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2001

Health Law and Policy

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Articles 1 - 30 of 73

Full-Text Articles in Law

Access To Pediatric Services Under Medicaid Managed Care In The District Of Columbia, Karen Shaw, Sara J. Rosenbaum Dec 2001

Access To Pediatric Services Under Medicaid Managed Care In The District Of Columbia, Karen Shaw, Sara J. Rosenbaum

Health Policy and Management Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Medi-Cal Funded Induced Abortions 2000, Department Of Health Services Dec 2001

Medi-Cal Funded Induced Abortions 2000, Department Of Health Services

California Agencies

This report provides summary data on the number of fee-for-service Medi-Cal funded abortions performed during 2000, the type of facility where a procedure was performed, and Medi-Cal expenditures for these procedures. Only abortion claims received and processed for date-of-service January through December 2000 are included in this report. The term fee-for-service (FFS) used throughout this report refers to these claims. The data are presented at both county and state levels. Estimates of abortions for enrollees in Health Care Plans (HCP) are included since encounter data are not yet available. A distribution by county is provided.


Meeting Employees' Information Needs In An Evolving Health Care Marketplace, Lise Rybowski Nov 2001

Meeting Employees' Information Needs In An Evolving Health Care Marketplace, Lise Rybowski

National Health Policy Forum

This background paper explores the role of information in an evolving health care marketplace. It notes that, in a softening economy, many employers seeking relief from escalating health care expenses shift costs onto employees. Some try to make their retreat more palatable by offering employees both more options for how and where they receive health care and more control over how and where the money is spent. This paper discusses the changes that are likely to occur over the next decade in the ways that people make decisions about health plans and providers, the implications for consumers' information needs, and ...


The Disappearing State Surpluses: How Come, How Long, And How Will They Affect Social Service Programs?, Randy Desonia Oct 2001

The Disappearing State Surpluses: How Come, How Long, And How Will They Affect Social Service Programs?, Randy Desonia

National Health Policy Forum

This issue brief focuses on the impact of budget shortfalls being experienced by many states after several years of strong revenue growth. It describes the structure and sources of state revenues and spending and the causes of the shortfall. It also summarizes the fiscal trends and federal policies that could result in significant budget shortfalls in the future.


Primary Care Case Management: Lessons For Medicare?, Lisa Sprague Oct 2001

Primary Care Case Management: Lessons For Medicare?, Lisa Sprague

National Health Policy Forum

This issue brief looks at primary care case management (PCCM) as a tool that states have used to manage the delivery of care to their Medicaid populations, an alternative to contracting with commercial managed care plans. (States had found PCCM a flexible means of advancing state policy goals, including quality improvement, disease management, and coverage of special-needs populations.) The issue brief considers provider and beneficiary perspectives on PCCM as well as state agency objectives and accomplishments. Finally, it raises the question of adapting the PCCM model for Medicare.


Mid-Atlantic Ethics Committee Newsletter, Fall-Winter 2001 Oct 2001

Mid-Atlantic Ethics Committee Newsletter, Fall-Winter 2001

Mid-Atlantic Ethics Committee Newsletter

No abstract provided.


Emergency Preparedness From A Health Perspective: Preparing For Bioterrorism At The Federal, State, And Local Levels, Robin J. Strongin Oct 2001

Emergency Preparedness From A Health Perspective: Preparing For Bioterrorism At The Federal, State, And Local Levels, Robin J. Strongin

National Health Policy Forum

Despite the good intentions prior to and in the aftermath of the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, the existence of significant gaps in the country's preparedness became increasingly clear in the weeks that followed. This background paper provides an overview of the state of bioterrorism preparedness at all levels of government, identifying both the gaps and the steps being taken to close them. A series of reference materials, including a suggested reading list and Web site addresses, are listed at the end of the paper.


State Mental Hospital Continuity Of Care Study: Addendum To Year One Report, Timothy Boaz, Keith Vossberg Oct 2001

State Mental Hospital Continuity Of Care Study: Addendum To Year One Report, Timothy Boaz, Keith Vossberg

Mental Health Law & Policy Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Drug Designs Are Different, Aaron Twerski, J. A. Henderson Oct 2001

Drug Designs Are Different, Aaron Twerski, J. A. Henderson

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Health Insurance Family Style: Public Approaches To Reaching The Uninsured, Jennifer Ryan Sep 2001

Health Insurance Family Style: Public Approaches To Reaching The Uninsured, Jennifer Ryan

National Health Policy Forum

This issue brief explores existing and potential opportunities to further expand the availability of health coverage for the uninsured and the underinsured, given downturns in the economy and the resulting state budget shortfalls. It also considers the implications of the Health Insurance Flexibility and Accountability (HIFA) initiative announced in August 2001 by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services. Finally, the issue brief describes legislative options for health care reform being debated in Washington, including tax credit incentives, employer-based coverage subsidies and the potential for additional federal funding for public coverage expansions through Medicaid and the State Children's Health ...


Building Community, Recognizing Dignity: Beyond The Ada, Karen H. Rothenberg, Alan D. Hornstein Sep 2001

Building Community, Recognizing Dignity: Beyond The Ada, Karen H. Rothenberg, Alan D. Hornstein

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Mission Possible? Maintaining The Safety Net In Urban And Rural Colorado, Karen Matherlee Aug 2001

Mission Possible? Maintaining The Safety Net In Urban And Rural Colorado, Karen Matherlee

National Health Policy Forum

This site visit examined urban safety-net concerns in Denver and rural safety-net issues in three communities in the eastern part of Colorado. The Denver segment featured Denver Health, an integrated health system that provides a continuum of services to diverse vulnerable populations. It explored delivery and financing issues for the system itself and in relation to payers, providers, and consumers (particularly through Community Voices) in its catchment area. The eastern Colorado segment focused on delivery and financing issues in Rocky Ford (community health center/migrant health services concerns), Limon (certified rural health center topics), and Hugo (critical-access hospital matters). The ...


W-2 In 2001: Wisconsin Works At Welfare Reform, Jennifer Ryan, Randy Desonia Aug 2001

W-2 In 2001: Wisconsin Works At Welfare Reform, Jennifer Ryan, Randy Desonia

National Health Policy Forum

This site visit took federal participants to Wisconsin, widely regarded as one of the pioneers of welfare reform. This site visit focused on Wisconsin Works (W-2), a statewide effort to reduce the state's welfare caseload and send clients to work. In particular, site visitors examined welfare reform policy, service delivery, and financing issues in Milwaukee, at that time the home of 85 percent of W-2 participants. Site visit participants heard from state officials, private-sector representatives, researchers, and advocates on the structure of W-2, its operating policies, and the effects of program implementation on low-income families. They toured a variety ...


Medicare Coverage: Lessons From The Past, Questions For The Future, Robin J. Strongin Aug 2001

Medicare Coverage: Lessons From The Past, Questions For The Future, Robin J. Strongin

National Health Policy Forum

This paper describes the Medicare coverage process for emerging technologies and the ways it has changed over time. Issues addressed include both the national coverage process and local medical review policies, which account for 90 percent of the coverage determinations. The paper also includes a discussion of the relationship between the coverage process and technology assessment, payment systems and the ongoing debate over coverage criteria and levels of evidence.


Income Support Policy And The U.S. Child Support System, Jane Koppelman Jul 2001

Income Support Policy And The U.S. Child Support System, Jane Koppelman

National Health Policy Forum

This paper examines the economic profile of custodial and noncustodial parents and the status of the federal/state child support enforcement system. It discusses the reasons for the historically low rate of child support collection; the prospects for new computerized systems to improve the rates of both paternities established and payments collected; ways the system can sustain funding; and the extent to which child support payments can improve the well-being of low-income families.


Pharmacy Benefit Managers: A Model For Medicare?, Veronica V. Goff Jul 2001

Pharmacy Benefit Managers: A Model For Medicare?, Veronica V. Goff

National Health Policy Forum

This issue brief uses large-employer experiences with pharmacy benefit managers (PBMs) to shed light on their potential as Medicare outpatient drug benefit administrators. PBM management techniques are discussed, as well as employer perspectives on PBM strengths and weaknesses and lessons learned. Considerations for Medicare policy are also examined. The brief built on a previous NHPF issue brief entitled The ABCs of PBMs.


Nord Issues Gene Patenting Statement, Valerie Gutmann Koch Jul 2001

Nord Issues Gene Patenting Statement, Valerie Gutmann Koch

All Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Mid-Atlantic Ethics Committee Newsletter, Summer 2001 Jul 2001

Mid-Atlantic Ethics Committee Newsletter, Summer 2001

Mid-Atlantic Ethics Committee Newsletter

No abstract provided.


State Mental Hospital Continuity Of Care Study 2: Comparison Of State Mental Hospital Discharge Plans With Post Discharge Housing Placements, Participation In Community Behavioral Health Services, And Use Of Psychotropic Medication, John C. Ward, Timothy Boaz, Keith Vossberg, Gregory B. Teague Jul 2001

State Mental Hospital Continuity Of Care Study 2: Comparison Of State Mental Hospital Discharge Plans With Post Discharge Housing Placements, Participation In Community Behavioral Health Services, And Use Of Psychotropic Medication, John C. Ward, Timothy Boaz, Keith Vossberg, Gregory B. Teague

Mental Health Law & Policy Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Federal And State Perspectives On Gme Reform, Karen Matherlee Jun 2001

Federal And State Perspectives On Gme Reform, Karen Matherlee

National Health Policy Forum

This issue brief examines financial support of graduate medical education (GME), a standard budget item in the federal Medicare program and in some state Medicaid programs. It looks at objections to the way in which GME dollars are distributed, especially in terms of variations in Medicare GME payments across states. It explores various reform proposals that are circulating to address this and other GME problems and the odds for major reform.


Youth Violence Prevention: How Does The Health Care Sector Respond?, Anthony S. Raden Jun 2001

Youth Violence Prevention: How Does The Health Care Sector Respond?, Anthony S. Raden

National Health Policy Forum

This background paper examines the health care sector's response to the complex problems associated with youth violence, identifies the unique challenges health professionals face in dealing with young victims and perpetrators of violence, and raises questions about the ability of health professionals in various types of practice settings to assume a more proactive role in preventing youth violence.


Nurse Workforce: Condition Critical, Wakina Scott Jun 2001

Nurse Workforce: Condition Critical, Wakina Scott

National Health Policy Forum

This issue brief provides an overview of the current nursing shortage. It discusses the multiple factors that make this shortage in the nurse workforce different from earlier ones. It also examines steps taken by nursing schools, the health care industry, the federal government, and states to address this issue.


Abortion And Crime: Unwanted Children And Out-Of-Wedlock Births, John Lott, John Whitley May 2001

Abortion And Crime: Unwanted Children And Out-Of-Wedlock Births, John Lott, John Whitley

John M. Olin Center for Studies in Law, Economics, and Public Policy Working Papers

Abortion may prevent the birth of "unwanted" children, who would have relatively small investments in human capital and a higher probability of crime. On the other hand, some research suggests that legalizing abortion increases out-of-wedlock births and single parent families, which implies the opposite impact on investments in human capital and thus crime. The question is: what is the net impact? We find evidence that legalizing abortion increased murder rates by around about 0.5 to 7 percent. Previous estimates are shown to suffer from not directly linking the cohorts who are committing crime with whether they had been born ...


State Benefit Design Choices Under Schip - Implications For Pediatric Health Care, Sara J. Rosenbaum, Anne Rossier Markus, Colleen Sonosky, Lee Repasch May 2001

State Benefit Design Choices Under Schip - Implications For Pediatric Health Care, Sara J. Rosenbaum, Anne Rossier Markus, Colleen Sonosky, Lee Repasch

Health Policy and Management Issue Briefs

This policy brief1 is the second in a series of reports focusing on the design of state SCHIP programs as they near full implementation. It examines the extent to which state agencies adopt conventional insurance norms or adhere to special principles of Medicaid coverage design for children in designing separately administered (or freestanding) SCHIP programs. The issue of coverage design is particularly relevant for children with low prevalence conditions and special health care needs. Increasingly, conventional insurance uses standardized coverage norms to limit coverage and treatment. These standardized norms take the form of across-the-board treatments and exclusions, limited definitions of ...


State-Based Pharmaceutical Assistance Programs: Temporary Fix Or Lessons For Medicare?, Robin J. Strongin Apr 2001

State-Based Pharmaceutical Assistance Programs: Temporary Fix Or Lessons For Medicare?, Robin J. Strongin

National Health Policy Forum

By early 2001, more than one-half of the states had established some type of pharmaceutical assistance programs for the elderly. This issue brief considers specific program parameters, such as eligibility criteria, cost-sharing arrangements, program administration, and marketing and outreach. It also considers programs in the broader context of a future Medicare outpatient prescription drug benefit.


Tanf And Work Support Services: On The Job In Greater Philadelphia, Lisa Sprague Apr 2001

Tanf And Work Support Services: On The Job In Greater Philadelphia, Lisa Sprague

National Health Policy Forum

This site visit looked at programs in the greater Philadelphia area to move welfare recipients into employment and support services aimed at keeping them employed. Four years after implementation of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act, welfare caseloads were much reduced, but challenges remained. Pennsylvania officials described their plans to assist beneficiaries who would reach their five-year lifetime cash assistance limit beginning in 2002. Site visitors met with state and county assistance office staff, employers, consumer advocates, and employment and training contractors. They participated in discussions of how work support services, such as medical assistance, child care, and ...


Mid-Atlantic Ethics Committee Newsletter, Spring 2001 Apr 2001

Mid-Atlantic Ethics Committee Newsletter, Spring 2001

Mid-Atlantic Ethics Committee Newsletter

No abstract provided.


Consent To The Use Of Stored Dna For Genetics Research: A Survey Of Attitudes In The Jewish Population, Marc D. Schwartz, Karen H. Rothenberg, Linda Joseph, Judith Benkendorf, Caryn Lerman Apr 2001

Consent To The Use Of Stored Dna For Genetics Research: A Survey Of Attitudes In The Jewish Population, Marc D. Schwartz, Karen H. Rothenberg, Linda Joseph, Judith Benkendorf, Caryn Lerman

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


The Health Care Safety Net In A Time Of Fiscal Pressures, Richard Hegner Apr 2001

The Health Care Safety Net In A Time Of Fiscal Pressures, Richard Hegner

National Health Policy Forum

This background paper reviewed the role played by the health care safety net in serving the nation's uninsured, underinsured, and indigent populations as well as those Americans who experience problems in obtaining access to health care. Against the backdrop of the March 2000 Institute of Medicine report, America's Health Care Safety Net: Intact But Endangered, the paper examined the recurrent choice in U.S. health policy between underwriting public insurance and subsidizing direct provision of health care. It recounted a number of reasons for direct federal interest in the safety net — including the important role played by Medicaid ...


Quality In The Making: Perspectives On Programs And Progress, Lisa Sprague Apr 2001

Quality In The Making: Perspectives On Programs And Progress, Lisa Sprague

National Health Policy Forum

This background paper considered the evolution of quality evaluation efforts, tracing their development from early initiatives to keep track of patients after surgery through the various guidelines, surveys, and measurement tools currently in use. It looked at both quality assurance and quality improvement strategies, highlighting the different philosophies that guide them. The paper examined the roles of purchasers, providers, consumers, and governments in furthering a quality agenda. Both regulatory and voluntary approaches were assessed.