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Full-Text Articles in Law

Fiduciary Duties Of Llc Managers: Are They Subject To Prospective Waiver Under The New York Llc Statute?, Jack Graves, Yelena Davydan Aug 2015

Fiduciary Duties Of Llc Managers: Are They Subject To Prospective Waiver Under The New York Llc Statute?, Jack Graves, Yelena Davydan

Jack Graves

No abstract provided.


Making Sense Of Successor Liability, Marie T. Reilly Jun 2015

Making Sense Of Successor Liability, Marie T. Reilly

Marie T. Reilly

A firm that buys assets from another firm ordinarily does not acquire liability to the seller's creditors simply by buying its assets. This ordinary rule is subject to important exceptions. The buyer's consent triggers an exception. If a buyer agrees to assume the seller's liability to third parties, it is for that reason liable. This article considers a more controversial exception - successor liability. When a court decides that an asset acquirer should be treated as a "successor" to the transferor, it is liable for the transferor's debts as though it were the transferor.


The Latent Efficiency Of Fraudulent Transfer Law, Marie Reilly Jun 2015

The Latent Efficiency Of Fraudulent Transfer Law, Marie Reilly

Marie T. Reilly

No abstract provided.


Contract Theory And The Failures Of Public-Private Contracting, Wendy Netter Epstein May 2015

Contract Theory And The Failures Of Public-Private Contracting, Wendy Netter Epstein

Wendy Netter Epstein

The market for public-private contracting is huge and flawed. Public-private contracts for services such as prisons and welfare administration tend to result in cost savings at the sacrifice of quality service. For instance, to cut costs, private prisons skimp on security. Public law scholars have studied these problems for decades and have proposed various public law solutions. But the literature is incomplete because it does not approach the problem through a commercial lens. This Article fills that gap. It considers how economic analysis of contract law, in particular efficiency theory and agency theory, bear upon the unique problems of public-private ...


Discriminatory Internal Taxation In The European Union: The Power Of The European Court Of Justice To Limit The Tax Sovereignty Of Member-States Under Article 110 Of The Tfeu, Jarrod Tudor Apr 2015

Discriminatory Internal Taxation In The European Union: The Power Of The European Court Of Justice To Limit The Tax Sovereignty Of Member-States Under Article 110 Of The Tfeu, Jarrod Tudor

Jarrod Tudor

Protectionism can come in a variety of methods including the use of internal taxation policies that discriminate against imports making those imports more expensive on the domestic market and thus favoring domestically-produced goods. Discriminatory taxation policies have been developed by member-states to mask protectionism by distinguishing products based on import status, product similarity, product life cycle, consumption, tax collection practices, transportation charges, and state aid. The Framers of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU) wrote Article 110 with the objective in mind to prohibit internal taxation policies from discriminating against goods in made in other member-states ...


Some Basic Marxist Concepts To Understand Income Tax, John Passant Mar 2015

Some Basic Marxist Concepts To Understand Income Tax, John Passant

John Passant

The paper introduces readers to some basic Marxist concepts to give the building blocks for an alternative understanding of tax and perhaps even to inspire some to use these concepts and ideas in their future research. It argues that the tax system reflects the phenomena of wealth and income and that there is a deeper reality obscured and ignored by the income tax system as an outcrop of a capitalist system which does the same. This deeper reality is that capital exploits workers and that profit, rent, interest and the like are the money form of the unpaid labour of ...


An Overview Of The Principles Of Corporate Governance, Melvin Aron Eisenberg Mar 2015

An Overview Of The Principles Of Corporate Governance, Melvin Aron Eisenberg

Melvin A. Eisenberg

Presents an overview of the book 'Principles of Corporate Governance' in the United States. Background architecture of the Principles of Corporate Governance of the American Law Institute; Explanations of the policy reasons of the provisions covered by the Principles; Restatement rules of the relevant law.


Recovery Of Damages For Lost Profits: The Historical Development, Robert Lloyd, Nicholas Chase Mar 2015

Recovery Of Damages For Lost Profits: The Historical Development, Robert Lloyd, Nicholas Chase

Robert M Lloyd

ABSTRACT Recovery of Damages for Lost Profits: The Historical Development The rule of Hadley v. Baxendale is widely considered the most important rule of contract damages. In fact, however, the rule that damages must be proven with reasonable certainty is far more important in the modern practice of law. The reasonable certainty rule originated in Roman law and came to the common law through the civil law of Western Europe, developing first in the United States and spreading from the United States to England. The rule of Hadley v. Baxendale developed much in the same way, and, contrary to popular ...


Insuring Floods: The Most Common And Devastating Natural Catastrophies In America, Christopher French Feb 2015

Insuring Floods: The Most Common And Devastating Natural Catastrophies In America, Christopher French

Christopher C. French

Flooding is the most common natural catastrophe Americans face, accounting for 90% of all damage caused by natural catastrophes. Hurricanes Katrina and Sandy, for example, collectively caused over $160 billion in damage, but only approximately 10% of the Hurricane Katrina victims and 50% of the Hurricane Sandy victims had insurance to cover their flood losses. Consequently, both their homes and lives were left in ruins in the wake of the storms. Nationwide, only approximately 7% of homeowners have insurance that covers flood losses even though the risk of flooding is only increasing as coastal areas continue to be developed and ...


Identifying The Honest Debtor: Section 727(A)(4)(A) Of The Bankruptcy Code And The Need For Consistency In Denial Of Discharge Proceedings, Andrew F. Emerson Feb 2015

Identifying The Honest Debtor: Section 727(A)(4)(A) Of The Bankruptcy Code And The Need For Consistency In Denial Of Discharge Proceedings, Andrew F. Emerson

Andrew Emerson

No abstract provided.


Identifying The Honest Debtor: Section 727(A)(4)(A) Of The Bankruptcy Code And The Need For Consistency In Denial Of Discharge Proceedings, Andrew F. Emerson Feb 2015

Identifying The Honest Debtor: Section 727(A)(4)(A) Of The Bankruptcy Code And The Need For Consistency In Denial Of Discharge Proceedings, Andrew F. Emerson

Andrew Emerson

No abstract provided.


The Harmonization Of Browsewrap Agreements Abroad And The Protection Of American Consumers, Tinsley A. Ashley Jan 2015

The Harmonization Of Browsewrap Agreements Abroad And The Protection Of American Consumers, Tinsley A. Ashley

Tinsley A Ashley

No abstract provided.


Dirty Debts Sold Dirt Cheap, Dalie Jimenez Dec 2014

Dirty Debts Sold Dirt Cheap, Dalie Jimenez

Dalie Jimenez

More than 77 million Americans have a debt in collections. Many of these debts will be sold to debt buyers for pennies, or fractions of pennies, on the dollar. This Article details the perilous path that debts travel as they move through the collection ecosystem. Using a unique dataset of 84 consumer debt purchase and sale agreement, it examines the manner in which debts are sold, oftentimes as simple data on a spreadsheet, devoid of any documentary evidence. It finds that in many contracts, sellers disclaim all warranties about the underlying debts sold or the information transferred. Sellers also sometimes ...


Reforming Preference Law, Dalie Jimenez Dec 2014

Reforming Preference Law, Dalie Jimenez

Dalie Jimenez

This article responds to Brook Gotberg's proposal to do away with preference liability in certain Chapter 11 cases and provides empirical evidence of preferential transfers in consumer Chapter 7 cases.


Liquidity, Systemic Risk, And The Bankruptcy Treatment Of Financial Contracts, Riz Mokal Dec 2014

Liquidity, Systemic Risk, And The Bankruptcy Treatment Of Financial Contracts, Riz Mokal

Riz Mokal

Parties to repos, and to swaps and other derivatives are accorded privileged treatment under the bankruptcy laws of several dozen countries. Several key international “best practice” standards urge legislators in other jurisdictions to provide likewise. The beneficiaries of these privileges are solvent counterparties enabled, unimpeded by bankruptcy moratoria, to implement close-out netting arrangements and to dispose of collateral. The purported rationale is mitigation of systemic risk.
Taking a broad international perspective, this Article explores the “domino” contagion view of distress that motivates the privileges. This view derives from the outdated “microprudential” understanding of systemic risk, and is theoretically flawed and ...


The Impact Of The Future Trade Secrets Directive On The Food Sector, Luis González Vaqué, Isabel Segura Roda Dec 2014

The Impact Of The Future Trade Secrets Directive On The Food Sector, Luis González Vaqué, Isabel Segura Roda

Luis González Vaqué

Proposal for a Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council on the protection of undisclosed know-how [COM(2013) 813 final de 28 November 2013]. We have explicitly chosen to analyse the proposal’s impact because, with regard to food production, we consider that careful consideration must be given to the extent to which the proposal affects areas such as information about food composition, the functioning of rapid alert systems, methods of traceability, the application of the precautionary principle, and different means of document access. We also believe it is important to acknowledge the intangible nature of the know-how ...


Controles De Câmbio No Brasil: Teoria E Prática, Bruno Meyerhof Salama Dec 2014

Controles De Câmbio No Brasil: Teoria E Prática, Bruno Meyerhof Salama

Bruno Meyerhof Salama

Para abordar a regulação do mercado de câmbio sob a ótica do Direito Econômico, organizo este texto em duas partes. Na primeira, apresento um panorama geral sobre a regulação cambial no Brasil. Inicialmente abordo, de forma concisa, (a) o conceito de controle de câmbio; a seguir (b) trago notas sobre a história da regulação cambial no Brasil; e, adiante, (c) apresento uma discussão resumida acerca de dificuldades que se põem para o profissional do direito que se depara com questões jurídicas concretas na seara cambial. A segunda parte ilustra os problemas acima indicados apresentando duas contendas jurídicas recorrentes atinentes à ...


Desconsideração Da Personalidade Jurídica Em Favor De Credores Comerciais, Bruno Meyerhof Salama, Alberto Barbosa Jr. Dec 2014

Desconsideração Da Personalidade Jurídica Em Favor De Credores Comerciais, Bruno Meyerhof Salama, Alberto Barbosa Jr.

Bruno Meyerhof Salama

Uma das questões mais litigadas hoje no Brasil é a responsabilização de sócios por dívidas da empresa. O tema se põe em diversas esferas, e tem dado causa a perplexidades variadas na teoria e na prática do direito. Este texto defende o argumento de que em geral é adequado, do ponto de vista econômico, preservar a limitação de responsabilidade dos sócios frente aos credores comerciais de sociedades em situação de insolvência. Como tal posição é consistente também com a legislação em vigor e com a tradição do Direito Privado brasileiro, sustentamos que a desconsideração da personalidade jurídica de sociedades limitadas ...


The Role Of The Profit Imperative In Risk Management, Christopher French Dec 2014

The Role Of The Profit Imperative In Risk Management, Christopher French

Christopher C. French

Risks in the world abound.  Every day there is a chance that each of us could be in a car accident.  Or, one of us could be the victim of a tornado, flood or earthquake.  Every day someone becomes deathly ill from an insidious disease.  Our properties are in constant peril—one’s house could catch fire at any time or a tree could fall on it during a storm.  Any one of these events could have devastating financial consequences, and they are just a few of the many risks that impact our daily lives.  One of the principal ways ...