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1988

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Institution
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Articles 1 - 30 of 55

Full-Text Articles in Law

Washington's New Quasi-Community Property Act: Protecting The Immigrant Spouse, Thomas R. Andrews Jan 1988

Washington's New Quasi-Community Property Act: Protecting The Immigrant Spouse, Thomas R. Andrews

Articles

In 1986, Washington followed the lead of several other community property jurisdictions by adopting quasi-community property legislation. The act is designed to prevent a spouse who has onerously acquired property during marriage while the couple resided in a common law state from disinheriting his or her surviving spouse as to that property after moving to Washington. It has significant implications not only for married couples contemplating a move to Washington, but also for those who have moved to Washington from common law jurisdictions in the past. This article explains why the risk of disinheritance arises, describes the provisions of Washington ...


Cannibal Moves: An Essay On The Metamorphoses Of The Legal Distinction, Pierre Schlag Jan 1988

Cannibal Moves: An Essay On The Metamorphoses Of The Legal Distinction, Pierre Schlag

Articles

No abstract provided.


Civil Liberties Guarantees When Indian Tribes Act As Majority Societies: The Case Of The Winnebago Retrocession, Charles F. Wilkinson Jan 1988

Civil Liberties Guarantees When Indian Tribes Act As Majority Societies: The Case Of The Winnebago Retrocession, Charles F. Wilkinson

Articles

No abstract provided.


Economic Union As A Constitutional Value, Richard B. Collins Jan 1988

Economic Union As A Constitutional Value, Richard B. Collins

Articles

Professor Collins presents an in-depth defense of the dormant commerce power doctrine. He maintains that the text of the commerce clause, the original intent behind it, and a century of congressional acquiescence to broad judicial enforcement of the dormant commerce power lend sufficient legitimacy to the doctrine to support its continued existence. After examining the textual and historical bases for the doctrine, Professor Collins concludes that the primary purpose behind the commerce clause is the promotion of economic integration and interstate harmony. Based upon his discussion of the doctrine's origins and development, he contends that critics of the doctrine ...


Prior Inconsistent Statements, H. Patrick Furman Jan 1988

Prior Inconsistent Statements, H. Patrick Furman

Articles

No abstract provided.


The Role Of The Legislative And Executive Branches In Interpreting The Constitution, Robert Nagel Jan 1988

The Role Of The Legislative And Executive Branches In Interpreting The Constitution, Robert Nagel

Articles

No abstract provided.


Ordeal In Iceland, William I. Miller Jan 1988

Ordeal In Iceland, William I. Miller

Articles

Ordeal holds a strange fascination with us. It appalls and intrigues. We marvel at the mentality of those cultures that officialize it; we feel a sense of horror as we imagine ourselves intimately involved with boiling water or glowing irons. And we don't feel up to it. So our terror and cowardice becomes their brutality and irrationality. I am not about to urge to reinstitution of ordeals, although most practicing lawyers will tell you that that is still what going to law is, a crapshoot they say. What I want to do is call attention to the difficulty of ...


Civil Rule 52(A): Rationing And Rationalizing The Resources Of Appellate Review, Edward H. Cooper Jan 1988

Civil Rule 52(A): Rationing And Rationalizing The Resources Of Appellate Review, Edward H. Cooper

Articles

My text is a single and rather simple sentence from Rule 52(a) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure: Findings of fact, whether based on oral or documentary evidence, shall not be set aside unless clearly erroneous, and due regard shall be given to the opportunity of the trial court to judge of the credibility of the witnesses. My theme is equally simple.. Rule 52(a) serves a vital institutional role in allocating the responsibility and the power of decision between district courts and the courts of appeals. The "dearly erroneous" standard of appellate review established by the Rule ...


Beating Up On Women And Old Men And Other Enormities: A Social Historical Inquiry Into Literary Sources, William I. Miller Jan 1988

Beating Up On Women And Old Men And Other Enormities: A Social Historical Inquiry Into Literary Sources, William I. Miller

Articles

The Icelandic sagas, besides being one of the most impressive literatures existing in any language, preserve detailed accounts of feud and legal action, and describe with intelligence and care the general techniques and strategies of dispute processing. They also contain, incidental to the narrative, information about values and law, marriage and death, householding arrangements and the systems of exchange, naming patterns, and so on, for those who care to coax such information from the texts.


Discovery In Labor Arbitration, Laura J. Cooper Jan 1988

Discovery In Labor Arbitration, Laura J. Cooper

Articles

The mere statement of the topic, discovery in labor arbitration, suggests a paradox. Is not the essence of the arbitration process an effort to avoid the procedural complexities that make litigation comparatively slow and costly? More than forty years ago, Learned Hand admonished a litigant distressed with the procedural failings of an arbitration proceeding:


Redefining The Antitrust Labor Exemption, Daniel J. Gifford Jan 1988

Redefining The Antitrust Labor Exemption, Daniel J. Gifford

Articles

Congress urgently needs to reformulate the antitrust labor exemption. Courts and legal scholars alike 1 have largely neglected the legal significance of the impact of industry-wide collective bargaining on price-output decisions in concentrated industries. They have, moreover, attended even less to the skewing tendencies produced by the almost universally practiced seniority system on labor union bargaining strategies.


The Right To Life During Armed Conflict: Disabled Peoples' International V. United States, David Weissbrodt, Beth Andrus Jan 1988

The Right To Life During Armed Conflict: Disabled Peoples' International V. United States, David Weissbrodt, Beth Andrus

Articles

Because of persecution, civil war, and economic despair, millions of people flee from their homes and go to live in other countries where they can stabilize their lives and find a safe place for themselves and their families. In 1998, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees estimated the number of people fleeing their home countries to exceed 22 million. 1 The right to seek and enjoy asylum is a well established principle in international law. 2 It has, however, been interpreted consistently as the right of the sovereign state to grant or deny asylum to those within its territory ...


Psychiatric And Chemical Dependency Treatment Of Minors: The Myth Of Voluntary Treatment And The Capacity To Consent, Beverly Balos, Ira Schwartz Jan 1988

Psychiatric And Chemical Dependency Treatment Of Minors: The Myth Of Voluntary Treatment And The Capacity To Consent, Beverly Balos, Ira Schwartz

Articles

No abstract provided.


The 39th Session Of The Un Sub-Commission On Prevention Of Discrimination And Protection Of Minorities, Sonia Rosen, David Weissbrodt Jan 1988

The 39th Session Of The Un Sub-Commission On Prevention Of Discrimination And Protection Of Minorities, Sonia Rosen, David Weissbrodt

Articles

The 39th session of the UN Sub-Commission on Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of Minorities (Sub-Commission) was held from 10 August through 4 September 1987 in Geneva, Switzerland. The Sub-Commission, established in 1947 as a subsidiary body of the Commission on Human Rights (Commission), is composed of 26 experts who are elected by the Commission. The experts are elected in their individual capacities rather than as representatives of their governments. The Sub-Commission meets annually in August-September to undertake studies and make recom- mendations to the Commission on a wide range of human rights


Country-Related And Thematic Developments At The 1988 Session Of The U.N. Commission On Human Rights, David Weissbrodt Jan 1988

Country-Related And Thematic Developments At The 1988 Session Of The U.N. Commission On Human Rights, David Weissbrodt

Articles

The United Nations Commission on Human Rights is the principal and most important political organ of the United Nations concerned principally with human rights.1 ; The Commission meets for six weeks every year in February and March. This year, for example, it met from 1 February through 11 March 1988.2 The Commission is comprised of forty-three government represent- atives who are elected by the Economic and Social Council of the United Nations. The Economic and Social Council is, in turn, a subsidiary body of the United Nations General Assembly. When the UN Charter was written in 1945, the subject ...


Lender/Owners And Cercla: Title And Liability, Ann Burkhart Jan 1988

Lender/Owners And Cercla: Title And Liability, Ann Burkhart

Articles

The Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA) represents Congress' response to the problem of cleaning up hazardous waste sites. The Act and its related regulations authorize the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) either to order the responsible parties to contain the hazardous waste on the site or to clean the site and charge the responsible parties for EPA's response costs. An unresolved issue is whether these provisions contemplate holding a lender/owner liable for response costs. In this Article, Professor Burkhart rebuts challenges to lender/owner liability. She begins by scrutinizing the language and legislative history of the ...


The Juvenile Court Meets The Principle Of Offense: Punishment, Treatment, And The Difference It Makes, Barry C. Feld Jan 1988

The Juvenile Court Meets The Principle Of Offense: Punishment, Treatment, And The Difference It Makes, Barry C. Feld

Articles

The United States Supreme Court's decision In re Gault 1 transformed the juvenile court into a very different institution than that envisioned by its Progressive creators. 2 Judicial and legislative efforts to harmonize the juvenile court with Gault's constitutional mandate have modified the purpose, process, and operation of the juvenile justice system. The Progressives envisioned a procedurally informal court with individualized, offender-oriented dispositional practices. The Supreme Court's due process decisions impose procedural formality on the juvenile court's traditional, individualized-treatment sentencing schemes. As the juvenile court system deviates from the Progressive ideal, it increasingly resembles, both procedurally ...


Enforcement Of The Domestic Abuse Act In Minnesota: A Preliminary Study, Beverly Balos, Katie Trotzky Jan 1988

Enforcement Of The Domestic Abuse Act In Minnesota: A Preliminary Study, Beverly Balos, Katie Trotzky

Articles

The Minnesota Department of Corrections latest figures esti- mate that over 63,000 incidents of domestic battering occur each year in the state of Minnesota.1 Due to the inefficiencies and gaps in the reporting system, in Minnesota and across the United States, the true magnitude of the problem is difficult to document. Researchers have estimated, however, that over 1.7 million people in the United States have at some time faced a spouse with a gun or a knife, and that well over two million have experienced a beating by their spouse.2 Thus, while accurate documentation is difficult ...


Crime In The Stacks, Or A Tale Of A Text: A Feminist Response To A Criminal Law Textbook, Mary I. Coombs Jan 1988

Crime In The Stacks, Or A Tale Of A Text: A Feminist Response To A Criminal Law Textbook, Mary I. Coombs

Articles

No abstract provided.


The Low-Income Housing Tax Credit: A Poor Solution To The Housing Crisis, Janet Stearns Jan 1988

The Low-Income Housing Tax Credit: A Poor Solution To The Housing Crisis, Janet Stearns

Articles

No abstract provided.


Some Modest Proposals On The Vice-Presidency, Richard D. Friedman Jan 1988

Some Modest Proposals On The Vice-Presidency, Richard D. Friedman

Articles

There are many good things in the Constitution, but the vice-presidency isn't one of them. In Part I of this essay, I will argue that there are three basic problems with the vice-presidency: the method of nomination, the method of election, and the office itself. That just about covers the waterfront.' If we had to do it all over again, we almost certainly would not" create the system we currently have. We cannot undo history, but we do have a very strong incentive to develop a better system of succession to the presidency. Whom we choose as vice-president is ...


Performer's Rights And Digital Sampling Under U.S. And Japanese Law, Jessica D. Litman Jan 1988

Performer's Rights And Digital Sampling Under U.S. And Japanese Law, Jessica D. Litman

Articles

A year or two ago, one of my copyright students called to my attention a problem that seemed to him to pose unique difficulties for the copyright statute. The problem arises because of a technology called digital sampling.' Digital sampling is a new threat to performers' rights that has grown out of the combination of digital recording technology with music synthesizer technology. This threat is a very recent one. Indeed, the digital sampling problem is so new that copyright lawyers haven't yet figured out how to think about it.


Prevention Of Antiunion Discrimination In The United States, Theodore J. St. Antoine Jan 1988

Prevention Of Antiunion Discrimination In The United States, Theodore J. St. Antoine

Articles

Nearly all rank-and-file employees in private businesses of any substantial size in the United States are protected by federal law against antiunion discrimination. The Railway Labor Act applies to the railroad and airline industries. The National Labor Relations Act (NLRA) applies to all other businesses whose operations "affect [interstate] commerce" in almost any way. Supervisory and managerial personnel, domestic servants, and agricultural workers are excluded from this federal scheme. Separate federal law covers the employees of the federal government. About thirty of the fifty states have statutes ensuring the right to organize on the part of some or most of ...


A Seed Germinates: Unjust Discharge Reform Heads Toward Full Flower, Theodore J. St. Antoine Jan 1988

A Seed Germinates: Unjust Discharge Reform Heads Toward Full Flower, Theodore J. St. Antoine

Articles

In this paper, I shall briefly review the nature and limitations of the theories most frequently invoked by the courts in dealing with wrongful dismissal. I shall then examine the major arguments for and against a general overhaul of the doctrine of employment at will. Lastly, I shall discuss some of the particular questions that will have to be addressed in fashioning a statutory solution.


Empirical Studies In Civil Procedure: A Selected Annotated Bibliography, Michael Chiorazzi, Barbara A. Baccari, Karen R. Cashion, Christopher R. Hart, Donald M. Nielsen, Charles M. North, William T. O'Neil Jan 1988

Empirical Studies In Civil Procedure: A Selected Annotated Bibliography, Michael Chiorazzi, Barbara A. Baccari, Karen R. Cashion, Christopher R. Hart, Donald M. Nielsen, Charles M. North, William T. O'Neil

Articles

No abstract provided.


The "Nexus Of Contracts" Corporation: A Critical Appraisal, William Wilson Bratton Jan 1988

The "Nexus Of Contracts" Corporation: A Critical Appraisal, William Wilson Bratton

Articles

No abstract provided.


Marine Archaeology And The International Law Of The Sea, Bernard H. Oxman Jan 1988

Marine Archaeology And The International Law Of The Sea, Bernard H. Oxman

Articles

No abstract provided.


Section 1404(A), "Where It Might Have Been Brought": Brought By Whom?, Michael J. Waggoner Jan 1988

Section 1404(A), "Where It Might Have Been Brought": Brought By Whom?, Michael J. Waggoner

Articles

No abstract provided.


The Separation Of Banking And Commerce Reconsidered, Stephen K. Halpert Jan 1988

The Separation Of Banking And Commerce Reconsidered, Stephen K. Halpert

Articles

No abstract provided.


Climbing The Most Dangerous Branch: Legisprudence And The New Legal Process (Book Review), A. Michael Froomkin Jan 1988

Climbing The Most Dangerous Branch: Legisprudence And The New Legal Process (Book Review), A. Michael Froomkin

Articles

No abstract provided.