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Constitutional Law--Equal Protection--Zoning--Snob Zoning: Must A Man's Home Be A Castle?, Michigan Law Review Dec 1970

Constitutional Law--Equal Protection--Zoning--Snob Zoning: Must A Man's Home Be A Castle?, Michigan Law Review

Michigan Law Review

This Note will analyze and evaluate the legal theories that may be employed to attack snob zoning in the courts. First, the feasibility of attacking snob zoning via the equal protection clause of the fourteenth amendment will be examined. The second part of this Note will delineate alternative judicial responses to snob zoning that are couched in more conventional zoning-law terms.


Effective Representation And Multimember Districts, Michigan Law Review Aug 1970

Effective Representation And Multimember Districts, Michigan Law Review

Michigan Law Review

The Supreme Court has not decided a case involving an assertion of the claim that a multimember district denies the right of effective representation since Fortson and Burns. However, there have been several subsequent challenges in lower courts to the validity of such districts, and these challenges have generally failed because the factual evidence did not demonstrate conclusively that the voting strength of a legally cognizable racial or political element had been minimized or cancelled. In Chavis v. Whitcomb, however, a three-judge federal district court in Indiana found that the plaintiff had presented sufficient factual evidence to sustain his claim ...


Civil Rights--Segregation--Federal Income Tax: Exemptions And Deductions--The Validity Of Tax Benefits To Private Segregated Schools, Michigan Law Review Jun 1970

Civil Rights--Segregation--Federal Income Tax: Exemptions And Deductions--The Validity Of Tax Benefits To Private Segregated Schools, Michigan Law Review

Michigan Law Review

In granting the preliminary injunction, the district court found that plaintiffs were asserting a substantial constitutional claim and had a reasonable possibility of success. Balancing the equities of the parties, the court decided that the possibility of significant adverse effect on the Commissioner and schools awaiting tax benefits was not great and was in any event far outweighed by the harm which could result from a denial of the requested relief pendente lite. Thus, the court found that the threat of irreparable injury justified the issuance of a preliminary injunction. The propriety of the court's decision to grant a ...


Community Control, Public Policy, And The Limits Of Law, David L. Kirp Jun 1970

Community Control, Public Policy, And The Limits Of Law, David L. Kirp

Michigan Law Review

This Article deals with those two points of conflict-disputes about governance, race, and political power; and constitutional concerns, rooted in Brown v. Board of Education, about racially heterogeneous education. Both are central to understanding, and to giving content to, the disagreements about community control. The questions about power provide a context within which to understand the terms of the debate. The constitutional discussion suggests some inevitable judicial difficulties in resolving disputes that emerge from the debate. Such questions are increasingly before the courts, whose decisions may alter the bounds of acceptable conduct in ways that permit or deny the legitimacy ...