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Full-Text Articles in Law

How Blockchain Is Strengthening Tuna Traceability To Combat Illegal Fishing, Candice Visser, Quentin A. Hanich Jan 2018

How Blockchain Is Strengthening Tuna Traceability To Combat Illegal Fishing, Candice Visser, Quentin A. Hanich

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

In a significant development for global fisheries, blockchain technology is now being used to improve tuna traceability to help stop illegal and unsustainable fishing practices in the Pacific Islands tuna industry.


Context And Vowel Harmony: Are They Essential To Identify Underlying Word-Final /S/ In Eastern Andalusian Spanish?, Alfredo Herrero De Haro Jan 2018

Context And Vowel Harmony: Are They Essential To Identify Underlying Word-Final /S/ In Eastern Andalusian Spanish?, Alfredo Herrero De Haro

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

Eastern Andalusian Spanish has been studied in detail; however, scholars have focused on production and the debate regarding its phonetic and phonological features is still ongoing. This paper analyses Eastern Andalusian Spanish perceptually to establish whether contextual information (articles, numerals, etc.) and vowel harmony are essential to identify underlying word-final /s/. The correct identification of underlying /s/ has been attributed to contextual information and to vowel harmony; however, no perceptual study has been performed to support these claims. A total of 7126 answers from 153 participants across two experiments are analysed to establish whether context and vowel harmony are necessary ...


Writing, Motivation And Your Work In Progress: Catherine Cole On Writing Motivation And Finding Discipline In A Busy World, Catherine Cole Jan 2018

Writing, Motivation And Your Work In Progress: Catherine Cole On Writing Motivation And Finding Discipline In A Busy World, Catherine Cole

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

No abstract provided.


The Markov Blankets Of Life: Autonomy, Active Inference And The Free Energy Principle, Michael D. Kirchhoff, Thomas Parr, Ensor Palacios, Karl Friston, Julian Kiverstein Jan 2018

The Markov Blankets Of Life: Autonomy, Active Inference And The Free Energy Principle, Michael D. Kirchhoff, Thomas Parr, Ensor Palacios, Karl Friston, Julian Kiverstein

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

This work addresses the autonomous organization of biological systems. It does so by considering the boundaries of biological systems, from individual cells to Home sapiens, in terms of the presence of Markov blankets under the active inference scheme-a corollary of the free energy principle. A Markov blanket defines the boundaries of a system in a statistical sense. Here we consider how a collective of Markov blankets can self-assemble into a global system that itself has a Markov blanket; thereby providing an illustration of how autonomous systems can be understood as having layers of nested and self-sustaining boundaries. This allows us ...


Under Mccormack, The Nationals Need To Accept They Are A Minority And Preserve Their Independence, Gregory C. Melleuish Jan 2018

Under Mccormack, The Nationals Need To Accept They Are A Minority And Preserve Their Independence, Gregory C. Melleuish

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

The demise of Barnaby Joyce as leader of the National Party is an event of considerable importance in the long-term trajectory of Australian politics.


Revealed: The Extent Of Job-Swapping Between Public Servants And Fossil Fuel Lobbyists, Adam Robert Lucas Jan 2018

Revealed: The Extent Of Job-Swapping Between Public Servants And Fossil Fuel Lobbyists, Adam Robert Lucas

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

Last month Australia slipped further down the rankings in the international corruption index. Among a wide range of factors cited by Transparency International was Australia's "inappropriate industry lobbying in large-scale projects such as mining", as well as "revolving doors and a culture of mateship".


Space Perception, Movement, And Insight: Attuning To The Space Of Everyday Life After Major Weight Loss, Eli Natvik, Karen Groven, Malfrid Raheim, Eva Gjengedal, Shaun Gallagher Jan 2018

Space Perception, Movement, And Insight: Attuning To The Space Of Everyday Life After Major Weight Loss, Eli Natvik, Karen Groven, Malfrid Raheim, Eva Gjengedal, Shaun Gallagher

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

Physiotherapists are well placed to help people adjust and engage meaningfully with the world following major weight loss. Recent research indicates that the body size a patient has lived with for years can continue to affect movement and perception even after largescale weight loss. This article explores this discrepancy in depth from the perspective of phenomenology and space perception and through the concepts of body image, body schema, and affordances. It draws on an empirical example in which a nautical engineer described his lived experience of returning to work following bariatric surgery and the discrepancies he experienced while adjusting to ...


An Activist For All Seasons, Rowan Cahill Jan 2018

An Activist For All Seasons, Rowan Cahill

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

During his lifetime Robert Daniel "Bob" Walshe (1923-2018) was many things, variously factory labourer, soldier, communist, organiser, activist, pamphleteer, teacher, editor, publisher, historian, educationist, environmentalist. He was the author/co-author/editor of some forty books.


Geography Limits Island Small-Scale Fishery Production, Hampus B. Eriksson, Kim Friedman, Moses Amos, Ian Bertram, Kalo Pakoa, Rebecca Fisher, Neil L. Andrew Jan 2018

Geography Limits Island Small-Scale Fishery Production, Hampus B. Eriksson, Kim Friedman, Moses Amos, Ian Bertram, Kalo Pakoa, Rebecca Fisher, Neil L. Andrew

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

Interacting social and ecological processes shape productivity and sustainability of island small-scale fisheries (SSF). Understanding limits to productivity through historical catches help frame future expectations and management strategies, but SSF are dispersed and unaccounted, so long-term standardized data are largely absent for such analyses. We analysed 40 years of trade statistics of a SSF product that enter international markets (sea cucumber) from 14 Pacific Island Countries and Territories (PICT) against response variables to test predictors of fishery production: (i) scale, (ii) productivity and (iii) socio-economics. Combined production in PICT peaked over 20 years ago, driven by exploitation trends in Melanesia ...


Can The Basel And Stockholm Conventions Provide A Global Framework To Reduce The Impact Of Marine Plastic Litter?, Karen Raubenheimer, Alistair Mcilgorm Jan 2018

Can The Basel And Stockholm Conventions Provide A Global Framework To Reduce The Impact Of Marine Plastic Litter?, Karen Raubenheimer, Alistair Mcilgorm

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

The issues resulting from plastic waste in the marine environment have highlighted a general failure to control this pollutant on both land and at sea. The international community is now realising that the increasing growth in the amount of plastic pollution in the ocean is reaching a critical point. This has led to a questioning of the current international governance arrangements for marine litter. The environmental and socio-economic impacts of marine litter are a symptom of policy failures and greater action is required "upstream" by industry on land to reduce these impacts. The Stockholm and Basel Conventions are international binding ...


Governments Can't Be Trusted To Deliver Welfare Standards For Chickens, Elizabeth J. Ellis Jan 2018

Governments Can't Be Trusted To Deliver Welfare Standards For Chickens, Elizabeth J. Ellis

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

Claims of secret meetings and manipulation of the policy agenda. A split in government ranks, and threats to withdraw from a national review. It's all just part and parcel of the latest round in the development of Australian animal welfare standards and guidelines, in this case proposed new standards for the poultry and egg industries.


Utopia Or Dystopia: A Contested Space On Sydney's Urban Frontier, Ian Willis Jan 2018

Utopia Or Dystopia: A Contested Space On Sydney's Urban Frontier, Ian Willis

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

Australia is a settler society where the rural-urban fringe of the major cities and regional centres is a contestable stage. There are a range of actors who compete in place making processes re-shaping the cultural landscape when there is collision over the ownership of space and the dominant narrative. This paper examines the proposition that Sydney's urban growth has created a zone of conflict on the city's metropolitan frontier between cultural heritage and the interests of development. In recent years Sydney's rural-urban fringe has encroached on the village boundaries of Menangle where there has been a collision ...


Staff And Family Attitudes To Fences As A Means Of Detaining People With Dementia In Residential Aged Care Settings: The Tension Between Physical And Emotional Safety, Shoshana J. Dreyfus, Lyn Phillipson, Richard Fleming Jan 2018

Staff And Family Attitudes To Fences As A Means Of Detaining People With Dementia In Residential Aged Care Settings: The Tension Between Physical And Emotional Safety, Shoshana J. Dreyfus, Lyn Phillipson, Richard Fleming

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

This study investigates staff and family attitudes towardsthe use of the fences that surroun d many aged care facilitiesin Australia, in the context of indefinite detention of peoplewith dementia. This indefinite detention has been describedin a report from an Australian Senate Inquiry as “a signifi-cant problem within the aged care context”, which “is ofteninformal, unregulated and unlawful” . Five focus groupscomprising direct care workers, family members, nurse unitmanagers and facility managers discussed the reasons forand their attitudes towards fences. The results show a ten-sion between the provision of physical and emotional safety.This is to say that even while it is ...


Submission On The Nsw Draft Aboriginal Cultural Heritage Bill 2018, Laurie Perry, Kylie Anne Lingard Jan 2018

Submission On The Nsw Draft Aboriginal Cultural Heritage Bill 2018, Laurie Perry, Kylie Anne Lingard

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

We welcome the opportunity to provide feedback on the Draft Aboriginal Cultural Heritage Bill 2018 ('the Draft Bill'). We appreciate the move towards independent Aboriginal cultural heritage ('ACH') legislation and some of the new governance concepts, namely:

  • The establishment of an ACH Authority
  • Local mapping and strategic planning
  • State of ACH reports
  • Aboriginal ownership of ACH
  • Conservation agreements and management plans

We have examined the Draft Bill against the five reform aims identified by the NSW Office of Environment and Heritage ('OEH'):

  1. Broader recognition of ACH values
  2. Decision-making by Aboriginal people
  3. Better information management
  4. Improved protection, management and conservation of ...


Fractured Liberals Need A New Brand - 'Broad Church' Is No Longer Working, Gregory C. Melleuish Jan 2018

Fractured Liberals Need A New Brand - 'Broad Church' Is No Longer Working, Gregory C. Melleuish

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

Political parties wishing to win majority support in the pursuit of gaining control of government cannot afford to be tied too closely to a rigid ideology or set of views. They must accommodate a range of viewpoints and approaches to matters of public policy, even as they decide which policy to pursue.


Democracy, Liberalism And The Challenge Of Social Solidarity, Gregory C. Melleuish Jan 2018

Democracy, Liberalism And The Challenge Of Social Solidarity, Gregory C. Melleuish

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

This paper examines modern democracy from the perspective of its capacity to generate social solidarity. To do so it considers the idea of asabiya, first used by Ibn Khaldûn and more recently applied by Peter Turchin. It postulates that this approach is quite similar to the analysis made by Roman historian Sallust. It considers the issue of the creation and decay of asabiya in the context of Benjamin Constant's distinction between ancient and modern liberty. Ancient liberty seeks to generate asabiya and this has tended to make democracies a belligerent form of polity. Modern liberty and liberalism are happy ...


Internormative Gastronomies: Law, Nation And Identity, Richard Mohr, Nadirsyah Hosen Jan 2018

Internormative Gastronomies: Law, Nation And Identity, Richard Mohr, Nadirsyah Hosen

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

Questions of law, identity and nation operate at a high level of abstraction. They are often bound up with the origin myths of a people, as well as an ideological array that legitimizes state law, and justifies obedience to it. To study these questions in any detail requires a descent from those heights to matters that can be observed, or sensed in other ways. We need a subject that we can sink our teeth into. Food, its preparation and regulation, offers a rich field in which to explore these issues. As well as being highly symbolic, of identity and associations ...


Using Strategic Culture To Understand Participation In Expeditionary Operations: Australia, Poland, And The Coalition Against The Islamic State, Fredrik Doeser, Joakim Eidenfalk Jan 2018

Using Strategic Culture To Understand Participation In Expeditionary Operations: Australia, Poland, And The Coalition Against The Islamic State, Fredrik Doeser, Joakim Eidenfalk

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

This article investigates how strategic culture influenced the decision-making of Australia and Poland regarding the global coalition against the Islamic State. In the coalition, Australia has followed its tradition of active participation in United States-led operations, while Poland has embarked on a more cautious line, thereby breaking with its previous policy of active participation. The article examines how Australian and Polish responses to the coalition were shaped by five cultural elements: dominant threat perception, core task of the armed forces, strategic partners, experiences of participating in coalitions of the willing, and approach to the international legality of expeditionary operations. It ...


Oceans In Transition: Incorporating Climate-Change Impacts Into Environmental Impact Assessment For Marine Areas Beyond National Jurisdiction, Robin M. Warner Jan 2018

Oceans In Transition: Incorporating Climate-Change Impacts Into Environmental Impact Assessment For Marine Areas Beyond National Jurisdiction, Robin M. Warner

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

The oceans and their biodiversity are coming under increasing threat from climate-change impacts including increasing water temperatures, deoxygenation, and ocean acidification. The adverse effects of climate change are exacerbating the stresses experienced by species, habitats, and ecosystems in all marine areas and diminishing the ecological services they provide. Identifying the nature and extent of climate-change impacts on marine biodiversity through environmental impact assessment and associated mitigation measures is a critical step towards lessening adverse impacts and stemming biodiversity loss. While legal and institutional frameworks for environmental impact assessment are well established for marine areas under national jurisdiction, collaborative structures and ...


Part Xii Of The United Nations Convention On The Law Of The Sea And The Duty To Mitigate Against Climate Change: Making Out A Claim, Causation, And Related Issues, Seokwoo Lee, Lowell B. Bautista Jan 2018

Part Xii Of The United Nations Convention On The Law Of The Sea And The Duty To Mitigate Against Climate Change: Making Out A Claim, Causation, And Related Issues, Seokwoo Lee, Lowell B. Bautista

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

Within the current state of international jurisprudence, there is a growing recognition of the importance of ocean environmental protection. One of the most significant recent examples is the decision in the South China Sea Arbitration, which recognized the obligation of States to protect and preserve the marine environment in disputed territorial or maritime areas. Despite this overall trend, however, serious gaps in State practice remain. In particular, current research on State practice of national and regional marine pollution contingency planning in the Asia-Pacific reveals that there has been little regard displayed in the region for accommodating a proactive approach to ...


Consuming Sustainable Seafood: Guidelines, Recommendations And Realities, Anna K. Farmery, Gabrielle M. O'Kane, Alexandra Mcmanus, Bridget S. Green Jan 2018

Consuming Sustainable Seafood: Guidelines, Recommendations And Realities, Anna K. Farmery, Gabrielle M. O'Kane, Alexandra Mcmanus, Bridget S. Green

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

Objective: Encouraging people to eat more seafood can offer a direct, cost-effective way of improving overall health outcomes. However, dietary recommendations to increase seafood consumption have been criticised following concern over the capacity of the seafood industry to meet increased demand, while maintaining sustainable fish stocks. The current research sought to investigate Australian accredited practising dietitians' (APD) and public health nutritionists' (PHN) views on seafood sustainability and their dietary recommendations, to identify ways to better align nutrition and sustainability goals.

Design: A self-administered online questionnaire exploring seafood consumption advice, perceptions of seafood sustainability and information sources of APD and PHN ...


#Vulnerability - Expectations Of Justice Through Accounts Of Terror On Twitter, Cassandra E. Sharp Jan 2018

#Vulnerability - Expectations Of Justice Through Accounts Of Terror On Twitter, Cassandra E. Sharp

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

There is little doubt that new digital technologies have performed a dynamic function in transforming culture, both positively and negatively. In an increasingly networked world, social media platforms have not just transformed the way individuals communicate, but they have also amplified and intensified the way they interpret, critique and legitimise the achievement of law and justice within communities. Law now finds expression, facilitation and transformation in emerging digital media platforms and it is important to reflect on and explore the performance of social media in its role of challenging and transforming expectations of law and justice.


The Role Of Input And Interaction In The Acquisition Of Chinese As A Second Language, Xiaoping Gao Jan 2018

The Role Of Input And Interaction In The Acquisition Of Chinese As A Second Language, Xiaoping Gao

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

Input and interaction have received great attention in second language research due to their dominant role in second language teaching and learning. However, empirical studies that have examined their effects on the acquisition of Chinese as a second language remain scarce. This study fills this gap by comparing the effects of teacher-student interaction and student-student interaction on vocabulary acquisition in Chinese as a second language. Thirty-six adult beginners of Chinese completed ten weeks' study in Australia, in addition to pre- and post- tests and a background questionnaire. Selected participants attended a focus group interview. Statistical analyses show that both types ...


Australia's Deal With Timor-Leste In Peril Again Over Oil And Gas, Rebecca Strating, Clive H. Schofield Jan 2018

Australia's Deal With Timor-Leste In Peril Again Over Oil And Gas, Rebecca Strating, Clive H. Schofield

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

In April, Australia and Timor-Leste reached agreement on their maritime boundaries in the Timor Sea. This resolved a longstanding source of contention between them. The potential benefits of this historic breakthrough are now in peril, because the critical issue of how the shared oil and gas of the Timor Sea are to be developed remains in dispute.


Assessing Food Security Using Household Consumption Expenditure Surveys (Hces): A Scoping Literature Review, Joanna Russell, Anne Lechner, Quentin A. Hanich, Aurelie Delisle, Brooke M. Campbell, Karen E. Charlton Jan 2018

Assessing Food Security Using Household Consumption Expenditure Surveys (Hces): A Scoping Literature Review, Joanna Russell, Anne Lechner, Quentin A. Hanich, Aurelie Delisle, Brooke M. Campbell, Karen E. Charlton

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

Objective: To meet some of the UN's seventeen Sustainable Development Goals by 2030, there is a need for more effective policy to reduce food insecurity in low-income and lower-middle-income countries (LMIC). Measuring progress towards these goals requires reliable indicators of food security in these countries. Routinely conducted household consumption and expenditure surveys (HCES) provide potentially valuable and nationally representative data sets for this purpose. The present study aimed to assess methods used to determine national food security status using proxy measures from HCES data in LMIC globally. Design: A scoping literature review was conducted using electronic databases. Of the ...


Massacres, Disappearances And 1968: Mexicans Remember The Victims Of A 'Perfect Dictatorship', Luis Gomez Romero Jan 2018

Massacres, Disappearances And 1968: Mexicans Remember The Victims Of A 'Perfect Dictatorship', Luis Gomez Romero

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

Fifty years ago, soldiers gunned down hundreds of student protesters in a Mexico City plaza. It was neither the first nor the last time Mexico's army would be deployed against its own citizens.


Language Use And Language Attitudes In New Caledonia With Particular Reference To French Creole Tayo, Anu Bissoonauth-Bedford Jan 2018

Language Use And Language Attitudes In New Caledonia With Particular Reference To French Creole Tayo, Anu Bissoonauth-Bedford

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

New Caledonia has an unusual language dynamic in comparison to other French overseas territories. In most of these islands, a French Creole is usually the lingua franca and has a lower status than French. In contrast, in New Caledonia the French Creole, called Tayo, is a minority language and comes in contact with French, English and 28 Indigenous languages (also called Kanak languages). The 2014 census population revealed a multi-ethnic and multicultural NewCaledonian population. It did not, however, record the rate of multilingualism in speakers. Results from a recent sociolinguistic study on patterns of language use and language attitudes revealed ...


Female Japanese Citizens In New Caledonia: Pre-December 1941, Rowena G. Ward Jan 2018

Female Japanese Citizens In New Caledonia: Pre-December 1941, Rowena G. Ward

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

In January 1941, the Japanese female population in New Caledonia included the Japan-born as well as former French citizens and subjects, Dutch subjects (primarily Javanese) and local Indigenous Kanak women who were married to Japanese men. Before the enactment of a new French Nationality Law in August 1927, French women who married non-French citizens became citizens of their husband's country and therefore French women who married Japanese men became Japanese. After the change in the law, French women who married Japanese retained their French citizenship. Kanak and Dutch women who married Japanese men also became Japanese. The number of ...


A New, Better Bet: Rescuing And Revising Basic Emotion Theory, Daniel D. Hutto, Ian Robertson, Michael D. Kirchhoff Jan 2018

A New, Better Bet: Rescuing And Revising Basic Emotion Theory, Daniel D. Hutto, Ian Robertson, Michael D. Kirchhoff

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

Basic Emotion Theory, or BET, has dominated the affective sciences for decades (Ekman, 1972, 1992, 1999; Ekman and Davidson, 1994; Griffiths, 2013; Scarantino and Griffiths, 2011). It has been highly influential, driving a number of empirical lines of research (e.g., in the context of facial expression detection, neuroimaging studies and evolutionary psychology). Nevertheless, BET has been criticized by philosophers, leading to calls for it to be jettisoned entirely (Colombetti, 2014; Hufendiek, 2016). This paper defuses those criticisms. In addition, it shows that we have good reason to retain BET. Finally, it reviews and puts to rest worries that BET ...


Ocean Or Oubliette?, Ian M. Buchanan Jan 2018

Ocean Or Oubliette?, Ian M. Buchanan

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

There is now enough plastic in the world to wrap the entire planet. Plastic is now so pervasive scientists are saying that it is a new geological marker. And no part of the planet has been more affected by the spread of plastic waste than the ocean. Eventually the things we dispose of will dispose of us. We are suffocating the planet in our toxic waste. The ocean, as vast as it is, has somehow slipped from view-it is used as a dumping ground for all kinds of waste, and it is steadily dying, but no-one seems able to raise ...