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2001

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Institution
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Articles 1 - 30 of 144

Full-Text Articles in Law

Introduction To "Books", Margaret A. Leary Dec 2001

Introduction To "Books", Margaret A. Leary

Articles

It's well known that graduate William B. Cook's generosity provided the Law School with its trademark Gothic Law Quadrangle. It is less universally known that Cook endowed the Law School with a trust to support faculty research, and had a strong interest in the nature of that research. He chose to call the library building "Legal Research" and to inscribe above the main entrance "Learned and cultured lawyers are safeguards of the republic." Cook often said that the lack of "intellectual leadership 1s the greatest problem which faces America," and he wanted this Law School to provide that ...


Why The Corporate Amt Should Be Retained, Reuven S. Avi-Yonah Nov 2001

Why The Corporate Amt Should Be Retained, Reuven S. Avi-Yonah

Articles

The corporate AMT is under attack. Repeal has been proposed by the White House, endorsed by the ABA/AICPA/TEI tax simplification project, and included in the stimulus bill passed by the House of Representatives. Repeal is supported on two principal grounds: That the corporate AMT increases complexity, and that it is pro-cyclical.


Valuation, Allocation, And Distribution Of Retirement Plans At Divorce: Where Are We?, Elizabeth Brandt Oct 2001

Valuation, Allocation, And Distribution Of Retirement Plans At Divorce: Where Are We?, Elizabeth Brandt

Articles

No abstract provided.


Tax Competition And E-Commerce, Reuven S. Avi-Yonah Sep 2001

Tax Competition And E-Commerce, Reuven S. Avi-Yonah

Articles

In the last four years, there has been increasing concern by developed countries about the potential erosion of the corporate income tax base by "harmful tax competition" (in the European Union since 1997, in the OECD since 1998). However, the data on tax competition available to date present a mixed and somewhat puzzling picture. On the one hand, there is considerable evidence that effective corporate income tax rates in many countries have been declining, and that the worldwide effective tax rates on multinational enterprises (MNEs) have been going down as well. On the other hand, macroeconomic data from developed countries ...


Experts, Carl E. Schneider Jul 2001

Experts, Carl E. Schneider

Articles

George Bernard Shaw famously said that all professions are conspiracies against the laity. Less famously, less elegantly, but at least as accurately, Andrew Abbott argued that professions are conspiracies against each other. Professions compete for authority to do work and for authority over work. The umpire in these skirmishes and sieges is the government, for the state holds the gift of monopoly and the power to regulate it. In Abbott's terms, "bioethics" is contesting medicine's power to influence the way doctors treat patients. If it follows the classic pattern, bioethics will solicit work and authority by recruiting government ...


On American Legal Education Reform In Japanese Legal Education, Carl E. Schneider Apr 2001

On American Legal Education Reform In Japanese Legal Education, Carl E. Schneider

Articles

The one hundredth anniversary of the Kyoto University Faculty of Law is the kind of splendid occasion when, as Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes remarked, a distinguished institution "becomes conscious of itself and its meaning." I can hardly express my pleasure at being invited to join in your celebration; but I must express my fear that I can add little to it. When Dean Tanaka kindly invited me, I should probably have declined, for I, a foreigner, can hardly know enough about an institution so central to the life of its country and its profession to speak of it and its ...


The Back-Door To Prison: Waiver Reform, "Blended Sentencing," And The Law Of Unintended Consequences, Marcy Rasmussen Podkopacz, Barry C. Feld Jan 2001

The Back-Door To Prison: Waiver Reform, "Blended Sentencing," And The Law Of Unintended Consequences, Marcy Rasmussen Podkopacz, Barry C. Feld

Articles

The Minnesota innovation, "Extended Jurisdiction Juvenile Prosecution (EJJ)," allowed judges simultaneously to impose a delinquency disposition and an adult criminal sentence, the execution of which the judge stayed pending successful completion of the delinquency sentence. Podkapacz and Feld analyze the implementation of Minnesota's new EJJ blended sentencing law in Hennepin County, the largest metropolitan county in the state.


Antenuptial Agreements, Judith T. Younger Jan 2001

Antenuptial Agreements, Judith T. Younger

Articles

No abstract provided.


The Trusteeship Of Legal Rulemaking, Edward S. Adams, Richard A. Saliterman Jan 2001

The Trusteeship Of Legal Rulemaking, Edward S. Adams, Richard A. Saliterman

Articles

Professor Robert D. Putnam's work is, in many respects, the contemporary companion to Democracy in America.' It comprehensively surveys and tests common presumptions held about our democracy with apparently very reliable quantitative data. Until recently, a work of this depth and breadth has been unavailable. Putnam sets forth a well supported thesis suggesting that even though American financial capital may be at a high, its "social capital" has perhaps reached a record low, or at least a level similar to the social, economic, and legal bottleneck of a century ago.' His use of empirical and combined data, however, probes ...


How To Plot Love On An Indifference Curve, Brian H. Bix Jan 2001

How To Plot Love On An Indifference Curve, Brian H. Bix

Articles

This review of June Carbone's book, "From Partners to Parents: The Second Revolution in Family Law" (Columbia U. Pr., 2000), considers not only the title theme-- how societal norms regarding the family and legal regulation of the family have changed their focus from the way adult partners treat one another to parents' rights and duties regarding their children-- but also additional themes raised by the book's discussions. In particular, the Review emphasizes the way in which Family Law writers have resisted or adapted economic approaches to law, and the problem of legal reform in Family Law at a ...


Multidisciplinary Practice And The Future Of The Legal Profession: Considering A Role For Independent Directors, John H. Matheson, Peter D. Favorite Jan 2001

Multidisciplinary Practice And The Future Of The Legal Profession: Considering A Role For Independent Directors, John H. Matheson, Peter D. Favorite

Articles

Edward Bartoli, a Chicago attorney, was recently suspended by the Illinois Supreme Court for aiding nonlawyers in the unauthorized practice of law. Bartoli's argument? He claimed that he was merely running a multidisciplinary practice ("MDP"). The regulations governing such activity would soon change, claimed Bartoli, and thus he was only, "ahead of his time." Because of the apparent inevitability of MDP-reform, attorneys like Bartoli are contemplating the creation of, and participation in, multidisciplinary practices throughout the United States. State regulatory bodies will be faced with the difficult determination of whether sanctions are necessary in some cases and whether sanctions ...


Expressive Association And Anti-Discrimination Law After Dale: A Tripartite Approach, Dale Carpenter Jan 2001

Expressive Association And Anti-Discrimination Law After Dale: A Tripartite Approach, Dale Carpenter

Articles

To many who support equal civil rights for gay people, it certainly seems so. 2 In Dale, after all, the Supreme Court held that the First Amendment allowed the Boy Scouts of America (BSA) to exclude an openly gay scoutmaster despite a state law forbidding such discrimination. 3 More broadly, the rationale for the decision - based on the BSA's right of expressive association - has raised fears (for some, hopes) that the Court might be moving toward a sweeping review of the constitutionality of numerous state and federal statutes forbidding discrimination in business-related clubs, public accommodations, and even employment. 4 ...


The Limits Of Gaylaw, Dale Carpenter Jan 2001

The Limits Of Gaylaw, Dale Carpenter

Articles

The world into which Gaylaw arrives is one whose poles are very far apart. At one pole, a man fatally fractures his dog's skull by beating him with a plastic vacuum cleaner accessory and then throwing the dog against a tree trunk. 3 Why? The man concluded the dog was homosexual after he saw the poodle-Yorkshire terrier mix repeatedly attempt sexual activity with another male terrier. 4 At the man's subsequent trial for animal cruelty, a veterinarian testified that such behavior in dogs is a common way for them to assert dominance, rather than necessarily a sexual act ...


Premarital Agreements In The Ali Principles Of Family Dissolution, Brian H. Bix Jan 2001

Premarital Agreements In The Ali Principles Of Family Dissolution, Brian H. Bix

Articles

Marriage is a public status grounded on an intimate relationship. Those who emphasize the public status aspect have argued that the state, and the state alone, should set the terms for the marriage (including rules for entry, rules during the marriage, and the terms on which the marriage can be dissolved). Those who emphasize the intimate relationship aspect have been more receptive to the parties’ private ordering of the terms of their marriage.


The Wharf (Holdings) Ltd. V. United International Holdings, Inc.: The Supreme Court Breaks Old Ground, Mark J. Loewenstein Jan 2001

The Wharf (Holdings) Ltd. V. United International Holdings, Inc.: The Supreme Court Breaks Old Ground, Mark J. Loewenstein

Articles

This article analyzes the Supreme Court's decision to decide only one federal securities law case, The Wharf (Holdings) Ltd. v. United International Holdings, Inc. On the face of it, the Court simply affirmed long-standing, uncontroversial tenets of Rule 10b-5. However, the article provides different explanations to the Court's decision.


Rights Of Sexual Minorities In Ireland And Europe: Rhetoric Versus Reality, Bruce Carolan Jan 2001

Rights Of Sexual Minorities In Ireland And Europe: Rhetoric Versus Reality, Bruce Carolan

Articles

Superficially, Irish and European Community law proclaim the rights of sexual minorities - particularly in web sites and printed information designed for public consumption. The reality is different. This article identifies a gap between the public pronouncements on the rights of sexual minorities under Irish and EC law. It employs a hypothetical fact situation to suggest that existing legal protections are anemic, and argues that the potential failure of affected groups to identify these deficiencies (due to contradictory claims in public information campaigns) could endanger efforts to effect progressive change.


Protecting The Oceanic Gardens Of Eden: International Law Issues In Deep-Sea Vent Resource Conservation And Management, Craig Allen Jan 2001

Protecting The Oceanic Gardens Of Eden: International Law Issues In Deep-Sea Vent Resource Conservation And Management, Craig Allen

Articles

This article seeks to stimulate the nascent discussion on legal questions presented by access to, and use of, deep-sea hydrothermal vent sites and resources and to help guide ocean policy analysts in their efforts to formulate and implement appropriate conservation and management measures adapted to the unique multiple-use conflicts posed by the vent phenomena. The inquiry is timely and important for the vent communities, some of which are already showing signs of the human footprint—a footprint that may in the not too distant future include the tracks of submarine bulldozers as they set about the job of seabed mining ...


The Emperor's New Clothes: The Shocking Truth About Digital Signatures And Internet Commerce, Jane K. Winn Jan 2001

The Emperor's New Clothes: The Shocking Truth About Digital Signatures And Internet Commerce, Jane K. Winn

Articles

This Article critiques a specific set of assumptions about specific application of digital signature technology: that contracts will be formed over the Internet among parties with no prior relationships through reliance on digital signature certificates issued by trusted third parties to establish the identity of the parties. This application for digital signature technology was once seen as both its most ambitious and most promising application because, for parties with no prior knowledge of each other, there is not yet a reliable system of online identities in Internet commerce.

Parties with an ongoing commercial relationship can absorb the cost of offline ...


The Durable Power Of Attorney's Place In The Family Of Fiduciary Relationships, Karen E. Boxx Jan 2001

The Durable Power Of Attorney's Place In The Family Of Fiduciary Relationships, Karen E. Boxx

Articles

The durable power of attorney is a deceptively simple document that allows one person to handle the affairs of an incapacitated person without court supervision. It is merely an agency relationship, established by a written document, that continues during the principal's incapacity. The durable power of attorney has been in widespread use only for about twenty-five years. It is very easy to draft, and its use escapes most court proceedings or even much need for legal assistance.

The durable power of attorney has therefore kept a low profile until now, and any attention it is now receiving focuses primarily ...


Commentary: International And Comparative Law Perspectives On Internet Patents, Toshiko Takenaka Jan 2001

Commentary: International And Comparative Law Perspectives On Internet Patents, Toshiko Takenaka

Articles

The Internet and e-commerce have created a borderless market. Goods and services sold on the Internet are subject to the patent statutes and regulations of all countries in which customers have access. Because the presence or absence of patent protection—or variations in that protection—hinders the movement of goods and services throughout the Internet, it is necessary to harmonize the protection afforded by Internet patents in their early stages of development. Among the three papers, however, only Professor Chiappetta touched upon the problem of compliance with the provisions in TRIPS. None of the papers paid attention to the feasibility ...


Curing Conflicts Of Interest In Clinical Research: Impossible Dreams And Harsh Realities, Patricia C. Kuszler Jan 2001

Curing Conflicts Of Interest In Clinical Research: Impossible Dreams And Harsh Realities, Patricia C. Kuszler

Articles

This article will explore conflicts of interest in the context of clinical research, focusing on the incentives and practices that foster such conflicts. Part I will briefly define and categorize the revenue streams at play in clinical research—both contemporaneous with the clinical trial, and the downstream, long-term gains available to the researcher and research university. Part II will discuss how these entangled revenue streams result in financial and non-financial conflicts of interest that affect the nature and balance of the research enterprise and potentially endanger patients and human subjects. Part III will summarize current conflicts of interest regulations and ...


Attorney-Client Confidentiality And The Assessment Of Claimants Who Allege Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Robert H. Aronson, Lonnie Rosenwald, Gerald M. Rosen Jan 2001

Attorney-Client Confidentiality And The Assessment Of Claimants Who Allege Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Robert H. Aronson, Lonnie Rosenwald, Gerald M. Rosen

Articles

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) was first recognized by the American Psychiatric Association in 1980. A PTSD diagnosis requires an individual or individual's loved ones to have experienced a traumatic event that was a threat to life or physical integrity and caused the individual to react to the incident with a specific number of avoidance, reexperiencing, and hyper-arousal symptoms. Obtaining a PTSD diagnosis can be of great value to a personal-injury plaintiff who claims damages due to a traumatic event. Further, if the traumatic event is unquestioned and the individual reports the classic symptoms, a PTSD diagnosis is relatively easy ...


The Mental Health Provider Privilege In The Wake Of Jaffe V. Redmond, Robert H. Aronson Jan 2001

The Mental Health Provider Privilege In The Wake Of Jaffe V. Redmond, Robert H. Aronson

Articles

Many of the revisions to article V of the Uniform Rules of Evidence involved stylistic, nonsubstantive changes. In particular, all language was made gender neutral. The most substantial revision was to Rule 503, formerly titled "Physician and Psychotherapist-Patient Privilege." This revision broadened the scope of the privilege to include a general "mental health provider" privilege, in accord with the trend in the states and the U.S. Supreme Court's decision in Jaffee v. Redmond. In Jaffee, the Court recognized for the first time a federal psychotherapist-patient privilege and extended the privilege to confidential communications with a licensed social worker ...


Victimized Twice -- The Intersection Of Domestic Violence And The Workplace: Legal Reform Through Curriculum Development, Lea B. Vaughn Jan 2001

Victimized Twice -- The Intersection Of Domestic Violence And The Workplace: Legal Reform Through Curriculum Development, Lea B. Vaughn

Articles

Domestic violence is at least a two-fold problem for American society. On the one hand, it is one of the leading causes of violence at the workplace against women. On the other, it prevents many women from attaining the economic security that would enable them to escape violence. After describing the background of this problem, this paper will canvass current legal remedies that are available to help battered women achieve economic security. This survey leads to the conclusion that the current pastiche of remedies is often ineffective because of their piecemeal approach to the problem, or because current doctrine does ...


International And Comparative Law Perspectives On Internet Patents, Toshiko Takenaka Jan 2001

International And Comparative Law Perspectives On Internet Patents, Toshiko Takenaka

Articles

This commentary will focus on the participants' proposals relative to the laws of other countries. Particularly, assuming that the same proposals were to be made in an international negotiation, my commentary reflects potential reactions and responses from Japanese and European delegates.


Books? Why?, Penny A. Hazelton Jan 2001

Books? Why?, Penny A. Hazelton

Articles

Yes, we still need law books.


The Miccosukee Indians And Environmental Law: A Confederacy Of Hope, William H. Rodgers, Jr. Jan 2001

The Miccosukee Indians And Environmental Law: A Confederacy Of Hope, William H. Rodgers, Jr.

Articles

Two legal orphans have found each other. The older one is "Indian Law," a confused, embarrassing, and twisted body of legal rules that "explain" the relationships between the United States and its native peoples. The newer one is "Environmental Law," a complex and jumbled stew of cases and statutes that "prescribe" proper behavior between modern Americans and the natural world.

Both these children of the law are suspected of subversion—the one is tainted by advocates of separate sovereignties, the other by critics of the American way of life. For Native Americans and environmentalists, their recent legal merger is a ...


Executive Orders And Presidential Commands: Presidents Riding To The Rescue Of The Environment, William H. Rodgers, Jr. Jan 2001

Executive Orders And Presidential Commands: Presidents Riding To The Rescue Of The Environment, William H. Rodgers, Jr.

Articles

Presidential executive orders are legal and political documents. They are also uniquely personal utterances of the president and the administration. The right words at the appropriate time can motivate and move the human spirit, and they can link this president and this moment to the strongest of ideas. Being personal and tending to the heroic, the executive order can thus be perceived as accomplishing a great public good.

This article will explore the pros and cons of the executive order tool. I will then evaluate a number of executive orders that have impacted contemporary environmental policy. I will conclude by ...


What Hath Congress Wrought: E-Sign, The Ueta, And The Question Of Presumption, D. Benjamin Beard Jan 2001

What Hath Congress Wrought: E-Sign, The Ueta, And The Question Of Presumption, D. Benjamin Beard

Articles

No abstract provided.


Introduction To Idaho Law Review 2001 Symposium, D. Benjamin Beard Jan 2001

Introduction To Idaho Law Review 2001 Symposium, D. Benjamin Beard

Articles

No abstract provided.