Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Law Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Series

Criminal Procedure

2009

Institution
Keyword
Publication

Articles 1 - 30 of 94

Full-Text Articles in Law

Summary Of Thompson V. State, 124 Nev. Adv. Op. 59, Stephanie S. Buntin Dec 2009

Summary Of Thompson V. State, 124 Nev. Adv. Op. 59, Stephanie S. Buntin

Nevada Supreme Court Summaries

Appeal from a judgment of conviction by jury of conspiracy to commit a crime, burglary, robbery, first-degree kidnapping, and attempted grand larceny auto.


Summary Of Ouanbengboune V. State, 125 Nev. Adv. Op. No. 56, Ammon Francom Dec 2009

Summary Of Ouanbengboune V. State, 125 Nev. Adv. Op. No. 56, Ammon Francom

Nevada Supreme Court Summaries

An appeal from an Eighth Judicial District Court judgment of conviction, pursuant to a jury verdict, of first-degree murder with the use of a deadly weapon and robbery with the use of a deadly weapon.


The Comparative Nature Of Punishment, Adam Kolber Dec 2009

The Comparative Nature Of Punishment, Adam Kolber

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Summary Of Glover V. Dist. Court, 125 Nev. Adv. Op. No. 53, Amy Kominsky Nov 2009

Summary Of Glover V. Dist. Court, 125 Nev. Adv. Op. No. 53, Amy Kominsky

Nevada Supreme Court Summaries

This case involved a writ of prohibition to determine if Defendant’s double jeopardy rights were violated when the district court ordered a mistrial and subsequent retrial as a “manifest necessity” based on potential jury bias because defense counsel impermissibly argued facts not in evidence.


Race And The Doctrine Of Self Defense: The Role Of Race In Determining The Proper Use Of Force To Protect Oneself, Richard Klein Nov 2009

Race And The Doctrine Of Self Defense: The Role Of Race In Determining The Proper Use Of Force To Protect Oneself, Richard Klein

Scholarly Works

No abstract provided.


Setting The Standard: A Critique Of Bonnie's Competency Standard And The Potential Of Problem-Solving Theory For Self-Representation At Trial, E. Lea Johnston Nov 2009

Setting The Standard: A Critique Of Bonnie's Competency Standard And The Potential Of Problem-Solving Theory For Self-Representation At Trial, E. Lea Johnston

UF Law Faculty Publications

In Indiana v. Edwards, the U.S. Supreme Court held that the Sixth Amendment permits a trial court to impose a higher competency standard for self-representation than to stand trial. The Court declined to specify the contents of a permissible representational competence standard, but cited with support the construct of adjudicative competence developed by Professor Richard Bonnie. While Bonnie's proposal may provide an appropriate framework for evaluating the competence of represented defendants' decisions, it is at most a starting point for defining the capacities needed for self-representation at trial. This Article begins by exposing three reasons why Bonnie's ...


Summary Of Mendoza-Lobos V. State, 125 Nev. Adv. Op. No. 49, Ryan Mcinerney Oct 2009

Summary Of Mendoza-Lobos V. State, 125 Nev. Adv. Op. No. 49, Ryan Mcinerney

Nevada Supreme Court Summaries

Appellant Douglas Mendoza-Lobos was convicted of one count each of burglary, robbery with the use of a deadly weapon, sexual assault with the use of a deadly weapon, attempted sexual assault with the use of a deadly weapon, assault with a deadly weapon, and battery with a deadly weapon. On appeal, Mendoza-Lobos argued that the district court failed to comply with NRS 193.165(1) in imposing the sentences for the deadly weapon enhancements because it failed to articulate sufficient findings on the record. As a preliminary matter, the Court addressed whether NRS 193.165(1) (1) violated the separation-of-powers ...


Summary Of Wyman V. State, 125 Nev. Adv. Op. 46, Karlee Phelps Oct 2009

Summary Of Wyman V. State, 125 Nev. Adv. Op. 46, Karlee Phelps

Nevada Supreme Court Summaries

Appeal from a judgment of conviction for second-degree murder, challenging the district court’s denial of Appellant’s motion to dismiss for pre-indictment delay and Appellant’s motion for certificate of materiality to obtain out-of-state mental health records.


Replacing Incarceration: The Need For Dramatic Change, Nora V. Demleitner Oct 2009

Replacing Incarceration: The Need For Dramatic Change, Nora V. Demleitner

Faculty Scholarship

Not available.


Performing Discretion Or Performing Discrimination: An Analysis Of Race And Ritual In Batson Decisions In Capital Jury Selection, Melynda J. Price Oct 2009

Performing Discretion Or Performing Discrimination: An Analysis Of Race And Ritual In Batson Decisions In Capital Jury Selection, Melynda J. Price

Law Faculty Scholarly Articles

Research shows the mere presence of Blacks on capital juries--on the rare occasions they are seated--can mean the difference between life and death. Peremptory challenges are the primary method to remove these pivotal participants. Batson v. Kentucky developed hearings as an immediate remedy for the unconstitutional removal of jurors through racially motivated peremptory challenges. These proceedings have become rituals that sanction continued bias in the jury selection process and ultimately affect the outcome of capital trials. This Article deconstructs the role of the Batson ritual in legitimating the removal of African American jurors. These perfunctory hearings fail to meaningfully interrogate ...


New Standards Of Justice: Uncovering Motivations For Mexico’S Recent Judicial Reforms Amid A Security Crisis, Kindra Mohr Oct 2009

New Standards Of Justice: Uncovering Motivations For Mexico’S Recent Judicial Reforms Amid A Security Crisis, Kindra Mohr

Law and Justice in the Americas Working Paper Series

From the introduction:

Mexico is in a state of siege. In recent years, organized crime and drug-related violence have escalated dramatically, taking innocent lives and leaving the country mired in bloodshed. The Mexican government, under the leadership of President Felipe Calderón, has responded in part by significantly extending the reach of its security operations, deploying thousands of federal police officers and military troops to combat the activities of drug cartels, and collaborating with the United States on an extensive regional security plan known as the Mérida Initiative. In the midst of the security crisis, however, the government has somewhat paradoxically ...


Stop The Killing: Potential Courtroom Use Of A Questionnaire That Predicts The Likelihood That A Victim Of Intimate Partner Violence Will Be Murdered By Her Partner, Amanda Hitt, Lynn Mclain Oct 2009

Stop The Killing: Potential Courtroom Use Of A Questionnaire That Predicts The Likelihood That A Victim Of Intimate Partner Violence Will Be Murdered By Her Partner, Amanda Hitt, Lynn Mclain

All Faculty Scholarship

Judges in domestic cases often underestimate the risk to a mother and her children that an angry and abusive father or other intimate partner poses. In a recent Maryland case, for example, two judges refused to deny a father visitation or require that visitation be supervised, despite the fact that the father had threatened suicide. During the father’s unsupervised visitation, he drowned all three of his children, then attempted to kill himself.

The Danger Assessment tool (the D.A.) developed by a Johns Hopkins Nursing professor and validated by herself and other social scientists shows how much the father ...


Gendered Laws, Racial Stories, Kim S. Buchanan Sep 2009

Gendered Laws, Racial Stories, Kim S. Buchanan

University of Southern California Legal Studies Working Paper Series

In this Article, I argue that, in prisons and in Title VII jurisprudence, the legal response to same-sex sexual harassment and abuse enforces the norms of masculinity that abusers enact in the practice of such abuse and harassment. Prison guards and administrators routinely refuse to prevent or punish sexual abuse, telling the victim to “Be a man. Stand up and fight.” If he is raped, the victim is often told that he is—or has been made—“gay,” and therefore “liked it.” Similar norms, albeit in less violent and more coded form, inflect Title VII jurisprudence of same-sex sexual harassment ...


Summary Of Zana V. State, 125 Nev. Adv. Op. No. 41, Anthony R. Sassi Sep 2009

Summary Of Zana V. State, 125 Nev. Adv. Op. No. 41, Anthony R. Sassi

Nevada Supreme Court Summaries

An appeal from a judgment of conviction in the Eighth Judicial District Court, pursuant to a jury verdict, of one count of open or gross lewdness, three counts of lewdness with a child under the age of fourteen, and six counts of visual representation depicting sexual conduct of a person under the age of sixteen.


How (Not) To Think Like A Punisher, Alice Ristroph Sep 2009

How (Not) To Think Like A Punisher, Alice Ristroph

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Where Concerned Citizens Perceive Police As More Responsive To Troublesome Teen Groups: Theoretical Implications For Political Economy, Incivilities And Policing, Christopher Salvatore, Ralph B. Taylor, Christopher Kelly Aug 2009

Where Concerned Citizens Perceive Police As More Responsive To Troublesome Teen Groups: Theoretical Implications For Political Economy, Incivilities And Policing, Christopher Salvatore, Ralph B. Taylor, Christopher Kelly

Department of Justice Studies Faculty Scholarship and Creative Works

The current investigation extends previous work on citizens' perceptions of police performance. It examines the origins of between-community differences in concerned citizens' judgments that police are responding sufficiently to a local social problem. The problem is local unsupervised teen groups, a key indicator for both the revised systemic social disorganization perspective and the incivilities thesis. Four theoretical perspectives predict ecological determinants of these shared judgments. Less perceived police responsiveness is anticipated in lower socioeconomic status (SES) police districts by both a political economy and a stratified incivilities perspective; more predominantly minority police districts by a racialized justice perspective; and in ...


Summary Of Funderburk V. State, 125 Nev. Adv. Op. No. 25, James Conway Jul 2009

Summary Of Funderburk V. State, 125 Nev. Adv. Op. No. 25, James Conway

Nevada Supreme Court Summaries

Appeal from a judgment of conviction, upon a jury verdict, of two counts of burglary while in possession of a deadly weapon, two counts of conspiracy to commit robbery, and four counts of robbery with use of a deadly weapon.


Summary Of Mcconnell V. State, 125 Nev. Adv. Op. No. 24, Ian Houston Jul 2009

Summary Of Mcconnell V. State, 125 Nev. Adv. Op. No. 24, Ian Houston

Nevada Supreme Court Summaries

Appeal from an order of the district court dismissing appellant’s post-conviction petition for a writ of habeas corpus in a death penalty case.


Self-Love And Forgiveness: A Holy Alliance?, Patrick Mckinley Brennan Jul 2009

Self-Love And Forgiveness: A Holy Alliance?, Patrick Mckinley Brennan

Working Paper Series

Forgiving is not pardoning, excusing, condoning, forgetting, or reconciling, nor is forgiving just about a change in emotions on the part of a victim. This paper pursues a virtue-theoretic account of the human person in the context of the theology of Thomas Aquinas, arguing that human forgiveness is the form love takes by an offended toward her offender. The paper argues, first, for the priority of the offended person's self-love and, second, for such self-love's extension into love of the offender as another self. The paper explores in depth the challenges of seeing one's enemy as "another ...


Activating Victim Constituency In International Criminal Justice, Mark Findlay Jul 2009

Activating Victim Constituency In International Criminal Justice, Mark Findlay

Research Collection School Of Law

This article lays out why in the context of global crime, crime control and the legitimacy of global governance, a victim constituency makes sense in terms of the stated aims of international criminal justice and of a wider ‘new morality’ on which it should be grounded. The incapacity to confront appropriately the consequences to victims of global crime has tended to mean that international criminal justice and the governance that flows from it are unsatisfactorily entwined with sectarian international relations and narrow cultural inclusion. Therefore, in governance terms alone, the conceptualization of global crime victims should be expanded and emancipated ...


Summary Of Ramet V. State, 125 Nev. Adv. Op. No. 19, Tara C. Zimmerman Jun 2009

Summary Of Ramet V. State, 125 Nev. Adv. Op. No. 19, Tara C. Zimmerman

Nevada Supreme Court Summaries

Appellant Daniel Anthony Ramet was convicted of first-degree murder. On appeal, Ramet contended that the testimony concerning his refusal to consent to a search of his home, taken together with the prosecutor’s comment on it, was violative of his Fourth Amendment rights. The Court concluded that the district court erred in allowing testimony and argument regarding Ramet’s invocation of his Fourth Amendment right. However, they further concluded that the error in admitting the statements was harmless. The Court therefore affirmed Ramet’s conviction.Óÿ


Summary Of Hannon V. State, 125 Nev. Adv. Op. No. 15, Shannon Rowe May 2009

Summary Of Hannon V. State, 125 Nev. Adv. Op. No. 15, Shannon Rowe

Nevada Supreme Court Summaries

The Court took this opportunity to align Nevada’s standard for emergency home entries with the recent Supreme Court opinion in Brigham City v. Stuart.2 The Supreme Court held in that case that for a warrantless entry to be lawful there must be an objectively reasonable basis to believe that a party inside is in danger.3 Accepting this standard eliminates Nevada’s previous test, which allowed courts to look at the law enforcement agent’s lack of intent to arrest or search.


Attempt By Omission, Michael T. Cahill May 2009

Attempt By Omission, Michael T. Cahill

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Summary Of Scarbo V. Dist. Ct., 125 Nev. Ad. Op. No. 12, Michelle D. Alarie Apr 2009

Summary Of Scarbo V. Dist. Ct., 125 Nev. Ad. Op. No. 12, Michelle D. Alarie

Nevada Supreme Court Summaries

Consolidated writs for mandamus challenging the district court’s denial of petitioners’ request for full and complete copies of competency examination reports prior to competency hearing.


Summary Of Sims V. Dist. Ct., 125 Nev. Adv. Op. No. 13, Kristopher Zeppenfeld Apr 2009

Summary Of Sims V. Dist. Ct., 125 Nev. Adv. Op. No. 13, Kristopher Zeppenfeld

Nevada Supreme Court Summaries

Petitioners filed writs of mandamus challenging the district court orders denying petitioners’ requests to present evidence during competency hearings.


Interrogations And The Guiding Hand Of Counsel: Montejo, Ventris, And The Sixth Amendment's Continued Vitality, Ben G. Cohen, Bidish J. Sarma, Robert J. Smith Apr 2009

Interrogations And The Guiding Hand Of Counsel: Montejo, Ventris, And The Sixth Amendment's Continued Vitality, Ben G. Cohen, Bidish J. Sarma, Robert J. Smith

NULR Online

No abstract provided.


Prosecutorial Shaming: Naming Attorneys To Reduce Prosecutorial Misconduct, Adam M. Gershowitz Apr 2009

Prosecutorial Shaming: Naming Attorneys To Reduce Prosecutorial Misconduct, Adam M. Gershowitz

Faculty Publications

This Article explores the unfortunately large number of instances in which appellate courts reverse convictions for serious prosecutorial misconduct but do not identify the names of the prosecutors who committed that misconduct. Because judges are reluctant to publicly shame prosecutors whose cases are reversed, this Article advocates that a neutral set of third parties undertake the responsibility of publicly identifying prosecutors who have committed serious misconduct. The naming of prosecutors will shame bad actors, provide a valuable pedagogical lesson for junior prosecutors, and signal to trial judges that certain prosecutors must be monitored more closely to avoid future misconduct.


Dan Freed: My Teacher, My Colleague, My Friend, Ronald Weich Apr 2009

Dan Freed: My Teacher, My Colleague, My Friend, Ronald Weich

All Faculty Scholarship

At a recent meeting of the National Association of Sentencing Commissions, Yale professor Dan Freed was honored during a panel discussion titled "Standing on the Shoulders of Sentencing Giants," Dan Freed is indeed a sentencing giant. but he is the gentlest giant of all. It is hard to imagine that a man as mild-mannered, soft-spoken, and self-effacing as Dan Freed has had such a profound impact on federal sentencing law and so many other areas of criminal justice policy, Yet he has.

I've been in many rooms with Dan Freed over the years — classrooms, boardrooms, dining rooms, and others ...


Summary Of In Re Application Of Shin, 125 Nev. Adv. Op. No. 10, Kendal L. Davis Mar 2009

Summary Of In Re Application Of Shin, 125 Nev. Adv. Op. No. 10, Kendal L. Davis

Nevada Supreme Court Summaries

No abstract provided.


Brief Of Amici Curiae In Support Of Respondent, Robert Calvin Brown, Iii V. State Of Maryland, No. 08-118, Brenda Bratton Blom Mar 2009

Brief Of Amici Curiae In Support Of Respondent, Robert Calvin Brown, Iii V. State Of Maryland, No. 08-118, Brenda Bratton Blom

Court Briefs

Amici brief filed by the University of Maryland School of Law’s Clinical Program and members of the Baltimore legal community including legal educators, lawyers, student attorneys, service providers, government administrators, community based organizations, and nationally recognized individuals from community justice initiatives and organizations on Respondent’s behalf. The individuals and organizations represented in the brief have all collaborated together to build and support what are colloquially known as “problem solving dockets”: courts that are specialized, alternative sentencing dockets that offer diversionary programs to qualified offenders. The dockets are run out of Maryland’s district and circuit courts, but not ...