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Articles 1 - 12 of 12

Full-Text Articles in Law

The Regulation Of Green Advertising: The State, The Market And The Environmental Good, David S. Cohen Jan 1991

The Regulation Of Green Advertising: The State, The Market And The Environmental Good, David S. Cohen

Pace Law Faculty Publications

In this paper I explore this most recent development in regulatory policy and, in particular, the role government plays when it chooses to use private markets (consumer, institutional and corporate) as regulatory instruments to produce and allocate environmental benefits. The privatization of environmental regulation by employing markets to deliver environmental benefits does not involve the implementation of public policy through executive or legislative action. Rather, it is achieved through a public choice to privatize the delivery of environmental regulation by permitting or encouraging decentralized economic power to respond to consumer demands for environmental quality.


Of Form And Substance: Tax-Free Incorporations And Other Transactions Under Section 351, Ronald H. Jensen Jan 1991

Of Form And Substance: Tax-Free Incorporations And Other Transactions Under Section 351, Ronald H. Jensen

Pace Law Faculty Publications

This article presents three principal theses: First, the courts and the Internal Revenue Service have misapplied the substance over form doctrine to the binding obligation cases under section 351 and in the process have created a hodgepodge of hopelessly irreconcilable and frequently wrong decisions. Part II of this article illustrates the inconsistencies and contradictions found in current law. Part III diagnoses the reason for this malaise: the unthinking, mechanical and therefore erroneous application of the step transaction doctrine. Part IV then develops the true function of the doctrine: to assure that clearly defined statutory purposes are not frustrated by plans ...


Products Liability And Preemption: A Judicial Framework, Barbara L. Atwell Jan 1991

Products Liability And Preemption: A Judicial Framework, Barbara L. Atwell

Pace Law Faculty Publications

Part I of this article examines the preemption doctrine while Part II explores the development of the law of products liability. Part III analyzes products liability cases in which the preemption defense has been raised—focusing on cases involving cigarettes and automobiles—and examines the approaches taken by the courts. Finally, Part IV articulates a framework for courts to use when the preemption defense is asserted in products liability cases.


Enforcement Of Securities Laws Violations In The United Kingdom, James J. Fishman Jan 1991

Enforcement Of Securities Laws Violations In The United Kingdom, James J. Fishman

Pace Law Faculty Publications

This article examines the weaknesses of the present system of enforcement and suggests changes to make it more effective. The article is divided into three parts: an analysis of the enforcement provisions of the Financial Services Act, the prosecution of securities offenses since its implementation, and the viability of self-regulatory enforcement.


Justice William J. Brennan, Jr. - The Moral Force Of His Language, Bennett L. Gershman Jan 1991

Justice William J. Brennan, Jr. - The Moral Force Of His Language, Bennett L. Gershman

Pace Law Faculty Publications

The enduring strength of Justice William J. Brennan Jr.'s constitutional vision is a tribute to his extraordinary scholarship and powerful logic. His opinions will be studied, cited, and honored for generations for their immense contribution to the constitutional protection of individual rights. But there is a further dimension to his jurisprudence that has always struck me - the moral force of his language. Justice Brennan's eloquent, passionate, and compassionate prose constantly exhorts us to a higher moral plane. To the disadvantaged, the accused, the dissident, and the condemned, Justice Brennan's words are a timeless anthem of sustenance and ...


Judicial Misconduct During Jury Deliberations, Bennett L. Gershman Jan 1991

Judicial Misconduct During Jury Deliberations, Bennett L. Gershman

Pace Law Faculty Publications

The author considers the two principal types of improper judicial behavior that may occur during the jury deliberation process. Judicial conduct that attempts to place undue pressure on a jury to reach a verdict may include verdict-urging instructions, threats and intimidation, and inquiry into the numerical division of the jury on the merits of the verdict. Judicial participation in private, ex parte communications with jurors may also subvert orderly trial procedure and undermine the impartiality of the jury. Neither kind of judicial conduct may be allowed to compel a verdict from a jury.


Defending The "Time Culture": The Public And Private Interests Of Media Corporations, Shelby D. Green Jan 1991

Defending The "Time Culture": The Public And Private Interests Of Media Corporations, Shelby D. Green

Pace Law Faculty Publications

Part I of this essay discusses the “public interest” standard under the Federal Communications Act and describes parallels in corporation doctrine. Part II considers whether broadcasters satisfy their public interest obligations by addressing audience interest. Part III discusses the prerogatives of the management of the corporate broadcaster to consider non-financial factors in selecting programming. Part IV describes the non-traditional philosophy of the corporation's legitimate object, which led to the subject case. Part V discusses the central legal issues of the cognizable business interests of corporations. Finally, the Conclusion offers a view on desirable public interest objectives of media corporations.


Eras Of The First Amendment, David S. Yassky Jan 1991

Eras Of The First Amendment, David S. Yassky

Pace Law Faculty Publications

Part I will begin the story with the Founders' understanding of the structural role of the First Amendment. In this understanding, the First Amendment served as a bulwark of state independence. Along with the rest of the Bill of Rights, the First Amendment had as its primary purpose maintenance of the federal system--or, more precisely, protection of the states against federal government overreaching. The Founders' plan left the individual states entirely free to regulate speech, while strictly prohibiting the federal government from displacing the states' various speech regimes.

When the Civil War dramatically reshaped the federal-state relationship, the structural purpose ...


Energy And Environmental Challenges For Developed And Developing Countries, Richard L. Ottinger Jan 1991

Energy And Environmental Challenges For Developed And Developing Countries, Richard L. Ottinger

Pace Law Faculty Publications

Energy for development utilizing traditional supply investments, estimated to cost $1.4 - $4 trillion through 2010, will be unaffordable both for recipients and lenders. The capital required, even if obtainable, would squeeze out capital for all other development requirements and would pose unacceptable environmental and cleanup costs. Upgrading existing energy supply systems would cost a fraction of new supply. Energy efficiency and environmentally benign renewables can at least halve new supply capital requirements and avoid their environmental costs. Least cost planning by lenders and recipients, on the basis of total system life cycle costs, for both energy and non-energy related ...


"A Lost Generation": The Battle For Private Enforcement Of The Adoption Assistance And Child Welfare Act Of 1980, Barbara L. Atwell Jan 1991

"A Lost Generation": The Battle For Private Enforcement Of The Adoption Assistance And Child Welfare Act Of 1980, Barbara L. Atwell

Pace Law Faculty Publications

This article suggests that the scope of enforceable section 1983 rights is broader than most courts have recognized. The Act creates comprehensive rights to 1) preplacement preventive services, 2) proper care while children are in state custody, and 3) permanency planning services. Courts must be more willing to recognize these rights and to take a more creative role in structuring injunctive relief when these rights have been violated. Part I is an overview of the Act. Part II analyzes the appropriateness of section 1983 claims under the Act. Finally, Part III analyzes the proper scope of section 1983 claims. The ...


New York Civil Practice, Jay C. Carlisle Jan 1991

New York Civil Practice, Jay C. Carlisle

Pace Law Faculty Publications

During the Survey year, the New York Court of Appeals issued important opinions with respect to strict compliance for service of process, the foreign object exception under CPLR 214-a, and disclosure against corporate employees. The Court also imposed sanctions for the first time under Part 130 of the Uniform Rules, and ruled that issue preclusion could be given to a criminal conviction to preclude subsequent civil litigation. In addition the Court recognized that substituted service could be used against a criminal contemnor. New York appellate courts issued instructive decisions regarding long-arm jurisdiction, forum non conveniens, and discovery of surveillance videos ...


Justice Brennan And The First Amendment Minefield: In Respectful Appreciation, Ralph Michael Stein Jan 1991

Justice Brennan And The First Amendment Minefield: In Respectful Appreciation, Ralph Michael Stein

Pace Law Faculty Publications

It is a special privilege, and a personal joy, for me to have the opportunity to contribute a piece honoring such a revered figure. I make no claim to scholarly objectivity. My premise is simple: William J. Brennan has given us a legacy of first amendment decisions, concurrences, and dissents that reflect great honor on the jurist. My portion of this Festschrift provides selected examples of Justice Brennan's contribution, and concludes by thanking him for serving, through his opinions, as a mentor for me throughout my career as a teacher of constitutional law.