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1985

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Institution
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Articles 1 - 30 of 52

Full-Text Articles in Law

The 'Legalization' Of The Family: Toward A Policy Of Supportive Neutrality, David L. Chambers Jun 1985

The 'Legalization' Of The Family: Toward A Policy Of Supportive Neutrality, David L. Chambers

Articles

The word "legalization" has conflicting meanings. One, intended to sound the theme of this conference, conveys the notion of government regulation permeating some area of human activity. The other-as found, for example, in the phrase "the legalization of marijuana"-is a near opposite: the process of making legal or permissible that which. was previously forbidden, taking government out of that which it had previously controlled. The recent history of government's relationship to the family amply displays both sorts of legalization, both government's intrusion and its withdrawal, and reveals a paradoxical relation between the two-that as government frees people ...


Ethical Problems Of An International Human Rights Practice, David Weissbrodt Jan 1985

Ethical Problems Of An International Human Rights Practice, David Weissbrodt

Articles

Little attention has been devoted to ethical problems facing American lawyers engaged in commercial and corporate work in foreign countries or with foreign clients. IEven less attention has been paid to the professional responsibilities of lawyers engaged in an international human rights legal practice. 2 As an increas- ing number of lawyers become involved in the practice of international human rights law in the courts of the United States, in international fora, and abroad, issues will continue to arise regarding the ethical constraints on their work.3


Defining The Limits Of Crime Control And Due Process, Richard Frase Jan 1985

Defining The Limits Of Crime Control And Due Process, Richard Frase

Articles

In his latest book, Hans Zeisel argues that "law enforcement, important and essential as it is, cannot by itself significantly reduce crime" (p. 15). Thus, he concludes, we should redirect our efforts toward general prevention, starting with improvements in ghetto schools. Zeisel's thesis is supported by data from his study of the disposition of felony arrests in New York City 1 and is supplemented by his assessment of the results of recent criminal justice research in other jurisdictions. Zeisel, a pioneer in the application of social science research methods to issues of law and public policy, 2 presents a ...


Public Sector Bargaining: Fiscal Crisis And Unilateral Change, Stephen F. Befort Jan 1985

Public Sector Bargaining: Fiscal Crisis And Unilateral Change, Stephen F. Befort

Articles

The brief history of public sector collective bargaining encompasses two periods of economic extreme. Collective bargaining in the public sector emerged in the 1960's and early 1970's, a period of unprecedented growth in state and local government. With normal economic restraints eased by the growth of state and local budgets, inexperienced public employers frequently offered little resistance to the demands of public sector unions. Beginning in the mid-1970's, however, the economic fortunes of state and local governments suffered a dramatic reversal. Whether viewed as a cause or an effect of the fiscal crisis, taxpayer hostility to ever-increasing ...


United States Foreign Policy And Human Rights: An Overview, David Weissbrodt Jan 1985

United States Foreign Policy And Human Rights: An Overview, David Weissbrodt

Articles

The organizers of this symposium asked me to provide a back- ground for the present status of human rights in the foreign policy of the United States Government. They suggested that I provide a his- tory of the subject, stressing the approach of President Carter. I have written such a history, stressing the United States human rights legis- lation which was not created by President Carter, but which he found already in place when he reached the White House. Rather than recite this historical background, I think it would be more useful to look at three basic questions which might ...


Book Review, Pierre Schlag Jan 1985

Book Review, Pierre Schlag

Articles

No abstract provided.


Teaching An Old Dog Old Tricks: Coppage V. Kansas And At-Will Employment Revisited, Kenneth M. Casebeer Jan 1985

Teaching An Old Dog Old Tricks: Coppage V. Kansas And At-Will Employment Revisited, Kenneth M. Casebeer

Articles

No abstract provided.


The Wagner Act: Labor Law's Signal Event, Theodore J. St. Antoine Jan 1985

The Wagner Act: Labor Law's Signal Event, Theodore J. St. Antoine

Articles

There's no fun in stating the obvious. Sophisticated professionals bestow few kudos on those who declaim the conventional wisdom. Even so, one would have to be far more perverse than I, in this fiftieth anniversary year of the National Labor Relations Act, to suggest that the Wagner Act, wasn't the most important (and at the time of it- passage the most controversial) development in the last half-century of labor law.


The Supreme Court's Misconstruction Of A Procedural Statute-A Critique Of The Court's Decision In Badaracco, Douglas A. Kahn Jan 1985

The Supreme Court's Misconstruction Of A Procedural Statute-A Critique Of The Court's Decision In Badaracco, Douglas A. Kahn

Articles

When a taxpayer files an honest' federal income tax return for a taxable year, section 6501(a) of the Internal Revenue Code2 limits the period of time during which the Government can assess a tax for that year to a three-year period commencing with the date that the return was filed. The three-year limitations period is extended for an additional three years by section 6501(e)(1)(A) if the taxpayer's return omits properly includible gross income in an amount in excess of twenty-five percent of the gross income that was reported. If a taxpayer fails to file a ...


Affirmative Action And The Legislative History Of The Fourteenth Amendment, Eric Schnapper Jan 1985

Affirmative Action And The Legislative History Of The Fourteenth Amendment, Eric Schnapper

Articles

This article contends that the legislative history of the fourteenth amendment is not only relevant to but dispositive of the legal dispute over the constitutional standards applicable to race-conscious affirmative action plans. From the closing days of the Civil War until the end of civilian Reconstruction some five years later, Congress adopted a series of social welfare programs whose benefits were expressly limited to blacks. These programs were generally open to all blacks, not only to recently freed slaves, and were adopted over repeatedly expressed objections that such racially exclusive measures were unfair to whites. The race-conscious Reconstruction programs were ...


The Funding Of Children's Educational Costs, Douglas A. Kahn Jan 1985

The Funding Of Children's Educational Costs, Douglas A. Kahn

Articles

A plan for reduction of educational costs should take federal transfer taxes into account. The method chosen for reducing income tax liability usually will involve making gifts. To the extent that it is convenient to do so, the transfer tax consequences of making such gifts should be minimized. This article will examine the estate and gift tax consequences of the income tax reduction arrangements described herein and will consider means of structuring the transactions so as to minimize those consequences.


On Preferences And Promises: A Response To Harsanyi, Donald H. Regan Jan 1985

On Preferences And Promises: A Response To Harsanyi, Donald H. Regan

Articles

John C. Harsanyi sketches an entire normative and metaethical theory in under twenty pages. Combining breadth and brevity, his essay is useful and interesting. It reveals the interrelations between Harsanyi's positions on various issues as no longer work or series of articles could do. But by virtue of its programmatic nature, the essay creates a dilemma for a commentator, at least for one who finds many things to disagree with. If I responded to Harsanyi in the same sweeping terms in which he argues, we would end up with little more than opposing assertions. At the other extreme, I ...


The Revision Of Employment-At-Will Enters A New Phase, Theodore J. St. Antoine Jan 1985

The Revision Of Employment-At-Will Enters A New Phase, Theodore J. St. Antoine

Articles

The most significant development in the whole field of labor law during the past decade was the growing willingness of the courts to modify the traditional doctrine of employment-at-will. Applying either tort or contract theory, or both, judges in some thirty jurisdictions declared their readiness to blunt the worst rigors of the rule that an employment contract of indefinite duration can be terminated by either party at any time for any reason. These dramatic breakthroughs evoked almost universal acclaim from disinterested commentators, primarily on the grounds of simple justice. Now we may be entering a new phase of consolidation, refinement ...


Thoughts On Teaching, Christina B. Whitman Jan 1985

Thoughts On Teaching, Christina B. Whitman

Articles

I teach in classrooms where, ten years ago, I sat as a student. People who were my teachers are now my colleagues. People who were my students are still my friends. The difference between teacher and student, it seems to me, is more appropriately described as progression through a life than as distinct positions in a hierarchy.


Perpetuities: A Perspective On Wait-And-See, Lawrence W. Waggoner Jan 1985

Perpetuities: A Perspective On Wait-And-See, Lawrence W. Waggoner

Articles

Professor Dukeminier and I agree on most of the important points concerning perpetuity law and perpetuity reform. We agree that the Rule Against Perpetuities still serves a socially useful function of limiting dead hand control, and should not be abolished. We also agree that the common law Rule is needlessly harsh and should be softened. Finally, we agree on the type of reform that is most desirable-waitand- see. Our only disagreeihent-concerns the best method of marking off the wait-and-see perpetuity pe]iqod-the period of time during which dispositions that would have been invalid under the common law Rule are to ...


A Rejoinder By Professor Waggoner, Lawrence W. Waggoner Jan 1985

A Rejoinder By Professor Waggoner, Lawrence W. Waggoner

Articles

Since the patience of the reader and the space in this issue of the Law Review are nearing their limits, I wish to publish only two points in response to what Professor Dukeminier has written.. These points further support my position that Dukeminier's proposed statute would lead almost anyone to conclude that A, not X, is the causal relationship measuring life in Example 1 of my article.1 By implication, these points, along with the others made in my article, corroborate my overall thesis: Professor Dukeminier's proposed one-sentence statute2 cannot be counted a responsible way of identifying the ...


One Use Of Computerized Instructional Gaming In Legal Education: To Better Understand The Rich Logical Structure Of Legal Rules And Improve Legal Writing, Layman E. Allen, Charles S. Saxon Jan 1985

One Use Of Computerized Instructional Gaming In Legal Education: To Better Understand The Rich Logical Structure Of Legal Rules And Improve Legal Writing, Layman E. Allen, Charles S. Saxon

Articles

This article describes an innovation in legal education and speculates about its importance and effectiveness as an educational tool. The speculations about its potential use, however, are ones that each legal educator will be able to test individually to determine the effectiveness of this use of microcomputers to improve legal education. The computer software that permits the innovation to be used will be available to interested persons by the time that this article is published.


Preparation Of The Multistate Bar Examination: One Drafting Committee's Perspective, John W. Reed Jan 1985

Preparation Of The Multistate Bar Examination: One Drafting Committee's Perspective, John W. Reed

Articles

One who wants to know how the Multistate Bar Examination is created should begin by learning how the drafting committees work. My assignment is to describe the work of one of those committees: the Evidence Committee. Though there are differences among the six committees, they mostly are ones of style, and to learn how to operate in the evidence group is to understand the process generally.


Travelers Checks, James J. White Jan 1985

Travelers Checks, James J. White

Articles

A. Travelers Checks Defined 1. Courts have variously described travelers checks as certificates of deposit, negotiable instruments, securities, cash, and cashier's checks. 2. The most persuasive analysis seems to treat travelers checks as cashier's checks on which the issuer is both the drawer and the drawee, the purchaser once he has countersigned is the payee, and both the purchaser and the next recipient are indorsers.


Simultaneous Attachment Of Liens On After-Acquired Property, David Gray Carlson Jan 1985

Simultaneous Attachment Of Liens On After-Acquired Property, David Gray Carlson

Articles

No abstract provided.


The Indeterminacy Of The Law: Critical Legal Studies And The Problem Of Legal Explanation, Charles M. Yablon Jan 1985

The Indeterminacy Of The Law: Critical Legal Studies And The Problem Of Legal Explanation, Charles M. Yablon

Articles

No abstract provided.


Introduction To The Symposium On Legal Structures For Managing The Pacific Northwest Salmon And Steelhead: The Biological And Historical Context, Dale Goble Jan 1985

Introduction To The Symposium On Legal Structures For Managing The Pacific Northwest Salmon And Steelhead: The Biological And Historical Context, Dale Goble

Articles

No abstract provided.


The First Amendment And Distributional Voting Rights Controversies, Emily M. Calhoun Jan 1985

The First Amendment And Distributional Voting Rights Controversies, Emily M. Calhoun

Articles

No abstract provided.


Can A Tribal Court Be Enjoined From Exercising Jurisdiction Over Nonmembers Of The Tribe?, Richard B. Collins Jan 1985

Can A Tribal Court Be Enjoined From Exercising Jurisdiction Over Nonmembers Of The Tribe?, Richard B. Collins

Articles

No abstract provided.


Indian Allotment Water Rights, Richard B. Collins Jan 1985

Indian Allotment Water Rights, Richard B. Collins

Articles

Allotted tribal lands create troublesome questions for western water lawyers. In this article the author reviews the history of basic Indian reservation water rights created by the Supreme Court's landmark decision in Winters v. United States. He then explains the disposition of those rights when reservation lands are allotted. Finally, he discusses the difficult issues that arise when allotted lands pass from the federal trust become subject to state law, and are transferred to non-Indians.


The Future Course Of The Winters Doctrine, Richard B. Collins Jan 1985

The Future Course Of The Winters Doctrine, Richard B. Collins

Articles

No abstract provided.


Are The Pueblo Indians Too "Civilized" For Federal Indian Law?, Richard B. Collins Jan 1985

Are The Pueblo Indians Too "Civilized" For Federal Indian Law?, Richard B. Collins

Articles

No abstract provided.


Can An Indian Tribe Recover Land Illegally Taken In The Seventeenth Century?, Richard B. Collins Jan 1985

Can An Indian Tribe Recover Land Illegally Taken In The Seventeenth Century?, Richard B. Collins

Articles

No abstract provided.


Controlling Groundwater Use And Quality: A Fragmented System, David H. Getches Jan 1985

Controlling Groundwater Use And Quality: A Fragmented System, David H. Getches

Articles

No abstract provided.


Competing Demands For The Colorado River, David H. Getches Jan 1985

Competing Demands For The Colorado River, David H. Getches

Articles

No abstract provided.