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Staff And Family Attitudes To Fences As A Means Of Detaining People With Dementia In Residential Aged Care Settings: The Tension Between Physical And Emotional Safety, Shoshana J. Dreyfus, Lyn Phillipson, Richard Fleming Jan 2018

Staff And Family Attitudes To Fences As A Means Of Detaining People With Dementia In Residential Aged Care Settings: The Tension Between Physical And Emotional Safety, Shoshana J. Dreyfus, Lyn Phillipson, Richard Fleming

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

This study investigates staff and family attitudes towardsthe use of the fences that surroun d many aged care facilitiesin Australia, in the context of indefinite detention of peoplewith dementia. This indefinite detention has been describedin a report from an Australian Senate Inquiry as “a signifi-cant problem within the aged care context”, which “is ofteninformal, unregulated and unlawful” . Five focus groupscomprising direct care workers, family members, nurse unitmanagers and facility managers discussed the reasons forand their attitudes towards fences. The results show a ten-sion between the provision of physical and emotional safety.This is to say that even while it is ...


Submission On The Nsw Draft Aboriginal Cultural Heritage Bill 2018, Laurie Perry, Kylie Anne Lingard Jan 2018

Submission On The Nsw Draft Aboriginal Cultural Heritage Bill 2018, Laurie Perry, Kylie Anne Lingard

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

We welcome the opportunity to provide feedback on the Draft Aboriginal Cultural Heritage Bill 2018 ('the Draft Bill'). We appreciate the move towards independent Aboriginal cultural heritage ('ACH') legislation and some of the new governance concepts, namely:

  • The establishment of an ACH Authority
  • Local mapping and strategic planning
  • State of ACH reports
  • Aboriginal ownership of ACH
  • Conservation agreements and management plans

We have examined the Draft Bill against the five reform aims identified by the NSW Office of Environment and Heritage ('OEH'):

  1. Broader recognition of ACH values
  2. Decision-making by Aboriginal people
  3. Better information management
  4. Improved protection, management and conservation of ...


Fractured Liberals Need A New Brand - 'Broad Church' Is No Longer Working, Gregory C. Melleuish Jan 2018

Fractured Liberals Need A New Brand - 'Broad Church' Is No Longer Working, Gregory C. Melleuish

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

Political parties wishing to win majority support in the pursuit of gaining control of government cannot afford to be tied too closely to a rigid ideology or set of views. They must accommodate a range of viewpoints and approaches to matters of public policy, even as they decide which policy to pursue.


Democracy, Liberalism And The Challenge Of Social Solidarity, Gregory C. Melleuish Jan 2018

Democracy, Liberalism And The Challenge Of Social Solidarity, Gregory C. Melleuish

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

This paper examines modern democracy from the perspective of its capacity to generate social solidarity. To do so it considers the idea of asabiya, first used by Ibn Khaldûn and more recently applied by Peter Turchin. It postulates that this approach is quite similar to the analysis made by Roman historian Sallust. It considers the issue of the creation and decay of asabiya in the context of Benjamin Constant's distinction between ancient and modern liberty. Ancient liberty seeks to generate asabiya and this has tended to make democracies a belligerent form of polity. Modern liberty and liberalism are happy ...


Internormative Gastronomies: Law, Nation And Identity, Richard Mohr, Nadirsyah Hosen Jan 2018

Internormative Gastronomies: Law, Nation And Identity, Richard Mohr, Nadirsyah Hosen

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

Questions of law, identity and nation operate at a high level of abstraction. They are often bound up with the origin myths of a people, as well as an ideological array that legitimizes state law, and justifies obedience to it. To study these questions in any detail requires a descent from those heights to matters that can be observed, or sensed in other ways. We need a subject that we can sink our teeth into. Food, its preparation and regulation, offers a rich field in which to explore these issues. As well as being highly symbolic, of identity and associations ...


Using Strategic Culture To Understand Participation In Expeditionary Operations: Australia, Poland, And The Coalition Against The Islamic State, Fredrik Doeser, Joakim Eidenfalk Jan 2018

Using Strategic Culture To Understand Participation In Expeditionary Operations: Australia, Poland, And The Coalition Against The Islamic State, Fredrik Doeser, Joakim Eidenfalk

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

This article investigates how strategic culture influenced the decision-making of Australia and Poland regarding the global coalition against the Islamic State. In the coalition, Australia has followed its tradition of active participation in United States-led operations, while Poland has embarked on a more cautious line, thereby breaking with its previous policy of active participation. The article examines how Australian and Polish responses to the coalition were shaped by five cultural elements: dominant threat perception, core task of the armed forces, strategic partners, experiences of participating in coalitions of the willing, and approach to the international legality of expeditionary operations. It ...


Oceans In Transition: Incorporating Climate-Change Impacts Into Environmental Impact Assessment For Marine Areas Beyond National Jurisdiction, Robin M. Warner Jan 2018

Oceans In Transition: Incorporating Climate-Change Impacts Into Environmental Impact Assessment For Marine Areas Beyond National Jurisdiction, Robin M. Warner

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

The oceans and their biodiversity are coming under increasing threat from climate-change impacts including increasing water temperatures, deoxygenation, and ocean acidification. The adverse effects of climate change are exacerbating the stresses experienced by species, habitats, and ecosystems in all marine areas and diminishing the ecological services they provide. Identifying the nature and extent of climate-change impacts on marine biodiversity through environmental impact assessment and associated mitigation measures is a critical step towards lessening adverse impacts and stemming biodiversity loss. While legal and institutional frameworks for environmental impact assessment are well established for marine areas under national jurisdiction, collaborative structures and ...


Part Xii Of The United Nations Convention On The Law Of The Sea And The Duty To Mitigate Against Climate Change: Making Out A Claim, Causation, And Related Issues, Seokwoo Lee, Lowell B. Bautista Jan 2018

Part Xii Of The United Nations Convention On The Law Of The Sea And The Duty To Mitigate Against Climate Change: Making Out A Claim, Causation, And Related Issues, Seokwoo Lee, Lowell B. Bautista

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

Within the current state of international jurisprudence, there is a growing recognition of the importance of ocean environmental protection. One of the most significant recent examples is the decision in the South China Sea Arbitration, which recognized the obligation of States to protect and preserve the marine environment in disputed territorial or maritime areas. Despite this overall trend, however, serious gaps in State practice remain. In particular, current research on State practice of national and regional marine pollution contingency planning in the Asia-Pacific reveals that there has been little regard displayed in the region for accommodating a proactive approach to ...


Consuming Sustainable Seafood: Guidelines, Recommendations And Realities, Anna K. Farmery, Gabrielle M. O'Kane, Alexandra Mcmanus, Bridget S. Green Jan 2018

Consuming Sustainable Seafood: Guidelines, Recommendations And Realities, Anna K. Farmery, Gabrielle M. O'Kane, Alexandra Mcmanus, Bridget S. Green

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

Objective: Encouraging people to eat more seafood can offer a direct, cost-effective way of improving overall health outcomes. However, dietary recommendations to increase seafood consumption have been criticised following concern over the capacity of the seafood industry to meet increased demand, while maintaining sustainable fish stocks. The current research sought to investigate Australian accredited practising dietitians' (APD) and public health nutritionists' (PHN) views on seafood sustainability and their dietary recommendations, to identify ways to better align nutrition and sustainability goals.

Design: A self-administered online questionnaire exploring seafood consumption advice, perceptions of seafood sustainability and information sources of APD and PHN ...


#Vulnerability - Expectations Of Justice Through Accounts Of Terror On Twitter, Cassandra E. Sharp Jan 2018

#Vulnerability - Expectations Of Justice Through Accounts Of Terror On Twitter, Cassandra E. Sharp

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

There is little doubt that new digital technologies have performed a dynamic function in transforming culture, both positively and negatively. In an increasingly networked world, social media platforms have not just transformed the way individuals communicate, but they have also amplified and intensified the way they interpret, critique and legitimise the achievement of law and justice within communities. Law now finds expression, facilitation and transformation in emerging digital media platforms and it is important to reflect on and explore the performance of social media in its role of challenging and transforming expectations of law and justice.


The Role Of Input And Interaction In The Acquisition Of Chinese As A Second Language, Xiaoping Gao Jan 2018

The Role Of Input And Interaction In The Acquisition Of Chinese As A Second Language, Xiaoping Gao

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

Input and interaction have received great attention in second language research due to their dominant role in second language teaching and learning. However, empirical studies that have examined their effects on the acquisition of Chinese as a second language remain scarce. This study fills this gap by comparing the effects of teacher-student interaction and student-student interaction on vocabulary acquisition in Chinese as a second language. Thirty-six adult beginners of Chinese completed ten weeks' study in Australia, in addition to pre- and post- tests and a background questionnaire. Selected participants attended a focus group interview. Statistical analyses show that both types ...


Australia's Deal With Timor-Leste In Peril Again Over Oil And Gas, Rebecca Strating, Clive H. Schofield Jan 2018

Australia's Deal With Timor-Leste In Peril Again Over Oil And Gas, Rebecca Strating, Clive H. Schofield

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

In April, Australia and Timor-Leste reached agreement on their maritime boundaries in the Timor Sea. This resolved a longstanding source of contention between them. The potential benefits of this historic breakthrough are now in peril, because the critical issue of how the shared oil and gas of the Timor Sea are to be developed remains in dispute.


Assessing Food Security Using Household Consumption Expenditure Surveys (Hces): A Scoping Literature Review, Joanna Russell, Anne Lechner, Quentin A. Hanich, Aurelie Delisle, Brooke M. Campbell, Karen E. Charlton Jan 2018

Assessing Food Security Using Household Consumption Expenditure Surveys (Hces): A Scoping Literature Review, Joanna Russell, Anne Lechner, Quentin A. Hanich, Aurelie Delisle, Brooke M. Campbell, Karen E. Charlton

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

Objective: To meet some of the UN's seventeen Sustainable Development Goals by 2030, there is a need for more effective policy to reduce food insecurity in low-income and lower-middle-income countries (LMIC). Measuring progress towards these goals requires reliable indicators of food security in these countries. Routinely conducted household consumption and expenditure surveys (HCES) provide potentially valuable and nationally representative data sets for this purpose. The present study aimed to assess methods used to determine national food security status using proxy measures from HCES data in LMIC globally. Design: A scoping literature review was conducted using electronic databases. Of the ...


Massacres, Disappearances And 1968: Mexicans Remember The Victims Of A 'Perfect Dictatorship', Luis Gomez Romero Jan 2018

Massacres, Disappearances And 1968: Mexicans Remember The Victims Of A 'Perfect Dictatorship', Luis Gomez Romero

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

Fifty years ago, soldiers gunned down hundreds of student protesters in a Mexico City plaza. It was neither the first nor the last time Mexico's army would be deployed against its own citizens.


Language Use And Language Attitudes In New Caledonia With Particular Reference To French Creole Tayo, Anu Bissoonauth-Bedford Jan 2018

Language Use And Language Attitudes In New Caledonia With Particular Reference To French Creole Tayo, Anu Bissoonauth-Bedford

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

New Caledonia has an unusual language dynamic in comparison to other French overseas territories. In most of these islands, a French Creole is usually the lingua franca and has a lower status than French. In contrast, in New Caledonia the French Creole, called Tayo, is a minority language and comes in contact with French, English and 28 Indigenous languages (also called Kanak languages). The 2014 census population revealed a multi-ethnic and multicultural NewCaledonian population. It did not, however, record the rate of multilingualism in speakers. Results from a recent sociolinguistic study on patterns of language use and language attitudes revealed ...


Female Japanese Citizens In New Caledonia: Pre-December 1941, Rowena G. Ward Jan 2018

Female Japanese Citizens In New Caledonia: Pre-December 1941, Rowena G. Ward

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

In January 1941, the Japanese female population in New Caledonia included the Japan-born as well as former French citizens and subjects, Dutch subjects (primarily Javanese) and local Indigenous Kanak women who were married to Japanese men. Before the enactment of a new French Nationality Law in August 1927, French women who married non-French citizens became citizens of their husband's country and therefore French women who married Japanese men became Japanese. After the change in the law, French women who married Japanese retained their French citizenship. Kanak and Dutch women who married Japanese men also became Japanese. The number of ...


A New, Better Bet: Rescuing And Revising Basic Emotion Theory, Daniel D. Hutto, Ian Robertson, Michael D. Kirchhoff Jan 2018

A New, Better Bet: Rescuing And Revising Basic Emotion Theory, Daniel D. Hutto, Ian Robertson, Michael D. Kirchhoff

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

Basic Emotion Theory, or BET, has dominated the affective sciences for decades (Ekman, 1972, 1992, 1999; Ekman and Davidson, 1994; Griffiths, 2013; Scarantino and Griffiths, 2011). It has been highly influential, driving a number of empirical lines of research (e.g., in the context of facial expression detection, neuroimaging studies and evolutionary psychology). Nevertheless, BET has been criticized by philosophers, leading to calls for it to be jettisoned entirely (Colombetti, 2014; Hufendiek, 2016). This paper defuses those criticisms. In addition, it shows that we have good reason to retain BET. Finally, it reviews and puts to rest worries that BET ...


Ocean Or Oubliette?, Ian M. Buchanan Jan 2018

Ocean Or Oubliette?, Ian M. Buchanan

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

There is now enough plastic in the world to wrap the entire planet. Plastic is now so pervasive scientists are saying that it is a new geological marker. And no part of the planet has been more affected by the spread of plastic waste than the ocean. Eventually the things we dispose of will dispose of us. We are suffocating the planet in our toxic waste. The ocean, as vast as it is, has somehow slipped from view-it is used as a dumping ground for all kinds of waste, and it is steadily dying, but no-one seems able to raise ...


Some Implications Of High Biodiversity For Management Of Tropical Marine Ecosystems-An Australian Perspective, Richard Kenchington, Pat Hutchings Jan 2018

Some Implications Of High Biodiversity For Management Of Tropical Marine Ecosystems-An Australian Perspective, Richard Kenchington, Pat Hutchings

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

While high biodiversity has been widely reported from the tropics, we suggest that in reality there is a considerable underestimate of the total biodiversity. We have concentrated on the tropical regions of Australia and the Coral Triangle. The best known groups are the corals, fish, and commercially important invertebrates. In considering whether this is true, we have concentrated on the diversity of benthic communities and water column communities which are poorly known. Yet at the bottom of the food chain these communities are highly dynamic and susceptible to the anthropogenic changes that are occurring with the rapid development in this ...


'Captured By Evils' - Combatting Black Money, Corruption And Money Laundering In Bangladesh: The Dog Must Bark To Keep Predators Away', S M. Solaiman Jan 2018

'Captured By Evils' - Combatting Black Money, Corruption And Money Laundering In Bangladesh: The Dog Must Bark To Keep Predators Away', S M. Solaiman

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate that the recurrent amnesties to black money holders (BMHs) in Bangladesh have not benefited the national economy, rather have increased corruption and money laundering, and that offering further opportunity to whiten back money as recommended by the Anti-Corruption Commission of Bangladesh will do more harm than good.

Design/methodology/approach: This research relies on both primary and secondary materials adopting an archival analysis of the existing literature.

Findings: The major findings include the following: the recurrent amnesties to BMHs have damaging impacts on corruption and money laundering in Bangladesh; the Anti-Corruption ...


Decentering The Brain: Embodied Cognition And The Critique Of Neurocentrism And Narrow-Minded Philosophy Of Mind, Shaun Gallagher Jan 2018

Decentering The Brain: Embodied Cognition And The Critique Of Neurocentrism And Narrow-Minded Philosophy Of Mind, Shaun Gallagher

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

Context: Challenges by embodied, enactive, extended and ecological approaches to cognition have provided good reasons to shift away from neurocentric theories.

Problem: Classic cognitivist accounts tend towards internalism, representationalism and methodological individualism. Such accounts not only picture the brain as the central and almost exclusive mechanism of cognition, they also conceive of brain function in terms that ignore the dynamical relations among brain, body and environment.

Method: I review four areas of research (perception, action/ agency, self, social cognition) where enactivist accounts have shown alternative ways of thinking about the brain.

Results: Taken together, such analyses form a comprehensive alternative ...


Art As Activism In Japan: The Case Of A Good-For-Nothing Kid And Her Pussy, Mark J. Mclelland Jan 2018

Art As Activism In Japan: The Case Of A Good-For-Nothing Kid And Her Pussy, Mark J. Mclelland

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

In this chapter I look at the various media discussions surrounding Rokudenashiko and her trial as well as activities that she engaged in to draw attention to her case. I point out how, even though the rationale behind Japan's obscenity law is to restrain and rein in text or representations that are considered injurious to the public good, in Rokudenashiko's case the international publicity she received has had the opposite effect and amplified both her own visibility and that of her message. However, not all recent obscenity charges in Japan have received this kind of international interest and ...


Author's Response: Enactivism, Autonomy, Self And Other, Shaun Gallagher Jan 2018

Author's Response: Enactivism, Autonomy, Self And Other, Shaun Gallagher

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

The commentaries on my target article tend to be either supportive and expansive or corrective. I respond to these commentaries by focusing on issues that involve philosophical and scientific frameworks, concepts of autonomy, self, and social cognition broadly conceived.


The Nexus Clause: A Peculiarly Australian Obstacle, Zachary Gorman, Gregory C. Melleuish Jan 2018

The Nexus Clause: A Peculiarly Australian Obstacle, Zachary Gorman, Gregory C. Melleuish

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

The nexus between the House of Representatives and the Senate as set out in Section 24 of the Australian Constitution states that the Senate be half the size of the House of Representatives. It was a constitutional provision without precedent, the only such clause in the Australian Constitution. Little work has been done on the nexus. This paper examines how it came into existence during the Constitutional Conventions largely as the consequence of two desires. One was to protect the power of the Senate and the place of the smaller states. The other was to prevent the overexpansion of the ...


With A New Prime Minister Nominated, The Nationals Have A Rare Chance To Assert Themselves, Gregory C. Melleuish Jan 2018

With A New Prime Minister Nominated, The Nationals Have A Rare Chance To Assert Themselves, Gregory C. Melleuish

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

So, Scott Morrison, MP for The Shire, has won the leadership of the Liberal Party. One must wonder what role external factors played in his victory, including the vague threat by some National Party members that they would sit on the crossbenches had Dutton been victorious.


Australian Literature’S Legacies Of Cultural Appropriation, Michael R. Griffiths Jan 2018

Australian Literature’S Legacies Of Cultural Appropriation, Michael R. Griffiths

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

Non-Indigenous Australian writers face a dilemma. On the one hand, they can risk writing about Aboriginal people and culture and getting it wrong. On the other, they can avoid writing about Aboriginal culture and characters, but by doing so, erase Aboriginality from the story they tell.


Black-Boxing The Black Flag: Anonymous Sharing Platforms And Isis Content Distribution, Teodor E. Mitew, Ahmad Shehabat Jan 2018

Black-Boxing The Black Flag: Anonymous Sharing Platforms And Isis Content Distribution, Teodor E. Mitew, Ahmad Shehabat

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

The study examines three anonymous sharing portals employed strategically by the Islamic State of Iraq and Sham (ISIS) to achieve its political ends. This study argues that anonymous sharing portals such as Sendvid.com, Justpast.it, and Dump.to have been instrumental in allowing individual jihadists to generate content, disseminate propaganda and communicate freely while routing around filtering practiced by popular social media networks. The study draws on Actor Network Theory (ANT) in examining the relationship between ISIS jihadists and the emergence of anonymous sharing portals. The study suggests that, even though used prior to the massive degrading operation across ...


Belonging In Time: Australian Women Playwrights In A Changing Landscape', Janys Hayes Jan 2018

Belonging In Time: Australian Women Playwrights In A Changing Landscape', Janys Hayes

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

No abstract provided.


Gender Bias In Medical Images Affects Students' Implicit But Not Explicit Gender Attitudes, Rhiannon Parker, Theresa A. Larkin, Jonathan P. Cockburn Jan 2018

Gender Bias In Medical Images Affects Students' Implicit But Not Explicit Gender Attitudes, Rhiannon Parker, Theresa A. Larkin, Jonathan P. Cockburn

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

Medical education curricula have the potential to impact the gender attitudes of future healthcare providers. This study investigated whether gender-biased imagery from anatomy textbooks had an effect on the implicit and explicit gender attitudes of students. We used an online experimental design in which students (N = 456; 55% female) studying anatomy were randomly assigned to a visual priming task using either gender-neutral or gender-biased images. The impact of this priming task on implicit attitudes was assessed using the Implicit Association Test (IAT) and the impact on explicit attitudes was measured using the Gender Bias in Medical Education Scale. Viewing biased ...


Swarm Networks And The Design Process Of A Distributed Meme Warfare Campaign, Travis Wall, Teodor E. Mitew Jan 2018

Swarm Networks And The Design Process Of A Distributed Meme Warfare Campaign, Travis Wall, Teodor E. Mitew

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

No abstract provided.