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Legislation

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A Uniform Perpetuities Reform Act, 16 N.Y.U. J. Legis. & Pub. Pol'y 89 (2013), Scott Andrew Shepard Jan 2013

A Uniform Perpetuities Reform Act, 16 N.Y.U. J. Legis. & Pub. Pol'y 89 (2013), Scott Andrew Shepard

UIC Law Open Access Faculty Scholarship

For centuries the Rule Against Perpetuities provided protection against a pair of dangers: that important stocks of property would become, effectively, permanently inalienable as a result of perpetual conditional gifts; and that the dead would be permitted to control the destinies of the living by placing permanent conditions on the fixed stock of available wealth (i.e., land wealth). In recent decades, though, the states have increasingly abandoned the Rule and its protections. As of 2011 all states have migrated, at least in part, beyond the traditional "twenty-one-years- plus-life-in-being" rule, and more than half have actually or effectively abolished their ...


The Locality Rule Lives! Why? Using Modern Medicine To Eradicate An “Unhealthy” Law, 61 Drake L. Rev. 321 (2013), Marc Ginsberg Jan 2013

The Locality Rule Lives! Why? Using Modern Medicine To Eradicate An “Unhealthy” Law, 61 Drake L. Rev. 321 (2013), Marc Ginsberg

UIC Law Open Access Faculty Scholarship

The "locality rule" places a geographical dimension on the professional standard of care in medical negligence litigation. It requires the measurement of a physician's conduct by a standard focusing on the geographical location of the treatment provided. This Article traces the origin of the locality rule, discusses its related practical problems, focuses on the states in which it exists, suggests that the rule is archaic, and explains how modern medicine (undergraduate medical education, graduate medical education, state medical licensure, board certification, continuing medical education and practice guidelines) is well positioned to eradicate it.


The Framers' Federalism And The Affordable Care Act, 44 Conn. L. Rev. 1071 (2012), Steven D. Schwinn Jan 2012

The Framers' Federalism And The Affordable Care Act, 44 Conn. L. Rev. 1071 (2012), Steven D. Schwinn

UIC Law Open Access Faculty Scholarship

Federalism challenges to the Affordable Care Act ("ACA") are inspired by the relatively recent resurgence in federalism concerns in the Supreme Court's jurisprudence. Thus, ACA opponents seek to leverage the Court-created distinction between encouragement and compulsion (in opposition to Medicaid expansion), and the Court-created federalism concern when Congress regulates in a way that could destroy the distinction between what is national and what is local (in opposition to universal coverage).

But outside the jurisprudence, the text and history of constitutional federalism tell another story. The text and history suggest that the Constitution created a powerful federal government, of the ...


The Use Of Federal Law To Curb Excessive Executive Compensation: Lessons In Past Failures And Lessons For The Future, 57 Vill. L. Rev. 551 (2012), Kathryn J. Kennedy Jan 2012

The Use Of Federal Law To Curb Excessive Executive Compensation: Lessons In Past Failures And Lessons For The Future, 57 Vill. L. Rev. 551 (2012), Kathryn J. Kennedy

UIC Law Open Access Faculty Scholarship

When one thinks of the use of legislative power to curb the size and the type of compensation paid to executives, one normally thinks such power is reserved to the states. That is, one tends to think that regulating corporate governance falls within traditional state police powers. However, while state courts have been willing to review the processes boards of directors use in setting the size and type of executive compensation, they have been less willing to review the actual results of such decisions. Hence, it is no shock that Congress continues to dabble in the area of corporate governance ...


Which The Deader Hand - A Counter To The American Law Institute's Proposed Revival Of Dying Perpetuities Rules, 86 Tul. L. Rev. 559 (2012), Scott Andrew Shepard Jan 2012

Which The Deader Hand - A Counter To The American Law Institute's Proposed Revival Of Dying Perpetuities Rules, 86 Tul. L. Rev. 559 (2012), Scott Andrew Shepard

UIC Law Open Access Faculty Scholarship

Encouraged primarily by a fluke in federal estate and gift law, more than half of the states have either effectively or entirely abolished their rules against perpetuities in the past two decades. The American Law Institute, deeply troubled by this development has adopted for its Third Restatement a proposed rule against perpetuities that would essentially prohibit conditional gifts to continue for the benefit of parties born more than two generations after the transferor.

The ALI's efforts are misguided. The rule against perpetuities was the product of a legal, political, and social age very different than our own. It was ...


The Freedom Of Information Act Trial, 61 Am. U. L. Rev. 217 (2011), Margaret B. Kwoka Jan 2011

The Freedom Of Information Act Trial, 61 Am. U. L. Rev. 217 (2011), Margaret B. Kwoka

UIC Law Open Access Faculty Scholarship

This Article examines the paucity of Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) cases that go to trial and courts' preference for resolving these disputes at the summary judgment stage. Using traditional legal analysis and empirical evidence, this Article explores whether we should expect FOIA cases to go to trial and how the scarcity of FOIA trials compares to the trial rate in civil litigation generally. It concludes that the unusual use of summary judgment in FOIA cases has unjustifiably all but eliminated FOIA trials, which occur in less than 1 % of FOIA cases. It further examines how conducting FOIA trials in ...


The Natural And Probable Consequences Doctrine: A Case Study In Failed Law Reform, 15 Berkeley J. Crim. L. 388 (2010), Michael G. Heyman Jan 2010

The Natural And Probable Consequences Doctrine: A Case Study In Failed Law Reform, 15 Berkeley J. Crim. L. 388 (2010), Michael G. Heyman

UIC Law Open Access Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Title Vi Disparate Impact Claims Would Not Harm National Security - A Response To Paul Taylor, 46 Harv. J. On Legis. 503 (2009), Michael T. Kirkpatrick, Margaret B. Kwoka Jan 2009

Title Vi Disparate Impact Claims Would Not Harm National Security - A Response To Paul Taylor, 46 Harv. J. On Legis. 503 (2009), Michael T. Kirkpatrick, Margaret B. Kwoka

UIC Law Open Access Faculty Scholarship

As Paul Taylor recognizes in the previous issue of this volume of the Harvard Journal on Legislation, Congress is considering amendments to Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 to explicitly allow private plaintiffs to use the disparate impact theory to prove discrimination by recipients of federal financial assistance. This Article responds to Taylor's assertion that allowing such disparate impact claims could harm national security programs. The authors explore the history of the disparate impact theory under both Title VI and Title VII, explain that use of the theory is consistent with Congress's original intent, and ...


Coming Soon To A Law Practice Near You: The New (And Improved?) Illinois Rules Of Professional Conduct, 39 Loy. U. Chi. L.J. 691 (2008), Alberto Bernabe Jan 2008

Coming Soon To A Law Practice Near You: The New (And Improved?) Illinois Rules Of Professional Conduct, 39 Loy. U. Chi. L.J. 691 (2008), Alberto Bernabe

UIC Law Open Access Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Ditching "The Disposal Plan": Revisiting Miranda In An Age Of Terror, 20 St. Thomas L. Rev. 155 (2008), Kim D. Chanbonpin Jan 2008

Ditching "The Disposal Plan": Revisiting Miranda In An Age Of Terror, 20 St. Thomas L. Rev. 155 (2008), Kim D. Chanbonpin

UIC Law Open Access Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Welfare Reform In A Global Economy, 11 J. Gender Race & Just. 209 (2008), Steven D. Schwinn Jan 2008

Welfare Reform In A Global Economy, 11 J. Gender Race & Just. 209 (2008), Steven D. Schwinn

UIC Law Open Access Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Does Fraud Pay? An Empirical Analysis Of Attorney's Fees Provisions In Consumer Fraud Statutes, 56 Clev. St. L. Rev. 483 (2008), Debra Pogrund Stark, Jessica M. Choplin Jan 2008

Does Fraud Pay? An Empirical Analysis Of Attorney's Fees Provisions In Consumer Fraud Statutes, 56 Clev. St. L. Rev. 483 (2008), Debra Pogrund Stark, Jessica M. Choplin

UIC Law Open Access Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Unmasking The Predatory Loan In Sheep's Clothing: A Legislative Proposal, 21 Harv. Blackletter L. J. 129 (2005), Debra Pogrund Stark Jan 2005

Unmasking The Predatory Loan In Sheep's Clothing: A Legislative Proposal, 21 Harv. Blackletter L. J. 129 (2005), Debra Pogrund Stark

UIC Law Open Access Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Round Two: Illinois' Second Generation Takeover Legislation, 36 Depaul L. Rev. 361 (1987), Diane S. Kaplan Jan 1987

Round Two: Illinois' Second Generation Takeover Legislation, 36 Depaul L. Rev. 361 (1987), Diane S. Kaplan

UIC Law Open Access Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.