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Full-Text Articles in Law

Editorial Board Jan 2018

Editorial Board

Washington University Global Studies Law Review

No abstract provided.


Inclusive Capitalism Based On Binary Economics And Positive International Human Rights In The Age Of Artificial Intelligence, Chris Fleissner Jan 2018

Inclusive Capitalism Based On Binary Economics And Positive International Human Rights In The Age Of Artificial Intelligence, Chris Fleissner

Washington University Global Studies Law Review

The degree to which wage labor will sustain purchasing power over the long term has become a subject of renewed scrutiny in the twenty-first century. Decreasing labor share of compensation for economic growth and the development of disruptive automation technologies approaching human-level intelligence have invited inquiries into the institutions, rules, and norms driving the generation and distribution of earnings from labor and capital, the concentration of wealth, and access to opportunities to participate in the global economy.

This Note considers the role of positive human rights in this context through the lens of a paradigm known as inclusive capitalism based ...


Income-Dependent Punitive Damages, Ronen Perry, Elena Kantorowicz-Reznichenko Jan 2018

Income-Dependent Punitive Damages, Ronen Perry, Elena Kantorowicz-Reznichenko

Washington University Law Review

The Article unfolds in six parts. Part I outlines the development of the law governing punitive damages. Part II analyzes the possible rationales for this unique “middle-ground” doctrine, focusing on deterrence and retribution. Part III considers whether the defendant’s wealth should be considered in assessing punitive damages in light of their underlying goals. Part IV demonstrates how the defendant’s wealth can be integrated into the calculation. It extracts the foundations from European criminal justice systems and adapts the model to American civil law. Part V defends the proposed model from the relevant theoretical perspectives. Lastly, Part VI discusses ...


Editorial Board Jan 2018

Editorial Board

Washington University Law Review

No abstract provided.


International Megan's Law And The Identifier Provision - An Efficacy Analysis, Daniel Cull Jan 2018

International Megan's Law And The Identifier Provision - An Efficacy Analysis, Daniel Cull

Washington University Global Studies Law Review

No abstract provided.


"Your Old Road Is/ Rapidly Agin'": International Human Rights Standards And Their Impact On Forensic Psychologists, The Practice Of Forensic Psychology, And The Conditions Of Institutionalization Of Persons With Mental Disabilities, Michael L. Perlin Jan 2018

"Your Old Road Is/ Rapidly Agin'": International Human Rights Standards And Their Impact On Forensic Psychologists, The Practice Of Forensic Psychology, And The Conditions Of Institutionalization Of Persons With Mental Disabilities, Michael L. Perlin

Washington University Global Studies Law Review

For years, considerations of the relationship between international human rights standards and the work of forensic psychologists have focused on the role of organized psychology in prisoner abuse at Guantanamo Bay and Abu Ghirab. That issue has been widely discussed and debated, and these discussions show no sign of abating. But there has been virtually no attention given to another issue of international human rights, one that grows in importance each year: how the treatment (especially, the institutional treatment) of persons with mental and intellectual disabilities violates international human rights law, and the silence of organized forensic psychology in the ...


The Legality Of A State Religion In A Secular Nation, Eusef Robin Huq Jan 2018

The Legality Of A State Religion In A Secular Nation, Eusef Robin Huq

Washington University Global Studies Law Review

No abstract provided.


Constitutional Mobilization, Bui Ngoc Son Jan 2018

Constitutional Mobilization, Bui Ngoc Son

Washington University Global Studies Law Review

People around the world are mobilizing for constitutional change. This global phenomenon has been underexplored in comparative constitutional studies. This Article introduces the concept of constitutional mobilization, theorizes about it, and offers an original, empirical case-study.

First, it develops a general theoretical framework defined by the following key concepts. Constitutional mobilization is the process by which social actors employ constitutional norms and discourses to advocate for constitutional change. Constitutional opportunity refers to the general political and constitutional environment in which constitutional mobilization operates, and particular political and constitutional processes that provoke constitutional mobilization. Constitutional framing concerns identifying constitutional problems and ...


Legal Pluralism And The Threat To Human Rights In The New Plurinational State Of Bolivia, James M. Cooper Jan 2018

Legal Pluralism And The Threat To Human Rights In The New Plurinational State Of Bolivia, James M. Cooper

Washington University Global Studies Law Review

Bolivia, the chronically poor, landlocked Andean country has long seen its indigenous populations marginalized, languishing in underdevelopment. Spanish colonialists destroyed any vestige of the vibrant, complex civilization that existed in the region – including the religious, political and legal systems in place for centuries. In December 2005, Evo Morales Ayma

was the first elected President of indigenous descent. After leading the changes in the country’s Constitution, Morales continued to rule Bolivia until the writing of this Article. The New Political Constitution of Plurinational State of Bolivia of 2009 and a national law for community justice, signed into law by Morales ...


Inconsistent Trafficking Obligations And How Guyana Got Caught In The Middle, Sarah Langer Jan 2018

Inconsistent Trafficking Obligations And How Guyana Got Caught In The Middle, Sarah Langer

Washington University Global Studies Law Review

This Note will first analyze the mechanisms behind the enforcement of international trafficking laws and agreements which have, to a large extent, been disseminated by the United Nations and the United States. Specifically, this Note seeks to demonstrate how the use of sanctions by the United States, enacted in an effort to make adherence to international anti-trafficking norms compulsory, creates unpredictable standards for compliance and simultaneously disadvantages source countries. This Note will then look to anti-trafficking compliance in the Caribbean and specifically Guyana, to show why source and transition countries continue to struggle to meet international anti-trafficking goals. It will ...


Table Of Contents Jan 2018

Table Of Contents

Washington University Global Studies Law Review

No abstract provided.


The Coalition Model, A Private-Public Strategic Innovation Policy Model For Encouraging Entrepreneurship And Economic Growth In The Era Of New Economic Challenges, Anat Alon-Beck Jan 2018

The Coalition Model, A Private-Public Strategic Innovation Policy Model For Encouraging Entrepreneurship And Economic Growth In The Era Of New Economic Challenges, Anat Alon-Beck

Washington University Global Studies Law Review

Innovation driven entrepreneurial firms have an important role in contributing to job creation, generating technological innovation, and stimulating the United States economy. However, there is recently a notable decline in emerging growth entrepreneurial activity in the United States. The Coalition Model proposes ways to maximize opportunities for industry, academia, and government to collaborate and build sustainable relationships, to help convert the current challenges in the U.S. market into opportunities.

Designing a new innovation strategy will lead the United States in generating innovation, technology, and economic growth, as well as help the federal government harness new approaches for institutional change ...


The Dragon And The Eagle: Reforming China’S Securities Ipo Laws In The U.S. Model, Pros And Cons, Stuart R. Cohn, Miao Yinzhi Jan 2018

The Dragon And The Eagle: Reforming China’S Securities Ipo Laws In The U.S. Model, Pros And Cons, Stuart R. Cohn, Miao Yinzhi

Washington University Global Studies Law Review

China is about to undergo a major reform of its securities offering and listing processes. Since the inception of China’s securities market in the early 1990s, the government has exercised tight control to determine which companies will be allowed to engage in initial public offerings and become listed on a national exchange. The system has led to both corruption and favoritism and has blocked numerable companies from access to capital markets. With the ascension in 2013 of Xi Jinping and Li Keqiang as the heads of the Chinese Communist Party and Premier, the government adopted reform of the market ...


Examining The Jpmorgan “Princeling” Settlement: Insight Into Current Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (Fcpa) Interpretation And Enforcement, Beverley Earle, Anita Cava Jan 2018

Examining The Jpmorgan “Princeling” Settlement: Insight Into Current Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (Fcpa) Interpretation And Enforcement, Beverley Earle, Anita Cava

Washington University Global Studies Law Review

Shortly after the November 2016 U.S. Presidential election, JP Morgan Chase and JP Morgan Securities (Asia Pacific) settled and signed a non-prosecution agreement (NPA) in which they agreed to pay over $264 million to the DOJ, SEC and the Federal Reserve. The entities acknowledged that they had engaged in quid pro quo arrangements with Chinese officials for a number of years, employing relatives deemed “princelings” in return for favored treatment. Although JP Morgan Chase had ended the program in 2013, evidence of willful and widespread violations of the FCPA resulted in little prosecutorial credit. We examine this and other ...


The New Chinese Mental Health Laws, Zhiyuan Guo, Floyd Feeney Jan 2018

The New Chinese Mental Health Laws, Zhiyuan Guo, Floyd Feeney

Washington University Global Studies Law Review

The United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities is by far the most important international agreement yet developed concerning the mentally disabled. China adopted this Convention in 2008. In 2012 China went further—making major changes in the way that China deals with mental health issues in both its criminal and its civil law. Coming first was a new Criminal Procedure Code that adds a whole new dimension to the way that China deals with the mentally ill who are charged with crimes. Equally important was the new civil mental disabilities law that China adopted later in ...


The International Rule Of Law And Economic Development, Nadia E. Nedzel Jan 2018

The International Rule Of Law And Economic Development, Nadia E. Nedzel

Washington University Global Studies Law Review

The Rule of Law and economic development have long been recognized as being inter-related – a successful society has both. The question is how the two are related. Some scholars argue that common law is more supportive of economic development, while others reject this and argue that the distinctions between common law and civil law have no effect on economic development. This multidisciplinary article approaches the issue from a new contextual perspective that includes economics, philosophy, history, and law. It posits that while the concepts are similar, the common law conception of the Rule of Law (as opposed to the civilian ...


Democratization: A Comparative Analysis Of Lifted Economic Sanctions In Cuba And Burma, Stephanie Amador Jan 2018

Democratization: A Comparative Analysis Of Lifted Economic Sanctions In Cuba And Burma, Stephanie Amador

Washington University Global Studies Law Review

Democratization: A Comparative Analysis of Lifted Economic Sanctions in Cuba and Burma


Waiting To Be Heard: Fairness, Legal Rights, And Injustices The Deaf Community Faces In Our Modern, Technological World, Justin Chavez Jan 2018

Waiting To Be Heard: Fairness, Legal Rights, And Injustices The Deaf Community Faces In Our Modern, Technological World, Justin Chavez

Washington University Global Studies Law Review

This note will examine the existing access to legal aid, employment, recourse, and education in various deaf cultures and societies. The goal is a comparative study into how the DHH communities are accepted, valued, and prioritized in different countries, and how that translates into legal infrastructure, in the form of governmentally-mandated statues, regulations, public accommodations, and legal education. This will consist of a brief history into the recognition, labeling, and acceptance of deaf citizens in ancient and modern cultures, the path to a society’s awareness and eventual recognition of deaf citizens, and how the various levels of awareness differ ...


Internationalizing And Historicizing Hart’S Theory Of Law, Norman P. Ho Jan 2018

Internationalizing And Historicizing Hart’S Theory Of Law, Norman P. Ho

Washington University Jurisprudence Review

In The Concept of Law – which continues to enjoy the central position in the field of analytical jurisprudence five decades after its initial publication – H.L.A. Hart makes two powerful claims. He argues that his theory of law is universal (in that it can apply to any legal culture) and timeless (in that it can apply to different times in history). Despite the sweeping, bold nature of these claims, neither Hart nor the large body of scholarship that has responded to, criticized, and refined Hart’s model of law over the past few decades has really tested whether Hart ...


Dworkin's Incomplete Interpretation Of Democracy, Alexander Latham Jan 2018

Dworkin's Incomplete Interpretation Of Democracy, Alexander Latham

Washington University Jurisprudence Review

This essay mounts an immanent critique of Dworkin’s defense of judicial review. Taking Dworkin’s methodology of constructive interpretation as my starting point, I argue that when analyzing the role that political institutions play in democracy, Dworkin fails to take his own method far enough. In particular, he limits his constructive interpretation of democracy to the practice of voting, overlooking the distinctive democratic values implicit within the institutions and practices of legislation by representative assembly. Ironically, given his well-known critique of majoritarian democracy, this failure leads Dworkin to adopt majoritarianism as a starting point when assessing particular institutions. A ...


High Priorities: Land Use, Marijuana, And Meta-Values, Spenser Owens Jan 2018

High Priorities: Land Use, Marijuana, And Meta-Values, Spenser Owens

Washington University Jurisprudence Review

This Note will examine the motivations surrounding the adoption of zoning ordinances pertaining to the production and sale of marijuana through the lens of John Dewey’s theory of valuation. Applying Dewey’s theory to the zoning ordinances of a sampling of state and local governments, I will argue first that the choice of land uses to be regulated and restricted through local zoning ordinances is ultimately referable to values held by the community in which the ordinances are enacted. Second, I will argue that the decisions made on the state level carry more “value” as defined by Dewey’s ...


"Strike Two, You're Out!" The Need For A More Stringent Drug Policy In Major League Baseball, Zackary Kessinger Jan 2018

"Strike Two, You're Out!" The Need For A More Stringent Drug Policy In Major League Baseball, Zackary Kessinger

Washington University Jurisprudence Review

This Note argues that MLB should adopt a more stringent drug policy than the one currently set forth in MLB’s Joint Drug Prevention and Treatment Program for two reasons. First, the increasing prevalence of PED use among MLB players threatens baseball’s integrity. Second, professional players’ PED use may encourage aspiring young athletes to abuse PEDs, which may harm their long-term health.


Freedom And Affordances Of The Net, Christoph B. Graber Jan 2018

Freedom And Affordances Of The Net, Christoph B. Graber

Washington University Jurisprudence Review

This Article is about the relationship between technology and society in fundamental rights theory. So far, the discussion about law and technology has generally been one-directional within the most relevant branches of the social sciences; scholars of the law have been treating technology as a black box when conducting their analyses or developing their theories. In turn, science and technology studies have considered law and regulation as a closed book, which is unsatisfactory as well. Reductionist and compartmentalized theorizing is particularly problematic when it comes to conceiving a fundamental rights theory that is able to cope with challenges of the ...


Doing Better For Child Migrants, Susan Frelich Appleton Jan 2018

Doing Better For Child Migrants, Susan Frelich Appleton

Washington University Global Studies Law Review

Professor Ann Laquer Estin’s Child Migrants and Child Welfare: Toward a Best Interests Approach makes several important contributions to our understanding of the complicated legal questions posed by a timely and too often tragic phenomenon: large numbers of unaccompanied child migrants, including many coming into the United States. Estin helpfully disentangles and explores the welter of possibly applicable laws, from U.S. constitutional provisions to international human rights laws, federal immigration laws, and state family laws. Her careful analysis also exposes significant gaps, pointing out how some issues fall between relevant bodies of law.

Although each of the sources ...


Making Room For Children: A Response To Professor Estin On Immigration And Child Welfare, Rick Su Jan 2018

Making Room For Children: A Response To Professor Estin On Immigration And Child Welfare, Rick Su

Washington University Global Studies Law Review

If children are increasingly the focus of immigration, then perhaps it is time that immigration focus on children. As Professor Estin reminds us, America has long been committed to the welfare and protection of children. This commitment is woven throughout American law. We affirm it as signatories to international accords. And when it comes to immigration, Congress has recognized the special challenges and vulnerabilities that children face—not only in getting to our country, but also in the immigration proceedings that follows. Nowhere is this more evident than the special protections and procedures in place for unaccompanied children in our ...


Intelligence-Sharing Agreements & International Data Protection: Avoiding A Global Surveillance State, Rachel C. Taylor Jan 2018

Intelligence-Sharing Agreements & International Data Protection: Avoiding A Global Surveillance State, Rachel C. Taylor

Washington University Global Studies Law Review

International threats to national security have resulted in a coordinated response among states to protect their citizens, but in a post-Snowden world, are states also protecting the data integrity of its citizens? Intelligence-sharing agreements’ opacity undermine public trust given the revelations of unchecked government surveillance that emerged in 2013. The Five Eyes agreement, perhaps the most famous and fundamental promise amongst US allies, remains shrouded in mystery despite the public demand for less intrusive and more translucent government surveillance practices. This agreement and those which mirror it evade the few domestic safeguards that serve to ensure democratic surveillance. Taking a ...


Child Migrants And Child Welfare: Toward A Best Interests Approach, Ann Laquer Estin Jan 2018

Child Migrants And Child Welfare: Toward A Best Interests Approach, Ann Laquer Estin

Washington University Global Studies Law Review

Protections for unaccompanied minors in the U.S. immigration system can be traced to our constitutional values of due process and equal treatment; to the parens patriae tradition and best interests principle from family law; and to our commitments under international law including the Protocol to U.N. Convention on the Rights of the Child. With the Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act of 2008, Congress took an important step toward meeting these obligations and improving our treatment of child migrants, but there is more work to do. Federal agencies have been slow to implement the Act, and there are important ...


Undeniably Difficult: Extradition And Genocide Denial Laws, Dylan Fotiadis Jan 2018

Undeniably Difficult: Extradition And Genocide Denial Laws, Dylan Fotiadis

Washington University Global Studies Law Review

Genocide denial, increasingly common in the cyber world, is outlawed in several nations globally in an effort to suppress bigotry and harmful historical revisionism. Genocide denial is legal, however, in the United States, Canada, and the United Kingdom. Therefore, a legal conflict arises when a defendant facing genocide denial charges in one nation flees to or resides in a non-prosecuting nation: should respect for free speech or diplomacy prevail? Little material has been written on this matter, but with the rise of the internet as an anonymous means of communication, it is likely that this scenario will be increasingly common ...


Table Of Contents Jan 2018

Table Of Contents

Washington University Law Review

No abstract provided.


Mailing Statement Jan 2018

Mailing Statement

Washington University Law Review

No abstract provided.