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2001

Comparative and Foreign Law

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Articles 1 - 30 of 54

Full-Text Articles in Law

Corporate Distributions To Shareholders In Delaware And In Israel, Anat Urman Dec 2001

Corporate Distributions To Shareholders In Delaware And In Israel, Anat Urman

LLM Theses and Essays

This thesis considers the corporate legal systems of Israel and Delaware as they address the subject of corporate distributions to shareholders. The thesis reviews the significance of cash dividends and the acquisition by corporations of their own stock, in the management and survival of corporations, the effect they have on the disposition of creditors, and the extent to which they are restricted by operation of law. The thesis demonstrates how dividends and share repurchases may translate into a transfer of value from creditors to shareholders. It considers the effectiveness of the legal capital in securing creditors’ interest, and concludes that ...


Transfer Pricing: A Comparative Study Of The French And U.S. Legal Systems, Valerie Ciancia Dec 2001

Transfer Pricing: A Comparative Study Of The French And U.S. Legal Systems, Valerie Ciancia

LLM Theses and Essays

For several decades, the number of multinational corporations has significantly increased and this phenomenon has created a new problem: the issue of transfer pricing. Indeed, national states have observed that multinationals could simply manipulate cross- border transfer pricing policies in order to shift profits from one jurisdiction to another. France, along with the United States, was one of the very first countries to introduce transfer-pricing legislations. Although the aims of the French and U.S. transfer pricing systems are similar, the means used to apply such rules are different and often raise difficulties to get rid of double taxations. Nevertheless ...


Public Corruption: A Comparative Analysis Of International Corruption Conventions And United States Law, Peter J. Henning Oct 2001

Public Corruption: A Comparative Analysis Of International Corruption Conventions And United States Law, Peter J. Henning

Law Faculty Research Publications

No abstract provided.


A Comparative Look At Immigration And Human Capital Assessment, Stephen W. Yale-Loehr, Christoph Hoashi-Erhardt Oct 2001

A Comparative Look At Immigration And Human Capital Assessment, Stephen W. Yale-Loehr, Christoph Hoashi-Erhardt

Cornell Law Faculty Publications

This article examines the formation of an immigration policy designed to build up the skill and human capital of a country. We discuss how the process of selecting economic-stream migrants could be designed to yield economic benefits to the host country. Part I examines the theoretical considerations involved in framing a policy that governs economic-stream immigration. In this section, we outline the goals that a host country seeks to achieve in selecting these migrants and propose important elements of a selection scheme. Part II takes a comparative look at existing points-based schemes for selecting economic migrants, focusing on Canada and ...


The Inter-Temporal Character Of International And Comparative Law Regarding The Rights Of The Indigenous Populations Of The World, Sompong Sucharitkul Jul 2001

The Inter-Temporal Character Of International And Comparative Law Regarding The Rights Of The Indigenous Populations Of The World, Sompong Sucharitkul

Publications

This report explores ways and means in a selection of comparative legal systems to ensure adequate protection of the rights of indigenous peoples within the territorial confines of national jurisdictions. In most contemporary legal systems, attention has been drawn to the problems of how best to protect and safeguard the various fundamental rights of indigenous peoples of different tribes and denominations, co-existing in a single or multiple legal system. To ensure their survival and continued co-existence, not only their rights, but also their cultures, traditions, ways of life and civilizations, must be preserved intact as distinct but unique social, cultural ...


Reframing Impunity: Applying Liberal International Law Theory To An Analysis Of Amnesty Legislation, William W. Burke-White Jul 2001

Reframing Impunity: Applying Liberal International Law Theory To An Analysis Of Amnesty Legislation, William W. Burke-White

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

No abstract provided.


Do Judges Deploy Policy?, Mitchel De S.-O.-L'E. Lasser Mar 2001

Do Judges Deploy Policy?, Mitchel De S.-O.-L'E. Lasser

Cornell Law Faculty Publications



Chinese Mortgage Law: An American Perspective, Dale A. Whitman Jan 2001

Chinese Mortgage Law: An American Perspective, Dale A. Whitman

Faculty Publications

My objective in this paper is to compare and to evaluate some of the features of the American and Chinese systems. I do so without any preconception that the American system provides better answers, but with the recognition that it is far more mature and provides more answers. Hence it provides a reference point from which the Chinese system can be considered. Perhaps each system has something to teach the other.


Is A Foreign State A "Person"? Does It Matter?: Personal Jurisdiction, Due Process, And The Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act, 34 N.Y.U. J. Int'l L. & Pol. 115 (2001), Karen H. Cross Jan 2001

Is A Foreign State A "Person"? Does It Matter?: Personal Jurisdiction, Due Process, And The Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act, 34 N.Y.U. J. Int'l L. & Pol. 115 (2001), Karen H. Cross

UIC John Marshall Law School Open Access Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Clearly Canadian? Hill V. Colorado And Free Speech Balancing In The United States And Canada, 28 Hastings Const. L.Q. 187 (2001), Donald L. Beschle Jan 2001

Clearly Canadian? Hill V. Colorado And Free Speech Balancing In The United States And Canada, 28 Hastings Const. L.Q. 187 (2001), Donald L. Beschle

UIC John Marshall Law School Open Access Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Private Or Public Approaches To Insuring The Uninsured: Lessons From International Experience With Private Insurance, Timothy Stoltzfus Jost Jan 2001

Private Or Public Approaches To Insuring The Uninsured: Lessons From International Experience With Private Insurance, Timothy Stoltzfus Jost

Scholarly Articles

In the recent past a broad consensus has emerged in the United States that the best way to expand coverage of the uninsured is to use tax subsidies to encourage the purchase of private health insurance policies. Many advocates of this approach also call for replacing employment-related group policies with individual policies, and for minimizing regulation of private insurance. Those who advocate these policies, however, have rarely considered the experience that other nations have had with private health insurance.

In fact most other countries have private insurance markets, and in many countries private insurance plays a significant role in financing ...


Modernizing European Competition Law: A Developmental Perspective, David J. Gerber Jan 2001

Modernizing European Competition Law: A Developmental Perspective, David J. Gerber

All Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Book Review, G.B. Doern & S. Wilks Eds., Comparative Competition Policy: National Institutions In A Global Market (1996), David J. Gerber Jan 2001

Book Review, G.B. Doern & S. Wilks Eds., Comparative Competition Policy: National Institutions In A Global Market (1996), David J. Gerber

All Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Sculpting The Agenda Of Comparative Law: Ernst Rabel And The Façade Of Language, David J. Gerber Jan 2001

Sculpting The Agenda Of Comparative Law: Ernst Rabel And The Façade Of Language, David J. Gerber

All Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Globalization And Legal Knowledge: Implications For Comparative Law, David J. Gerber Jan 2001

Globalization And Legal Knowledge: Implications For Comparative Law, David J. Gerber

All Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


El Impacto Del Arbitraje En Los Patrones Huelgarios De Puerto Rico, 1956-1995, César F. Rosado Marzán Jan 2001

El Impacto Del Arbitraje En Los Patrones Huelgarios De Puerto Rico, 1956-1995, César F. Rosado Marzán

All Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Commentary: International And Comparative Law Perspectives On Internet Patents, Toshiko Takenaka Jan 2001

Commentary: International And Comparative Law Perspectives On Internet Patents, Toshiko Takenaka

Articles

The Internet and e-commerce have created a borderless market. Goods and services sold on the Internet are subject to the patent statutes and regulations of all countries in which customers have access. Because the presence or absence of patent protection—or variations in that protection—hinders the movement of goods and services throughout the Internet, it is necessary to harmonize the protection afforded by Internet patents in their early stages of development. Among the three papers, however, only Professor Chiappetta touched upon the problem of compliance with the provisions in TRIPS. None of the papers paid attention to the feasibility ...


What's So Special About American Law?, William Ewald Jan 2001

What's So Special About American Law?, William Ewald

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

No abstract provided.


Liberalization And Politics Of Environmental Management In Tanzania, Alicia Bosensera Magabe Jan 2001

Liberalization And Politics Of Environmental Management In Tanzania, Alicia Bosensera Magabe

LLM Theses and Essays

This thesis examines the factors that have prevented the development of an environmental protection legal and institutional regime in Tanzania. It argues that the central focus of economic reforms has been to kick-start the economy by increasing growth through the maximization of resource exploitation. As a result, concerns for environmental sustainability have been relegated to the periphery of the development agenda. Secondly, as a result of domestic resource scarcity brought on by the economic crisis, environmental policymaking has been held hostage to the influence of foreign donors whose agendas have often been at cross-purpose to environmental protection. Thirdly, the nature ...


Should An Effective International Criminal Court Have Primacy Or Be Complementary To National Courts? An Analysis Of Concurrent Jurisdiction In The Ad Hoc Tribunals And The Rome Statute, Godwin Yenika Fonye Jan 2001

Should An Effective International Criminal Court Have Primacy Or Be Complementary To National Courts? An Analysis Of Concurrent Jurisdiction In The Ad Hoc Tribunals And The Rome Statute, Godwin Yenika Fonye

LLM Theses and Essays

Concurrent criminal jurisdiction depicts a scenario where two or more judicial systems have the legal capacity to investigate, prosecute and punish an accused person for the same criminal acts under their respective, separate jurisdiction. This usually occurs between sovereign states. In the realm of crimes under international law, the distinguishing characteristic is the universal jurisdiction that is conferred on all States to prosecute and punish the perpetrators of such crimes. The "cumulative effect of these different principles of jurisdiction sometimes is to vest multiple states with concurrent jurisdiction to prosecute a given crime. This paper would attempt to analyze the ...


Evolution Of The Arm's Length Standard In The Us Transfer Pricing Legislation And Russian Arm's Length Perspective, Andrei A. Shutov Jan 2001

Evolution Of The Arm's Length Standard In The Us Transfer Pricing Legislation And Russian Arm's Length Perspective, Andrei A. Shutov

LLM Theses and Essays

This thesis analyzes the evolution of the arm's length standard (ALS) as the key element of the transfer pricing control system in the US. This thesis also addresses some issues on creation of transfer pricing legislation in the Russian Federation and focuses on three sets of problems. First, it provides the general outline of the legislative history of the ALS as well as the history of the ALS' application in the US, including an overview of landmark cases, which revealed some conceptual problems with respect to the ALS. Secondly, the thesis addresses core problems associated with the ALS, such ...


Fair Use And The Digital Distribution Of Music - Recording Industry Association Of America V. Napster, Inc. (A Comparative Analysis Of A Restraint On Copyright In The United States Of America And Trinidad And Tobago), Michelle Lisa Alexander Jan 2001

Fair Use And The Digital Distribution Of Music - Recording Industry Association Of America V. Napster, Inc. (A Comparative Analysis Of A Restraint On Copyright In The United States Of America And Trinidad And Tobago), Michelle Lisa Alexander

LLM Theses and Essays

The purpose of this thesis is to undertake a critical analysis of the Napster judgment and its treatment of the doctrine of fair use, to determine whether the doctrine can retain its integrity in the internet age. It is proposed that as technology advances, U.S. policymakers are moving away from the constitutional objectives of U.S. copyright law and are equating copyright interests with property rights, to the detriment of noncommercial users of copyrighted works. Further, it is suggested that the decision in the Napster litigation is important for the evolving landscape of U.S. copyright law, as it ...


The Impact Of Modernization And Development On Muslim Women In Egypt: A Legal Perspective, Mazahir Muhammed Ata El-Sid Jan 2001

The Impact Of Modernization And Development On Muslim Women In Egypt: A Legal Perspective, Mazahir Muhammed Ata El-Sid

LLM Theses and Essays

This study examines the effectiveness of the modernization theory in Egypt, a developing Muslim society. As in the case of other developing societies, Egypt's modernization is uneven. Therefore, I will examine modernization as it relates to Muslim women in Egypt in as far as they vary in their exposure to the modernizing influences of advanced technology. Egypt has experienced a variety of social, judicial, economic, demographic, and political modifications. These changes have greatly affected Muslim women in Egypt and their family life. Not all of the issues underlying modernization will be addressed in this research. Type of family structure ...


Reforming China's Partnership Law: Achievements, Problems And Prospects, Hongbing Fan Jan 2001

Reforming China's Partnership Law: Achievements, Problems And Prospects, Hongbing Fan

LLM Theses and Essays

This thesis proposes some measures to reform China's partnership law after providing an overview of China's partnership development in a historical perspective. After a brief introduction in Part I, Part II reviews the historical development of partnerships since the founding of the People's Republic of China. Much emphasis is put on significant changes since 1978. Part III examines the basic structure and content of the present laws and regulations on partnership in China. Part V highlights the problems and limits facing China's partnership law. Measures are proposed in Part IV with detailed reference to the United ...


Legalize It? -Osp And Peer-To-Peer Network Liability For Online Music Copyright Infringements In The United States And Germany, Christian Nils Jochen Engelhardt Jan 2001

Legalize It? -Osp And Peer-To-Peer Network Liability For Online Music Copyright Infringements In The United States And Germany, Christian Nils Jochen Engelhardt

LLM Theses and Essays

It may be useful to explain why a comparative approach was chosen. It is easy and comfortable to get caught up in one's own legal system and not look abroad. It is often difficult enough to understand and apply one’s own laws accurately and the study of a foreign legal system may seem an effort too great. Yet, this reluctance to look beyond the familiar is fatal to legal development and improvement since entirely new ideas are rare in the field of law and the main source of change and new approaches is borrowing from another legal system ...


Saving Rosencrantz And Guildenstern In A Virtual World? A Comparative Look At Recent Global Electronic Signature Legislation, Susanna Frederick Fischer Jan 2001

Saving Rosencrantz And Guildenstern In A Virtual World? A Comparative Look At Recent Global Electronic Signature Legislation, Susanna Frederick Fischer

Scholarly Articles and Other Contributions

This piece focuses on recent global legislative initiatives designed to establish a legal framework supporting electronic signatures. As many governments worldwide increasingly seek to encourage the growth of e-commerce, the enactment of such legislation has become a priority.


The Art And Science Of Critical Scholarship: Postmodernism And International Style In The Legal Architecture Of Europe, Ugo Mattei Jan 2001

The Art And Science Of Critical Scholarship: Postmodernism And International Style In The Legal Architecture Of Europe, Ugo Mattei

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Lawyers Without Frontiers - A View From Germany, Martin Henssler, Laurel S. Terry Jan 2001

Lawyers Without Frontiers - A View From Germany, Martin Henssler, Laurel S. Terry

Faculty Scholarly Works

This article addresses the effect in Germany of the globalization of legal services. The first section of the article consists of reflections about the development of the German legal market in the past decade and how this development has been influenced by Anglo-Saxon law firms from the U.S. and England. The second section of this paper provides a more detailed analysis of the legal framework that governs the practice of foreign lawyers in Germany will follow. The third section of this paper addresses the issue of Multi-Disciplinary-Practices between lawyers and accountants. These MDPs are forbidden almost everywhere in the ...


Trouble Down Under: Some Thoughts On The Australian-American Corporate Bankruptcy Divide, 2001 Utah L. Rev. 189 (2001), Paul B. Lewis Jan 2001

Trouble Down Under: Some Thoughts On The Australian-American Corporate Bankruptcy Divide, 2001 Utah L. Rev. 189 (2001), Paul B. Lewis

UIC John Marshall Law School Open Access Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


The Correction Of Wrongful Convictions: A Comparative Perspective, Lissa Griffin Jan 2001

The Correction Of Wrongful Convictions: A Comparative Perspective, Lissa Griffin

Pace Law Faculty Publications

This Article analyzes the different modes in which two facially similar adversarial systems remedy wrongful convictions. Part I briefly examines the origins of wrongful convictions in both England and the United States. Part II describes the appellate processes in the two countries for correcting wrongful convictions. Part III addresses the processes for correcting wrongful convictions after the appellate processes have been completed. Part IV critiques the English process and examines whether aspects of that process may be carried over to the United States.