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Full-Text Articles in Law

Leaving Law Firms With Client Fees: Florida's Path, Donald J. Weidner Dec 2017

Leaving Law Firms With Client Fees: Florida's Path, Donald J. Weidner

Scholarly Publications

No abstract provided.


Three Problems (And Two Solutions) In The Law Of Partnership Formation, Shawn J. Bayern Jan 2016

Three Problems (And Two Solutions) In The Law Of Partnership Formation, Shawn J. Bayern

Scholarly Publications

This Article considers several foundational questions concerning the formation of general partnerships, a topic that has received little modern attention and that is governed largely by classical axioms rather than adaptive modern considerations. Its three main topics concern (1) the timing of partnership formation, (2) the aggregation of multiple distinct questions under the single heading of “partnership formation,” and (3) the rarely challenged proposition that general partners ought to be liable for partnership obligations, a doctrine that is surprisingly at odds with the rest of modern business-entity law.


Shareholder Political Primacy, Jay B. Kesten Jan 2016

Shareholder Political Primacy, Jay B. Kesten

Scholarly Publications

Corporate political activity raises an important and diffcult question of corporate law: who decides when the corporation should speak and what it should say? In several cases, the Supreme Court has provided a clear answer: shareholders, acting through the procedures of corporate democracy. While this holding has attracted substantial academic and public criticism, there has been no sustained evaluation (beyond identifying the potential agency costs of corporate political activity) of the possibility that the Supreme Court's appeal to the fraught concept of "corporate democracy," though woefully under-theorized, might be the best allocation of power in the limited context of ...


Capital Accounts In Llcs And In Partnerships: Powerful Default Rules And Potential Tax Significance, Donald J. Weidner Jan 2015

Capital Accounts In Llcs And In Partnerships: Powerful Default Rules And Potential Tax Significance, Donald J. Weidner

Scholarly Publications

Balance sheets for limited liability companies and for partnerships differ from corporate balance sheets in one important respect. Accounting for these alternative forms traditionally includes a separate equity account, or “capital account,” for each owner. Accounting practice and caselaw suggest that, at least as a default rule or norm, these accounts guide distributions on liquidation or buyout, and, if negative, may also reflect debts to the firm. Indeed, the statutory default rule of partnership law in most states requires that individual capital accounts be maintained and given economic significance on liquidation or buyout. Although the statutory law of LLCs does ...


Balance And Team Production, Kelli A. Alces Jan 2015

Balance And Team Production, Kelli A. Alces

Scholarly Publications

No abstract provided.


The Fiduciary Gap, Kelli A. Alces Jan 2015

The Fiduciary Gap, Kelli A. Alces

Scholarly Publications

No abstract provided.


Political Uncertainty And The Market For Ipos, Jay B. Kesten, Murat C. Mungan Jan 2015

Political Uncertainty And The Market For Ipos, Jay B. Kesten, Murat C. Mungan

Scholarly Publications

No abstract provided.


Adjudicating Corporate Auctions, Jay B. Kesten Jan 2015

Adjudicating Corporate Auctions, Jay B. Kesten

Scholarly Publications

In light of recent developments in auction theory, this Article re-examines Delaware corporate law governing directors' actions when structuring the sale of a corporation. A foundational doctrine of Delaware law is that when the board of directors resolves to sell a corporation, it must obtain the highest price reasonably available. Auction theory posits that, in certain circumstances germane to corporate takeovers, revenues can be maximized through the use of ex ante precommitments to the rules of the auction. Delaware law, however, does not fully endorse directors' ability to make such precommitments, primarily out of the concern that the board will ...


Of Bitcoins, Independently Wealthy Software, And The Zero-Member Llc, Shawn J. Bayern Jul 2014

Of Bitcoins, Independently Wealthy Software, And The Zero-Member Llc, Shawn J. Bayern

Scholarly Publications

An innovative software technology known as Bitcoin makes it easier for software to operate with some degree of financial autonomy. In a meaningful sense, it is now possible for software to conduct business on its own account, without using the traditional financial system as an intermediary and without a financial existence tied to an existing natural or legal person. This Essay explores this possibility and suggests that legally autonomous entities, such as a limited liability company (LLC) with no members, are a useful legal structure for factually autonomous systems.


Larry Ribstein's Fiduciary Duties, Kelli A. Alces Jan 2014

Larry Ribstein's Fiduciary Duties, Kelli A. Alces

Scholarly Publications

Larry Ribstein, throughout his remarkable scholarly career, developed a theory formed around his analysis that the end of fiduciary obligation is a near possibility. Understanding fiduciary obligations as a carefully defined term may indicate, however, that this fiduciary obligation can be a useful part of a wider selection of relationships than Ribstein allowed. This Article both considers Ribstein’s theory of fiduciary duty, and ultimately turns that same theory on its head by advocating the use of a narrow duty in a variety of contexts as opposed to a broad duty in a limited range of circumstances


Legal Diversification, Kelli A. Alces Nov 2013

Legal Diversification, Kelli A. Alces

Scholarly Publications

The greatest protection investors have from the risks associated with capital investment is diversification. This Essay introduces a new dimension of diversification for investors: legal diversification. Legal diversification of investment means building a portfolio of securities that are governed by a variety of legal rules. Legal diversification protects investors from the risk that a particular method of minimizing agency costs will prove ineffective and allows investors to own securities in a variety of firms, with each security governed by the most efficient set of legal rules given the circumstances of the investment. Diversification of investment by legal rules is possible ...


Financial System Engineering, Manuel A. Utset Apr 2013

Financial System Engineering, Manuel A. Utset

Scholarly Publications

No abstract provided.


Towards A Moral Agency Theory Of The Shareholder Bylaw Power, Jay B. Kesten Apr 2013

Towards A Moral Agency Theory Of The Shareholder Bylaw Power, Jay B. Kesten

Scholarly Publications

Corporate bylaws are the new leading edge of a decades-long struggle between shareholders and managers over the allocation of decision-making authority in public companies. Bylaws are the only method by which shareholders can unilaterally restrict the powers and discretion of the board. Yet the scope of this statutory authority remains notoriously uncertain. Corporate law scholars generally agree that there is a limited domain in which shareholders can restrict managerial authority, but disagree on the appropriate boundary. The Delaware Supreme Court recently confronted this issue for the first time in CA, Inc. v. AFSCME Employees Pension Plan, but that decision is ...


Fraudulent Corporate Signals: Conduct As Securities Fraud, Manuel A. Utset Jan 2013

Fraudulent Corporate Signals: Conduct As Securities Fraud, Manuel A. Utset

Scholarly Publications

Paying a dividend, repurchasing shares, underpricing an initial public offering, pledging collateral, and borrowing using short-term, instead of long-term debt, are all forms of corporate communications. They are “corporate signals” that tell investors certain things about a company’s operations and current financial position, and about the managers’ confidence in its future performance. This Article provides the first comprehensive analysis of the relationship between corporate signals and securities fraud. The incentive to communicate using corporate signals has increased in recent years, a phenomenon that, I argue, is due to the grow-ing complexity of public corporations, and, importantly, to a number ...


The False Promise Of Risk-Reducing Incentive Pay: Evidence From Executive Pensions And Deferred Compensation, Kelli A. Alces, Brian D. Galle Oct 2012

The False Promise Of Risk-Reducing Incentive Pay: Evidence From Executive Pensions And Deferred Compensation, Kelli A. Alces, Brian D. Galle

Scholarly Publications

No abstract provided.


Strengthening Investment In Public Corporations Through The Uncorporation, Kelli A. Alces Jul 2012

Strengthening Investment In Public Corporations Through The Uncorporation, Kelli A. Alces

Scholarly Publications

No abstract provided.


Partners Without Partners: The Legal Status Of Single Person Partnerships, Donald J. Weidner, Robert J. Hillman Jan 2012

Partners Without Partners: The Legal Status Of Single Person Partnerships, Donald J. Weidner, Robert J. Hillman

Scholarly Publications

Is it possible to have a partnership consisting of one person, a partner without a partner? The question will arise when all but one of the members leaves a partnership. The Revised Uniform Partnership Act attempts to give greater stability to partnerships by narrowing the circumstances under which dissolutions occur, but it also fails to address the fundamental and important question of whether a partnership may be continued by a sole surviving partner.

In this Article, we explore the issues raised by a single person partnership. In particular, we address the central issue of whether the departure of the penultimate ...


Beyond The Board Of Directors, Kelli A. Alces Jan 2011

Beyond The Board Of Directors, Kelli A. Alces

Scholarly Publications

No abstract provided.


The Equity Trustee, Kelli A. Alces Oct 2010

The Equity Trustee, Kelli A. Alces

Scholarly Publications

As we reel from the effects of a recent financial disaster, it is apparent that there is a significant gap in corporate governance and accountability for management. One reason we have experienced this financial cataclysm is the inability of shareholders to do the "shareholderj ob. " Shareholders, as the putative owners of corporations, hold a venerated place in corporate governance. They are responsible for electing directors and monitoring management as well as valuing companies through trades in a vigorous market. The shareholder collective action problem and resulting rational apathy have kept shareholders from effectively fulfilling their role in corporate governance. Individual ...


Revisiting Berle And Rethinking The Corporate Structure, Kelli A. Alces Jul 2010

Revisiting Berle And Rethinking The Corporate Structure, Kelli A. Alces

Scholarly Publications

No abstract provided.


Managerial Entrenchment And Shareholder Wealth Revisited: Theory And Evidence From A Recessionary Market, Jay B. Kesten Jan 2010

Managerial Entrenchment And Shareholder Wealth Revisited: Theory And Evidence From A Recessionary Market, Jay B. Kesten

Scholarly Publications

Does managerial entrenchment create or destroy shareholder value? This Article presents both theory and evidence that the answer to this question is not monolithic, but rather depends on factors that vary greatly with the macroeconomic climate, such as firm profitability, takeover frequency, and valuation of takeover premiums. The mainstream view, both of academics and market participants, is that entrenchment reduces accountability to shareholders and amplifies agency costs, thus decreasing shareholder wealth. Two influential studies (Bebchuk, Cohen & Ferrell (2009) and Gompers, Ishii & Metrick (2003)) present empirical evidence consistent with this conclusion, finding statistically significant negative correlations between entrenchment and stock returns ...


Debunking The Corporate Fiduciary Myth, Kelli A. Alces Jan 2009

Debunking The Corporate Fiduciary Myth, Kelli A. Alces

Scholarly Publications

No abstract provided.


Obedience As The Foundation Of Fiduciary Duty, Rob Atkinson Oct 2008

Obedience As The Foundation Of Fiduciary Duty, Rob Atkinson

Scholarly Publications

No abstract provided.


Corporations And The Market For Law, Erin O'Hara O'Connor, Larry E. Ribstein Jan 2008

Corporations And The Market For Law, Erin O'Hara O'Connor, Larry E. Ribstein

Scholarly Publications

The state competition for corporate law has long been studied as a distinct phenomenon. Under the traditional view, corporations are subject to a unique choice-of-law rule, the “internal affairs doctrine” (IAD). This rule is explained as a historical accident, or by the special logistics of the corporate contract. The resulting market for corporate law appears to have special characteristics, particularly including the dominance of the single state of Delaware. This article challenges the traditional view. It shows that the corporate law market is best understood as a special application of the general market for law. Parties to many types of ...


Strategic Governance, Kelli A. Alces Jan 2008

Strategic Governance, Kelli A. Alces

Scholarly Publications

Creditors exercise significant power over financially distressed corporations, thereby pushing corporate managers further into the realm of unprofitable risk aversion. The heavy hand of creditor power and the threats creditors are able to make to managers’ professional stability and success misalign senior officers’ incentives by undermining their freedom to make wealth-maximizing decisions on behalf of the corporation. The importance of independent managerial decision making is paramount in the law of corporate governance and that independence has been inefficiently undermined by the exertion of oppressive creditor control. This Article resolves the problem by creating a mechanism to balance shareholder and creditor ...


Enforcing Corporate Fiduciary Duties In Bankruptcy, Kelli A. Alces Oct 2007

Enforcing Corporate Fiduciary Duties In Bankruptcy, Kelli A. Alces

Scholarly Publications

No abstract provided.


Moving Toward A Federal Law Of Corporate Governance In Bankruptcy, Kelli A. Alces Apr 2007

Moving Toward A Federal Law Of Corporate Governance In Bankruptcy, Kelli A. Alces

Scholarly Publications

No abstract provided.


Directors' Duties In Failing Firms, Kelli A. Alces, Larry E. Ribstein Jan 2007

Directors' Duties In Failing Firms, Kelli A. Alces, Larry E. Ribstein

Scholarly Publications

Despite many cases with seemingly contrary dicta, corporate directors of failing firms do not have special duties to creditors. This follows from the nature of fiduciary duties and the business judgment rule. Under the business judgment rule, the directors have broad discretion to decide what to do and in whose interests to act. There is some authority for a limited creditor right to sue on behalf of the corporation to enforce this duty. However, any such right does not make the duty one owed to creditors. The creditors individually may sue the corporation for breach of specific contractual, tort, and ...


Reciprocal Fairness, Strategic Behavior & Venture Survival: A Theory Of Venture Capital-Financed Firms, Manuel A. Utset Jan 2002

Reciprocal Fairness, Strategic Behavior & Venture Survival: A Theory Of Venture Capital-Financed Firms, Manuel A. Utset

Scholarly Publications

No abstract provided.


Pitfalls In Partnership Law Reform: Some United States Experience, Donald J. Weidner Jul 2001

Pitfalls In Partnership Law Reform: Some United States Experience, Donald J. Weidner

Scholarly Publications

No abstract provided.