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Commercial Arbitration And Settlement: Empirical Insights Into The Roles Arbitrators Play, Thomas Stipanowich, Zachary Ulrich Dec 2013

Commercial Arbitration And Settlement: Empirical Insights Into The Roles Arbitrators Play, Thomas Stipanowich, Zachary Ulrich

Thomas J. Stipanowich

A wide-ranging new Straus Institute for Dispute Resolution Survey of experienced arbitrators, conducted with the cooperation of the College of Commercial Arbitrators, reflects the growing professionalization of commercial arbitration, increasing competition for cases, and many other trends in arbitration practice. It also shows that a grower percentage of arbitrated cases are being settled prior to award or to the start of hearings, and offers a strong rationale for greater emphasis on the role of arbitrators in setting the stage for or facilitating settlement. Early settlement of a dispute can be a uniquely effective way of minimizing cost and cycle time ...


Managing Construction Conflict: Unfinished Revolution, Continuing Evolution, Thomas Stipanowich Dec 2013

Managing Construction Conflict: Unfinished Revolution, Continuing Evolution, Thomas Stipanowich

Thomas J. Stipanowich

Two decades ago many believed we were experiencing a “Quiet Revolution” in the way conflict was managed, and nowhere was this more true than in the construction sector. Frustration with the costs, delays, risks and limitations of lawyer-driven adjudication prompted growing attention to informal methods aimed at early resolution of disputes, with those who “owned” the dispute back in the driver’s seat. A smorgasbord of options for preventing, managing and resolving conflict was suddenly on the table. There were strategies aimed at the very roots of conflict, including contractual terms aimed at promoting collaboration and reducing the chance of ...


Living With Adr: Evolving Perceptions And Use Of Mediation, Arbitration And Conflict Management In Fortune 1,000 Corporations, Thomas Stipanowich, Ryan Lamare Dec 2013

Living With Adr: Evolving Perceptions And Use Of Mediation, Arbitration And Conflict Management In Fortune 1,000 Corporations, Thomas Stipanowich, Ryan Lamare

Thomas J. Stipanowich

As attorneys for the world’s most visible clients, corporate counsel played a key role in the transformation of American conflict resolution in the late Twentieth Century. In 1997 a survey of Fortune 1,000 corporate counsel provided the first broad-based picture of conflict resolution processes within large companies. In 2011, a second landmark survey of corporate counsel in Fortune 1,000 companies captured a variety of critical changes in the ways large companies handle conflict. Comparing their responses to those of the mid-1990s, clear and significant evolutionary trends are observable, including a further shift in corporate orientation away from ...


Soft Law In The Organization And General Conduct Of Commercial Arbitration Proceedings, Thomas Stipanowich Dec 2013

Soft Law In The Organization And General Conduct Of Commercial Arbitration Proceedings, Thomas Stipanowich

Thomas J. Stipanowich

This commentary examines the growing use of Soft Law - non-binding guidelines that currently play an important role in organizing and conducting commercial arbitration proceedings. Standards such as the UNCITRAL Notes on Organizing Arbitral Proceedings, the ICC Techniques for Controlling Time and Costs in Arbitration, and the Protocols for Expeditious, Cost-Effective Commercial Arbitration have evolved from professional discourse regarding process management and more particular concerns about cost, delay and inefficiency in arbitration. Collectively, these guidelines reflect a growing recognition that deliberate and proactive effort by business users, counsel, arbitrators and provider institutions is critical to making the most of arbitration and ...


Living With Adr: Evolving Perceptions And Use Of Mediation, Arbitration And Conflict Management In Fortune 1,000 Corporations, Thomas J. Stipanowich Feb 2013

Living With Adr: Evolving Perceptions And Use Of Mediation, Arbitration And Conflict Management In Fortune 1,000 Corporations, Thomas J. Stipanowich

Thomas J. Stipanowich

For the second time in fifteen years, leading counsel at many of the world’s largest corporations participated in a landmark survey of perceptions and experiences with “alternative dispute resolution (ADR)”—mediation, arbitration and other third party intervention strategies intended to produce more satisfactory paths to managing and resolving conflict, including approaches that may be more economical, less formal and more private than court litigation, with more satisfactory and more durable results. Comparing their responses to those of the mid-1990s, significant evolutionary trends are observable. As a group, corporate attorneys have moderated their expectations for ADR. At the same time ...


In Quest Of The Arbitration Trifecta, Or Closed Door Litigation?: The Delaware Arbitration Program, Thomas Stipanowich Dec 2012

In Quest Of The Arbitration Trifecta, Or Closed Door Litigation?: The Delaware Arbitration Program, Thomas Stipanowich

Thomas J. Stipanowich

The Delaware Arbitration Program established a procedure by which businesses can agree to have their disputes heard in an arbitration proceeding before a sitting judge of the state’s highly regarded Chancery Court. The Program arguably offers a veritable trifecta of procedural advantages for commercial parties, including expert adjudication, efficient case management and short cycle time and, above all, a proceeding cloaked in secrecy. It also may enhance the reputation of Delaware as the forum of choice for businesses. But the Program’s ambitious intermingling of public and private forums brings into play the longstanding tug-of-war between the traditional view ...


National Roundtable On Consumer And Employment Dispute Resolution: Consumer Arbitration Roundtable Summary Report, Thomas J. Stipanowich, Nancy Walsh, Lisa Blomgren Bingham, Lawrence R. Mills Apr 2012

National Roundtable On Consumer And Employment Dispute Resolution: Consumer Arbitration Roundtable Summary Report, Thomas J. Stipanowich, Nancy Walsh, Lisa Blomgren Bingham, Lawrence R. Mills

Thomas J. Stipanowich

This report is a summary of the discussions at the Consumer Arbitration Roundtable held at Pepperdine University on February 2-4, 3012 and co-sponsored by Pepperdine School of Law, The Straus Institute for Dispute Resolution, and Penn State University, Dickinson School of Law. It was prepared by members of the Planning Committee.


The Arbitration Fairness Index: Using A Public Rating System To Skirt The Legal Logjam And Promote Fairer And More Effective Arbitration Of Employment And Consumer Disputes, Thomas J. Stipanowich Dec 2011

The Arbitration Fairness Index: Using A Public Rating System To Skirt The Legal Logjam And Promote Fairer And More Effective Arbitration Of Employment And Consumer Disputes, Thomas J. Stipanowich

Thomas J. Stipanowich

Recent Supreme Court decisions have heightened concerns about the degree of effective judicial oversight of consumer and employment arbitration under binding predispute agreements. Efforts to address such concerns are largely stymied by a political logjam. Because binding arbitration serves as the adjudicative backdrop for many kinds of consumer disputes or employer-employee conflict, the choice of arbitration and the kind of justice available under arbitration agreements may be every bit as important as consumer warranties and other substantive rights and remedies. Yet consumers and employees tend to know very little about arbitration and how it affects their rights and obligations; arbitration ...


Revelation And Reaction: The Struggle To Shape American Arbitration, Thomas J. Stipanowich Dec 2010

Revelation And Reaction: The Struggle To Shape American Arbitration, Thomas J. Stipanowich

Thomas J. Stipanowich

In this article, Professor Stipanowich explores recent decisions by the U.S. Supreme Court and the implications for the respective domains of courts of law and arbitration tribunals regarding so-called “gateway” determinations surrounding the enforcement of arbitration agreements and the contracts of which they are a part. The decisions address the complex interplay between federal substantive law focusing on questions of arbitrability, a body of law defined and expanded by the Court under the Federal Arbitration Act (FAA), and the law of the states and bring into play competing judicial philosophies of contractual assent and contrasting views about the balance ...


The Third Arbitration Trilogy: Stolt-Nielsen, Rent-A-Center, Concepcion And The Future Of American Arbitration, Thomas J. Stipanowich Dec 2010

The Third Arbitration Trilogy: Stolt-Nielsen, Rent-A-Center, Concepcion And The Future Of American Arbitration, Thomas J. Stipanowich

Thomas J. Stipanowich

For the third time in the modern era, a triad of key Supreme Court decisions represents a milestone in American arbitration. In this highly controversial “Third Arbitration Trilogy,” the U.S. Supreme Court aggressively expands the “revealed” penumbra of substantive arbitration law under the Federal Arbitration Act and shores up the bulwarks of private, binding dispute resolution under standardized contracts of adhesion binding employees and consumers. In Stolt-Nielsen S.A. v. AnimalFeeds International, 130 S. Ct. 1758 (2010), the Court, against the backdrop of an international commercial contract scheme and a unique procedural scenario, draws upon the wellspring of divined ...


Protocols For Expeditious, Cost‐Effective Commercial Arbitration: Key Action Steps For Business Users, Counsel, Arbitrators & Arbitration Provider Institutions, Thomas J. Stipanowich Dec 2009

Protocols For Expeditious, Cost‐Effective Commercial Arbitration: Key Action Steps For Business Users, Counsel, Arbitrators & Arbitration Provider Institutions, Thomas J. Stipanowich

Thomas J. Stipanowich

Despite meaningful efforts to promote better practices and ensure quality among arbitrators and advocates, criticism of American commercial arbitration is at a crescendo. Much of this criticism stems from the fact that business‐to‐business arbitration has taken on the trappings of litigation—extensive discovery and motion practice, highly contentious advocacy, long cycle time and high cost. While many business users still prefer arbitration to court trial because of other procedural advantages, the great majority of complaints being voiced by arbitration users are the same: commercial arbitration now costs just as much, and takes just as long, as litigation. Clients ...


Behind The Neutral: The Critical Role Of Provider Institutions, Thomas J. Stipanowich Dec 2009

Behind The Neutral: The Critical Role Of Provider Institutions, Thomas J. Stipanowich

Thomas J. Stipanowich

In the last generation the “quiet revolution” in conflict resolution has spawned a vast array of organizations sponsoring or promoting the services of arbitrators and mediators. These “provider institutions” are often in a position, directly or indirectly, to exert significant influence on the lives and fortunes of individuals in all sectors of society. For this reason they have become increasingly visible, the focus of growing scrutiny and, in some cases, regulation. This article explores the roles of providers and the need for greater awareness of their impact.


Lincoln's Lessons For Lawyers, Thomas J. Stipanowich Dec 2009

Lincoln's Lessons For Lawyers, Thomas J. Stipanowich

Thomas J. Stipanowich

Professor Stipanowich discusses lessons lawyers can learn from Abraham Lincoln.


Arbitration: The "New Litigation", Thomas J. Stipanowich Dec 2009

Arbitration: The "New Litigation", Thomas J. Stipanowich

Thomas J. Stipanowich

Today, binding arbitration procedures are employed in a wider variety of contracts than at any time in our nation's history, and arbitration has become a wide-ranging surrogate for court trial of civil disputes. As a result, arbitration is subjected to unprecedented stresses and strains, and it is fair to say that arbitration has never been subject to wider criticism. Once advocates promoted arbitration as a means of avoiding the contention, cost and expense of court trial; economy, efficiency and the opportunity to fashion true alternatives to litigation are still associated with conventional perceptions of arbitration. Yet today business arbitration ...


Arbitration And Choice: Taking Charge Of The 'New Litigation', Thomas J. Stipanowich Dec 2008

Arbitration And Choice: Taking Charge Of The 'New Litigation', Thomas J. Stipanowich

Thomas J. Stipanowich

Despite meaningful efforts to promote better practices and ensure quality among arbitrators and advocates, criticism of American arbitration is at a crescendo. Much of this criticism stems from the fact that arbitration under standard procedures has taken on the trappings of litigation - extensive discovery and motion practice, highly contentious advocacy, long cycle time and high cost. Paradoxically, concerns about the absence of appeal on the merits in arbitration have caused some to craft provisions calling for judicial review for errors of law or fact in awards. It is time to return to fundamentals in American arbitration. Those who seek economy ...


The Arbitration Penumbra: Arbitration Law And The Rapidly Changing Landscape Of Dispute Resolution, Thomas J. Stipanowich Dec 2006

The Arbitration Penumbra: Arbitration Law And The Rapidly Changing Landscape Of Dispute Resolution, Thomas J. Stipanowich

Thomas J. Stipanowich

After a generation of growing emphasis on informal methods of conflict resolution, the surrounding legal landscape remains "aimless, meandering, and . . . confusing." The "penumbra" of arbitration law - a body of judicial decisions involving application of federal or state arbitration statutes to processes that are to one degree or another different from "classic" arbitration, or to the interface between arbitration and earlier stages in multi-step dispute resolution processes - reflects the failure of courts to articulate clear and well-reasoned approaches to the new generation of dispute resolution tools. The application of arbitration law entails a variety of specific legal consequences affecting many different ...


'Real Time' Strategies For Relational Conflict, Thomas J. Stipanowich Dec 2006

'Real Time' Strategies For Relational Conflict, Thomas J. Stipanowich

Thomas J. Stipanowich

The emergence of mediation and other informal approaches for the efficient, effective resolution of conflict represent opportunities for “thin-slicing” that are revolutionizing public and private dispute resolution. They are also challenging the primacy of litigation and arbitration with their emphasis on extensive information exchange and weighty procedure. Today, more and more disputants and counsel are recognizing that less is usually more—especially when the emphasis is on maintaining relationships or relational systems. The need for speedy and effective intervention has promoted the evolution of a wide range of strategies in very different relational settings, from integrated conflict systems in the ...


Adr And The 'Vanishing Trial': The Growth And Impact Of 'Alternative Dispute Resolution', Thomas J. Stipanowich Dec 2003

Adr And The 'Vanishing Trial': The Growth And Impact Of 'Alternative Dispute Resolution', Thomas J. Stipanowich

Thomas J. Stipanowich

In the past quarter-century, significant changes have occurred in the ways lawyers approach conflict. There have been unprecedented efforts to develop strategies aimed at more efficient, less costly, and more satisfying resolution of conflict, including more extensive and appropriate use of mediation and other “alternative dispute resolution” (ADR) approaches. This study examines what we know and do not know about the growth and impact of ADR in federal and state courts, in the business sector, and in employment and consumer settings. The analysis examines the relationship between ADR and court trial, but also underlines the broader uses of and rationale ...


Contract And Conflict Management, Thomas J. Stipanowich Dec 2000

Contract And Conflict Management, Thomas J. Stipanowich

Thomas J. Stipanowich

Despite the widespread use of mediation and other dispute resolution processes in the United States today, many members of the bench and bar - including those responsible for the drafting, interpretation and implementation of consensual dispute resolution provisions still lack a fundamental grasp of the process choices available to contracting parties. More often than not, their information is fragmentary, their perceptions framed by anecdote and hearsay in lieu of personal experience. Transactional lawyers, those in the best position to offer advice and counsel in the structuring of contractual conflict management options, tend to be less well informed than colleagues in what ...


The Multi-Door Contract And Other Possibilities, Thomas J. Stipanowich Dec 1997

The Multi-Door Contract And Other Possibilities, Thomas J. Stipanowich

Thomas J. Stipanowich

The pressure of recent legislative, judicial and administrative developments and increasing awareness of the possibilities of other alternatives is encouraging unprecedented experimentation in the consensual arena. As courts and agencies have experimented with a range of solutions to more effectively address the many and varied controversies presented to them, litigators have been exposed to the possibilities of purposive third party intervention prior to adjudication. At the same time, nonlawyers have recoiled from the perceived high costs of “Total Process” in the litigation mode and have become more proactive in their approaches to conflict. Gradually, both these trends are feeding, together ...


Punitive Damages And The Consumerization Of Arbitration, Thomas J. Stipanowich Dec 1996

Punitive Damages And The Consumerization Of Arbitration, Thomas J. Stipanowich

Thomas J. Stipanowich

In this sequel to his 1986 article on punitive damages in arbitration, Professor Stipanowich explores the issues at the heart of the debate over whether punitive or exemplary damages should be available in arbitration between investors and securities brokers and firms. He critiques relevant proposals by the NASD’s Ruder Commission and examines mechanisms for more effectively addressing the punitive damages issue. This article predates and foreshadows the eventual recognition of the authority of securities arbitrators to award punitive damages.


Beyond Arbitration: Innovation And Evolution In The United States Construction Industry, Thomas J. Stipanowich Dec 1995

Beyond Arbitration: Innovation And Evolution In The United States Construction Industry, Thomas J. Stipanowich

Thomas J. Stipanowich

Disagreement among contracting parties has a rich tradition in the construction industry, which has been at the forefront of creating and experimenting with alternatives to litigation. In this article, Professor Stipanowich examines traditional alternatives to litigation utilized by the construction industry, including summary adjudication by design professionals, arbitration, mediation, minitrial, dispute review boards, early neutral evaluation, and partnering. After analyzing the results from the 1991 ABA-sponsored survey on dispute resolution in the construction industry, the author presents data from the 1994 Multidisciplinary Study on Dispute Avoidance and Resolution in the Construction Industry, a landmark study of which the author was ...


The Quiet Revolution Comes To Kentucky: A Case Study In Community Mediation, Thomas J. Stipanowich Dec 1991

The Quiet Revolution Comes To Kentucky: A Case Study In Community Mediation, Thomas J. Stipanowich

Thomas J. Stipanowich

This article is part of a symposium entitled “Emerging Alternative Dispute Resolution Systems” and discusses Professor Stipanowich's experience helping to establish a court-connected community mediation program. The article includes extensive discussion of the practical, legal and ethical issues associated with such programs and includes some early case statistics.


Of "Procedural Arbitrability": The Effect Of Noncompliance With Contract Claims Procedures, Thomas J. Stipanowich Dec 1988

Of "Procedural Arbitrability": The Effect Of Noncompliance With Contract Claims Procedures, Thomas J. Stipanowich

Thomas J. Stipanowich

This article is part of a symposium entitled “Construction Contract Issues.” In it, Professor Stipanowich surveys contemporary judicial attitudes regarding the effect of noncompliance with procedures for handling construction claims and controversies. It also analyzes the policies advanced in support of deferring questions of "procedural arbitrability" to arbitration and proposes a straightforward rationale for judicial disposition of such issues. Although the discussion emphasizes scenarios involving construction contracts, the principles addressed in this article are applicable to commercial arbitration agreements generally and may be extended by analogy to the labor sphere.


Rethinking American Arbitration, Thomas J. Stipanowich Dec 1986

Rethinking American Arbitration, Thomas J. Stipanowich

Thomas J. Stipanowich

In this 1987 article, Professor Stipanowich extensively analyzes data from an unprecedented broad-based survey on contract-based commercial arbitration in the United States. The study, based on a survey by the ABA Forum on the Construction Industry, provides considerable insight into experiences and perceptions of American attorneys regarding arbitration and litigation of construction and engineering disputes. It also summarizes and compares data developed in earlier studies of arbitration practice and procedure and suggests possible new directions for arbitration procedures.


Arbitration And The Multiparty Dispute: The Search For Workable Solutions, Thomas J. Stipanowich Dec 1986

Arbitration And The Multiparty Dispute: The Search For Workable Solutions, Thomas J. Stipanowich

Thomas J. Stipanowich

In this article, Professor Stipanowich explores the legal and practical problems associated with arbitration of commercial disputes involving multiple parties. He examines relevant legislation and judicial decisions as well as arbitration procedures aimed at facilitating consolidation of claims among multiple parties in a single arbitration hearing as well as joinder and “vouching in” of parties. He proposes the passage of legislation adapting provisions of the California Arbitration Act as a means of more effectively addressing these issues—a proposal that was later effectively adopted in a section of the Revised Uniform Arbitration Act.


Punitive Damages In Arbitration: Garrity V. Lyle Stuart, Inc. Reconsidered, Thomas J. Stipanowich Dec 1985

Punitive Damages In Arbitration: Garrity V. Lyle Stuart, Inc. Reconsidered, Thomas J. Stipanowich

Thomas J. Stipanowich

In this article, Professor Stipanowich discusses the evolution of arbitration as a wide-ranging “surrogate” for civil trial and the debate over arbitrators’ power to levy awards of punitive or exemplary damages. He exhaustively summarizes and analyzes relevant court decisions, policy and practical concerns.