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Articles by Maurer Faculty

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Full-Text Articles in Law

Race And Representation Revisited: The New Racial Gerrymandering Cases And Section 2 Of The Vra, Luis Fuentes-Rohwer, Guy-Uriel E. Charles Jan 2018

Race And Representation Revisited: The New Racial Gerrymandering Cases And Section 2 Of The Vra, Luis Fuentes-Rohwer, Guy-Uriel E. Charles

Articles by Maurer Faculty

This article explores the Supreme Court's new racial gerrymandering cases and argue that those cases are on a collision course with Section 2 of the VRA. We revisit the Shaw line of cases and explain that the Shaw cases were more sympathetic to the representational rights of voters of color than are the new racial gerrymandering cases. This is primarily because the Shaw cases made room within the doctrine for the state to pursue descriptive representation for voters of color. We argue that new racial gerrymandering cases are inimical to descriptive representation. To the extent that voting rights scholars ...


The Ethical Practice Of Human-Centered Civil Justice Design, Victor D. Quintanilla, Haley Hinkle Jan 2018

The Ethical Practice Of Human-Centered Civil Justice Design, Victor D. Quintanilla, Haley Hinkle

Articles by Maurer Faculty

Over the past two decades, legal professionals have increasingly engaged in a new form of professional activity: civil justice design. In the past, legal professionals handled cases and transactions for clients or served as neutrals, including mediators and arbitrators, who helped to resolve disputes between parties. Today, legal professionals increasingly play a principal design role in creating systems that resolve streams of conflicts, disputes, and grievances between parties. Lawyers regularly now create internal grievance procedures, procedures for companies to resolve disputes with customers, and court-annexed alternative dispute resolution systems. The emergence of this new role raises difficult questions about the ...


State Responses To Federal Tax Reform: Charitable Tax Credits, David Gamage, Joseph Bankman, Jacob Goldin, Daniel Hemel, Darien Shanske, Kirk J. Stark, Dennis J. Ventry Jr., Manoj Viswanathan Jan 2018

State Responses To Federal Tax Reform: Charitable Tax Credits, David Gamage, Joseph Bankman, Jacob Goldin, Daniel Hemel, Darien Shanske, Kirk J. Stark, Dennis J. Ventry Jr., Manoj Viswanathan

Articles by Maurer Faculty

This paper summarizes the current federal income tax treatment of charitable contributions where the gift entitles the donor to a state tax credit. Such credits are very common and are used by the states to encourage private donations to a wide range of activities, including natural resource preservation through conservation easements, private school tuition scholarship programs, financial aid for college-bound children from low-income households, shelters for victims of domestic violence, and numerous other state-supported programs. Under these programs, taxpayers receive tax credits for donations to governments, government-created funds, and nonprofits.

A central federal income tax question raised by these donations ...


Wayfair And The Retroactivity Of Constitutional Holdings, David Gamage, Adam Thimmesch, Darien Shanske Jan 2018

Wayfair And The Retroactivity Of Constitutional Holdings, David Gamage, Adam Thimmesch, Darien Shanske

Articles by Maurer Faculty

This essay analyzes the issue of retroactivity with respect to the Supreme Court case of South Dakota v. Wayfair.


State Imperiled Species Legislation, Robert L. Fischman, Vicky J. Meretsky, Willem Drews, Katlin Stephani, Jennifer Teson Jan 2018

State Imperiled Species Legislation, Robert L. Fischman, Vicky J. Meretsky, Willem Drews, Katlin Stephani, Jennifer Teson

Articles by Maurer Faculty

State wildlife conservation programs are essential to accomplishing the national goal of extinction prevention. By virtue of their constitutional powers, their expertise, and their on-the-ground personnel, states could—in theory—accomplish far more than the federal agencies directly responsible for implementing the Endangered Species Act (ESA). States plausibly argue that they can catalyze collaborative conservation that brings together key stakeholders to improve conditions for imperiled species. Bills to revise the ESA seek to delegate greater authority to states. We evaluated states’ imperiled species legislation to determine their legal capacity to employ the key regulatory tools that prompt collaborative conservation. All ...


Cybersecurity And The New Era Of Space Activities, David P. Fidler Jan 2018

Cybersecurity And The New Era Of Space Activities, David P. Fidler

Articles by Maurer Faculty

No abstract provided.


Empirical Environmental Scholarship, Robert L. Fischman, Lydia Barbash-Riley Jan 2018

Empirical Environmental Scholarship, Robert L. Fischman, Lydia Barbash-Riley

Articles by Maurer Faculty

The most important development in legal scholarship over the past quarter century has been the rise of empirical research. Drawing upon the traditions of legal realism and the law and economics movement, a variety of social science techniques have delivered fresh perspectives and punctured false claims. But environmental law has been slow to adopt empirical tools, and our findings indicate that it lags behind other fields. There are several clear benefits from an empirical agenda to explore how to make environmental law more effective. But no previous article has applied the lessons from empirical scholarship in other fields to environmental ...


Charitable Contributions In Lieu Of Salt Deductions, David Gamage Jan 2018

Charitable Contributions In Lieu Of Salt Deductions, David Gamage

Articles by Maurer Faculty

State governments are considering new charitable tax credits designed to circumvent the 2017 federal tax overhaul’s cap on state and local tax deductions. Will these plans work? This essay argues that the answer is: yes, but with some qualifications.


Evolution Of The Racial Identity Of Children Of Loving: Has Our Thinking About Race And Racial Issues Become Obsolete?, Kevin D. Brown Jan 2018

Evolution Of The Racial Identity Of Children Of Loving: Has Our Thinking About Race And Racial Issues Become Obsolete?, Kevin D. Brown

Articles by Maurer Faculty

No abstract provided.


Access To Print, Access To Justice, Kimberly Mattioli Jan 2018

Access To Print, Access To Justice, Kimberly Mattioli

Articles by Maurer Faculty

This article examines the relationship between self-represented litigants and digital literacy and how this particularly vulnerable patron group stands to be harmed by the elimination of print materials from public law libraries. An examination of the literature and a survey help to shed light on this growing problem.


Patent Pool Outsiders, Michael Mattioli Jan 2018

Patent Pool Outsiders, Michael Mattioli

Articles by Maurer Faculty

Individuals who decline to join cooperative groups — outsiders — raise concerns in many areas of law and policy. From trade policy to climate agreements to class action procedures, the fundamental concern is the same: a single member of the group who drops out could weaken the remaining union. This Article analyzes the outsider problem as it affects patents.

The outsider question has important bearing on patent and antitrust policy. By centralizing and simplifying complex patent licensing deals, patent pools conserve tremendous transaction costs. This allows for the widespread production and competitive sale of many useful technologies, particularly in the consumer electronics ...


Access To Consumer Bankruptcy, Pamela Foohey Jan 2018

Access To Consumer Bankruptcy, Pamela Foohey

Articles by Maurer Faculty

This essay examines the state of access to justice in the context of consumer bankruptcy from two vantage points: (1) how people decide that their money problems are legal problems addressable by filing bankruptcy; and (2) the barriers people face in using the consumer bankruptcy system. To shed new light on how people decide to use bankruptcy to address their financial troubles, I analyze a sample of narratives accompanying consumers' complaints about financial products and services submitted to the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau. I also chronicle the evolution of research regarding consumer bankruptcy’s “local legal culture,” systemic racial bias ...


Legal Activism In The Face Of Political Challenges: The Nigerian Case, Jayanth K. Krishnan, Kunle Ajagbe Jan 2018

Legal Activism In The Face Of Political Challenges: The Nigerian Case, Jayanth K. Krishnan, Kunle Ajagbe

Articles by Maurer Faculty

Countries that move from authoritarianism to democracy often see increased rights-based, social justice lawyering after the transition. Given the new freedoms and opportunities present, this outcome is hardly surprising. However, relying on a literature and theoretical frame developed over the past two decades, this study argues that, in fact, such lawyering can have its historical roots in the legal activism that occurred during previous authoritarian periods. Consider Africa’s most populous country – Nigeria. Since gaining independence in 1960, Nigeria has witnessed, in total, nearly 30 years of military dictatorship. In 1999, the country adopted a democratic system of government, which ...


Securing The Internet Of Healthcare, Michael Mattioli, Scott J. Shackelford, Steve Myers, Austin Brady, Yvette Wang, Stephanie Wong Jan 2018

Securing The Internet Of Healthcare, Michael Mattioli, Scott J. Shackelford, Steve Myers, Austin Brady, Yvette Wang, Stephanie Wong

Articles by Maurer Faculty

Cybersecurity, including the security of information technology (IT), is a critical requirement in ensuring society trusts, and therefore can benefit from, modern technology. Problematically, though, rarely a day goes by without a news story related to how critical data has been exposed, exfiltrated, or otherwise inappropriately used or accessed as a result of supply chain vulnerabilities. From the Russian government's campaign to influence the 2016 U.S. presidential election to the September 2017 Equifax breach of more than 140-million Americans' credit reports, mitigating cyber risk has become a topic of conversation in boardrooms and the White House, on Wall ...


Caveat Irs: Problems With Abandoning The Full Deduction Rule, David Gamage, Joseph Bankman, Jacob Goldin, Daniel J. Hemel, Darien Shanske, Kirk J. Stark, Dennis J. Ventry Jr., Manoj Viswanathan Jan 2018

Caveat Irs: Problems With Abandoning The Full Deduction Rule, David Gamage, Joseph Bankman, Jacob Goldin, Daniel J. Hemel, Darien Shanske, Kirk J. Stark, Dennis J. Ventry Jr., Manoj Viswanathan

Articles by Maurer Faculty

Several states have passed — and many more are considering — new tax credits that would reduce tax liability based on donations made by a taxpayer in support of various state, local or non-profit programs. In general, taxpayer contributions to qualifying organizations — including public charities and private foundations, as well as federal, state, local, and tribal governments — are eligible for the federal charitable contribution deduction under section 170. In a previous article, we explained how current law supports the view that qualifying charitable contributions are deductible under section 170, even when the donor derives some federal or state tax benefit by making ...


Why (And How) States Should Tax The Repatriation, David Gamage, Darien Shanske Jan 2018

Why (And How) States Should Tax The Repatriation, David Gamage, Darien Shanske

Articles by Maurer Faculty

This essay analyzed how U.S. state tax laws should treat the repatriation income generated by the 2017 federal tax legislation.


The Future Of Salt: A Broader Picture, David Gamage, Darien Shanske Jan 2018

The Future Of Salt: A Broader Picture, David Gamage, Darien Shanske

Articles by Maurer Faculty

In this essay, we evaluate the new cap on the state and local tax (SALT) deduction. We argue that the structure of the new cap is not consistent with any theory as to what the SALT deduction is or should be. In canvassing these theories, we further evaluate how future reforms to the SALT deduction might proceed.


The New Writs Of Assistance, Ian Samuel Jan 2018

The New Writs Of Assistance, Ian Samuel

Articles by Maurer Faculty

The providers of network services (and the makers of network devices) know an enormous amount about our lives. Because they do, these network intermediaries are being asked with increasing frequency to assist the government in solving crimes or gathering intelligence. Given how much they know about us, if the government can secure the assistance of these intermediaries, it will enjoy a huge increase in its theoretical capacity for surveillance—the ability to learn, in principle, almost anything about anyone. That has the potential to create serious social harm, even assuming that the government continues to adhere to ordinary democratic norms ...


Blockchain Versus Data Protection, Fred H. Cate, Christopher Kuner, Orla Lynskey, Christopher Millard, Nora Ni Loideain, Dan Jerker B. Svantesson Jan 2018

Blockchain Versus Data Protection, Fred H. Cate, Christopher Kuner, Orla Lynskey, Christopher Millard, Nora Ni Loideain, Dan Jerker B. Svantesson

Articles by Maurer Faculty

No abstract provided.


An Unstoppable Force And An Immoveable Object? Eu Data Protection Law And National Security, Fred H. Cate, Christopher Kuner, Orla Lynskey, Christopher Millard, Nora Ni Loideain, Dan Jerker B. Svantesson Jan 2018

An Unstoppable Force And An Immoveable Object? Eu Data Protection Law And National Security, Fred H. Cate, Christopher Kuner, Orla Lynskey, Christopher Millard, Nora Ni Loideain, Dan Jerker B. Svantesson

Articles by Maurer Faculty

No abstract provided.


Climate Change Challenges For Land Conservation: Rethinking Conservation Easements, Strategies, And Tools, W. William Weeks, Jessica Owley, Federico Cheever, Adena R. Rissman, M. Rebecca Shaw, Barton H. Thompson Jan 2018

Climate Change Challenges For Land Conservation: Rethinking Conservation Easements, Strategies, And Tools, W. William Weeks, Jessica Owley, Federico Cheever, Adena R. Rissman, M. Rebecca Shaw, Barton H. Thompson

Articles by Maurer Faculty

Climate change has significant consequences for land conservation. Government agencies and nonprofit land trusts heavily rely on perpetual conservation easements. However, climate change and other dynamic landscape changes raise questions about the effectiveness and adaptability of permanent conservation instruments like conservation easements. Building upon a study of 269 conservation easements and interviews with seventy conservation-easement professionals in six different states, we examine the adaptability of conservation easements to climate change. We outline four potential approaches to enhance conservation outcomes under climate change: (1) shift land-acquisition priorities to account for potential climate-change impacts; (2) consider conservation tools other than perpetual conservation ...


French Constitutionalism, Part 4, Elisabeth Zoller Jan 2018

French Constitutionalism, Part 4, Elisabeth Zoller

Articles by Maurer Faculty

No abstract provided.


French Constitutionalism, Part 3, Elisabeth Zoller Jan 2018

French Constitutionalism, Part 3, Elisabeth Zoller

Articles by Maurer Faculty

No abstract provided.


French Constitutionalism, Part 2, Elisabeth Zoller Jan 2018

French Constitutionalism, Part 2, Elisabeth Zoller

Articles by Maurer Faculty

No abstract provided.


French Constitutionalism, Part 1, Elisabeth Zoller Jan 2018

French Constitutionalism, Part 1, Elisabeth Zoller

Articles by Maurer Faculty

No abstract provided.


Talent Systems For Law Firms, William D. Henderson Jan 2017

Talent Systems For Law Firms, William D. Henderson

Articles by Maurer Faculty

irtually every large US law firm owes its rise and success to a talent system it adopted several decades ago. These talent systems were effective because they created highly skilled business lawyers in a way that aligned the interests of partners, associates, and clients. The most prominent example is the Cravath System, though other business lawyers throughout the US were making similar discoveries at roughly the same time. The tremendous forward momentum of these first-generation talent systems has created the problem of ahistorical partners — owners who collect the late-stage benefits of a talent system approach without understanding its original logic ...


Thinking On Your Feet: Reflections Of A First-Time Online Instructor, Ashley A. Ahlbrand Jan 2017

Thinking On Your Feet: Reflections Of A First-Time Online Instructor, Ashley A. Ahlbrand

Articles by Maurer Faculty

Online education continues to rise in popularity for both undergraduate and graduate education. Among the reasons commonly stated for this preference is flexibility, both of time and location. It came as little surprise, therefore, when our Law Library’s long-term proposal to develop an online advanced legal research course found itself on the fast track. This article will discuss the process we went through to develop this course, the end result, and the lessons learned along the way.


Tax Cannibalization And Fiscal Federalism In The United States, David Gamage, Darien Shanske Jan 2017

Tax Cannibalization And Fiscal Federalism In The United States, David Gamage, Darien Shanske

Articles by Maurer Faculty

We began this project pondering a riddle. Most state governments have adopted what we-and many others-view as clearly suboptimal tax policies, especially in regard to the taxation of corporate income and capital gains. Yet, with the notable exception of those who oppose progressivity and the taxation of capital, state-level tax policymakers have had remarkably little appetite for reform.

This Article provides one major explanation for this riddle by identifying and demonstrating a phenomenon that we label as "tax cannibalization." We argue that flawed state-level tax policies derive in part from perverse incentives inadvertently created by the federal government.


Determining The Territorial Scope Of State Law In Interstate And International Conflicts: Comments On The Draft Restatement (Third) And On The Role Of Party Autonomy, Hannah L. Buxbaum Jan 2017

Determining The Territorial Scope Of State Law In Interstate And International Conflicts: Comments On The Draft Restatement (Third) And On The Role Of Party Autonomy, Hannah L. Buxbaum

Articles by Maurer Faculty

Analyzing a conflict of laws requires thinking both about the scope of potentially applicable law and about priority, or choice, among potentially applicable laws. The Restatement (Second) of Conflict of Laws, published in 1971, contains little guidance on how, or in what order, courts are to address these two inquiries. The draft Restatement (Third), in contrast, differentiates clearly the respective roles of the two analytical elements. It characterizes the resolution of a choice-of-law question as a two-step process. First, the scope of the relevant states’ internal laws must be determined, in order to ascertain which states’ laws might be used ...


The Rise Of Cybersecurity And Its Impact On Data Protection, Fred H. Cate, Christopher Kuner, Dan Jerker B. Svantesson, Orla Lynskey, Christopher Millard Jan 2017

The Rise Of Cybersecurity And Its Impact On Data Protection, Fred H. Cate, Christopher Kuner, Dan Jerker B. Svantesson, Orla Lynskey, Christopher Millard

Articles by Maurer Faculty

No abstract provided.