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Legislation

2012

Northwestern Pritzker School of Law

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Full-Text Articles in Law

Religion And The Equal Protection Clause, Steven G. Calabresi, Abe Salander Jan 2012

Religion And The Equal Protection Clause, Steven G. Calabresi, Abe Salander

Faculty Working Papers

This article argues that state action that discriminates on the basis of religion is unconstitutional under the Equal Protection Doctrine even if it does not violate the Establishment Clause or the Free Exercise Clause as incorporated by the Fourteenth Amendment. State action that discriminates on the basis of religion should be subject to strict scrutiny and should almost always be held unconstitutional. We thus challenge the Supreme Court's recent decision in Christian Legal Society v. Martinez in which a 5 to 4 majority of the Court wrongly allowed a California state school to discriminate against a Christian Legal Society ...