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Full-Text Articles in Law

Patriotism, Nationalism, And The War On Terror: A Mild Plea In Avoidance, Winston P. Nagan, Craig Hammer Dec 2004

Patriotism, Nationalism, And The War On Terror: A Mild Plea In Avoidance, Winston P. Nagan, Craig Hammer

UF Law Faculty Publications

Professor Viet Dinh, a major drafter of and architectural influence upon the USA PATRIOT Act, provides an indirect scholarly justification for the far-reaching powers of the act in his article, Nationalism in the Age of Terror. Part II of this Commentary begins by exploring the ostensible underpinnings of Dinh's article by examining his understanding of nationalism. Part III explains why crony nationalism is not the best defense against global terrorism. Part IV then analyzes some significant United States foreign policy undertakings that have arguably negatively affected United States national security. Finally, in Part V we conclude by gleaning lessons ...


Yes, Thankfully, Euclid Lives, Charles M. Haara, Michael Allan Wolf Nov 2004

Yes, Thankfully, Euclid Lives, Charles M. Haara, Michael Allan Wolf

UF Law Faculty Publications

Professors Haar and Wolf reiterate their endorsement of Progressive jurisprudence, as embodied in the Supreme Court's opinion in Village of Euclid v. Ambler Realty Co., despite Professor Eric Claeys's effort to expose the political theory underlying Progressive legal thought. They highlight problems with Professor Claeys's portrayal of the actual practice of zoning and with his use of history, problems that seriously undercut Professor Claeys's findings regarding the political beliefs of early zoning and planning advocates, the evolution of zoning law in the courts, and the role natural law played in American legal history.


A Principled Solution For Negligent Infliction Of Emotional Distress Claims, Robert J. Rhee Oct 2004

A Principled Solution For Negligent Infliction Of Emotional Distress Claims, Robert J. Rhee

UF Law Faculty Publications

This article examines negligent infliction of emotional distress, one of the most controversial and least uniform fields of tort law. A review of the judicial and scholarly literature has shown that traditional tort analysis fails. In its stead, the common law has not found an alternative theory of liability that balances the competing interests. Rather, the approach has been to create rules of law based on probabilistic templates. Its dual purpose is to preclude individualized analysis and to limit aggregate liability. This article rejects the current doctrines as inherently arbitrary and proposes a complete overhaul of the law. To find ...


Cuba And Good Governance, Berta E. Hernández-Truyol Oct 2004

Cuba And Good Governance, Berta E. Hernández-Truyol

UF Law Faculty Publications

The idea of “good governance” embraces the concept that economic success is inextricably linked to democratic and just governance. This essay explores how Cuba fares in light of good governance standards. At the outset, an overall observation is appropriate: if one considers the traditional criteria, to talk about Cuba and good governance might simply be an impossible task-- indeed an oxymoron--if we use as the starting point of analysis the existing definitions of governance. Therefore, in order to engage this thesis, I will deconstruct the idea of good governance into two parts--processes and outcomes. First, I explore the theoretical origins ...


A Brief Exploration Of Space: Some Observations On Law School Architecture, Robert H. Jerry Ii Oct 2004

A Brief Exploration Of Space: Some Observations On Law School Architecture, Robert H. Jerry Ii

UF Law Faculty Publications

The nature of the space in which we work, teach, and study is important. The design of our surroundings affects our attitudes, moods, self-esteem, efficiency, and sense of community. For our students, space makes a difference in the quality of the learning experience. It is possible to teach and learn in deficient space, but it is easier to teach and learn when both faculty and students are comfortable, happy, and not distracted by the inconveniences and annoyances of a poorly designed environment. Inadequate space prevents us from achieving all of which we are capable, thereby diminishing our productivity, creativity, and ...


The Matthew Effect And Federal Taxation, Martin J. Mcmahon Jr. Sep 2004

The Matthew Effect And Federal Taxation, Martin J. Mcmahon Jr.

UF Law Faculty Publications

The “Matthew Effect” is a synonym for the well-known colloquialism, “the rich get richer and the poor get poorer.” This Article is about the Matthew Effect in the distribution of incomes in the United States and the failure of the federal tax system to address the problem. There has been a strong Matthew Effect in incomes in the United States over the past few decades, with an increasing concentration of income and wealth in the top one percent. Nevertheless, there has been a continuing trend of enacting disproportionately large tax cuts for those at the top of the income pyramid ...


The Death Penalty And Due Process In Biblical Law, Richard H. Hiers Jul 2004

The Death Penalty And Due Process In Biblical Law, Richard H. Hiers

UF Law Faculty Publications

The first part of this article reviews biblical texts that have been (or could plausibly be) read as condemning or repudiating capital punishment. The next, and necessarily more detailed and extensive part, discusses the many texts that explicitly call for, or illustrate application of the death penalty. This section also describes the different prescribed methods for executing offenders, identifies the persons assigned responsibility for carrying out executions, and examines biblical rationales for capital punishment A third part describes a variety of biblical provisions that, using modern legal terminology, may be said to afford certain due process procedures and protections. The ...


Is "Don't Ask, Don't Tell" Unconstitutional After Lawrence? What It Will Take To Overturn The Policy, Diane H. Mazur Jul 2004

Is "Don't Ask, Don't Tell" Unconstitutional After Lawrence? What It Will Take To Overturn The Policy, Diane H. Mazur

UF Law Faculty Publications

There can be a certain politeness to legal challenges to "Don't Ask, Don't Tell," the congressional policy that attempts - fitfully, incompletely, and arbitrarily - to exclude gay citizens from both the responsibilities and privileges of military service.' We consider whether the military has articulated a "rational basis" for the policy – some explanation of the military's belief that it is at least rational (as opposed to irrational) to classify servicemembers as straight or gay and accept or reject them accordingly, all in the interest of military effectiveness. We accept the fact that judges assume there is a need for ...


Critical Race Histories: In And Out, Darren Lenard Hutchinson Jun 2004

Critical Race Histories: In And Out, Darren Lenard Hutchinson

UF Law Faculty Publications

This Article contributes to the completion of some “unfinished business” within Critical Race Theory by engaging insufficiently examined external and internal critiques of critical race scholarship. The external critique of critical race nihilism and the new insider critique that dichotomizes identity theories and material harm warrant extended reflection because there are critical deficiencies that problematize these arguments. The nihilism critique, for example, falsely associates CRT with more radical forms of postmodernism and overlooks leading works in CRT which demonstrate that Critical Race Theorists inhabit an admittedly contradictory space. Critical Race Theorists radically deconstruct the racial hierarchies that law constitutes and ...


Takings Formalism And Regulatory Formulas: Exactions And The Consequences Of Clarity, Mark Fenster May 2004

Takings Formalism And Regulatory Formulas: Exactions And The Consequences Of Clarity, Mark Fenster

UF Law Faculty Publications

A vocal minority of the U.S. Supreme Court recently announced its suspicion that lower courts and state and local administrative agencies are systematically ignoring constitutional rules intended to limit, through heightened judicial review, exactions as a land use regulatory tool. This article argues that the Court's suspicions are well founded but that blame for judicial and administrative noncompliance lies with the Court's bifurcated approach to the Takings Clause.


Lessons From And For "Disabled" Students, Sharon E. Rush Apr 2004

Lessons From And For "Disabled" Students, Sharon E. Rush

UF Law Faculty Publications

The traditional understanding of "disabled" means to have a physical, mental, or emotional limitation. It is unfortunate that the word has negative connotations because we all have the ability to do some things and not others. An individual's disabilities, traditional or otherwise, do not diminish the person or detract from the universal tenet that all people are inherently equal and entitled to be treated with dignity. Generally, it is unproductive to compare the circumstances of one group with another for the purpose of discerning which group has it better or worse. Struggles by different groups to achieve equality have ...


Section 404 At Thirty-Something: A Program In Search Of A Policy, Alyson C. Flournoy Apr 2004

Section 404 At Thirty-Something: A Program In Search Of A Policy, Alyson C. Flournoy

UF Law Faculty Publications

This article focuses on three controversies that have dominated debate over wetlands -- jurisdiction, delineation, and the scope of activities regulated by section 404 -- and shows how the limitations inherent in section 404 have contributed to endless conflict over these issues, with little long-term benefit to policy development. This article examines why wetlands policy has failed to mature in its first thirty years.


Rationalizing The Allocative/Distributive Relationship In Copyright, Jeffrey L. Harrison Apr 2004

Rationalizing The Allocative/Distributive Relationship In Copyright, Jeffrey L. Harrison

UF Law Faculty Publications

It is the position of this article that the benefits of a regime of copyright law can be maintained while shedding at least some of the wastefulness of monopolistic competition. This article cuts against the grain of modem copyright law by making the case that a more substantive approach to the issues of creativity and authorship would lower costs, streamline the system, and raise the level of socially beneficial creativity. In Section II, I will elaborate on the allocative/distributive distinction and their interconnectedness. In Section III, I will focus on an enhanced creativity standard and argue that an elevated ...


Mindfulness: Foundational Training For Dispute Resolution, Leonard L. Riskin Mar 2004

Mindfulness: Foundational Training For Dispute Resolution, Leonard L. Riskin

UF Law Faculty Publications

This Article addresses the problem of mindlessness in counseling, negotiating, and mediating, and offers potential solutions and recommendations for developing foundational capacities through training in mindfulness meditation.


Principles For Constitutions And Institutions In Promoting The Rule Of Law, Jon L. Mills Mar 2004

Principles For Constitutions And Institutions In Promoting The Rule Of Law, Jon L. Mills

UF Law Faculty Publications

Proceedings of the Fourth Annual Legal & Policy Issues in the Americas Conference (2003). Panel IV. Comparative Constitutional Approaches to the Rule of Law and Judicial Independence.


Socioeconomics: Choice And Challenges, Jeffrey L. Harrison Feb 2004

Socioeconomics: Choice And Challenges, Jeffrey L. Harrison

UF Law Faculty Publications

The crucial link between rules and policy is choice. Rules require people to make choices that further policy. In addition, a single rule that is claimed to advance a specific policy involves a behavioral assumption of one kind or another.

In this Article, the Author offers some closing observations with regard to the collection of articles from the Teaching Law & Socioeconomics Symposium. The Author's comments fall into two categories. First, he discusses an important theme that he has found throughout the articles: the importance of linking policy with the rules that further those policies by examining the determinants of ...


On Collegiality, Michael L. Seigel Jan 2004

On Collegiality, Michael L. Seigel

UF Law Faculty Publications

The problem of collegiality in academia is like a crazy aunt in the family: ever present, whispered about in hallways, but rarely acknowledged directly. My goal in this article has been to initiate the demise of this pattern of unhappy toleration. The toleration stems, in large part, from an apparently widespread fear that attempts to control colleagues' uncollegial conduct will result in an unacceptable diminution of academic freedom. Although these concerns are legitimate, I have sought to prove that, if appropriate care is taken, academic freedom may flourish at the same time that a norm of basic collegiality is enforced ...


Querying Lawrence, Berta E. Hernández-Truyol Jan 2004

Querying Lawrence, Berta E. Hernández-Truyol

UF Law Faculty Publications

In 2003, the Supreme Court in the landmark decision Lawrence v. Texas found a Texas law, banning homosexual, but not heterosexual, sodomy to be unconstitutional. Thus, Lawrence ended the Bowers era in which morality was deemed to be a justification for discrimination against gays and lesbians. While the decision did bring to United States Constitutional analysis the radical idea that gays and lesbians are people too, it stopped short of addressing the real problem the case presents--the existence of a second-class citizenry. This Article examines the Lawrence decision in light of both the international, regional, and foreign jurisprudence and the ...


Asking The Family Question, Berta E. Hernández-Truyol Jan 2004

Asking The Family Question, Berta E. Hernández-Truyol

UF Law Faculty Publications

Today, the international community is taking strides to address the needs/concerns of the family and to develop norms regarding its protection. However, principles of international law that address issues regarding the family are relatively new. Moreover, to date, these principles have primarily focused on certain specific rights, such as children's rights, women's rights, and child labor rights, rather than incorporating family well-being as a central aim of all international law and relations. This essay proposes a fundamental shift in the approach to international policy and law-making, as well as the engagement of international relations, to include a ...


Bringing The Margin To The Center: Comprehensive Strategies For Work/Family Policies, Nancy E. Dowd Jan 2004

Bringing The Margin To The Center: Comprehensive Strategies For Work/Family Policies, Nancy E. Dowd

UF Law Faculty Publications

The ultimate goal of work/family policy has always seemed deceptively clear: to provide institutional and cultural support to permit a healthy balance between family and work. An implicit assumption of that goal is that it would be achieved without undermining principles of equality. Indeed, the assumed result of work/family balance is that it would help achieve equality: families would be treated equally, caregivers would be supported equally, and children and family members would receive necessary and important care equally. It has long been recognized that work/family balance is especially critical to gender equality. Equality principles require that ...


Battle Of The Budget: The Legislature And The Governor Fight For Control, Jon L. Mills Jan 2004

Battle Of The Budget: The Legislature And The Governor Fight For Control, Jon L. Mills

UF Law Faculty Publications

This article describes the policy changes and the history of Article III, Section 19 of the Florida Constitution of 1968, and focuses on the continuing conflict between the branches surrounding the veto and budget reduction process. The battle between Florida's Legislative and Executive branches is sure to continue during the implementation of section 19. Even when section 19 is implemented, the effectiveness of the reforms can only be assessed after several years of experience. However, preliminary analysis indicates serious difficulties with some of the reforms.


A Good Old Habit, Or Just An Old One? Preferential Tax Treatment For Reorganizations, Yariv Brauner Jan 2004

A Good Old Habit, Or Just An Old One? Preferential Tax Treatment For Reorganizations, Yariv Brauner

UF Law Faculty Publications

This article proposes to repeal the preferential tax treatment of certain merger and acquisition transactions known as "reorganizations," and tax them like all other sales or exchanges. In the last 80 years this preference has been a cornerstone of our tax system. It is also one of the most stable rules in the tax code. Nevertheless, its normative justification is weak, and has never been rigorously debated in the legal literature. This article rejects the stated rationale for this rules - that such transactions trigger insufficient realization and therefore it is both unfair and impractical to currently tax them. It further ...


Creating And Certifying The Professional Mediator -- Education And Credentialing, Joseph B. Stulberg, Donald C. Peters, Tracy L. Allen, Judith P. Meyer Jan 2004

Creating And Certifying The Professional Mediator -- Education And Credentialing, Joseph B. Stulberg, Donald C. Peters, Tracy L. Allen, Judith P. Meyer

UF Law Faculty Publications

Existing and pending law school mediation programs, post-graduate mediator training programs, mentorship programs, credentialing movements, and continuing mediation education were examined by a panel and speakers directly involved in those fields. Are we effectively training new mediators in law schools and post-graduate programs? Should we, and how can we, "credential" mediators? Do good mediators need to be re-trained? How would continuing mediation educational requirements be implemented?


Racism, Genocide, And Mass Murder: Toward A Legal Theory About Group Deprivations, Winston P. Nagan, Vivile F. Rodin Jan 2004

Racism, Genocide, And Mass Murder: Toward A Legal Theory About Group Deprivations, Winston P. Nagan, Vivile F. Rodin

UF Law Faculty Publications

This Article is focused on a specific and important issue: the relationship of law to the social reality of group deprivations. From this primary issue, several important sub-issues are generated having a real and substantial impact upon the role of law in the management of group deprivations at every level of social organization (local, national, regional, and international). To focus on the social reality of group deprivations requires a critical starting point. This starting point is determining whether we are adequately describing or assaying the etiology of the human personality types and self-systems that are normally characterized by feelings, sentiments ...


Panel V. Human Rights Commitments In The Americas: From The Global To The Local, Berta E. Hernández-Truyol Jan 2004

Panel V. Human Rights Commitments In The Americas: From The Global To The Local, Berta E. Hernández-Truyol

UF Law Faculty Publications

This essay next makes three key observations concerning the rule of law: (1) the relationship between the rule of law and human rights; (2) the interrelatedness of the international rule of law to a local rule of law; and (3) the insights the concept of the rule of law affords to the exploration of the nexus between trade and human rights. To conclude, this piece suggests a holistic approach to the rule of law. Such a model recognizes both the instrumental or rule book dimension and the substantive or rights dimension of the rule of law. It also accepts that ...


The Messenger Model: Don't Ask, Don't Tell?, Jeffrey L. Harrison Jan 2004

The Messenger Model: Don't Ask, Don't Tell?, Jeffrey L. Harrison

UF Law Faculty Publications

This article makes the case that the messenger model is either tacitly or inadvertently a "don't ask, don't tell" policy when it comes to competitor cooperation. In addition, this article presents an economic framework that explains how such a policy may benefit health care consumers. Finally, it is suggested that the "don't ask, don't tell" policy has created an area of per se legality that precludes an examination designed to distinguish consumer-benefiting practices from those that provide no benefit.


Hope We Die Before We Get Old: The Attack On Retirement, Patricia E. Dilley Jan 2004

Hope We Die Before We Get Old: The Attack On Retirement, Patricia E. Dilley

UF Law Faculty Publications

The American institution of retirement has sustained numerous attacks over the last twenty years, to the extent that it may cease to exist by the time most of today's workers reach their midsixties. Professor Patricia Dilley describes how all of the components of the "three-legged stool" that represents private pensions, personal savings, and Social Security, have declined so significantly in recent years that the combination may not be able to provide support for the elderly in the future, particularly those retired seniors who are in the lower and middle classes. Changes in employment policies, the markets for retirement savings ...


Piercing The Prison Uniform Of Invisibility For Black Female Inmates, Michelle S. Jacobs Jan 2004

Piercing The Prison Uniform Of Invisibility For Black Female Inmates, Michelle S. Jacobs

UF Law Faculty Publications

In Inner Lives: Voices of African American Women In Prison, Professor Paula Johnson has written about the most invisible of incarcerated women — incarcerated African American women. The number of women incarcerated in the United States increased by seventy-five percent between 1986 and 1991. Of these women, a disproportionate number are black women. The percentages vary by region and by the nature of institution (county jail, state prison or federal facility), but the bottom line remains the same. In every instance, black women are incarcerated at rates disproportionate to their percentage in the general population. In Inner Lives, Professor Johnson offers ...


A New Time For Denominators - Toward A Dynamic Theory Of Property In The Regulatory Takings Relevant Parcel Analysis, Danaya C. Wright Jan 2004

A New Time For Denominators - Toward A Dynamic Theory Of Property In The Regulatory Takings Relevant Parcel Analysis, Danaya C. Wright

UF Law Faculty Publications

This Article explores the question of how the courts should calculate the denominator in the just compensation equation. The denominator is the amount of property a claimant owns, against which the effects of regulation will be measured. If a landowner owns a single acre that is severely regulated, the takings fraction for the amount of property taken compared to that owned will approach one. If, on the other hand, the landowner owns 100 acres and only one is regulated, the amount of harm is only 1% in comparison to the total amount owned. This Article advocates a paradigm shift in ...


The Logic And Experience Of Law: Lawrence V. Texas And The Politics Of Privacy, Danaya C. Wright Jan 2004

The Logic And Experience Of Law: Lawrence V. Texas And The Politics Of Privacy, Danaya C. Wright

UF Law Faculty Publications

The U.S. Supreme Court's June 2003 decision in Lawrence v. Texas may prove to be one of the most important civil rights cases of the twenty-first century. It may do for gay and lesbian people what Brown v. Board of Education did for African-Americans and Roe v. Wade did for women. While I certainly hope so, my enthusiasm is tempered by the fact that discrimination on the basis of race or gender has not disappeared. Will Lawrence signal meaningful change, or will its revolutionary possibilities be stifled by endless cycles of excuse and redefinition? The case is important ...