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2000

Civil Rights and Discrimination

Institution
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Articles 31 - 60 of 99

Full-Text Articles in Law

A Citizen Of Fine Spirit, Douglas R. Heidenreich Jan 2000

A Citizen Of Fine Spirit, Douglas R. Heidenreich

Faculty Scholarship

William T. Francis was (1869-1929), by most measures, the most successful of the early African American alumni of William Mitchell College of Law's predecessor law schools. Francis was a skilled lawyer, an adroit politician, a popular orator, a vigorous crusader for human and civil rights, and a respected U.S. diplomat.


But Why Not Marriage: Some Thoughts On Vermont’S Civil Unions Law, Same-Sex Marriage, And Separate But (Un)Equal, Barbara Cox Jan 2000

But Why Not Marriage: Some Thoughts On Vermont’S Civil Unions Law, Same-Sex Marriage, And Separate But (Un)Equal, Barbara Cox

Faculty Scholarship

This article is divided into three sections. Section one considers the positive results from the civil unions law. It recognizes that this legislation represents an important step along the path toward full recognition of same-sex couples by extending significant rights, benefits, and responsibilities beyond opposite-sex marriage." With these benefits, however, come several problems. Section two places the civil unions law along side other examples of "separate but equal" restrictions in the race and sex contexts and considers it within the sexual orientation context. This section explains how government-sponsored segregation has always caused damage to both groups that are taught they ...


“The Little Project:” From Alternative Families To Domestic Partnerships To Same-Sex Marriage, Barbara Cox Jan 2000

“The Little Project:” From Alternative Families To Domestic Partnerships To Same-Sex Marriage, Barbara Cox

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Indirect Constitutional Discourse: A Comment On Meese, Robert F. Nagel Jan 2000

Indirect Constitutional Discourse: A Comment On Meese, Robert F. Nagel

Articles

No abstract provided.


Civil Rights And Human Rights: A Call For Closer Collaboration, Douglass Cassel Jan 2000

Civil Rights And Human Rights: A Call For Closer Collaboration, Douglass Cassel

Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


The Paradox Of Silence: Some Questions About Silence As Resistance, Dorothy E. Roberts Jan 2000

The Paradox Of Silence: Some Questions About Silence As Resistance, Dorothy E. Roberts

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

No abstract provided.


Paving The Road: A Charles Hamilton Houston Approach To Securing Trans Rights, Jennifer L. Levi Jan 2000

Paving The Road: A Charles Hamilton Houston Approach To Securing Trans Rights, Jennifer L. Levi

Faculty Scholarship

This Article argues that securing the rights of transgender people requires a comprehensive and long-term litigation strategy and suggests Charles Hamilton Houston as the architect of the modern Civil Rights movement and the inspiration for a trans rights litigation strategy. Section II briefly details the life of Charles Hamilton Houston and focuses on the legal strategy he designed and carried out to overturn Plessy. It continues by drawing some conclusions about what Houston's plan teaches about the struggle for trans rights and a trans litigation strategy. Section III examines the reasons certain cases challenge assumptions about sex and gender ...


Aren't You Latino: Building Bridges Upon Common Misperceptions, Victor C. Romero Jan 2000

Aren't You Latino: Building Bridges Upon Common Misperceptions, Victor C. Romero

Journal Articles

This article addresses minority on minority oppression and itragroup animosity. The author discusses ways in which communities of color can use common misperceptions to their advantage as a bridge to building a larger community.


Tort Suits For Injuries Sustained During Illegal Abortions: The Effects Of Judicial Bias , Gail D. Hollister Jan 2000

Tort Suits For Injuries Sustained During Illegal Abortions: The Effects Of Judicial Bias , Gail D. Hollister

Faculty Scholarship

Most courts hold that, by agreeing to have an illegal abortion, a woman forfeits her right to recover for injuries tortuously inflicted during that abortion. Nevertheless, most courts do permit suits by those injured in the course of committing other crimes, and they usually do so without considering whether plaintiff's criminal conduct should prevent recovery. Part II of this Article explores and discredits the reasons offered for prohibiting recovery in abortion suits. 21 Part III analyzes, on a chronological basis, each state's decisions prohibiting such recovery. Part IV discusses possible explanations for the abortion decisions, noting that these ...


Discrimination And Business Regulation (The Supreme Court And Local Government Law: The 1999-2000 Term), Eileen Kaufman Jan 2000

Discrimination And Business Regulation (The Supreme Court And Local Government Law: The 1999-2000 Term), Eileen Kaufman

Scholarly Works

No abstract provided.


Recent Supreme Court Employment Law Developments, Douglas D. Scherer, Olati Johnson Jan 2000

Recent Supreme Court Employment Law Developments, Douglas D. Scherer, Olati Johnson

Scholarly Works

No abstract provided.


Marketing Goods, Marketing Images: The Impact Of Advertising On Race, Deseriee A. Kennedy Jan 2000

Marketing Goods, Marketing Images: The Impact Of Advertising On Race, Deseriee A. Kennedy

Scholarly Works

No abstract provided.


Discrimination Cases In The Supreme Court’S 1998 Term, Eileen Kaufman Jan 2000

Discrimination Cases In The Supreme Court’S 1998 Term, Eileen Kaufman

Scholarly Works

In the Supreme Court's 1997 Term, the Supreme Court had decided a record number of statutory discrimination cases. However, that record was exceeded in the Supreme Court's 1998 Term with the Court addressing issues arising under Title VII, which covers discrimination in employment; Title IX, which covers discrimination in schools; and most significantly, the Americans with Disabilities Act, which prohibits discrimination based on disability. Overall, the term scored significant victories for employers who were given considerable latitude to set their own physical characteristic standards and who were, to a large extent, immunized from liability for punitive damages. There ...


Exploration Of The Efficacy Of Class-Based Approaches To Racial Justice: The Cuban Context, An Latcrit Iv Symposium - Rotating Centers, Epanding Frontiers: Theory And Marginal Intersections- Forging Our Identity: Transformative Resistance In The Areas Of Work, Class, And The Law, Tanya Kateri Hernandez Jan 2000

Exploration Of The Efficacy Of Class-Based Approaches To Racial Justice: The Cuban Context, An Latcrit Iv Symposium - Rotating Centers, Epanding Frontiers: Theory And Marginal Intersections- Forging Our Identity: Transformative Resistance In The Areas Of Work, Class, And The Law, Tanya Kateri Hernandez

Faculty Scholarship

The growing discord over the continuing use of race-conscious social justice programs in the United States has given rise to the consideration of replacing them with color-blind class-based affirmative action programs. Although there are a number of theoretical investigations into the proposal for class-based affirmative action, the discourse is short on practical assessments. This Article amplifies the class-based affirmative action debate by drawing lessons from Socialist Cuba's socioeconomic redistribution measures. Inasmuch as Socialist Cuba attempts to diminish racial disparities with the use of colorblind socioeconomic redistribution programs one can classify their strategy as a class-focused rather than a race-focused ...


Sexual Harassment And Racial Disparity: The Mutual Construction Of Gender And Race , Tanya Kateri Hernandez Jan 2000

Sexual Harassment And Racial Disparity: The Mutual Construction Of Gender And Race , Tanya Kateri Hernandez

Faculty Scholarship

For a number of years, commentators have proffered anecdotal evidence to suggest that women of color figure prominently as sexual harassment plaintiffs. Until recently, a systematic statistical analysis of women's experiences of sexual harassment by race was largely unavailable. For the first time, this Article comprehensively analyzes Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) sexual harassment charge statistics, by looking at data from the last seven years along with Lexis-Nexis and Westlaw electronic reports of sexual harassment complaints for the last twenty years. What immediately becomes apparent in this statistical analysis of sexual harassment charges in the United States is the ...


The Moral Exclusivity Of The New Civil Society, Dorothy E. Roberts Jan 2000

The Moral Exclusivity Of The New Civil Society, Dorothy E. Roberts

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

No abstract provided.


Book Review Of Getting Around Brown: Desegregation, Development, And The Columbus Public Schools, Davison M. Douglas Jan 2000

Book Review Of Getting Around Brown: Desegregation, Development, And The Columbus Public Schools, Davison M. Douglas

Popular Media

No abstract provided.


Book Review Of But For Birmingham: The Local And National Movements In The Civil Rights Struggle, Davison M. Douglas Jan 2000

Book Review Of But For Birmingham: The Local And National Movements In The Civil Rights Struggle, Davison M. Douglas

Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Book Review Of Make Haste Slowly: Moderates, Conservatives, And School Desegregation In Houston, Davison M. Douglas Jan 2000

Book Review Of Make Haste Slowly: Moderates, Conservatives, And School Desegregation In Houston, Davison M. Douglas

Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


The Relationship Between Equality And Access In Law School Admissions, Angela M. Banks Jan 2000

The Relationship Between Equality And Access In Law School Admissions, Angela M. Banks

Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Race Talk: Patricia J. Williams' Seeing A Color-Blind Future: The Paradox Of Race, Taunya Lovell Banks Jan 2000

Race Talk: Patricia J. Williams' Seeing A Color-Blind Future: The Paradox Of Race, Taunya Lovell Banks

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Colorism: A Darker Shade Of Pale, Taunya Lovell Banks Jan 2000

Colorism: A Darker Shade Of Pale, Taunya Lovell Banks

Faculty Scholarship

In this article, Professor Banks argues that colorism, skin tone discrimination against dark-skinned but not light-skinned blacks, constitutes a form of race-based discrimination. Skin tone discrimination coexists with more traditional forms of race discrimination that impact all blacks without regard to skin tone and phenotype, yet courts seem unwilling to recognize this point. Professor Banks uses employment discrimination cases to illustrate some courts' willingness to acknowledge subtler forms of race-based discrimination, like skin tone discrimination, for white ethnic and Latina/o plaintiffs, but not for black plaintiffs. The inability of courts to fashion coherent approaches to colorism claims involving black ...


Introduction: Performing Latcrit, Robert S. Chang, Natasha Fuller Jan 2000

Introduction: Performing Latcrit, Robert S. Chang, Natasha Fuller

Faculty Scholarship

This introduction examines the four articles in this cluster on LatCrit praxis. The four articles can be seen as case studies that explore different aspects of LatCrit praxis. Pedro Malavet examines the role literature and the arts can play as a form of antisubordinationist practice. Nicholas Gunia focuses on Jamaican music as a particular site of antisubordinationist practice, showing us that resistance comes in many forms and that LatCrit practitioners must have a broad theory for social change that is not limited to legislatures, courtrooms, classrooms, and law reviews. Alfredo Mirande Gonzalez employs personal narrative to tell us how he ...


Confronting The Limits Of Gay Hate Crimes Activism: A Radical Critique, Dean Spade, Craig Willse Jan 2000

Confronting The Limits Of Gay Hate Crimes Activism: A Radical Critique, Dean Spade, Craig Willse

Faculty Scholarship

Questioning the emancipatory potential of hate crimes activism for sexual and gender non-normative people, this paper outlines the limits of criminal justice remedies to problems of gender, race, economic and sexual subordination. The first section considers some of the positive impacts of hate crimes activism, focusing on the benefits of legal "naming" for disenfranchised constituencies seeking political recognition. In the next section the authors outline the political shortcomings and troubling consequences of hate crimes activism. First, they examine how hate crimes activism is situated within a "mainstream gay agenda," a term they use to designate the set of projects prioritized ...


Erasing Race? A Critical Race Feminist View Of Internet Identity Shifting, Margaret Chon Jan 2000

Erasing Race? A Critical Race Feminist View Of Internet Identity Shifting, Margaret Chon

Faculty Scholarship

Race and gender become even more abstract in the disembodied presence they inhabit online. This article outlines the importance of being sensitive to the under-identified online presence of race and gender related issues, with an in depth discussion of the complications these issues face.


Whatever Happened To Anti-Semitism? How Social Science Theories Identify Discrimination And Promote Coalitions Between "Different" Minorities, Clark Freshman Jan 2000

Whatever Happened To Anti-Semitism? How Social Science Theories Identify Discrimination And Promote Coalitions Between "Different" Minorities, Clark Freshman

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Comparison Between Freedom Of Religion In Germany And In The United States In General And The Treatment Of The Church Of Scientology Specifically, Wolfgang Eichele Jan 2000

Comparison Between Freedom Of Religion In Germany And In The United States In General And The Treatment Of The Church Of Scientology Specifically, Wolfgang Eichele

LLM Theses and Essays

The thesis first gives background information about the general development of fundamental rights in both Germany and the United States and specifically the freedom of religion. The analysis discusses in particular freedom of religion granted by Article 4 of the Basic Law in Germany and the religious clauses of the First Amendment of the American Constitution. In the first conclusion, the differences in the interpretations of the religious clauses both in Germany and the United States will be stated. These differences will then be illustrated by a discussion on the Church of Scientology through its basic facts, history, ideas, and ...


Nationality, Domicile And Habitual Residence - Does The New German Citizenship Law Call For A Change Of A Principal Connecting Factor In Private International Law ?, Marc Cziesielsky Jan 2000

Nationality, Domicile And Habitual Residence - Does The New German Citizenship Law Call For A Change Of A Principal Connecting Factor In Private International Law ?, Marc Cziesielsky

LLM Theses and Essays

The purpose of the new citizenship law which was proposed by the new German federal government was to give legal aliens living in Germany a choice to become German citizens without having to give up the nationality which was conferred on them by their parentage or descent. This thesis will question whether this rigid concept should be completely abolished after an assessment of both the constitutionality and the exact implications of the new citizenship law. In the light of the conclusions, the comparative part of this thesis will then focus on a more general approach and will compare the concepts ...


"Bad For Business": Contextual Analysis, Race Discrimination, And Fast Food, Regina Austin Jan 2000

"Bad For Business": Contextual Analysis, Race Discrimination, And Fast Food, Regina Austin

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

No abstract provided.


The First Amendment's Petition Clause As An Alternative Basis For Challenging Voter Initiatives That Burden The Enactment Of Anti-Discrimination Protection For Gays, Lesbians, And Bisexuals, Kevin F. O'Neill Jan 2000

The First Amendment's Petition Clause As An Alternative Basis For Challenging Voter Initiatives That Burden The Enactment Of Anti-Discrimination Protection For Gays, Lesbians, And Bisexuals, Kevin F. O'Neill

Law Faculty Articles and Essays

In the battle for gay, lesbian, and bisexual rights, most of the fighting has centered on two sources of constitutional protection: substantive due process and equal protection. Unfortunately, courts have been reluctant to find in either of those constitutional guarantees a broad source of protection for gays, lesbians, and bisexuals. The purpose of my remarks today is to suggest that the First Amendment—specifically, the Petition Clause of the First Amendment—provides an alternative basis for vindicating gay, lesbian, and bisexual rights in certain cases. At least in the context of voter initiatives that seek to abolish anti-discrimination protection for ...