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Series

Legal History

1989

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Articles 1 - 30 of 41

Full-Text Articles in Law

Dilemmas Of Group Autonomy: Residential Associations And Community, Gregory S. Alexander Nov 1989

Dilemmas Of Group Autonomy: Residential Associations And Community, Gregory S. Alexander

Cornell Law Faculty Publications

We are a society of groups. De Tocqueville's observation that the principle of association shapes American society remains as valid today as it was in the mid-nineteenth century. For us, as for others, the vita activa is participation in a seemingly limitless variety of groups. The importance of group activity in our national character has strongly influenced the agenda of political questions that recur in American political and legal theory. One of the fundamental normative questions on this agenda concerns the proper relationship between groups and the polity. To what extent should the polity foster connections between associations and ...


The Politics Of God And The Woman's Vote: Religion In The American Suffrage Movement, 1848-1895, Elizabeth B. Clark Oct 1989

The Politics Of God And The Woman's Vote: Religion In The American Suffrage Movement, 1848-1895, Elizabeth B. Clark

Publications

This thesis examines the role of religion— both liberal and evangelical Protestantism— in the development of a feminist political theory in America during the nineteenth century and how that feminist theory in turn helped to transform American liberalism. Chapter 1 looks for the genesis of women's rights language, not in the republican rhetoric of the Founding Fathers, but in the teachings of liberal Protestantism and its links with laissez-faire economic theory. The antebellum understanding of rights is shown to have encompassed social and civil rights alike, and to have arisen from a vision of the mutual benefits that derived ...


Free Exercise In The Free State: Maryland's Role In Religious Liberty And The First Amendment, Kenneth Lasson Oct 1989

Free Exercise In The Free State: Maryland's Role In Religious Liberty And The First Amendment, Kenneth Lasson

All Faculty Scholarship

Maryland arguably holds the distinction of being the state whose early history most directly ensured, and whose citizenry was most directly affected by, the First Amendment's protection of religious freedom. Because of its relatively diverse religious population, Maryland stood out as both a champion of tolerance and a hotbed of discrimination for most of its colonial experience. Similarities have been pointed out between the first provincial government in St. Mary's, Maryland, and the American plan under the Constitution, particularly with respect to religious liberty.

This article offers a brief overview of the religious history of Maryland, focuses on ...


Legal Pragmatism In The People's Republic Of China, Xingzhong Yu Jul 1989

Legal Pragmatism In The People's Republic Of China, Xingzhong Yu

Cornell Law Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


The New Economic Theory Of The Firm: Critical Perspectives From History, William W. Bratton Jul 1989

The New Economic Theory Of The Firm: Critical Perspectives From History, William W. Bratton

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

No abstract provided.


Commentary On “On The Nature Of Bankruptcy”: Bankruptcy And Bargaining, Theodore Eisenberg Mar 1989

Commentary On “On The Nature Of Bankruptcy”: Bankruptcy And Bargaining, Theodore Eisenberg

Cornell Law Faculty Publications

At a conference on bargaining, it should not be surprising that there is more than one perspective on the relationship between bankruptcy and bargaining. Dean Jackson and Professor Scott's article emphasizes a hypothetical bargain to be struck by idealized participants in a firm. It explores the relationship between bankruptcy and that bargain. By imagining what that bargain would look like, Jackson and Scott construct new justifications for bankruptcy law's distributional rules. Such a theory, however, is subject to reservations about the depth of insight that can be gained from examination of purely theoretical bargains. Stripped of real-world characteristics ...


Self-Ownership And The Political Theory Of Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Elizabeth B. Clark Jan 1989

Self-Ownership And The Political Theory Of Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Elizabeth B. Clark

Publications

The emphasis on freedom or enslavement of the body, and the issues that sprang from that focus, were feminists' contribution to nineteenth-century American liberalism, as well as their link to radical thought. Elizabeth Cady Stanton drew arguments from the realm of political liberty and religious tolerance to make the case for choice in private life. But the vision of individual autonomy in sexual and domestic matters served also as the basis for her definition of citizenship and as a paradigm for relations among citizens and between citizens and the state. Self-ownership was the unifying theme that ran through Stanton's ...


Positivism In The Historiography Of The Common Law, David K. Millon Jan 1989

Positivism In The Historiography Of The Common Law, David K. Millon

Scholarly Articles

A great deal of important legal historical scholarship is doctrinal in focus, its objective being to chart the history of substantive common law rules. In this Article, Professor Millon suggests that doctrinal legal history is based implicitly on the modern positivist theory of law as a system of state-endorsed rules designed to resolve disputes in a consistent, predictable manner. He questions the validity of efforts to write the history of the premodern common law from this theoretical point of view.

Focusing on pre-seventeenth century civil cases, he finds that trial procedure seems to have allowed or even encouraged juries to ...


Chapter 4 - Self-Ownership And The Political Theory Of Elizabeth Cady Stanton (Previously Published Article), Elizabeth B. Clark Jan 1989

Chapter 4 - Self-Ownership And The Political Theory Of Elizabeth Cady Stanton (Previously Published Article), Elizabeth B. Clark

Manuscript of Women, Church, and State: Religion and the Culture of Individual Rights in Nineteenth-Century America

The emphasis on freedom or enslavement of the body, and the issues that sprang from that focus, were feminists' contribution to nineteenth-century American liberalism, as well as their link to radical thought. Elizabeth Cady Stanton drew arguments from the realm of political liberty and religious tolerance to make the case for choice in private life. But the vision of individual autonomy in sexual and domestic matters served also as the basis for her definition of citizenship and as a paradigm for relations among citizens and between citizens and the state. Self-ownership was the unifying theme that ran through Stanton's ...


The First Integration Of The University Of Maryland School Of Law, David S. Bogen Jan 1989

The First Integration Of The University Of Maryland School Of Law, David S. Bogen

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


The Transformation Of American Civil Procedure: The Example Of Rule 11, Stephen B. Burbank Jan 1989

The Transformation Of American Civil Procedure: The Example Of Rule 11, Stephen B. Burbank

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

No abstract provided.


Roscoe Pound And American Sociology: A Study In Archival Frame Analysis, Sociobiography And Sociological Jurisprudence, Michael R. Hill Jan 1989

Roscoe Pound And American Sociology: A Study In Archival Frame Analysis, Sociobiography And Sociological Jurisprudence, Michael R. Hill

Sociology Theses, Dissertations, & Student Research

Roscoe Pound (1870-1964) was a noted botanist, jurist, and sociologist who founded the American school of sociological jurisprudence. Pound's sociological ideas originated at the University of Nebraska. Pound developed numerous ties to other sociologists, joined the American Sociological Society, and published in the American Journal of Sociology. Pound's modern erasure from sociological chronicles is attributed in part to hegemonic processes. The collection of archival data for this study in the history of sociology is generalized (by extending Erving Goffman's metatheory of meaning) as "archival frame analysis." Pound's intellectual milieu is analyzed using Mary Jo Deegan's ...


Property And Suffrage In The Early American Republic, Robert J. Steinfeld Jan 1989

Property And Suffrage In The Early American Republic, Robert J. Steinfeld

Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


A Critical Look At Wyoming Water Law, Mark Squillace Jan 1989

A Critical Look At Wyoming Water Law, Mark Squillace

Articles

No abstract provided.


The Field Of Public Land Law -- A Ten-Year Retrospective, Charles F. Wilkinson Jan 1989

The Field Of Public Land Law -- A Ten-Year Retrospective, Charles F. Wilkinson

Articles

No abstract provided.


Indian Consent To American Government, Richard B. Collins Jan 1989

Indian Consent To American Government, Richard B. Collins

Articles

No abstract provided.


The Antitrust Movement And The Rise Of Industrial Organization, Herbert J. Hovenkamp Jan 1989

The Antitrust Movement And The Rise Of Industrial Organization, Herbert J. Hovenkamp

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

The modern science of industrial organization grew out of a debate among lawyers and economists in the waning years of the nineteenth century. For Americans, the emergent business "trust" provoked a dialogue about how the law should respond. Many of the formal theories of industrial organization, such as the ruinous competition doctrine, the potential competition doctrine, and the post-classical concern about vertical integration, were actually borrowed from the law.

Anglo-American and European economists disputed the proper domain of theory and description in economic analysis. The British approach was exemplified Alfred and Mary Paley Marshall's Economics of Industry, published in ...


Introducing Criminal Law, Stephen J. Morse Jan 1989

Introducing Criminal Law, Stephen J. Morse

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

No abstract provided.


Groundwater Quality Protection: Setting A National Goal For State And Federal Programs, David H. Getches Jan 1989

Groundwater Quality Protection: Setting A National Goal For State And Federal Programs, David H. Getches

Articles

No abstract provided.


Aldo Leopold And Western Water Law: Thinking Perpendicular To The Prior Appropriation Doctrine, Charles F. Wilkinson Jan 1989

Aldo Leopold And Western Water Law: Thinking Perpendicular To The Prior Appropriation Doctrine, Charles F. Wilkinson

Articles

No abstract provided.


Through The Looking Glass Of Eminent Domain: Exploring The "Arbitrary And Capricious" Test And Substantive Rationality Review Of Governmental Decisions, Zygmunt J.B. Plater Jan 1989

Through The Looking Glass Of Eminent Domain: Exploring The "Arbitrary And Capricious" Test And Substantive Rationality Review Of Governmental Decisions, Zygmunt J.B. Plater

Boston College Law School Faculty Papers

The day-to-day realities of different systems of government can be discerned in the way they handle, in theory and practice, clashes between the individual and the collective will. The structure of contemporary American democracy is no exception. It is comprised of a variegated assortment of judicial formulae for balancing the interests of the individual and the state, most of these formulae tracing back with differing degrees of directness to textual bases in the first nine amendments to the federal Constitution or their state constitutional equivalents. One of these basic structural balancings, encountered early on by every student of American law ...


The Role Of Local Rules, Daniel R. Coquillette, Mary P. Squiers, Stephen N. Subrin Jan 1989

The Role Of Local Rules, Daniel R. Coquillette, Mary P. Squiers, Stephen N. Subrin

Boston College Law School Faculty Papers

No abstract provided.


Copyright Legislation And Technological Change, Jessica D. Litman Jan 1989

Copyright Legislation And Technological Change, Jessica D. Litman

Articles

Throughout its history, copyright law has had difficulty accommodating technological change. Although the substance of copyright legislation in this century has evolved from meetings among industry representatives whose avowed purpose was to draft legislation that provided for the future,6 the resulting statutes have done so poorly. The language of copyright statutes has been phrased in fact-specific language that has grown obsolete as new modes and mediums of copyrightable expression have developed. Whatever copyright statute has been on the books has been routinely, and justifiably, criticized as outmoded.7 In this Article, I suggest that the nature of the legislative ...


Sapphire Bound!, Regina Austin Jan 1989

Sapphire Bound!, Regina Austin

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

No abstract provided.


Water Marketing In Wyoming, Mark Squillace Jan 1989

Water Marketing In Wyoming, Mark Squillace

Articles

No abstract provided.


The Headwaters Of The Public Trust: Some Thoughts On The Source And Scope Of The Traditional Doctrine, Charles F. Wilkinson Jan 1989

The Headwaters Of The Public Trust: Some Thoughts On The Source And Scope Of The Traditional Doctrine, Charles F. Wilkinson

Articles

No abstract provided.


Land Tenure In The Pacific: The Context For Native Hawaiian Land Rights, Charles F. Wilkinson Jan 1989

Land Tenure In The Pacific: The Context For Native Hawaiian Land Rights, Charles F. Wilkinson

Articles

No abstract provided.


Second-Order Reasons, Uncertainty And Legal Theory, Stephen R. Perry Jan 1989

Second-Order Reasons, Uncertainty And Legal Theory, Stephen R. Perry

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

No abstract provided.


Mark Tushnet On Liberal Constitutional Theory: Mission Impossible, Frank Goodman Jan 1989

Mark Tushnet On Liberal Constitutional Theory: Mission Impossible, Frank Goodman

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

No abstract provided.


Discovery Vices And Trans-Substantive Virtues In The Federal Rules Of Civil Procedure, Geoffrey C. Hazard Jr. Jan 1989

Discovery Vices And Trans-Substantive Virtues In The Federal Rules Of Civil Procedure, Geoffrey C. Hazard Jr.

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

No abstract provided.