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Full-Text Articles in Law

Personal Jurisdiction: The Transnational Difference, Austen L. Parrish Jan 2019

Personal Jurisdiction: The Transnational Difference, Austen L. Parrish

Articles by Maurer Faculty

This Article engages with some of the key debates that have emerged among international Iaw and civil procedure scholars by examining the flurry of recent transnational cases that have become a common feature on the U.S. Supreme Court's docket. It makes three principal contributions. First, it explains how the recent decisions involving persona jurisdiction should be understood within, and partly limited to, their international contexts. Disputes in involving non-resident foreign defendants raise different considerations than those involving defendants in the United States, and this Article canvasses those differences. If a concern previously was that courts gave too short ...


The Interpretation And Effect Of Permissive Forum Selection Clauses Under U.S. Law, Hannah L. Buxbaum Jan 2018

The Interpretation And Effect Of Permissive Forum Selection Clauses Under U.S. Law, Hannah L. Buxbaum

Articles by Maurer Faculty

A forum selection clause is a form of contractual waiver. By this device, a contract party waives its rights to raise jurisdictional or venue objections if a lawsuit is initiated against it in the chosen court. The use of such a clause in a particular case may therefore raise a set of questions under contract law. Is the waiver valid? Was it procured by fraud, duress, or other unconscionable means? What is its scope? And so on. Unlike most contractual waivers, though, a forum selection clause affects not only the private rights and obligations of the parties, but something of ...


Agora: Reflections On Rjr Nabisco V. European Community: The Scope And Limitations Of The Presumption Against Extraterritoriality, Hannah Buxbaum Jan 2016

Agora: Reflections On Rjr Nabisco V. European Community: The Scope And Limitations Of The Presumption Against Extraterritoriality, Hannah Buxbaum

Articles by Maurer Faculty

No abstract provided.


External Forces, Internal Dynamics: Foreign Legal Actors And Their Impact On Domestic Affairs (Book Review), Jayanth K. Krishnan, Vitor M. Dias, Martin Hevia Jan 2016

External Forces, Internal Dynamics: Foreign Legal Actors And Their Impact On Domestic Affairs (Book Review), Jayanth K. Krishnan, Vitor M. Dias, Martin Hevia

Articles by Maurer Faculty

This Review examines the influence of foreign legal actors on jurisdictions that are not their own. Rachel Stern, a scholar of China, reflects on this point in her groundbreaking book published in 2013. In her penultimate chapter, Stern discusses how such foreign legal actors wield influence in China because of their presence on the ground. Building off of Stern's research, this Review proceeds to ask whether foreign legal actors can influence a domestic environment when that environment prohibits them from permanently working there. The analysis below will suggest so, arguing that the forces of globalization can enable foreign legal ...


The Viability Of Enterprise Jurisdiction: A Case Study Of The Big Four Accounting Firms, Hannah L. Buxbaum Jan 2015

The Viability Of Enterprise Jurisdiction: A Case Study Of The Big Four Accounting Firms, Hannah L. Buxbaum

Articles by Maurer Faculty

One of the boundaries that U.S. courts must observe as they adjudicate regulatory disputes is the limit on their own jurisdictional authority -authority that is measured at the level of the particular forum state. Confronting the expansion of U.S. business activity from the local to the national scale during the second half of the twentieth century, courts consciously broadened jurisdictional standards to address the expanded activities of nationwide corporate groups. Today, by contrast, as the economy continues to expand from the national to the transnational scale, the U.S. Supreme Court has begun a retrenchment. In cases decided ...


State Court International Human Rights Litigation: A Concerning Trend?, Austen L. Parrish Jan 2013

State Court International Human Rights Litigation: A Concerning Trend?, Austen L. Parrish

Articles by Maurer Faculty

The brief symposium contribution explores human rights litigation in U.S. state courts under state law. Faced with higher hurdles to successfully asserting Alien Tort Statute claims in U.S. courts and reluctant to re-embrace more traditional international lawmaking, human rights advocates have begun to experiment with alternative strategies for redressing human rights violations. One strategy involves state court litigation. Some commentators believe that state courts may prove more amenable to enforcing and advancing human rights. This symposium contribution explores the parallels between the recent willingness to consider state court litigation to remedy human rights violations occurring abroad and other ...


Evading Legislative Jurisdiction, Austen L. Parrish Jan 2012

Evading Legislative Jurisdiction, Austen L. Parrish

Articles by Maurer Faculty

In the last few years, and mostly unnoticed, courts have adopted a radically different approach to issues of legislative jurisdiction. Instead of grappling with the difficult question of whether Congress intended a law to reach beyond U.S. borders, courts have side-stepped it entirely. Courts have done so by redefining the definition of extraterritoriality. Significant and contentious decisions in the Ninth and D.C. Circuits paved the way by holding that not all regulation of overseas foreign conduct is extraterritorial. And then suddenly, last term, the U.S. Supreme Court breathed life into the practice. In its landmark Morrison v ...


Symposium Introduction – Beyond Borders: Extraterritoriality In American Law, Austen L. Parrish Jan 2011

Symposium Introduction – Beyond Borders: Extraterritoriality In American Law, Austen L. Parrish

Articles by Maurer Faculty

No abstract provided.


Morrison, The Effects Test, And The Presumption Against Extraterritoriality: A Reply To Professor Dodge, Austen L. Parrish Jan 2011

Morrison, The Effects Test, And The Presumption Against Extraterritoriality: A Reply To Professor Dodge, Austen L. Parrish

Articles by Maurer Faculty

No abstract provided.


Competence And Member State Autonomy: Causality, Consequence And Legitimacy, Paul Craig Jan 2010

Competence And Member State Autonomy: Causality, Consequence And Legitimacy, Paul Craig

Articles by Maurer Faculty

The scope of EU competence and the limits on Member State autonomy can validly be analyzed from a variety of perspectives. This chapter considers one such perspective, the prevailing concern about the scope and exercise of EU competence. This concern is often based on the premise that some reified entity called the EU has increasingly arrogated power, with a consequent diminution of national autonomy that the Member States have been unable to resist, and the ECJ is frequently regarded as bearing primary responsibility. it will however be argued in the first half of this chapter that the Community courts were ...


Personal Jurisdiction Over Foreign Directors In Cross-Border Securities Litigation, Hannah L. Buxbaum Jan 2010

Personal Jurisdiction Over Foreign Directors In Cross-Border Securities Litigation, Hannah L. Buxbaum

Articles by Maurer Faculty

No abstract provided.


Duplicative Foreign Litigation, Austen L. Parrish Jan 2010

Duplicative Foreign Litigation, Austen L. Parrish

Articles by Maurer Faculty

What should a court do when a lawsuit involving the same parties and the same issues is already pending in the court of another country? With the growth of transnational litigation, the issue of reactive, duplicative proceedings - and the waste inherent in such duplication - becomes a more common problem. The future does not promise change. In a modern, globalized world, litigants are increasingly tempted to forum shop among countries to find courts and law more favorably inclined to them than their opponents.

The federal courts, however, do not yet have a coherent response to the problem. They apply at least ...


Reclaiming International Law From Extraterritoriality, Austen L. Parrish Jan 2009

Reclaiming International Law From Extraterritoriality, Austen L. Parrish

Articles by Maurer Faculty

A fierce debate ensues among leading international law theorists that implicates the role of national courts in solving global challenges. On the one side are scholars who are critical of international law and its institutions. These scholars, often referred to as Sovereigntists, see international law as a threat to democratic sovereignty. On the other side are scholars who support international law as a key means of promoting human and environmental rights, as well as global peace and stability. These scholars are the 'new' Internationalists because they see non-traditional, non-state actors as appropriately enforcing international law at the sub-state level. The ...


Territory, Territoriality, And The Resolution Of Jurisdictional Conflict, Hannah L. Buxbaum Jan 2009

Territory, Territoriality, And The Resolution Of Jurisdictional Conflict, Hannah L. Buxbaum

Articles by Maurer Faculty

No abstract provided.


Comity And Foreign Parallel Proceedings: A Reply To Black And Swan. Lloyd’S Underwriters V. Cominco Ltd., Austen L. Parrish Jan 2009

Comity And Foreign Parallel Proceedings: A Reply To Black And Swan. Lloyd’S Underwriters V. Cominco Ltd., Austen L. Parrish

Articles by Maurer Faculty

Lloyd's Underwriters v. Cominco Ltd., is a potentially seminal case, currently pending before the Supreme Court of Canada. The case involves the issue of whether Canadian courts should stay litigation in the face of duplicative foreign proceedings. This reply responds to Vaughan Black's and John Swan's comment on the Lloyd's case, which was published in volume 46 of the Canadian Business Law Journal.

The reply argues that although Black and Swan have important insights into judgment enforcement when competing, inconsistent decisions exist, their analysis too readily skips over the first-to-file rule and underestimates the costs of ...


The Effects Test: Extraterritoriality’S Fifth Business, Austen L. Parrish Jan 2008

The Effects Test: Extraterritoriality’S Fifth Business, Austen L. Parrish

Articles by Maurer Faculty

American laws increasingly regulate the conduct of foreigners abroad. The growth in extraterritorial laws, in no small part, can be traced to the effects test - a doctrine that instructs courts to presume that Congress intended to regulate extraterritorially when foreign conduct is found to have a substantial effect within the United States. For many scholars and lawyers, the effects test is the doctrinal lynchpin for determining the geographic reach of domestic laws. Territorial limits on legislative jurisdiction, on the other hand, are seen as anachronistic; a remnant of a pre-modern, pre-globalized world.

This article takes a different, more skeptical view ...


Multinational Class Actions Under Federal Securities Law: Managing Jurisdictional Conflict, Hannah Buxbaum Jan 2007

Multinational Class Actions Under Federal Securities Law: Managing Jurisdictional Conflict, Hannah Buxbaum

Articles by Maurer Faculty

This article examines a form of securities class action that is growing increasingly popular in U.S. courts: the foreign cubed action, brought against a foreign issuer on behalf of a class that includes foreign investors who purchased securities on a foreign exchange. These cases are becoming an important part of the regulatory landscape (as evidenced by recent high-profile lawsuits involving issuers such as Vivendi, Bayer and Royal Ahold), and they create the potential for particularly severe conflict with other countries on the question of how best to regulate global economic activity. Yet they point out quite clearly that the ...


Transnational Regulatory Litigation, Hannah Buxbaum Jan 2006

Transnational Regulatory Litigation, Hannah Buxbaum

Articles by Maurer Faculty

Recent years have seen much debate about the role of national courts in addressing global harms. That debate has focused on the application by domestic courts of international law - for instance, in civil actions brought in U.S. courts to enforce human rights law. This article identifies a parallel development in the area of economic regulation. It classifies and analyzes a category of cases that seek the application of regulatory law by domestic courts in situations involving global economic misconduct. Like the public international law cases, these cases highlight the tension between the benefits to be gained by enhanced enforcement ...


Sovereignty, Not Due Process: Personal Jurisdiction Over Nonresident, Alien Defendants, Austen L. Parrish Jan 2006

Sovereignty, Not Due Process: Personal Jurisdiction Over Nonresident, Alien Defendants, Austen L. Parrish

Articles by Maurer Faculty

The Due Process Clause with its focus on a defendant's liberty interest has become the key, if not only, limitation on a court's exercise of personal jurisdiction. This due process jurisdictional limitation is universally assumed to apply with equal force to alien defendants as to domestic defendants. With few exceptions, scholars do not distinguish between the two. Neither do the courts. Countless cases assume that foreigners have all the rights of United States citizens to object to extraterritorial assertions of personal jurisdiction.

But is this assumption sound? This Article explores the uncritical assumption that the same due process ...


Transnational Legal Practice Developments, Carole Silver, Robert E. Lutz, Philip T. Von Mehren, Laurel S. Terry, Peter Ehrenhaft, Clifford J. Hendel, Jonathan Goldsmith, Masahiro Shimojo Jan 2005

Transnational Legal Practice Developments, Carole Silver, Robert E. Lutz, Philip T. Von Mehren, Laurel S. Terry, Peter Ehrenhaft, Clifford J. Hendel, Jonathan Goldsmith, Masahiro Shimojo

Articles by Maurer Faculty

No abstract provided.


Jurisdictional Conflict In Global Antitrust Enforcement, Hannah Buxbaum Jan 2004

Jurisdictional Conflict In Global Antitrust Enforcement, Hannah Buxbaum

Articles by Maurer Faculty

No abstract provided.


Minimum Contacts, No Dog: Evaluating Personal Jurisdiction For Nonparty Discovery, Ryan W. Scott Jan 2004

Minimum Contacts, No Dog: Evaluating Personal Jurisdiction For Nonparty Discovery, Ryan W. Scott

Articles by Maurer Faculty

No abstract provided.


The Jurisdiction Of The Community Courts Reconsidered, Paul Craig Jan 2001

The Jurisdiction Of The Community Courts Reconsidered, Paul Craig

Articles by Maurer Faculty

No abstract provided.


The Private Attorney General In A Global Age: Public Interests In Private International Antitrust Litigation, Hannah Buxbaum Jan 2001

The Private Attorney General In A Global Age: Public Interests In Private International Antitrust Litigation, Hannah Buxbaum

Articles by Maurer Faculty

Even in a climate of increased cooperation among regulatory authorities, jurisdictional conflict remains a prominent aspect of cross-border antitrust regulation. Much of this conflict is generated by private litigation - that is, lawsuits initiated under U.S. antitrust law by private attorneys general rather than by the government. This article examines two strands of jurisprudence relevant to the role of the private attorney general in cases with international aspects. First, it analyzes the cases, involving actions based on statutory violations of the antitrust laws, in which the extraterritorial reach of U.S. antitrust law has been delimited. It then turns to ...


Legality, Standing And Substantive Review In Community Law, Paul Craig Jan 1994

Legality, Standing And Substantive Review In Community Law, Paul Craig

Articles by Maurer Faculty

No abstract provided.


Judgments From A Choice-Of-Law Perspective, Gene R. Shreve Jan 1992

Judgments From A Choice-Of-Law Perspective, Gene R. Shreve

Articles by Maurer Faculty

No abstract provided.


Court Reform: A View From The Bottom, Julia C. Lamber, Mary Lee Luskin Jan 1992

Court Reform: A View From The Bottom, Julia C. Lamber, Mary Lee Luskin

Articles by Maurer Faculty

No abstract provided.


Pragmatism Without Politics -- A Half Measure Of Authority For Jurisdictional Common Law, Gene R. Shreve Jan 1991

Pragmatism Without Politics -- A Half Measure Of Authority For Jurisdictional Common Law, Gene R. Shreve

Articles by Maurer Faculty

No abstract provided.


The Prospects For Enforcing Monetary Judgments Of The International Court Of Justice: A Study Of Nicaragua's Judgment Against The United States, Mary Ellen O'Connell Jan 1990

The Prospects For Enforcing Monetary Judgments Of The International Court Of Justice: A Study Of Nicaragua's Judgment Against The United States, Mary Ellen O'Connell

Articles by Maurer Faculty

No abstract provided.


State Immunity From Federal Suit -- When Can Congress Alter The Balance?, Gene R. Shreve Jan 1988

State Immunity From Federal Suit -- When Can Congress Alter The Balance?, Gene R. Shreve

Articles by Maurer Faculty

No abstract provided.