraction? The Uneasy Courtship Of Brady And Plea Bargaining, John G. Douglass Jan 2001

Fatal Attraction? The Uneasy Courtship Of Brady And Plea Bargaining, John G. Douglass

Law Faculty Publications

Part I of this Article discusses the natural attraction between Brady-a rule requiring disclosure of evidence favorable to a defendant-and plea bargaining-a practice where such information is at a premium for defendants. Part II describes how an increasing number of courts have adapted Brady to fit in the world of a plea bargain, in the process changing Brady's point of reference from the jury's verdict to the defendant's tactical decision to plead guilty. Part ill argues that this change in focus narrows Brady's substantive coverage and renders the rule practically unenforceable following most guilty pleas. Part ...


Confronting The Reluctant Accomplice, John G. Douglass Jan 2001

Confronting The Reluctant Accomplice, John G. Douglass

Law Faculty Publications

The Supreme Court treats the Confrontation Clause as a rule of evidence that excludes unreliable hearsay. But where the hearsay declarant is an accomplice who refuses to testify at defendant's trial, the Court's approach leads prosecutors and defendants to ignore real opportunities for confrontation, while they debate the reliability of hearsay. And even where the Court's doctrine excludes hearsay, it leads prosecutors to purchase the accomplice's testimony through a process that raises equally serious questions of reliability. Thus, the Court's approach promotes neither reliability nor confrontation. This Article advocates an approach that applies the Confrontation ...


Charles Alan Wright And The Fragmentation Of Federal Practice And Procedure, Carl W. Tobias Jan 2001

Charles Alan Wright And The Fragmentation Of Federal Practice And Procedure, Carl W. Tobias

Law Faculty Publications

Memorial tribute to Professor Charles Alan Wright.


The Bush Administration And Appeals Courts Nominees, Carl W. Tobias Jan 2001

The Bush Administration And Appeals Courts Nominees, Carl W. Tobias

Law Faculty Publications

On May 9, President George H.W. Bush announced his first set of nominees for the United States Courts of Appeals. With a White House ceremony which chief executives traditionally reserve for United States Supreme Court designees, the president introduced eleven individuals whom he proposed for vacancies on the federal intermediate appellate courts. Submitting a package of appeals court nominees might seem to be a relatively mundane exercise. However, the developments that led to Bush's recommendations, the staging of this event, and the candidates tendered actually reveal much about contemporary judicial selection, which is a critical feature of constitutional ...


Divisional Arrangement For The Federal Appeals Courts, Carl W. Tobias Jan 2001

Divisional Arrangement For The Federal Appeals Courts, Carl W. Tobias

Law Faculty Publications

The 106th Congress seriously considered proposed legislation that could profoundly affect the federal appellate courts, and the 107th Congress may well do so. The Commission on Structural Alternatives for the Federal Courts of Appeals, which performed a rather comprehensive, albeit incomplete, study of the tribunals, recommended this bill as the centerpiece of its report for Congress. The commissioners prescribed regionally-based adjudicative divisions for the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit and for the remaining appellate courts when the courts increase in size, even as the commission decisively rejected the possibility of splitting the Ninth Circuit into multiple ...


The 2000 Federal Civil Rules Revisions, Carl W. Tobias Jan 2001

The 2000 Federal Civil Rules Revisions, Carl W. Tobias

Law Faculty Publications

During April 2000, the United States Supreme Court prescribed a comparatively thorough set of amendments to the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure. These amendments took effect in December 2000. That development represented the culmination of a rule revision proceeding commenced in 1996 by the Judicial Conference of the United States Advisory Committee on Civil Rules (Advisory Committee). Because certain provisos that the Supreme Court included in the 2000 amendments are rather controversial and could alter significant features of modern federal civil litigation primarily involving discovery, these revisions deserve assessment. This Essay undertakes that effort by emphasizing changes in mandatory prediscovery ...


The Practical Scholar, David G. Epstein Jan 2001

The Practical Scholar, David G. Epstein

Law Faculty Publications

Larry King was "the practical scholar" for bankruptcy. In 1992, Harry Edwards, a District of Columbia Court of Appeals judge who has been a lecturer at New York University Law School since 1989, provided a definition of "practical scholarship" that defines Larry's scholarship: "[I]t analyzes the law and the legal system with an aim to instruct attorneys in their consideration of legal problems; to guide judges and other decisionmakers in their resolution of legal disputes; and to advise legislators and other policymakers on law reform.


Don't Call Me A Securities Law Groupie: The Rise And Possible Demise Of The Group Pleading Protocol In 10b-5 Cases, William O. Fisher Jan 2001

Don't Call Me A Securities Law Groupie: The Rise And Possible Demise Of The Group Pleading Protocol In 10b-5 Cases, William O. Fisher

Law Faculty Publications

Corporations often speak through documents. Some, like press releases, may not identify an author. Others, like 10-Ks, bear the signatures of many who did not write them but sign as required by law. In many cases, groups of individuals, working together, prepare these documents. When such documents contain misstatements, plaintiffs may not know initially who wrote them. To address this difficulty, the U.S. Courts of Appeals for the Ninth and Second Circuits created a judge-made pleading protocol. This protocol permits plaintiffs to name officers, and in some cases directors, as defendants in securities fraud cases without pleading specific facts ...


Adr At The Environmental Protection Agency, Joel B. Eisen Jan 2001

Adr At The Environmental Protection Agency, Joel B. Eisen

Law Faculty Publications

This chapter examines how the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) uses alternative dispute resolution (ADR) methods to help resolve complex environmental disputes. In recent years, the EPA's use of ADR has increased dramatically in a wide variety of settings. The EPA has made ADR a central feature of its environmental enforcement strategy, encouraged its use in Title VI and environmental justice conflict settings, and turned to negotiated rulemaking as an alternative to the cumbersome notice-and-comment process for development of new federal regulations. Other EPA programs, such as the Brownfields Economic Redevelopment Initiative, promote nonadversarial methods for tackling complex ...


Cases Concerning Equity And The Courts Of Equity 1550-1660, William Hamilton Bryson Jan 2001

Cases Concerning Equity And The Courts Of Equity 1550-1660, William Hamilton Bryson

Law Faculty Publications

This volume of previously unpublished equity reports in the period 1550-1660 includes cases of substantive equity prosecuted by English bill procedure, cases that explain the jurisdiction, procedures, and practices of the courts of equity in England, and a few cases from the courts of common law that touch on and consider the jurisdiction of the equity courts. Also included are cases in the equity courts that involve equitable remedies needed to protect common law rights. Frequently the equity judge had to determine a common law right before an equitable remedy could be granted.


Just Do It To Stay Interested And Fresh, In Paul M. George, Care And Maintenance Of The Successful Career: How Experienced Law Librarians Make Their Work Rewarding, Timothy L. Coggins Jan 2001

Just Do It To Stay Interested And Fresh, In Paul M. George, Care And Maintenance Of The Successful Career: How Experienced Law Librarians Make Their Work Rewarding, Timothy L. Coggins

Law Faculty Publications

An article about how a "more seasoned" law librarian remains fresh in his or her career.


Wills, Trusts And Estates (Annual Survey Of Virginia Law, 2000-2001), J. Rodney Johnson Jan 2001

Wills, Trusts And Estates (Annual Survey Of Virginia Law, 2000-2001), J. Rodney Johnson

Law Faculty Publications

The General Assembly enacted legislation dealing with wills, trusts, and estates that added or amended a number of sections of the Virginia Code in its 2001 Session. In addition, one Supreme Court of Virginia opinion and three Virginia Circuit Court opinions raised issues of interest to the general practitioner as well as the specialist in wills, trusts, and estates during the period covered by this review. This article reports on all of these legislative and judicial developments.


Religion In American Public Life: Living With Our Deepest Differences, Azizah Y. Al-Hibri Jan 2001

Religion In American Public Life: Living With Our Deepest Differences, Azizah Y. Al-Hibri

Law Faculty Publications

Raise any number of public issues ”health care, education, welfare ”and religious beliefs inevitably shape Americans' viewpoints. On certain topics the introduction of religion can be explosive. This book discusses how we can and why we should hear religious voices in the public square. An American Assembly Book.


Standing At The Precipice: Faith In The Age Of Science And Technology, Azizah Y. Al-Hibri Jan 2001

Standing At The Precipice: Faith In The Age Of Science And Technology, Azizah Y. Al-Hibri

Law Faculty Publications

At the cusp of the second millennium, however, a new age has dawned upon us. It is the Age of Information that emphasizes iuterconnectedness, decentralization, and innovation. This new age tends to promote an organic as opposed to a mechanistic reality. It abandons a hierarchical mechanistic logic in favor of "flattened" networks of relationships. It replaces the ideology of conflict that characterized the Industrial Age with a new ideology of cooperation. It replaces homogeneity with diversity, and centralization with increased participation and democracy. Properly understood and managed, this age can usher in better political, social, and economic relations in our ...


Redefining Muslim Women's Roles In The Next Century, Azizah Y. Al-Hibri Jan 2001

Redefining Muslim Women's Roles In The Next Century, Azizah Y. Al-Hibri

Law Faculty Publications

During the administration of President Anwar Sadat, Law No. 44 was passed hastily by the Egyptian parliament in an attempt to improve women's legal status. It was referred to by some Egyptians as "Jihan's law," a reference to the efforts of Mrs. Sadat in having it passed. That law was rejected soon after the death of President Sadat. Will the new law face a similar fate ultimately? If all depends. In understanding this answer lies the key to predicting the way the winds of change will blow in the Muslim world to define the roles of Muslim women ...


A Modest Reform For Federal Procedural Rulemaking, Carl W. Tobias Jan 2001

A Modest Reform For Federal Procedural Rulemaking, Carl W. Tobias

Law Faculty Publications

Following the adoption of the amendments to the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure relating to discovery in 2000, Prof. Tobias notes the lack of empirical research or other indication of how the new rules might work in practice preceding their enactment. He suggests that Congress should reconsider a reject 1983 amendment to F.R.C.P. 83 which would authorize courts to obtain Judicial Conference approval to test promising mechanisms for five years before adoption.


Arbitration Of Statutory Claims In The Unionized Workplace: Is Bargaining With The Union Required?, Ann C. Hodges Jan 2001

Arbitration Of Statutory Claims In The Unionized Workplace: Is Bargaining With The Union Required?, Ann C. Hodges

Law Faculty Publications

This article analyzes the question of whether arbitration of statutory claims should be classified as a mandatory or permissive subject of bargaining under the National Labor Relations Act (NLRA). First, this article reviews the post-Wright cases that hold that a union-negotiated waiver is permissible. Second, this article reviews the only decision to consider the issue of classification of the bargaining subject, Air Line Pilots Ass'n, International v. Northwest Airlines, Inc., a case arising in the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia under the Railway Labor Act. In that case, the court concluded that the ...


The Employment Law Decisions Of The October 2000 Term Of The Supreme Court: A Review And Analysis, Ann C. Hodges Jan 2001

The Employment Law Decisions Of The October 2000 Term Of The Supreme Court: A Review And Analysis, Ann C. Hodges

Law Faculty Publications

During the October 2000 Term, the Supreme Court delivered major setbacks for employees in Circuit City Stores, Inc. v. Adams, which upheld mandatory and binding arbitration of federal and state employment discrimination claims through arbitration clauses forced upon employees as a condition of employment, and in Board of Trustees of the University of Alabama v. Garrett, which shielded state employers from federal court law suits brought under the Americans with Disabilities Act by victims of disability discrimination in employment. Employees escaped harm in Pollard v. E.I du Pont de Nemours & Co., in which the Court followed nearly unanimous circuit ...


Separating Church And State: Roger Williams And Religious Liberty, Kurt T. Lash Jan 2001

Separating Church And State: Roger Williams And Religious Liberty, Kurt T. Lash

Law Faculty Publications

Roger Williams was a religious bigot. He never met a church pure enough for his brand of Puritanism, and he never found a congregation worthy enough to have him as its pastor. After alienating every potential ally and provoking every critic, Williams was forced to flee to the wilds of Narragansett Bay in present-day Rhode Island. There, he preached to his remaining congregation- his family- and supported laws prohibiting men from wearing long hair.

In Timothy Hall's illuminating book, the reader is confronted with a flesh and blood Roger Williams who is rather different from the modern myth. Although ...


The Constitutional Convention Of 1937: The Original Meaning Of The New Jurisprudential Deal, Kurt T. Lash Jan 2001

The Constitutional Convention Of 1937: The Original Meaning Of The New Jurisprudential Deal, Kurt T. Lash

Law Faculty Publications

The paper traces the dramatic jurisprudential innovations of the New Deal Revolution, including the articulation of incorporation theory, the abandonment of judicial construction of state common law, and the ascension of textual originalism as the Court's method of constitutional interpretation. I argue that the New Deal Court transcended the political goals of the Roosevelt administration and attempted to restructure the nature of legitimate judicial review in a post-Lochner world. Acting, in effect, as a constitutional convention, the Court not only changed the nature of judicial review, it altered the shape of the Constitution in ways that cut across modern ...


Starbucks And The New Federalism: The Court's Answer To Globalization, Robert Knowles Jan 2001

Starbucks And The New Federalism: The Court's Answer To Globalization, Robert Knowles

Law Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Slowly Returning The "Special Needs" Doctrine To Its Roots, Steven R. Probst Jan 2001

Slowly Returning The "Special Needs" Doctrine To Its Roots, Steven R. Probst

Law Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


American "Road Rage": A Scary And Tangled Cultural-Legal Pastiche, Robert F. Blomquist Jan 2001

American "Road Rage": A Scary And Tangled Cultural-Legal Pastiche, Robert F. Blomquist

Law Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.