Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Law Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Journal

Labor and Employment Law

Institution
Keyword
Publication Year
Publication

Articles 1 - 30 of 5011

Full-Text Articles in Law

Into The Weeds Of The Newest Field In Employment Law: The Oklahoma Medical Marijuana Act, Brennan T. Barger Jan 2020

Into The Weeds Of The Newest Field In Employment Law: The Oklahoma Medical Marijuana Act, Brennan T. Barger

Oklahoma Law Review

No abstract provided.


The General Knowledge, Skill, And Experience Paradox, Camilla A. Hrdy Dec 2019

The General Knowledge, Skill, And Experience Paradox, Camilla A. Hrdy

Boston College Law Review

Can employers use trade secret law to prevent employees from using knowledge and skills they acquired on the job? Courts in all fifty states say no—an employee’s general knowledge, skill, and experience cannot be protected as a trade secret. Yet a benchmark principle of trade secret law is that employers can share trade secrets with employees so long as they take reasonable measures to preserve the information’s secrecy. The result is a paradox that runs to the heart of trade secret law: employers are encouraged to communicate trade secrets to employees, but this information loses protection if ...


Arbitration Agreements – What Is The Employee Actually Signing Up For?, Kennedy Poe Oct 2019

Arbitration Agreements – What Is The Employee Actually Signing Up For?, Kennedy Poe

The Journal of Business, Entrepreneurship & the Law

This note will examine the various effects and implications the Supreme Court’s decision concerning the legality of class action waivers within employee-employer contracts will have on employers, employees, and the contracts made between them. Part I will identify class action waivers within an employment contract’s arbitration agreement and will further elaborate upon the legal implications of such waivers being present in the contract. Part II will then discuss the history of the NLRA and assess its present-day role in employee–employer contract formation, in order to provide clarity as to the dispute that has arisen between the NLRA ...


Bad Company? The Rise (Again) Of Association Health Plans, Brendan Williams Oct 2019

Bad Company? The Rise (Again) Of Association Health Plans, Brendan Williams

The Journal of Business, Entrepreneurship & the Law

This article first examines the rule adopted by the DOL and the criticism it has drawn. It then assesses the state of the small-group insurance market for small businesses, and the flawed approach that the ACA took to assisting them. Finally it takes a look at the uncertain future for small businesses and health insurance, and it suggests new approaches


Protecting The Little Guys: How To Prevent The California Supreme Court’S New “Abc” Test From Stunting Cash-Strapped Startups, Braden Seibert Oct 2019

Protecting The Little Guys: How To Prevent The California Supreme Court’S New “Abc” Test From Stunting Cash-Strapped Startups, Braden Seibert

The Journal of Business, Entrepreneurship & the Law

California startups and independent contractors are in desperate need of a lifeline before they are gone for good. This state has long favored the employee over the employer, but the California Supreme Court’s new “ABC” test tips the scales even further by making it practically impossible for startups to compensate their workers. As a remedy, I propose exemptions to the test for sophisticated contractors who do not need the state’s protection, certified owners who have demonstrated fair play, and small businesses which are still in the developmental stages. Though the Court based its decision largely on a policy ...


A Structural-Purposive Interpretation Of “Employment” In The Platform Economy, E. Gary Spitko Oct 2019

A Structural-Purposive Interpretation Of “Employment” In The Platform Economy, E. Gary Spitko

Florida Law Review

The considerable growth of the platform economy has focused attention on the issue of whether a provider engaged through a transaction platform should be classified as an employee of the platform operator, and therefore within the purview of workplace protective legislation or as an independent contractor, thus outside the scope of such legislation’s protections. This Article focuses specifically on whether the operator’s reservation of the right to impose quality control standards on the provider ought to give rise to employment obligations running in favor of the provider and against the operator. This narrow issue is of great importance ...


The Declining Fortunes Of American Workers: Six Dimensions And An Agenda For Reform, Stephen F. Befort Oct 2019

The Declining Fortunes Of American Workers: Six Dimensions And An Agenda For Reform, Stephen F. Befort

Florida Law Review

At the turn of the century, I undertook an assessment of the then-current state of workplace rights and obligations. I concluded that the balance of power between employers and workers was “badly skewed” in favor of employers. This Article revisits that topic for the purpose of assessing twenty-first-century trends through the lens of six workplace dimensions. They are: workforce attachment, union–management relations, employment security, income inequality, balancing work and family, and retirement security. An examination of these dimensions reveals that the status of U.S. workers has significantly declined during the first sixteen years of the twenty-first century. This ...


Algorithmic Advertising Discrimination, Joseph Blass Oct 2019

Algorithmic Advertising Discrimination, Joseph Blass

Northwestern University Law Review

The ability of social media companies to precisely target advertisements to individual users based on those users’ characteristics is changing how job opportunities are advertised. Companies like Facebook use machine learning to place their ads, and machine learning systems present risks of discrimination, which current legal doctrines are not designed to deal with. This Note will explain why it is difficult to ensure such systems do not learn discriminatory functions and why it is hard to discern what they have learned as long as they appear to be performing well on their assigned task. This Note then shows how litigation ...


The Return Of The Technical Mcdonnell Douglas Paradigm, Katie Eyer Oct 2019

The Return Of The Technical Mcdonnell Douglas Paradigm, Katie Eyer

Washington Law Review

For many anti-discrimination plaintiffs, the McDonnell Douglas paradigm will determine the success or failure of their claims. And yet, for decades, most lower courts have applied a technical version of McDonnell Douglas—under which plaintiffs invariably lose. Thus, instead of asking the factual question of whether the defendant’s action was “because of” protected class status, the lower courts rely on a host of technical rules to dismiss even factually strong anti-discrimination claims. This is not the first time the lower courts have attempted to adopt a technical version of the McDonnell Douglas paradigm. In the 1970s and 1980s, the ...


Table Of Contents, Seattle University Law Review Sep 2019

Table Of Contents, Seattle University Law Review

Seattle University Law Review

No abstract provided.


Trying Something Old?: Incorporating The Dodd-Frank Act Into Modern Efforts To Eliminate Workplace Sexual Harassment, Rosemary Kim Sep 2019

Trying Something Old?: Incorporating The Dodd-Frank Act Into Modern Efforts To Eliminate Workplace Sexual Harassment, Rosemary Kim

Seattle University Law Review

The recent exposure of public figures such as Harvey Weinstein and Bill Cosby show that current measures taken to curb sexual harassment in the workplace have not proven to be enough. It is, then, important and worth exploring Acts from different sectors that have proven effective and then applying the provisions from those Acts to address this issue. This Note will explore the Dodd–Frank Act and pick out the provisions that have potentiality to be adopted and applied in addressing sexual harassment in the workplace. “It is common sense to take a method and try it. If it fails ...


Janus, Union Member Speech, And The Public Employee Speech Doctrine, M. Linton Wright Sep 2019

Janus, Union Member Speech, And The Public Employee Speech Doctrine, M. Linton Wright

Pace Law Review

In Janus v. American Federation of State, County, and Municipal Employees (“AFSCME”), the Supreme Court held that public sector unions can no longer collect fees from nonmembers to fund the costs of representing them in collective bargaining and grievance proceedings. The Court determined that virtually all union speech is political speech and that collection of these fees is impermissible compelled speech under the First Amendment. However, not everything in Janus harms public union interests. The Janus Court’s discussion of Garcetti v. Cabellos and Connick v. Myers actually helps protect union member speech in the context of First Amendment retaliation ...


The Therapist Can't See You Now: How Paid Sick Leave Policy Can Accommodate Mental Illness In The Workplace, Maddy Goss Aug 2019

The Therapist Can't See You Now: How Paid Sick Leave Policy Can Accommodate Mental Illness In The Workplace, Maddy Goss

Arkansas Law Review

Restaurants have become the “poster child” for why employers should adopt paid sick leave. Advocates suggest that employees without access to paid sick leave often show up to work ill due to their inability to sacrifice pay. Clever protest signs read, “No Boogers in my Burger” and “No Coughing in my Coffee.” Any rational customer would not appreciate the thought of a flu-ridden chef assembling their main course. However, the benefits of paid leave legislation and policies go beyond protecting cheeseburgers from flu germs. Just as employees with the flu require time off for medical attention, employees with mental illness ...


Accommodating Capital And Policing Labor: Antitrust In The Two Gilded Ages, Sandeep Vaheesan Aug 2019

Accommodating Capital And Policing Labor: Antitrust In The Two Gilded Ages, Sandeep Vaheesan

Maryland Law Review

In enacting the antitrust laws, Congress sought to prevent big businesses from maintaining and augmenting their power through collusion, mergers, and exclusionary and predatory practices and also aimed to preserve the ability of workers to act in concert. At times, the antitrust laws have benefited ordinary Americans. Antitrust achievements include the restructuring of the oil industry in 1911, the creation of competitive market structures in the mid-twentieth century, and the termination of AT&T’s telecommunications monopoly in 1984.

Yet, the history of antitrust in the United States is not one of uninterrupted successes. Over two forty-year periods, the executive ...


The Oppressive Pressures Of Globalization And Neoliberalism On Mexican Maquiladora Garment Workers, Jenna Demeter Jul 2019

The Oppressive Pressures Of Globalization And Neoliberalism On Mexican Maquiladora Garment Workers, Jenna Demeter

Pursuit - The Journal of Undergraduate Research at the University of Tennessee

The international economic trends of globalization and neoliberalism have exposed and enabled the exploitation of Mexican workers, especially women in the maquiladora garment industry. During the 1950s, globalization gave rise to the new international division of labor and transnational corporations (TNCs) that have offshored labor-intensive phases of production to developing countries, many of which have pursued export-led industrialization. Export processing in Mexico was encouraged in the 1960s by Item 807 of the U.S. Tariff Code and Mexico’s Border Industrialization Program. Especially following the Latin American debt crisis of the 1980s, advanced capitalist countries and International Financial Institutions foisted ...


Delay, Deny, Wait Till They Die: Balancing Veterans’ Rights And Non-Adversarial Procedures In The Va Disability Benefits System, Hugh Mcclean Jul 2019

Delay, Deny, Wait Till They Die: Balancing Veterans’ Rights And Non-Adversarial Procedures In The Va Disability Benefits System, Hugh Mcclean

SMU Law Review

The refrain “Delay, Deny, Wait Till They Die” is more than a slogan for disabled American veterans. It is a battle cry for soldiers, sailors, and airmen who have long put aside their armaments but remain entangled in the unending appeals process of the Department of Veterans Affairs’ (VA) disability benefits system. When Congress created a system for the fair and equitable distribution of military benefits, it did so with the intent that the system be non-adversarial. Congress did not want disabled veterans pitted against the nation that they had sought to defend in litigation over disability benefits. However, defining ...


Due Process Supreme Court Appellate Division Third Department Jul 2019

Due Process Supreme Court Appellate Division Third Department

Touro Law Review

No abstract provided.


What Not To Wear: Religious Dress And Workplace Policies In Europe, Sarah Lanier Flanders Jul 2019

What Not To Wear: Religious Dress And Workplace Policies In Europe, Sarah Lanier Flanders

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Trading Places: With The United States In Retreat, Who Writes The International Rules For Trade?, Austin C. Cohen Jul 2019

Trading Places: With The United States In Retreat, Who Writes The International Rules For Trade?, Austin C. Cohen

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Recent Developments, Raelynn J. Hillhouse Jul 2019

Recent Developments, Raelynn J. Hillhouse

Arkansas Law Review

No abstract provided.


Epic Systems Corp. V. Lewis: Singled Out By Corporations And A Textualist Supreme Court, American Workers Are Left To Fend For Themselves, Grace O'Malley Jul 2019

Epic Systems Corp. V. Lewis: Singled Out By Corporations And A Textualist Supreme Court, American Workers Are Left To Fend For Themselves, Grace O'Malley

Maryland Law Review

No abstract provided.


Anticompetitive Mergers In Labor Markets, Ioana Marinescu, Herbert J. Hovenkamp Jul 2019

Anticompetitive Mergers In Labor Markets, Ioana Marinescu, Herbert J. Hovenkamp

Indiana Law Journal

Mergers of competitors are conventionally challenged under the federal antitrust laws when they threaten to lessen competition in some product or service market in which the merging firms sell. In many of these cases the threat is that in concentrated markets—those with only a few sellers—the merger increases the likelihood of collusion or collusion-like behavior. The result will be that the post-merger firm will reduce the volume of sales in the affected market and prices will rise.

Mergers can also injure competition in markets in which the firms purchase, however. Although that principle is widely recognized, very few ...


Is Congress Holding Itself To Account? Addressing Congress's Sexual Harassment Problem And The Congressional Accountability Act Of 1995 Reform Act, Christina C. Hopke Jul 2019

Is Congress Holding Itself To Account? Addressing Congress's Sexual Harassment Problem And The Congressional Accountability Act Of 1995 Reform Act, Christina C. Hopke

Notre Dame Law Review

This Note explores how the Congressional Accountability Act of 1995 ("CAA") contributed to the underreporting of the sexual harassment occurring in Congress and evaluates both the original proposals offered by the House and Senate to reform the CAA and the Reform Act in its final form. Part I will offer brief background information on the ‘me too’ Movement and the specific allegations of harassment against individuals in Congress. Part II will explore the issue of underreporting when it comes to instances of sexual harassment, with a particular focus on reporting considerations of professional women such as those employed in the ...


Thinking Slow About Abercrombie & Fitch: Straightening Out The Judicial Confusion In The Lower Courts, Bruce N. Cameron, Blaine L. Hutchison Jun 2019

Thinking Slow About Abercrombie & Fitch: Straightening Out The Judicial Confusion In The Lower Courts, Bruce N. Cameron, Blaine L. Hutchison

Pepperdine Law Review

In Abercrombie & Fitch, the U.S. Supreme Court fundamentally changed the way that Title VII religious accommodation cases are litigated and evaluated. This paper analyzes Abercrombie, explains how the Court eliminated religious accommodation as a freestanding cause of action, and suggests an altered proof framework for plaintiffs seeking an accommodation. The paper also explores the conflict between employee privacy rights and classic proof requirements for religious sincerity. The lower courts have largely failed to apprehend the change mandated by Abercrombie, with the result that their opinions are in disarray. The paper includes a chart organizing the diverse lower court opinions.


It’S Time To Pay Up, The Justification For Higher Salaries For Wnba Players: An Analysis Of The Wnba’S Success And Employing Mediation Between The Wnba And Nba To Leverage Future Success, Lerae Ettienne Jun 2019

It’S Time To Pay Up, The Justification For Higher Salaries For Wnba Players: An Analysis Of The Wnba’S Success And Employing Mediation Between The Wnba And Nba To Leverage Future Success, Lerae Ettienne

Pepperdine Dispute Resolution Law Journal

This comment looks at the potential positive effects that mediation can have in fostering a better relationship between the two leagues and for the WNBA and its players to get their much-deserved respect and compensation. First, the comment will go in depth regarding the structure of the WNBA, and its history to date. Next, the comment will examine the WNBA’s success despite the discrepancy in pay and the purported lack of viewership. The comment will then expound on the rise of mediation as one of the major ADR tools. Next, the comment will analyze the success of mediation in ...


Ban The Box: Mediation’S Place In Criminal Reentry And Employment Rights, Shawn Anderson Jun 2019

Ban The Box: Mediation’S Place In Criminal Reentry And Employment Rights, Shawn Anderson

Pepperdine Dispute Resolution Law Journal

This note will provide general insight into a growing civil rights movement through discussion of Ban the Box, then make the case for mediation as the best alternative for providing a remedy to applicants whose rights have been violated. Mediation can more effectively achieve the goals of Ban the Box by incentivizing applicants to report instances of nonconformity with the law, empowering the applicants to engage in honest discourse with their prospective employers, and combatting the negative stigma surrounding persons with criminal records that often keeps employers from hiring the qualified employees that they need.


The Gendered Burdens Of Conviction And Collateral Consequences On Employment, Joni Hersch, Erin E. Meyers Jun 2019

The Gendered Burdens Of Conviction And Collateral Consequences On Employment, Joni Hersch, Erin E. Meyers

Journal of Legislation

Ex-offenders are subject to a wide range of employment restrictions that limit the ability of individuals with a criminal background to earn a living. This Article argues that women involved in the criminal justice system likely suffer a greater income-related burden from criminal conviction than do men. This disproportionate burden arises in occupations that women typically pursue, both through formal pathways, such as restrictions on occupational licensing, and through informal pathways, such as employers’ unwillingness to hire those with a criminal record. In addition, women have access to far fewer vocational programs while incarcerated. Further exacerbating this burden is that ...


A Reasonable Solution For Working Parents: Expanding Reasonable Accommodation Under The Americans With Disabilities Act To Parents Of Children With Disabilities, Katherine Lease Jun 2019

A Reasonable Solution For Working Parents: Expanding Reasonable Accommodation Under The Americans With Disabilities Act To Parents Of Children With Disabilities, Katherine Lease

William & Mary Journal of Race, Gender, and Social Justice

There is a growing intersection between a woman’s child-rearing and work responsibilities, but federal law inadequately addresses this issue. For mothers who have a child with a disability, they face increased parenting demands, which often lead to detrimental changes in their employment status and negative perceptions of their work ability and commitment. Many women face expectations to simultaneously be the perfect mother and the ideal worker, but this is largely unattainable when faced with the demands of raising a child with a disability.

This Note will explore the development and inadequacy of the current protection against association discrimination, that ...


Sex- And Gender-Based Harassment In The Gaming Industry, Ann C. Mcginley Jun 2019

Sex- And Gender-Based Harassment In The Gaming Industry, Ann C. Mcginley

UNLV Gaming Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Algorithm-Based Recruiting Technology In The Workplace, Spencer Mainka Jun 2019

Algorithm-Based Recruiting Technology In The Workplace, Spencer Mainka

Texas A&M Journal of Property Law

Traditional recruiting methods are inefficient and cost employers valuable time, money, and human resources. Additionally, traditional recruiting is subject to the biases and prejudices of a human recruiter. Machine learning, algorithm-based recruiting technology promises to be an efficient and effective solution to employee recruiting by utilizing 21st century technology to engage, screen, and interview top talent. While the promise of algorithm-based deci- sion-making is attractive to many business owners, the practical legal considerations of its use for an ordinary small-to-medium sized employer have not been discussed. Legal scholarship in the area of algorithm-based employment decision making has primarily focused on ...