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Articles 1 - 27 of 27

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Introduction To The Symposium: Prosecuting White Collar Crime, Paul Marcus Dec 2002

Introduction To The Symposium: Prosecuting White Collar Crime, Paul Marcus

William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal

No abstract provided.


The White-Collar Police Force: "Duty To Report" Statutes In Criminal Law Theory, Sandra Guerra Thompson Dec 2002

The White-Collar Police Force: "Duty To Report" Statutes In Criminal Law Theory, Sandra Guerra Thompson

William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal

No abstract provided.


Re-Evaluating Large Multiple-Defendant Criminal Prosecutions, Paul Marcus Dec 2002

Re-Evaluating Large Multiple-Defendant Criminal Prosecutions, Paul Marcus

William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal

No abstract provided.


Jimmy Hoffa's Revenge: White-Collar Rights Under The Mcdade Amendment, John G. Douglass Dec 2002

Jimmy Hoffa's Revenge: White-Collar Rights Under The Mcdade Amendment, John G. Douglass

William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal

No abstract provided.


Theatrical Investigation: White-Collar Crime, Undercover Operations, And Privacy, Bernard W. Bell Dec 2002

Theatrical Investigation: White-Collar Crime, Undercover Operations, And Privacy, Bernard W. Bell

William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal

No abstract provided.


The Investigation And Prosecution Of White-Collar Crime: International Challenges And The Legal Tools Available To Address Them, Thomas G. Snow Dec 2002

The Investigation And Prosecution Of White-Collar Crime: International Challenges And The Legal Tools Available To Address Them, Thomas G. Snow

William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal

No abstract provided.


White-Collar Crime In Brazil: Legislation, Court Decisions, And The Opinion Of Legal Writers, Peter Walter Ashton Dec 2002

White-Collar Crime In Brazil: Legislation, Court Decisions, And The Opinion Of Legal Writers, Peter Walter Ashton

William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal

No abstract provided.


Can The "Public Interest" Justify Non-Consensual Searches Of Homes In Bankruptcy Cases?, A. Mechele Dickerson Dec 2002

Can The "Public Interest" Justify Non-Consensual Searches Of Homes In Bankruptcy Cases?, A. Mechele Dickerson

William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal

No abstract provided.


Criminal Copyright Infringement, I. Trotter Hardy Dec 2002

Criminal Copyright Infringement, I. Trotter Hardy

William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal

No abstract provided.


Understanding Prophylactic Remedies Through The Looking Glass Of Bush V. Gore, Tracy A. Thomas Dec 2002

Understanding Prophylactic Remedies Through The Looking Glass Of Bush V. Gore, Tracy A. Thomas

William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal

Using the context of Bush v. Gore as a vehicle for discussion, Professor Thomas examines the use and legitimacy of prophylactic remedies. In this Article, Professor Thomas advances the argument that the broad prophylactic remedy provided by the U.S. Supreme Court in Bush v. Gore may be viewed as contrary to the law of remedies in that it operated to negate, rather than enforce, legal rights. In particular, prophylactic remedies which are untailored and unachievable, as in Bush v. Gore, threaten the legitimacy of prophylaxis. Professor Thomas argues that the use of prophylactic remedies itself is not problematic, but ...


The Living Commerce Clause: Federalism In Progressive Political Theory And The Commerce Clause After Lopez And Morrison, Eric R. Claeys Dec 2002

The Living Commerce Clause: Federalism In Progressive Political Theory And The Commerce Clause After Lopez And Morrison, Eric R. Claeys

William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal

"Living Constitution " ideas are most often associated with individual-rights guarantees like equal protection and due process, but they were originally developed in the early twentieth century to revolutionize the law of the structural Constitution - including the Commerce Clause. In this Article, Professor Claeys interprets Progressive political theory, which played a crucial role in legitimating the expansion of the national government. As applied to federalism, Progressive living-Constitution theory required that the Commerce Clause be interpreted as a constitutional transmitter letting the national government regulate whatever the American people deem to be a national problem. He suggests that this notion of the ...


A Battle Over Birth "Control": Legal And Legislative Employer Prescription Contraception Benefit Mandates, C. Keanin Loomis Dec 2002

A Battle Over Birth "Control": Legal And Legislative Employer Prescription Contraception Benefit Mandates, C. Keanin Loomis

William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal

Under the Pregnancy Discrimination Act (PDA), employers are prohibited from discriminating against women by treating pregnancy and childbirth different from other medical conditions. Employers who offer medical benefits to their employees have thus been required to cover pregnancy-related medical costs on the same terms as other medical coverage. The cost of prescription contraception, however, has generally not been covered by employer-sponsored medical plans, even while other prescription drugs were. This Note examines the recent case of Erickson v. Bartell Drug Co., which challenged this practice of excluding prescription contraception coverage as discriminatory under the PDA, and argues that further federal ...


Peoples Divided: The Application Of United States Constitutional Protections In International Criminal Law Enforcement, Ian R. Conner Dec 2002

Peoples Divided: The Application Of United States Constitutional Protections In International Criminal Law Enforcement, Ian R. Conner

William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal

In an age of globalization, criminal activity too has become internationalized. The response from the United States and other countries has been a growing number of treaties, international accords, and multinational law enforcement programs. This Note addresses the extent to which these international agreements have impacted the rights of the accused both in the United States and abroad


Terrorism And The Bill Of Rights, Rodney A. Smolla Apr 2002

Terrorism And The Bill Of Rights, Rodney A. Smolla

William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal

This year is the Tenth Anniversary of the William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal, and the Journal is very fortunate and honored to have Professor Rodney Smolla publish an article in this year's volume. Professor Smolla played an integral role in the founding and organizing of not only the Journal, but also the Institute of Bill of Rights Law at William & Mary Law School. The Journal extends its most appreciative thanks to Professor Smolla for all his help.

In this Article, Professor Smolla examines the right to free speech in the context of Black v. Commonwealth, a case which ...


The Rhetoric Of Judicial Critique: From Judicial Restraint To The Virtual Bill Of Rights, Michael J. Gerhardt Apr 2002

The Rhetoric Of Judicial Critique: From Judicial Restraint To The Virtual Bill Of Rights, Michael J. Gerhardt

William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal

Professor Michael Gerhardt traces the rhetoric employed by national leaders and commentators over the past century to describe popular conceptions of the judicial function. In particular, Professor Gerhardt examines the evolution of the terminology used in popular and political rhetoric, revealing their inconsistent application to political ideologies through time. Professor Gerhardt argues that such shifts in usage correspond with transfers of power between the political authorities controlling the central interests at stake in constitutional adjudication. Professor Gerhardt applies the shortcomings of traditional political rhetoric to the issues surrounding technological advancements, concluding that the proper treatment of technology by the Supreme ...


Spheres Of Autonomy: Reforming The Content Neutrality Doctrine In First Amendment Jurisprudence, Steven J. Heyman Apr 2002

Spheres Of Autonomy: Reforming The Content Neutrality Doctrine In First Amendment Jurisprudence, Steven J. Heyman

William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal

Modern First Amendment jurisprudence almost exclusively prohibits laws restricting freedom of speech based on the content of the speech. In this Article, Professor Steven Heyman takes exception to the content neutrality doctrine, arguing that its strict application both minimizes other interests competing with speech and fails to elevate the premises on which the First Amendment stands.


The Idea Of Public Reason Resuscitated, James P. Madigan Apr 2002

The Idea Of Public Reason Resuscitated, James P. Madigan

William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal

In this Article, James Madigan examines the role of public reason in a democratic government, including what views should play a role in determining public reason. Madigan criticizes John Rawls for including comprehensive views in constitutional debates, and argues that only reasons grounded in political values should be used when debating constitutional issues and fundamental rights.


Antebellum Perspectives On Free Speech, Mark A. Graber Apr 2002

Antebellum Perspectives On Free Speech, Mark A. Graber

William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal

In his book, Free Speech, "The People's Darling Privilege": Struggles for Freedom of Expression in American History, Professor Michael Kent Curtis documents the political struggles over free speech rights that took place between the ratification of the Bill of Rights in 1791 and the adoption of the Fourteenth Amendment in 1868. Professor Curtis looks to these early free speech fights to help define the contours of contemporary speech rights. In this review, Professor Mark A. Graber discusses Professor Curtis's contribution to constitutional history, and the implications of The People's Darling Privilege for constitutional theorists


Speech, Press, And Democracy, Paul Finkelman Apr 2002

Speech, Press, And Democracy, Paul Finkelman

William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal

Professor Michael Kent Curtis's latest book, Free Speech, "The People's Darling Privilege": Struggles for Freedom of Expression in American History, chronicles the efforts of ordinary Americans to protect their right to freedom of expression from 1791-1865. Professor Paul Finkelman reviews this book, focusing primarily on Curtis's discussions of suppression of speech prior to and during the Civil War period and additionally providing some thoughts concerning the appropriateness of revoking free speech rights during times of war.


Bits And Bytes: The Carnivore Initiative And The Search And Seizure Of Electronic Mail, Sandy D. Hellums Apr 2002

Bits And Bytes: The Carnivore Initiative And The Search And Seizure Of Electronic Mail, Sandy D. Hellums

William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal

This Note examines the application of Fourth Amendment search and seizure doctrines to the interception of electronic mail within the context of the FBI Carnivore initiative. The author argues that the traditional law of electronic surveillance's understanding of communication is outdated and never contemplated new technologies like Carnivore and their far reaching implications. Consequently, the author argues, that to protect our long-understood expectations of privacy, the search and seizure of electronic documents should be analyzed under the traditional papers analysis. To do so, the Supreme Court would afford the interception electronic documents the highest form of constitutional protect available ...


Federal Power, States' Rights, Individual Rights: Mentally Disabled Prisoners And The Supreme Court's New Activism, Tom Kollas Apr 2002

Federal Power, States' Rights, Individual Rights: Mentally Disabled Prisoners And The Supreme Court's New Activism, Tom Kollas

William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal

This Note examines the situation of mentally disabled prisoners who seek to assert their rights in federal court. Neither laws affecting the disabled nor laws affecting prisoners receive heightened scrutiny by the judiciary, which, thus far, also refuses to recognize the unique burdens of those who fit both categories. Because mentally disabled prisoners do not qualify for heightened scrutiny under the Equal Protection Clause, recent developments in the federalism doctrine lead the courts to conclude that they are without jurisdiction to hear suits brought by prisoners against state penitentiaries. This Note explores the underpinnings of federalism, separation of powers, and ...


The Business Of Expression: Economic Liberty, Political Factions And The Forgotten First Amendment Legacy Of Justice George Sutherland, Samuel R. Olken Feb 2002

The Business Of Expression: Economic Liberty, Political Factions And The Forgotten First Amendment Legacy Of Justice George Sutherland, Samuel R. Olken

William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal

In The Business of Expression: Economic Liberty, Political Factions And The Forgotten First Amendment Legacy of Justice George Sutherland, Samuel Olken traces the dichotomy that emerged in constitutional law in the aftermath of the Lochner era between economic liberty and freedom of expression. During the 1930s, while a deeply divided United States Supreme Court adopted a laissez faire approach to economic regulation, it viewed with great suspicion laws that restricted the manner and content of expression. During this period, Justice George Sutherland often clashed with the majority consistently insisting that state regulation of private economic rights bear a close and ...


The Constitution And The Other Constitution, Michael Kent Curtis Feb 2002

The Constitution And The Other Constitution, Michael Kent Curtis

William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal

In this article, Professor Michael Kent Curtis examines how laws that shape the distribution of wealth intersect with and affect popular sovereignty and free speech and press. He presents this discussion in the context of the effect of the Other Constitution on The Constitution. Professor Curtis begins by taking a close-up look at the current campaign finance system and the concentration of media ownership in a few corporate bodies and argues that both affect the way in which various political issues are presented to the public, if at all. Professor Curtis continues by talking about the origins of our constitutional ...


Ake V. Oklahoma And An Indigent Defendant's 'Right' To An Expert Witness: A Promise Denied Or Imagined?, Carlton Bailey Feb 2002

Ake V. Oklahoma And An Indigent Defendant's 'Right' To An Expert Witness: A Promise Denied Or Imagined?, Carlton Bailey

William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal

Since the Supreme Court's decision in Ake v. Oklahoma, it has attempted to determine and clarify the rights of an indigent defendant. Over the past sixteen years, many questions concerning an indigent defendant's access to expert witnesses have been answered, but many questions still remain. In this article, Professor Carlton Bailey attempts to clarify the Ake decision by arguing that an indigent defendant should be able to secure, upon a proper showing, psychiatric and non-psychiatric assistance at state expense.


Assessing The Legitimacy Of Governmental Regulation Of Modern Speech Aimed At Social Reform: The Importance Of Hindsight And Causation, Kenneth J. Brown Feb 2002

Assessing The Legitimacy Of Governmental Regulation Of Modern Speech Aimed At Social Reform: The Importance Of Hindsight And Causation, Kenneth J. Brown

William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal

When governmental regulation or punishment of speech occurs subsequent to the speech itself, such regulation is conducted with the benefit of hindsight. This is important because hindsight enables us to discern whether the expression in question has caused any legally cognizable harm. When speech is responsible for such a harm, its punishment is justfied by this causal connection. Yet conversely, when we know that speech is consequence-free, its ex post punishment is conceptually indefensible. In the first part of this article, Mr. Brown criticizes the imminent lawless action standard articulated in Brandenburg v. Ohio for failing to embrace fully this ...


Individualized School Searches And The Fourth Amendment: What's A School District To Do?, Jason E. Yearout Feb 2002

Individualized School Searches And The Fourth Amendment: What's A School District To Do?, Jason E. Yearout

William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal

As high-profile incidents of school violence appear to become more frequent and severe, public perception has deteriorated to the point where many citizens believe that schools are unsafe and administrators lack the power to control student activity. In their efforts to promote a safe learning environment, many school administrators have attempted to create strict guidelines concerning the power of school personnel to prevent illegal and unsafe activity from taking place at school. However, as administrators devise the rules by which to implement these standards, they are given little guidance by the Supreme Court regarding the application of the Fourth Amendment ...


The Long Shadow Of The Confederacy In America's Schools: State-Sponsored Use Of Confederate Symbols In The Wake Of Brown V. Board, Kathleen Riley Feb 2002

The Long Shadow Of The Confederacy In America's Schools: State-Sponsored Use Of Confederate Symbols In The Wake Of Brown V. Board, Kathleen Riley

William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal

Critics of Confederate symbols have become increasingly vocal in recent years, forcing state and local governments to reevaluate their use of such symbols in public settings. This Note tracks the proliferation of Confederate symbols in American society since the 1950s, arguing that such use of these symbols, especially in the realm of public schools, stands in violation of the Constitution. Particularly, the Note analyzes the viability of possible legal remedies to school-sponsored racism based on the lack of government free speech rights, Thirteenth Amendment protections against "Badges of Inferiority," and Fourteenth Amendment claims under the Equal Protection and Due Process ...