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Series

1999

Tax Law

Institution
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Articles 1 - 30 of 50

Full-Text Articles in Law

U.S. Taxation Of Profits From Internet Software Sales - An Electronic Commerce Case Study, J. Clifton Fleming Jr. Dec 1999

U.S. Taxation Of Profits From Internet Software Sales - An Electronic Commerce Case Study, J. Clifton Fleming Jr.

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Getting Serious About Curtailing Deferral Of Us Tax On Foreign Source Income, Robert J. Peroni, J. Clifton Fleming Jr., Stephen E. Shay Dec 1999

Getting Serious About Curtailing Deferral Of Us Tax On Foreign Source Income, Robert J. Peroni, J. Clifton Fleming Jr., Stephen E. Shay

Faculty Scholarship

When a U.S. person conducts business or investment activity abroad through a foreign corporation in a country that imposes only low rates of tax, the so-called deferral privilege allows the U.S. taxpayer to defer substantial amounts of U.S. tax at the cost of only a small foreign levy. Hence, the deferral privilege operates as a tax subsidy of sorts for U.S. persons with operations in low tax foreign countries and provides a major incentive for U.S. persons to shift their business operations and investments to foreign countries that impose little or no tax on the ...


The "Original Intent" Of The Federal Tax Treatment Of Private Pension Plans, James A. Wooten Dec 1999

The "Original Intent" Of The Federal Tax Treatment Of Private Pension Plans, James A. Wooten

Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


State Comparative Chart Llc And Llp Statutes, James J. Wheaton Dec 1999

State Comparative Chart Llc And Llp Statutes, James J. Wheaton

William & Mary Annual Tax Conference

No abstract provided.


Square Pegs In Round Holes: Llcs Under Other Statutes, James J. Wheaton Dec 1999

Square Pegs In Round Holes: Llcs Under Other Statutes, James J. Wheaton

William & Mary Annual Tax Conference

No abstract provided.


Selected Current Developments In Financial Accounting And Reporting, David W. Larue Dec 1999

Selected Current Developments In Financial Accounting And Reporting, David W. Larue

William & Mary Annual Tax Conference

No abstract provided.


Capitalization In The Nineties, Glenn R. Carrington Dec 1999

Capitalization In The Nineties, Glenn R. Carrington

William & Mary Annual Tax Conference

No abstract provided.


Taxable And Tax-Free Acquisitions And Separations, Mark J. Silverman, Robert H. Wellen, Mark L. Yecies Dec 1999

Taxable And Tax-Free Acquisitions And Separations, Mark J. Silverman, Robert H. Wellen, Mark L. Yecies

William & Mary Annual Tax Conference

No abstract provided.


Use Of Limited Liability Companies In Corporate Transactions, Mark J. Silverman, Lisa M. Zarlenga Dec 1999

Use Of Limited Liability Companies In Corporate Transactions, Mark J. Silverman, Lisa M. Zarlenga

William & Mary Annual Tax Conference

No abstract provided.


Corporate Divisions Under Section 355, Mark J. Silverman Dec 1999

Corporate Divisions Under Section 355, Mark J. Silverman

William & Mary Annual Tax Conference

No abstract provided.


Section 338(H)(10) & Appendix, Mark J. Silverman, Jonathan I. Forrest Dec 1999

Section 338(H)(10) & Appendix, Mark J. Silverman, Jonathan I. Forrest

William & Mary Annual Tax Conference

No abstract provided.


Section 338(H)(10), Mark L. Yecies Dec 1999

Section 338(H)(10), Mark L. Yecies

William & Mary Annual Tax Conference

No abstract provided.


Contingent Consideration And Contingent Liabilities In Acquisitions: Outline,Addendum, References, Robert H. Wellen Dec 1999

Contingent Consideration And Contingent Liabilities In Acquisitions: Outline,Addendum, References, Robert H. Wellen

William & Mary Annual Tax Conference

No abstract provided.


Federal And State Audit Issues, William L.S. Rowe, D. French Slaughter Iii Dec 1999

Federal And State Audit Issues, William L.S. Rowe, D. French Slaughter Iii

William & Mary Annual Tax Conference

No abstract provided.


And The 1999 Award For The Worst Opinion In A Tax Case Goes To -, Deborah A. Geier Jun 1999

And The 1999 Award For The Worst Opinion In A Tax Case Goes To -, Deborah A. Geier

Law Faculty Articles and Essays

This article critiques the opinion in Owen v. United States by Judge Jerome Turner of the Western District of Tennessee.


Tax Lawyers, Ethical Obligations, And The Duty To The System, Watson May 1999

Tax Lawyers, Ethical Obligations, And The Duty To The System, Watson

Scholarly Works

Perhaps the most elusive area of law is that of legal ethics. While the term itself is easy to define,' the subject all but defies codification because ethics, or morals (the terms are interchangeable), cannot be encapsulated by or in law. This is because law, in general, contains its own standard of validity on which there is usually clear societal consensus. For example, murder, rape, and theft are morally repugnant universally. Hence, punishment for any of these offenses does not impinge upon religious or individual autonomy because there is no ethical freedom to choose whether or not to engage in ...


A Taxing Time For The Bishop Estate: What Is The I.R.S. Role In Charity Governance? (Symposium), Evelyn Brody Mar 1999

A Taxing Time For The Bishop Estate: What Is The I.R.S. Role In Charity Governance? (Symposium), Evelyn Brody

All Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Charities In Tax Reform: Threats To Subsidies Overt And Covert, Evelyn Brody Mar 1999

Charities In Tax Reform: Threats To Subsidies Overt And Covert, Evelyn Brody

All Faculty Scholarship

Fundamental tax reform would do far more damage to charities than the obvious repeal of the deduction for charitable contributions. Over the decades, charities have quietly garnered billions of dollars worth of indirect benefits. For example, the largest tax expenditure - the exclusion from workers' income of employer-provided health insurance - has fattened nonprofit hospitals, and the new tuition tax credits promise to spur tuition inflation. Tax reform presents an opportunity to eliminate tax subsidies and enact any desired direct expenditures for specific public goods and activities. However, converting tax expenditures to direct outlays would likely take the form of vouchers, which ...


Implications Of The Tax Reform Proposals For Fraud – Or – How To Shift To A Consumption Tax Without Helping The Cheaters, Kalyani Robbins Jan 1999

Implications Of The Tax Reform Proposals For Fraud – Or – How To Shift To A Consumption Tax Without Helping The Cheaters, Kalyani Robbins

Akron Law Publications

The vast majority of the proposals on the table today are simply different implementation mechanisms of the same basic idea: a change in the tax base from income to consumption. The purpose of this article is to consider the implications some of these proposals have for the enforcement of tax compliance (prevention of cheating). For this reason, it will only briefly address the impetus for a consumption tax and the policy considerations behind it. The first part will also give short descriptions of the proposals that will be considered in this article: the National Retail Sales Tax, the Savings-Exempt Income ...


Toward Adding Further Complexity To The Internal Revenue Code: A New Paradigm For The Deductibility Of Capital Losses, Michelle A. Cecil Jan 1999

Toward Adding Further Complexity To The Internal Revenue Code: A New Paradigm For The Deductibility Of Capital Losses, Michelle A. Cecil

Faculty Publications

This article examines problems inherent in the current loss limitation system, arguing that it is ill-equipped to meet parallelism concerns and that cherrypicking is not a problem that a loss limitation scheme should address. The article also argues that the current system is both fundamentally unfair to taxpayers and promotes economic inefficiency in the marketplace. It proposes an alternative system for the tax treatment of capital losses that would allow such losses to offset all types of income, but only up to the tax rate that would have been imposed had the losses instead been capital gains. The article concludes ...


A Proposal For Integrating The Income And Transfer Taxation Of Trusts, Robert T. Danforth Jan 1999

A Proposal For Integrating The Income And Transfer Taxation Of Trusts, Robert T. Danforth

Scholarly Articles

Present law fails to integrate the income and transfer (i.e., estate and gift) taxation of trusts; a gratuitous transfer to a trust may be incomplete for income tax purposes (producing a so-called grantor trust, the income of which is taxed to the grantor), but complete for transfer tax purposes. Grantors create trusts that exploit two features of this tax law dichotomy: the grantor's income tax payments on trust income enhance the value of the trust by allowing it to appreciate in value income tax free; and present law provides no basis for subjecting this enhanced value to gift ...


Who Should Be Entitled To Claim The New Education Credits?, Glenn E. Coven Jan 1999

Who Should Be Entitled To Claim The New Education Credits?, Glenn E. Coven

Faculty Publications

Professor Coven believes that the education assistance provisions enacted in 1997, while long overdue, were ill-considered and poorly constructed. Focusing on what should have been the simple question of who is entitled to claim an education tax credit, this report illustrates the harm that inadequate drafting produces. While section 25A appeared to deny a credit to a dependent child, an unfair and unwise result, the proposed regulations allow parents to shift the credit to their children but only on the forfeiture of the deduction for the personal exemption. That rule, says Coven, imposes a harsh penalty on low and middle-income ...


Windfalls, Eric Kades Jan 1999

Windfalls, Eric Kades

Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Transfer Pricing, Anders Leif Allvin Jan 1999

Transfer Pricing, Anders Leif Allvin

LLM Theses and Essays

Transfer pricing is one of the principal international taxation issues of the 1990s and potentially of future decades as well. For corporate enterprises, it can be difficult enough to do business in just one country, but it gets even more complex when they go international. The growth of multinational enterprises (MNEs) creates complex taxation issues for both the tax administrations as well for the MNE. Transfer pricing concerns allocation of income earned within affiliated corporate groups in different countries, which must satisfy tax authorities that they are not evading taxes through the use of transfer pricing. The main problem with ...


Setting An Agenda For A Study Of Tax And Black Culture, Beverly I. Moran Jan 1999

Setting An Agenda For A Study Of Tax And Black Culture, Beverly I. Moran

Vanderbilt Law School Faculty Publications

At present the Internal Revenue Code unthinkingly reflects many aspects of white culture including historical opportunities that whites have received for wealth building and marriage. In order for the federal tax laws to tax fairly all cultures within the purview of taxation must also find their values reflected. The article sets out how the tax laws might begin to incorporate black culture.


Bastardy And The Statute Of Wills: Interpreting A Sixteenth-Century Statute With Cases And Readings, M C. Mirow Jan 1999

Bastardy And The Statute Of Wills: Interpreting A Sixteenth-Century Statute With Cases And Readings, M C. Mirow

Faculty Publications

The Statute of Wills of 1540 created a tax loophole for transfers of property to illegitimate children. Assessments for wardships that would normally be imposed on certain transfers of land to children could be effectively avoided by establishing that the donee was illegitimate, and therefore a stranger to the donor for the purposes of the statute. English lawyers in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries educated their colleagues about this newly available loophole. In the inns of court, lawyers discussed the statutory provisions and recent revenue cases from the Court of Wards. This article sets out the loophole, examines how the ...


Implications Of The Tax Reform Proposals For Fraud – Or – How To Shift To A Consumption Tax Without Helping The Cheaters, Kalyani Robbins Jan 1999

Implications Of The Tax Reform Proposals For Fraud – Or – How To Shift To A Consumption Tax Without Helping The Cheaters, Kalyani Robbins

Faculty Publications

The vast majority of the proposals on the table today are simply different implementation mechanisms of the same basic idea: a change in the tax base from income to consumption. The purpose of this article is to consider the implications some of these proposals have for the enforcement of tax compliance (prevention of cheating). For this reason, it will only briefly address the impetus for a consumption tax and the policy considerations behind it. The first part will also give short descriptions of the proposals that will be considered in this article: the National Retail Sales Tax, the Savings-Exempt Income ...


The Law Of Sales Taxes In A Cyberspace Economy, Walter Hellerstein Jan 1999

The Law Of Sales Taxes In A Cyberspace Economy, Walter Hellerstein

Scholarly Works

This article focuses on three questions of state sales’ tax:

(1) What is the basic structure of states’ sales tax laws and how do these laws apply to electronic commerce?

(2) What are the existing federal constitutional restraints on the states’ power to impose sales taxes and how do those restraints limit the states’ ability to apply their laws to electronic commerce?

(3) What are the restraints on Congress – to whom this commission’s recommendations will be directed – in legislating to limit or expand state taxing power, or otherwise enact rules governing taxation of electronic commerce?


The Roth Ira Cuts Federal Revenues, With No Benefit To Taxpayers, Michael Waggoner Jan 1999

The Roth Ira Cuts Federal Revenues, With No Benefit To Taxpayers, Michael Waggoner

Articles

No abstract provided.


Do They Practice What We Teach?: A Survey Of Practitioners And Estate Planning Professors, Wayne M. Gazur Jan 1999

Do They Practice What We Teach?: A Survey Of Practitioners And Estate Planning Professors, Wayne M. Gazur

Articles

This article presents the results of a 1998 mail survey sent to members of the American Bar Association Real Property, Probate & Trust Law Section and to law professors teaching estate planning. The principal goal of the survey was to compare the opinions of practitioners and law professors concerning the importance of 31 estate planning issues and techniques. The survey also included an open-ended solicitation of issues deemed significant by the participant.

The survey found consistency between practitioner and professor responses with respect to techniques such as Crummey planning. Legal education appears to be effective in dealing with core principles. More ...