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Full-Text Articles in Law

Sentimental Stereotypes: Emotional Expectations For High-And Low-Status Group Members, Phoebe C. Ellsworth, Larissa Z. Tiedens, Batja Mesquita Jan 2000

Sentimental Stereotypes: Emotional Expectations For High-And Low-Status Group Members, Phoebe C. Ellsworth, Larissa Z. Tiedens, Batja Mesquita

Articles

Three vignette studies examined stereotypes of the emotions associated with high- and low-status group members. In Study 1a, participants believed that in negative situations, high-status people feel more angry than sad or guilty and that low-status people feel more sad and guilty than angry. Study 1b showed that in response to positive outcomes, high-status people are expected to feel more pride and low-status people are expected to feel more appreciation. Study 2 showed that people also infer status from emotions: Angry and proud people are thought of as high status, whereas sad, guilty, and appreciative people are considered low status ...


Race In The Courtroom: Perceptions Of Guilt And Dispositional Attributions, Phoebe C. Ellsworth, Samuel R. Sommers Jan 2000

Race In The Courtroom: Perceptions Of Guilt And Dispositional Attributions, Phoebe C. Ellsworth, Samuel R. Sommers

Articles

The present studies compare the judgments of White and Black mock jurors in interracial trials. In Study 1, the defendant’s race did not influence White college students’ decisions but Black students demonstrated ingroup/outgroup bias in their guilt ratings and attributions for the defendant’s behavior. The aversive nature of modern racism suggests that Whites are motivated to appear nonprejudiced when racial issues are salient; therefore, the race salience of a trial summary was manipulated and given to noncollege students in Study 2. Once again, the defendant’s race did not influence Whites when racial issues were salient. But ...


Corporate Governance Lessons From Russian Enterprise Fiascos, Michael A. Heller, Merritt B. Fox Jan 2000

Corporate Governance Lessons From Russian Enterprise Fiascos, Michael A. Heller, Merritt B. Fox

Articles

This Article draws on a rich array of deviant behavior in Russian enterprises to craft lessons for corporate governance theory. First, Professors Fox and Heller define corporate governance by looking to the economic functions of the firm. Based on this definition, they develop a typology that comprehensively shows all the channels through which bad corporate governance can inflict damage on a country's real economy. Second, they explain the causes of Russian enterprise fiascoes by looking to the particular initial conditions prevailing at privatization-untenable firm boundaries and insider allocation of firm shares-and the bargaining dynamics that have followed. This focus ...