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Series

Constitutional Law

1996

Institution
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Articles 1 - 30 of 124

Full-Text Articles in Law

Ten Years Of Takings, Gregory S. Alexander Dec 1996

Ten Years Of Takings, Gregory S. Alexander

Cornell Law Faculty Publications

No area of property law has been more controversial in the past decade than takings. No aspect of constitutional law more sharply poses the dilemma about the legitimate powers of the regulatory state than the just compensation question. No question concerning constitutional property is more intractable than what sorts of government regulatory actions constitute uncompensated "takings" of private property.

Limitations of space, not to mention my own ambivalence about many of the issues, prevent me from developing a complete normative theory of the proper scope of the Takings Clause. My aim here is vastly more modest: to outline the basic ...


The Failure Of The Religious Freedom Restoration Act Under Section 5 Of The Fourteenth Amendment, William W. Van Alstyne Nov 1996

The Failure Of The Religious Freedom Restoration Act Under Section 5 Of The Fourteenth Amendment, William W. Van Alstyne

Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


The Constitution And Racial Preference In Law School Admissions, Robert A. Sedler Nov 1996

The Constitution And Racial Preference In Law School Admissions, Robert A. Sedler

Law Faculty Research Publications

No abstract provided.


Should Students Have Constitutional Rights? Keeping Order In The Public Schools, Anne Proffitt Dupre Nov 1996

Should Students Have Constitutional Rights? Keeping Order In The Public Schools, Anne Proffitt Dupre

Scholarly Works

This Article focuses on how the Supreme Court's conception of the public school as either an institution of social reproduction or reconstruction, a conflict Professor Dupre maintains is deeply rooted in intellectual history, has affected the power that public schools have been afforded in matters of discipline and order. Professor Dupre argues that the Court -- by allowing the reconstruction model to influence its opinion for almost thirty years -- paved the way for the decline in school order and educational quality. Although Professor Dupre contends that the Court's recent repudiation of the reconstruction model in Vernonia School District 47J ...


Section 8: Federalism, Institute Of Bill Of Rights Law At The William & Mary Law School Oct 1996

Section 8: Federalism, Institute Of Bill Of Rights Law At The William & Mary Law School

Supreme Court Preview

No abstract provided.


Innocence, Privacy, And Targeting In Fourth Amendment Jurisprudence, Sherry F. Colb Oct 1996

Innocence, Privacy, And Targeting In Fourth Amendment Jurisprudence, Sherry F. Colb

Cornell Law Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Copyright And Free Speech Rights, L. Ray Patterson, Stanley F. Birch, Jr. Oct 1996

Copyright And Free Speech Rights, L. Ray Patterson, Stanley F. Birch, Jr.

Scholarly Works

By letter of 1 March 1993, the Copyright Compliance Office of the Association of American Publishers (AAP) informed a copyshop that it had “without prior permission, made multiple copies of excerpts of copyrighted works for distribution to students in course anthologies.” Stating that this copying was an infringement of copyright, the letter requested the copyshop to sign an enclosed agreement stating it would not commit such acts again and to pay a penalty of “$2,500 to help defray the costs of the AAP's copyright enforcement program in this matter and to impress on your business the need to ...


Under Fire: The New Consensus On The Second Amendment, Randy E. Barnett Oct 1996

Under Fire: The New Consensus On The Second Amendment, Randy E. Barnett

Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works

Until the early 1980s the Second Amendment had received little attention or interest from legal scholars. In 1981 Northwestern University law professor Daniel D. Polsby ridiculed the individual rights view of the Amendment as "a lot of horsedung."

Research conducted through the 1980s has led legal scholars and historians to conclude, sometimes reluctantly, but with virtual unanimity, that there is no tenable textual or historical argument against a broad individual right view of the Second Amendment.

According to the broad individual right view, the right of the people to keep and bear arms is to be treated the same as ...


The Rise Of World Constitutionalism, Bruce Ackerman Sep 1996

The Rise Of World Constitutionalism, Bruce Ackerman

Occasional Papers

Bruce Ackerman is the Sterling Professor of Law and Political Science at Yale University. This essay is adapted, by permission, from an article by the same name, published in the Virginia Law Review, volume 83, number 4. An earlier version was delivered to the constitutional court justices from fifteen countries who assembled for the first Global Constitutionalism Seminar held at Yale Law School in September 1996.


The Illiberal Court, David F. Forte Jul 1996

The Illiberal Court, David F. Forte

Law Faculty Articles and Essays

Justice Scalia casts up a dire warning that not only has the Supreme Court in many ways removed the Constitution from the Framers, it is also removing the democratic process from the people and their representatives.


The Standard Of Review For The Voluntariness Of A Confession On Direct Appeal In Federal Court, Peter B. Rutledge Jul 1996

The Standard Of Review For The Voluntariness Of A Confession On Direct Appeal In Federal Court, Peter B. Rutledge

Scholarly Works

Section I of this Comment reviews the Supreme Court's jurisprudence on confessions, provides a close reading of Miller v. Finton, 474 U.S. 104 (1985), and reviews the division among the federal circuits over the standard of review for voluntariness determinations on direct appeal. Section II analyzes the literature on standards of review and focuses on two vexing problems in this field-the application of law to fact (hereinafter "mixed questions") and the constitutional fact doctrine. These two issues frame the analysis of voluntariness determinations. Section III analyzes these determinations and defends the application of de novo review in cases ...


Commerce Clause Restraints On State Business Development Incentives, Walter Hellerstein, Dan T. Coenen May 1996

Commerce Clause Restraints On State Business Development Incentives, Walter Hellerstein, Dan T. Coenen

Scholarly Works

In this Article, we explore the ill-defined distinction between the constitutional carrot and the unconstitutional stick in state tax, subsidy, and related cases. Part I examines the restraints that the Commerce Clause imposes on state tax incentives. It canvasses the general principles limiting discriminatory state taxation, explores the Court's decisions addressing state tax incentives, and proposes a framework of analysis for adjudicating the validity of such incentives. Part I concludes by considering the constitutionality of a variety of state tax incentives within our suggested framework and also under alternative approaches that courts might utilize. Part II examines the restraints ...


The Slavery Of Emancipation, Guyora Binder May 1996

The Slavery Of Emancipation, Guyora Binder

Journal Articles

The Thirteenth Amendment abolishes the institution of slavery rather than freeing individual slaves. Yet it quickly came to stand for little more than granting universal rights to make labor contracts and to leave service. This article develops a distinction between abolishing an institution and reclassifying individuals within it. Drawing on the comparative history of slavery, it shows that the institution of slavery has generally included mechanisms for the manumission of slaves and their passage into a liminal status combining self-ownership with social subordination and relative isolation. A critical account of the Antelope litigation shows that proponents of mass manumission still ...


Incidental Burdens On Fundamental Rights, Michael C. Dorf Apr 1996

Incidental Burdens On Fundamental Rights, Michael C. Dorf

Cornell Law Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


The Law Of Patronage At A Crossroads, Cynthia Grant Bowman Apr 1996

The Law Of Patronage At A Crossroads, Cynthia Grant Bowman

Cornell Law Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


The Constitution As An Obstacle To Government Ethics -- Reformist Legislation After National Treasury Employees Union, George D. Brown Apr 1996

The Constitution As An Obstacle To Government Ethics -- Reformist Legislation After National Treasury Employees Union, George D. Brown

Boston College Law School Faculty Papers

No abstract provided.


At Loggerheads: The Supreme Court And Racial Equality In Public School Education After Missouri V. Jenkins, Roberta M. Harding Apr 1996

At Loggerheads: The Supreme Court And Racial Equality In Public School Education After Missouri V. Jenkins, Roberta M. Harding

Law Faculty Scholarly Articles

June 12th of 1995 marked a somber occasion in the annals of school desegregation litigation. On that day, the United States Supreme Court sent disturbing messages in its opinion in Missouri v. Jenkins. The Court's decision hinders achievement of the objective of school desegregation litigation—providing equal educational opportunities for African-American public school children—and detrimentally impacts other substantive areas of civil rights litigation. This article examines what I believe are several important general consequences of Jenkins's the impairment of a trial judge's discretionary equitable remedial powers; the Court's establishment of a new agenda that sacrifices ...


Describing Without Circumscribing: Questioning The Construction Of Gender In The Discourse Of Intimate Violence, Phyllis Goldfarb Mar 1996

Describing Without Circumscribing: Questioning The Construction Of Gender In The Discourse Of Intimate Violence, Phyllis Goldfarb

Boston College Law School Faculty Papers

In this Article, Professor Goldfarb examines the construction of gender roles in the discourse on intimate violence. The Article argues that this discourse assumes that male violence against female intimates represents the problems of battering in its entirety. In doing so, the discourse renders invisible the battering that occurs outside this discourse, most notably battering within same-sex relationships. The Article focuses on how the gender assumptions in the domestic violence discourse affected the representation of the Framingham Eight, a group of women who killed their batterers and were incarcerated in the women’s prison in Framingham, Massachusetts. These women petitioned ...


Consistently Inconsistent: The Supreme Court And The Confusion Surrounding Proportionality In Non-Capital Sentencing, Steven P. Grossman Mar 1996

Consistently Inconsistent: The Supreme Court And The Confusion Surrounding Proportionality In Non-Capital Sentencing, Steven P. Grossman

All Faculty Scholarship

(Adapted by permission from 84 Ky. L. J. 107 (1995)) This article examines the Supreme Court's treatment of the Eighth Amendment with respect to claims of excessiveness regarding prison sentences. Specifically, it addresses the issue of whether and to what degree the Eighth Amendment requires that a punishment not be disproportional to the crime punished. In analyzing all of the modern holdings of the Court in this area, one finds significant fault with each. The result of this series of flawed opinions from the Supreme Court is that the state of the law with respect to proportionality in sentencing ...


Turning Congress Into An Agency: The Propriety Of Requiring Legislative Findings, Harold J. Krent Feb 1996

Turning Congress Into An Agency: The Propriety Of Requiring Legislative Findings, Harold J. Krent

All Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Toward A "Due Foundation" For The Separation Of Powers: The Federalist Papers As Political Narrative, Victoria Nourse Feb 1996

Toward A "Due Foundation" For The Separation Of Powers: The Federalist Papers As Political Narrative, Victoria Nourse

Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works

During the past quarter century, lawyers have become strangely comfortable with descriptions of our government's structure that would, to an untutored ear, speak contradiction. We are quite satisfied to say that governmental powers are separate and shared, departments distinct and overlapping, functions autonomous and interdependent. We have settled into these contradictions as we would a roomy chair: talking this way is no longer controversial but taken for granted, uttered with a knowing wink, perceived as the starting point of sophisticated analysis. A not "entirely separate," but "entirely free," set of departments is the only way we can think about ...


State And Federal Constitutional Law Developments, Rosalie Levinson Jan 1996

State And Federal Constitutional Law Developments, Rosalie Levinson

Law Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


We Had A Dream In Brown V. Board Of Education, Susan H. Bitensky Jan 1996

We Had A Dream In Brown V. Board Of Education, Susan H. Bitensky

Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Note, Civil Forfeiture And Innocent Owners, Deborah Challener Jan 1996

Note, Civil Forfeiture And Innocent Owners, Deborah Challener

Journal Articles

Although forfeiture is an ancient practice, its constitutional validity has only recently been seriously questioned. Historically, the Supreme Court has relied on a legal fiction-that the property itself is guilty-to confiscate property without regard to the Constitution. Cloaking itself in the "guilty property fiction," the Court has virtually ignored the property owner's culpability. In Bennis, the Court decided whether an owner's interest in property is subject to forfeiture when the owner entrusts the property to a party who uses it to commit a crime, even if the owner has no knowledge of the illegal use.


Getting It Right: Uncertainty And Error In The New Disparate Treatment Paradigm, Henry L. Chambers, Jr. Jan 1996

Getting It Right: Uncertainty And Error In The New Disparate Treatment Paradigm, Henry L. Chambers, Jr.

Law Faculty Publications

This Article will explore whether the Court is getting it right or merely getting it done in the disparate treatment context. Part II of this Article will present the contradictory forces underlying getting it done and getting it right in the civil justice system in general, and in employment discrimination litigation in particular. Part III will explore the orthodoxy of disparate treatment law as it stands after Hicks. Part IV will examine the effect of abandoning the paradigm that proof of falsity is proof of intentional discrimination. Part V will offer suggestions on what the Court can do to make ...


Direct Democracy And Hastily Enacted Statutes, John C. Nagle Jan 1996

Direct Democracy And Hastily Enacted Statutes, John C. Nagle

Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


Hiding The Ball, Pierre Schlag Jan 1996

Hiding The Ball, Pierre Schlag

Articles

No abstract provided.


H. Jefferson Powell On The American Constitutional Tradition: A Conversation, Thomas L. Shaffer, John H. Robinson Jan 1996

H. Jefferson Powell On The American Constitutional Tradition: A Conversation, Thomas L. Shaffer, John H. Robinson

Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


Principled Silence, Tobias Barrington Wolff Jan 1996

Principled Silence, Tobias Barrington Wolff

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

No abstract provided.


The Balanced Budget Amendment: Will Judges Become Accountants? A Look At State Experiences, Donald B. Tobin Jan 1996

The Balanced Budget Amendment: Will Judges Become Accountants? A Look At State Experiences, Donald B. Tobin

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.