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Business Organizations Law

2010

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Articles 1 - 30 of 124

Full-Text Articles in Law

Déjà Vu All Over Again? Reflections On Auerbach's 'Modern Corporate Tax', Reuven S. Avi-Yonah Dec 2010

Déjà Vu All Over Again? Reflections On Auerbach's 'Modern Corporate Tax', Reuven S. Avi-Yonah

Law & Economics Working Papers

This paper comments on Alan Auerbach's "A Modern Corporate Tax" (Hamilton Project/CAP, December 2010) and argues that it is not a significant improvement over previous proposals to replace the corporate tax with a cash flow tax.


Financing Innovation: Infrastructure Development In New Haven, 1750-1850, Thomas P. Schmidt Dec 2010

Financing Innovation: Infrastructure Development In New Haven, 1750-1850, Thomas P. Schmidt

Student Legal History Papers

The nineteenth century was a time of astonishing change in technologies of transportation. When the Constitution was ratified, to travel from New Haven to Hartford would require an arduous and uncertain trip on a rough road that could span more than a day. At the start of the twentieth century, railroads conveyed thousands of people daily along that route in a few hours, and the first automobiles were motoring over roads. The great progress in infrastructure development radically transformed the commercial, physical, and cultural landscape of America.

This transformation required great mobilizations of capital and human labor, which, in turn ...


A Contractual Approach To Shareholder Oppression Law, Benjamin Means Dec 2010

A Contractual Approach To Shareholder Oppression Law, Benjamin Means

Faculty Publications

According to standard law and economics, minority shareholders in closely held corporations must bargain against opportunism by controlling shareholders before investing. Put simply, you made your bed, now you must lie in it. Yet most courts offer a remedy for shareholder oppression, often premised on the notion that controlling shareholders owe fiduciary duties to the minority or must honor the minority's reasonable expectations. Thus, law and economics, the dominant mode of corporate law scholarship, appears irreconcilably opposed to minority shareholder protection, a defining feature of the existing law of close corporations.

This Article contends that a more nuanced theory ...


Normalizing Match Rights, Brian J.M. Quinn Nov 2010

Normalizing Match Rights, Brian J.M. Quinn

Boston College Law School Faculty Papers

Argues that Delaware courts subject matching rights in merger agreements to a higher level of scrutiny when challenged.


Tax Strategies And Key Tax Issues In Selling A Business, Part 1, L. Michael Gracik Jr. Nov 2010

Tax Strategies And Key Tax Issues In Selling A Business, Part 1, L. Michael Gracik Jr.

William & Mary Annual Tax Conference

No abstract provided.


Estate Planning For The Closely Held Business, Dennis I. Belcher, William I. Sanderson Nov 2010

Estate Planning For The Closely Held Business, Dennis I. Belcher, William I. Sanderson

William & Mary Annual Tax Conference

No abstract provided.


Tax Strategies And Key Tax Issues In Selling A Business, Part 2, Robert G. Mcelroy Nov 2010

Tax Strategies And Key Tax Issues In Selling A Business, Part 2, Robert G. Mcelroy

William & Mary Annual Tax Conference

No abstract provided.


Using - And Not Losing - Tax Losses, Part 2 (Slides), Steven M. Friedman Nov 2010

Using - And Not Losing - Tax Losses, Part 2 (Slides), Steven M. Friedman

William & Mary Annual Tax Conference

No abstract provided.


Using - And Not Losing - Tax Losses, Part 1: Protecting Tax Losses From A Section 382 Ownership Change (Slides), Mark C. Van Deusen Nov 2010

Using - And Not Losing - Tax Losses, Part 1: Protecting Tax Losses From A Section 382 Ownership Change (Slides), Mark C. Van Deusen

William & Mary Annual Tax Conference

No abstract provided.


Teaching Old Dogs New Tricks - Emerging Tax Issues For Distressed Real Estate Assets And Partnerships (Slides), Michael G. Frankel, David A. Miller Nov 2010

Teaching Old Dogs New Tricks - Emerging Tax Issues For Distressed Real Estate Assets And Partnerships (Slides), Michael G. Frankel, David A. Miller

William & Mary Annual Tax Conference

No abstract provided.


Teaching Old Dogs New Tricks - Emerging Tax Issues For Distressed Real Estate Assets And Partnerships, Michael G. Frankel, David A. Miller Nov 2010

Teaching Old Dogs New Tricks - Emerging Tax Issues For Distressed Real Estate Assets And Partnerships, Michael G. Frankel, David A. Miller

William & Mary Annual Tax Conference

No abstract provided.


Agenda: 2010 World Energy Justice Conference: Emerging Solutions For The Energy Poor: Technological, Entrepreneurial And Institutional Challenges, University Of Colorado Boulder. Center For Energy & Environmental Security, Colorado Journal Of International Environmental Law And Policy Nov 2010

Agenda: 2010 World Energy Justice Conference: Emerging Solutions For The Energy Poor: Technological, Entrepreneurial And Institutional Challenges, University Of Colorado Boulder. Center For Energy & Environmental Security, Colorado Journal Of International Environmental Law And Policy

2010 World Energy Justice Conference (November 5)

This conference is a sequel to the 2009 World Energy Justice Conference (WEJC 2009) which began examining ways of mainstreaming safe, clean, and efficient energy for the world's Energy Poor (EP). The EP number two and a half billion people living on less than $1-2 a day who have no access to modern energy services. WEJC 2010 more fully develops these themes. WEJC 2010 will explore how the next round of global warming meetings in Cancun could design new flexibility mechanisms that give credits, for example, for the reduction of black carbon by the adoption of cookstoves, and embrace ...


Are Investors’ Gains And Losses From Securities Fraud Equal Over Time? Theory And Evidence, Alicia J. Davis Oct 2010

Are Investors’ Gains And Losses From Securities Fraud Equal Over Time? Theory And Evidence, Alicia J. Davis

Law & Economics Working Papers

Most leading securities regulation scholars argue that compensating securities fraud victims is inefficient. They maintain that because diversified investors that trade frequently are as likely to gain from trading in fraud-tainted stocks as they are to suffer harm from doing so, these investors should have no expected net losses from fraud over the long term. This assertion, which analogizes trading in fraud-tainted stocks to participating in a coin toss game in which players win $1 on heads and lose $1 on tails, is problematic for a number of reasons. First, even if we accept this analogy, probability theory holds that ...


Debt As Venture Capital, Darian M. Ibrahim Oct 2010

Debt As Venture Capital, Darian M. Ibrahim

Faculty Publications

Venture debt, or loans to rapid-growth start-ups, is a puzzle. How are start-ups with no track records, positive cash flows, tangible collateral, or personal guarantees from entrepreneurs able to attract billions of dollars in loans each year? And why do start-ups take on debt rather than rely exclusively on equity investments from angel investors and venture capitalists (VCs), as well-known capital structure theories from corporate finance would seem to predict in this context? Using hand-collected interview data and theoretical contributions from finance, economics, and law, this Article solves the puzzle of venture debt by revealing that a start-up’s VC ...


The Equity Trustee, Kelli A. Alces Oct 2010

The Equity Trustee, Kelli A. Alces

Scholarly Publications

As we reel from the effects of a recent financial disaster, it is apparent that there is a significant gap in corporate governance and accountability for management. One reason we have experienced this financial cataclysm is the inability of shareholders to do the "shareholderj ob. " Shareholders, as the putative owners of corporations, hold a venerated place in corporate governance. They are responsible for electing directors and monitoring management as well as valuing companies through trades in a vigorous market. The shareholder collective action problem and resulting rational apathy have kept shareholders from effectively fulfilling their role in corporate governance. Individual ...


The New Financial Deal: Understanding The Dodd-Frank Act And Its (Unintended) Consequences, David A. Skeel Jr. Oct 2010

The New Financial Deal: Understanding The Dodd-Frank Act And Its (Unintended) Consequences, David A. Skeel Jr.

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

Contrary to rumors that the Dodd-Frank Act is an incoherent mess, its 2,319 pages have two very clear objectives: limiting the risk of the shadow banking system by more carefully regulating derivatives and large financial institutions; and limiting the damage caused by a financial institution’s failure. The new legislation also has a theme: government partnership with the largest Wall Street banks. The vision emerged almost by accident from the Bear Stearns and AIG bailouts of 2008 and the commandeering of the bankruptcy process to rescue Chrysler and GM in 2009. Its implications for derivatives regulation could prove beneficial ...


Optionality In Merger Agreements, Brian J.M. Quinn Oct 2010

Optionality In Merger Agreements, Brian J.M. Quinn

Boston College Law School Faculty Papers

The credit crisis of 2008 and the subsequent collapse of a number of high-profile acquisition transactions put a spotlight on contracting practices that embedded optionality into merger agreements by way of the reverse termination fee and its attendant triggers. This article examines whether reverse termination fees are a symmetrical response to the seller's judicially mandated fiduciary termination right and whether such fees represent an efficient transactional term. A series of Delaware cases over the last decade limited the degree to which buyers could rely on deal protection measures in merger agreements to prevent a seller from accepting a superior ...


The Power Of Warm Glow, Usha Rodrigues Sep 2010

The Power Of Warm Glow, Usha Rodrigues

Scholarly Works

Professor Brian Galle’s Keep Charity Charitable is a thoughtful contribution to the ongoing conversation about the proper tax treatment of charitable organizations. I largely agree with Galle’s arguments, but I would like to offer two criticisms of his positions: first, Galle overstates the problem posed by for-profit firms offering charitable services; and second, he understates the power of “warm glow” in the nonprofit organization.


The Redemption Puzzle, Reuven S. Avi-Yonah Jul 2010

The Redemption Puzzle, Reuven S. Avi-Yonah

Law & Economics Working Papers

Following the adoption of partial integration in 2003, there was only a modest increase in dividends during the period 2004-7, from about 300 to about 500 (if 1987 levels are set at 100). Redemptions, however, showed a remarkable increase, jumping from about the same as dividends (300) to 1,800. This, therefore, leads to a new puzzle: Why the sudden sharp increase in redemptions following 2003?

Like the dividend puzzle, the redemption puzzle is susceptible to several explanations. For example, Bratton and Wachter note that managers who hold stock options tend to favor redemptions over dividends. But in this case ...


Financing The Next Silicon Valley, Darian M. Ibrahim Jul 2010

Financing The Next Silicon Valley, Darian M. Ibrahim

Faculty Publications

Silicon Valley’s success has led other regions to attempt their own high-tech transformations, yet most imitators have failed. Entrepreneurs may be in short supply in these “non-tech” regions, but some non-tech regions are home to high-quality entrepreneurs who relocate to Silicon Valley due to a lack of local financing for their start-ups. Non-tech regions must provide local finance to prevent entrepreneurial relocation and reap spillover benefits for their communities. This Article compares three possible sources of entrepreneurial finance—private venture capital, state-sponsored venture capital, and angel investor groups—and finds that angel groups have distinct advantages when it comes ...


Securities Intermediaries And The Separation Of Ownership From Control, Jill E. Fisch Jul 2010

Securities Intermediaries And The Separation Of Ownership From Control, Jill E. Fisch

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

The Modern Corporation and Private Property highlighted the evolving separation of ownership and control in the public corporation and the effects of that separation on the allocation of power within the corporation. This essay explores the implications of intermediation for those themes. The article observes that intermediation, by decoupling economic ownership and decision-making authority within the shareholder, creates a second layer of agency issues beyond those identified by Berle and Means. These agency issues are an important consideration in the current debate over shareholder empowerment. The article concludes by considering the hypothetical shareholder construct implicit in the Berle and Means ...


Revisiting Berle And Rethinking The Corporate Structure, Kelli A. Alces Jul 2010

Revisiting Berle And Rethinking The Corporate Structure, Kelli A. Alces

Scholarly Publications

No abstract provided.


The Blameless Corporation, Larry D. Thompson Jul 2010

The Blameless Corporation, Larry D. Thompson

Scholarly Works

This article is a clarification and expansion of the author's previous oral statements published in The American Criminal Law Review 46-4--a Symposium Issue on "Achieving the Right Balance: The Role of Corporate Criminal Law in Ensuring Corporate Compliance."


Predation Analysis And The Ftc’S Case Against Intel, Daniel A. Crane May 2010

Predation Analysis And The Ftc’S Case Against Intel, Daniel A. Crane

Law & Economics Working Papers

The Federal Trade Commission's pending antitrust case against Intel challenges a number of Intel's discounting and rebating practices. The Commission appears poised to apply a cost-price test to the challenged practices, but proposes to include "fixed sunk costs" in the appropriate measure of cost. This paper explains the importance of using cost-price screens to assess unilaterally imposed prices and analyzes the futility of including sunk costs in the relevant cost measure.


The Effect Of Economic Integration With China On The Future Of American Corporate Law, Joseph Vining Apr 2010

The Effect Of Economic Integration With China On The Future Of American Corporate Law, Joseph Vining

Law & Economics Working Papers

China's development into a world economic power and its continuing integration with the United States economy raise the question whether China's own history and the socialist context of its domestic corporate law may affect the meaning of business terms in use both internationally and in American domestic corporate law. Of particular interest is the question whether China's entry and impact may blunt the late-twentieth century effort in the United States to change the legal sense of the purpose of an American business corporation.


Power And Purpose In The "Anglo-American" Corporation, Christopher M. Bruner Apr 2010

Power And Purpose In The "Anglo-American" Corporation, Christopher M. Bruner

Faculty Scholarship

The article discusses the impact of a shareholder-centric and market-oriented approach to corporate governance among public business firms in the U.S. and Great Britain. It mentions that both countries have more common similarities in terms of corporate governance systems and business cultures. It affirms that despite such similarities, both countries' corporate governance system differs on how they relate to external regulations that can affect their relationships among stakeholders.


Corporate Governance In The Courtroom: An Empirical Analysis, Jessica M. Erickson Apr 2010

Corporate Governance In The Courtroom: An Empirical Analysis, Jessica M. Erickson

Law Faculty Publications

Conventional wisdom is that shareholder derivative suits are dead. Yet this death knell is decidedly premature. The current conception of shareholder derivative suits is based on an empirical record limited to suits filed in Delaware or on behalf of Delaware corporations, leaving suits outside this sphere in the shadows of corporate law scholarship. This Article aims to fill this gap by presenting the first empirical examination of shareholder derivative suits in the federal courts. Using an original, hand-collected data set, my study reveals that shareholder derivative suits are far from dead. Shareholders file more shareholder derivative suits than securities class ...


The Relation Between Firm-Level Corporate Governance And Market Value: A Study Of India, Bala Balasubramanian, Bernard S. Black, Vikramaditya Khanna Apr 2010

The Relation Between Firm-Level Corporate Governance And Market Value: A Study Of India, Bala Balasubramanian, Bernard S. Black, Vikramaditya Khanna

Law & Economics Working Papers

Relatively little is known about the corporate governance practice of firms in emerging markets. We provide a detailed overview of the practices of publicly traded firms in India, and identify areas where governance practices are relatively strong or weak, relative to developed countries. We also examine whether there is a cross-sectional relationship between measures of governance and measures of firm performance and find evidence of a positive relationship for an overall governance index and for an index covering shareholder rights. The association is stronger for more profitable firms and firms with stronger growth opportunities.


Celebrity Ceos: Disclosure At The Intersection Of Privacy And Securities Law, Ann M. Olazábal, Patricia Sánchez Abril Apr 2010

Celebrity Ceos: Disclosure At The Intersection Of Privacy And Securities Law, Ann M. Olazábal, Patricia Sánchez Abril

Business Law Articles and Papers

An abstract for this item is not available.


Asset Specificity And Transaction Structures: A Case Study Of @Home Corporation, Brian J.M. Quinn Apr 2010

Asset Specificity And Transaction Structures: A Case Study Of @Home Corporation, Brian J.M. Quinn

Boston College Law School Faculty Papers

This is a case study of asset specific investments, a class of transactions that is well understood in the context of economic theory but that is under-analyzed empirically. Because specific investments are particular to a single location, use or customer, their next best use is of much lower value than the use for which they are initially intended. Consequently, asset specific investments face the threat of ex post opportunism and allocative inefficiency. This contracting problem is particularly difficult when firms that are otherwise rivals must coordinate individual investments to create a shared resource. In such cases, generating credible expectations of ...