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Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

Pacific

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Rethinking Sexual Citizenship: Asia-Pacific Perspectives, Vera C. Mackie Jan 2017

Rethinking Sexual Citizenship: Asia-Pacific Perspectives, Vera C. Mackie

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

The term 'sexual citizenship' was largely developed in the Anglophone capitalist liberal democracies of the UK, the USA, Canada, Australia and New Zealand. The concept is thus inflected by broader understandings of politics in these places. In this article, the author first considers the specificities of 'sexuality' and 'citizenship' in these Anglophone capitalist liberal democracies. She argues that we need to provincialize these local understandings, for configurations of sexuality and citizenship in the UK, North America, New Zealand or Australia are just as contingent and locally specific as they are in the Asia-Pacific region. She then considers whether the term ...


Identities In Transition: South Pacific, Paul Sharrad Jan 2017

Identities In Transition: South Pacific, Paul Sharrad

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

Surveys the history of fiction production in the South Pacific as a process of creating new identities as print culture impinges upon oral traditions.


Fish, Food Security And Health In Pacific Island Countries And Territories: A Systematic Literature Review, Karen E. Charlton, Joanna Russell, Emma Gorman, Quentin A. Hanich, Aurelie Delisle, Brooke M. Campbell, Johann D. Bell Jan 2016

Fish, Food Security And Health In Pacific Island Countries And Territories: A Systematic Literature Review, Karen E. Charlton, Joanna Russell, Emma Gorman, Quentin A. Hanich, Aurelie Delisle, Brooke M. Campbell, Johann D. Bell

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

Background: Pacific Island countries and territories (PICTs) face a double burden of disease, with a high prevalence of household food insecurity and childhood micronutrient deficiencies, accompanied by a burgeoning increase in adult obesity, diabetes and heart disease. Methods: A systematic literature review was undertaken to assess whether increased availability of, and access to, fish improves a) household food security and b) individual nutritional status. Results: A total of 29 studies were reviewed. Fourteen studies identified fish as the primary food source for Pacific Islanders and five studies reported fish/seafood as the primary source of dietary protein. Fish consumption varied ...


Anglo-Worlds In Transit: Connections And Frictions Across The Pacific, Frances Steel Jan 2016

Anglo-Worlds In Transit: Connections And Frictions Across The Pacific, Frances Steel

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

No abstract provided.


Ocean Diplomacy: The Pacific Island Countries' Campaign To The Un For An Ocean Sustainable Development Goal, Genevieve Quirk, Quentin A. Hanich Jan 2016

Ocean Diplomacy: The Pacific Island Countries' Campaign To The Un For An Ocean Sustainable Development Goal, Genevieve Quirk, Quentin A. Hanich

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

In this article we examine how Pacific Island Countries (pics) successfully championed a stand-alone Ocean Sustainable Development Goal (sdg) goal at the United Nations (un). We analyse how the un Post-2015 development process provided pics with a unique opportunity to use their experience with collective diplomacy and regional oceans governance to propose this international goal. In this article we establish how pics' national and regional quest to strengthen their sovereign rights over marine resources motivated their diplomatic efforts for an Ocean sdg. The campaign was a significant political achievement, positioning these Large Ocean Island States (lois) as global ocean guardians ...


Climate Change And Pacific Island Food Systems The Future Of Food, Farming And Fishing In The Pacific Islands Under A Changing Climate, Johann D. Bell, Mary Fp Taylor, Moses Amos, Neil L. Andrew Jan 2016

Climate Change And Pacific Island Food Systems The Future Of Food, Farming And Fishing In The Pacific Islands Under A Changing Climate, Johann D. Bell, Mary Fp Taylor, Moses Amos, Neil L. Andrew

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

The peoples of the Pacific region live across a vast swathe of the world's largest ocean, mostly on isolated islands and atolls. The region includes countries that are highly vulnerable to the effects of climate change and natural disasters.


Linking Adaptation Science To Action To Build Food Secure Pacific Island Communities, C Cvitanovic, Steven Crimp, Alexander Fleming, Johann D. Bell, M Howden, Alistair Hobday, Me Stuart Taylor, R B. Cunningham Jan 2016

Linking Adaptation Science To Action To Build Food Secure Pacific Island Communities, C Cvitanovic, Steven Crimp, Alexander Fleming, Johann D. Bell, M Howden, Alistair Hobday, Me Stuart Taylor, R B. Cunningham

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

Climate change is a major threat to food security in Pacific Island countries, with declines in food production and increasing variability in food supplies already evident across the region. Such impacts have already led to observed consequences for human health, safety and economic prosperity. Enhancing the adaptive capacity of Pacific Island communities is one way to reduce vulnerability and is underpinned by the extent to which people can access, understand and use new knowledge to inform their decision-making processes. However, effective engagement of Pacific Island communities in climate adaption remains variable and is an ongoing and significant challenge. Here, we ...


Livelihoods And Fisheries Governance In A Contemporary Pacific Island Setting, Reuben J. Sulu, Hampus B. Eriksson, Anne-Maree Schwarz, Neil L. Andrew, Grace Orirana, Meshach Sukulu, Janet Oeta, Daykin Harohau, Stephen Sibiti, Andrew Toritela, Doug Beare Jan 2015

Livelihoods And Fisheries Governance In A Contemporary Pacific Island Setting, Reuben J. Sulu, Hampus B. Eriksson, Anne-Maree Schwarz, Neil L. Andrew, Grace Orirana, Meshach Sukulu, Janet Oeta, Daykin Harohau, Stephen Sibiti, Andrew Toritela, Doug Beare

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Inshore marine resources play an important role in the livelihoods of Pacific Island coastal communities. However, such reliance can be detrimental to inshore marine ecosystems. Understanding the livelihoods of coastal communities is important for devising relevant and effective fisheries management strategies. Semi-structured household interviews were conducted with householders in Langalanga Lagoon, Solomon Islands, to understand household livelihoods and resource governance in fishing-dependent communities. Households were engaged ...


An Ocean Of Leisure: Early Cruise Tours Of The Pacific In An Age Of Empire, Frances Steel Jan 2013

An Ocean Of Leisure: Early Cruise Tours Of The Pacific In An Age Of Empire, Frances Steel

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

In the late nineteenth century, the Union Steam Ship Company of New Zealand (USSCo.) offered a series of cruise tours from the ports of Sydney and Auckland through the islands of the South Pacific. The cruises complemented excursions to the Mediterranean, the "old country" and other "worn lines of pleasure," remarked the Sydney Morning Herald in 1898. They even offered a novel contrast to "doing Japan." Australian settlers had largely ignored their island neighbours, the newspaper continued, yet the cruise program indicated the range of "splendid holiday resorts" that lay on their doorstep. Although regular trading steamers made the Pacific ...


Imag(In)Ing The Pacific: Modernist Women Artists, Anne A. Collett Jan 2013

Imag(In)Ing The Pacific: Modernist Women Artists, Anne A. Collett

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

It was all very risque and, indeed quite shocking. Vanessa Stephen would marry Clive Bell, and make her name as an English modernist painter and designer; Virginia, would marry Leonard Woolf, and make her name at the vanguard of experimental English modernist literature. Virginia would be the more famous, or possibly, infamous, of the sisters, being the mover and shaker of the Bloomsbury Group - a nucleus of primarily male, primarily Oxbridge-educated intellectuals who began meeting regularly at the house of the sisters in Gordon Square, Bloomsbury, London, in the first decade of the 20th century. Here they discussed all things ...


Evaluation Of The Pacific Oceanscape To Manage The Pacific Islands And Ocean Environment, Ben M. Tsamenyi, Joytishna Jit Jan 2011

Evaluation Of The Pacific Oceanscape To Manage The Pacific Islands And Ocean Environment, Ben M. Tsamenyi, Joytishna Jit

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

The forty-first meeting of Pacific Island Forum (PIF) in Port Vila, Vanuatu in August 2010 endorsed the new concept of 'Pacific Oceanscape' to support development, management and conservation of the Pacific Islands region. The leaders also encouraged all Pacific Islands regional organisations to implement the concept in partnership with other relevant organisations. The Pacific Oceanscape concept is a renewed effort to implement the Pacific [slands Regional Oceans Policy (PIROP). [t reflects all PIROP principles and aligns them with urgencies associated with climate change impacts on small island developing states. It also promotes regional cooperation in the establishment and management of ...


Urbanizing Frontiers: Indigenous Peoples And Settlers In 19th-Century Pacific Rim Cities [Book Review], Frances Steel Jan 2011

Urbanizing Frontiers: Indigenous Peoples And Settlers In 19th-Century Pacific Rim Cities [Book Review], Frances Steel

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

In Australia, classical notions of the frontier and its associated histories of invasion, displacement and violence would tend to point us towards the outback or the bush rather than the urban centres where most of us live today. Penelope Edmonds thoroughly unsettles this notion of a distant frontier by moving it back to the edges of the continent, to the port towns where Europeans first landed and where most of them remained. The frontier was not simply 'out there', synonymous with the unruly boundaries of an expanding pastoral economy, but very close to home. This reorientation recognises that our cities ...


The Delimitation Of Maritime Boundaries Of The Pacific Island States, Clive H. Schofield Jan 2010

The Delimitation Of Maritime Boundaries Of The Pacific Island States, Clive H. Schofield

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

The Pacific island States possess limited land territory but enormous maritime entitlements. Claims to maritime jurisdiction out to 200 nautical miles offshore, and in some cases the existence of continental shelf rights extending beyond the 200 mile limit, have resulted in overlapping claims and the creation of numerous “new” international maritime boundaries. The majority of these potential maritime boundaries both among the Pacific island States and between the Pacific island States and their maritime neighbours have yet to be delimited. The paper outlines relevant claims to maritime jurisdiction including recent submissions regarding outer continental shelf limits, explores how maritime boundaries ...


Setting Limits And Boundaries In The Pacific: The Essential Framework To Manage Marine Resources, Clive H. Schofield Jan 2010

Setting Limits And Boundaries In The Pacific: The Essential Framework To Manage Marine Resources, Clive H. Schofield

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

The paper explores the purpose and value of setting maritime limits and boundaries and, in particular, argues that to do so is crucial in order to provide a clear jurisdictional framework so as to better realise the benefits to be derived from the value marine resources contained within the maritime spaces claimed by coastal States. The problems associated with maritime jurisdictional uncertainty are also noted. The spatial limits of maritime claims under international law are outlined together with the key ways in which the limits of such claims can be established. Challenges and uncertainties in defining maritime limits and boundaries ...


Navigating Pacific Fisheries: Legal And Policy Trends In The Implementation Of International Fisheries Instruments In The Western And Central Pacific Region, Quentin Hanich, Ben M. Tsamenyi Jan 2009

Navigating Pacific Fisheries: Legal And Policy Trends In The Implementation Of International Fisheries Instruments In The Western And Central Pacific Region, Quentin Hanich, Ben M. Tsamenyi

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

Navigating Pacific Fisheries analyses the legal and policy context for the conservation, management and exploitation of tuna fisheries in the Western and Central Pacific region.


Editorial: Perspectives On Mobility, Migration And Well-Being Of International Students In The Asia Pacific, Peter Kell, Gillian Vogl Jan 2008

Editorial: Perspectives On Mobility, Migration And Well-Being Of International Students In The Asia Pacific, Peter Kell, Gillian Vogl

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

This edition of the International Journal of Asia Pacific Studies explores issues relating to global student mobility in the Asia Pacific. The contributions to this edition from Australia and Malaysia emerged from a forum held in Australia in February where academics and researchers from Malaysia, China, Singapore and Australia presented papers and discussed ways of interpreting the character and the implication of global student mobility. The forum entitled International Students in the Asia Pacific: Mobility, Migration, Well-being and Security held from 13-15th February 2008 attracted over 40 presenters. The forum was hosted by the Centre for Asian Pacific Social Transformation ...


Freedom Of Navigation In The Indo-Pacific Region, Stuart Kaye Jan 2008

Freedom Of Navigation In The Indo-Pacific Region, Stuart Kaye

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

International law generally, and the law of the sea in particular, exert a tremendous influence on Australian interests, not merely in the oceans around the continent, but within the Australian economy generally. Australia asserts its jurisdiction over the largest maritime area in the world, with an exclusive economic zone (EEZ) and continental shelf over 1.5 times the size of mainland Australia, and a search and rescue responsibility covering 10 per cent of the globe. Over 95 per cent by volume of Australian international trade reaches Australia by sea. Over 99 per cent of the data traffic passing along communications ...


Addressing Corruption In Pacific Islands Fisheries: A Report/Prepared For Iucn Profish Law Enforcement, Corruption And Fisheries Project, Ben M. Tsamenyi, Quentin A. Hanich Jan 2008

Addressing Corruption In Pacific Islands Fisheries: A Report/Prepared For Iucn Profish Law Enforcement, Corruption And Fisheries Project, Ben M. Tsamenyi, Quentin A. Hanich

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

No abstract provided.


Exclusive Economic Zones And Pacific Developing Island States - Who Really Gets All The Fish?, Quentin A. Hanich, Ben M. Tsamenyi Jan 2006

Exclusive Economic Zones And Pacific Developing Island States - Who Really Gets All The Fish?, Quentin A. Hanich, Ben M. Tsamenyi

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

The establishment of exclusive economic zones (EEZs), through the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (LOSC), changed the allocation of fishing rights. These zones allocated all fishing rights within 200 nautical miles of land to neighbouring coastal States. This change dramatically increased sovereign rights for Pacific small island States. In many cases, these States, with limited terrestrial resources, were allocated large resource rich EEZs that had previously been dominated by distant water fishing States. Distant water fishing States, concerned that they would lose access to 85-90% of the world's active fishing grounds, argued that the ...


Fisheries Subsidies, The Wto And The Pacific Island Tuna Fisheries, Roman Grynberg, Ben M. Tsamenyi Jan 1998

Fisheries Subsidies, The Wto And The Pacific Island Tuna Fisheries, Roman Grynberg, Ben M. Tsamenyi

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

Focuses on fisheries trade, regulated under the "Agreement on Subsidies and Countervailing Measures" outside the World Trade Organization agreement. Suggests much stricter discipline is needed for the sector, led by the environmental interest, the USA and New Zealand. Relates fish stock depletion to subsides, which are not quantifiable, in order to create a free market and efficient producers. Points out that technology and high incomes created the fish stock depletion, so subsidies are irrelevant; while all World Trade Organization members subsidize fisheries, none can be found to attack it. Proposes new World Trade Organization disciplines for licensing, training and compensating ...