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The Bring Your Own Tampon Policy: Why Menstrual Hygiene Products Should Be Provided For Free In Restrooms, Elizabeth Montano Oct 2018

The Bring Your Own Tampon Policy: Why Menstrual Hygiene Products Should Be Provided For Free In Restrooms, Elizabeth Montano

University of Miami Law Review

Like toilet paper, menstrual hygiene products, such as tampons and pads, are necessities for managing natural and unavoidable bodily functions. However, menstrual hygiene products widely receive separate treatment in restrooms across the globe. While it would be absurd today to carry a roll of toilet paper at all times, it is considered necessary and common sense for all menstruators to carry menstrual hygiene products at all times, for approximately forty years, in case of an emergency. This is the “Bring Your Own Tampon” (“BYOT”) policy and it is a violation of human rights and equal protection.

This Note seeks to ...


Does Trade Trump Law In The Protection Of Human Rights? International Trade, Law, And Human Rights In South Africa And South Korea, Cristina Campo Jun 2018

Does Trade Trump Law In The Protection Of Human Rights? International Trade, Law, And Human Rights In South Africa And South Korea, Cristina Campo

University of Miami International and Comparative Law Review

International relations have become categorically dependent on the sophisticated trading systems that interconnect and empower sovereign states. Thus, a state’s focus on protecting the rights of its individuals comprising and affected by that system would appear to come secondary to the economic decisions involved in conducting trade agreements. This article asks whether the international trade regime can be used to further the protection of human rights or whether such protection should be better left in the hands of legal entities in international bodies and sovereign states. I analyze South Korea and South Africa’s legal and trade regimes—two ...


The Human Right Of Property, José E. Alvarez Apr 2018

The Human Right Of Property, José E. Alvarez

University of Miami Law Review

Despite the absence of a comprehensive global pact on the subject, the human right to property protection—a right of property but only rarely to specific property—exists and is recognized in 21 human rights instruments, including some of the most widely ratified multilateral treaties ever adopted. The Cold War’s omission of property rights in the two principal treaties on human rights, namely the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, has been overtaken by events. But that reality continues to be resisted by legal scholars, including human rights ...


The Climate For Human Rights, Rebecca M. Bratspies Mar 2018

The Climate For Human Rights, Rebecca M. Bratspies

University of Miami Law Review

Climate change is the defining challenge of the 21st century. The United States government is currently ignoring the problem, but wishful thinking alone will not keep global mean temperature rise below 2ºC. This Article proposes a way forward. It advises environmental decision-makers to use human rights norms to guide them as they make decisions under United States law. By reframing their discretion through a human rights lens, decision-makers can use their existing authority to respond to the super-wicked problem of climate change


The Silencing Of Human Rights Activists In Egypt Post-Revolution, Jennifer Helmy Aug 2017

The Silencing Of Human Rights Activists In Egypt Post-Revolution, Jennifer Helmy

University of Miami International and Comparative Law Review

No abstract provided.


The Expanding Scope Of Human Rights In A Technological World — Using The Interamerican Court Of Human Rights To Establish A Minimum Data Protection Standard Across Latin America, Josiah Wolfson May 2017

The Expanding Scope Of Human Rights In A Technological World — Using The Interamerican Court Of Human Rights To Establish A Minimum Data Protection Standard Across Latin America, Josiah Wolfson

University of Miami Inter-American Law Review

Privacy is a human right that many in the world do not enjoy. The failure of many countries to prioritize privacy through the passage and enforcement of comprehensive data protection laws has left their citizens vulnerable. The Inter-American Court of Human Rights should use its authority to set a minimum data protection standard for its Member States.

This Note discusses the historical development of data protection, the current data protection gap in Latin America, and proposes the role that the Inter-American Court of Human Rights should play in advancing a minimum data protection standard in the region.


You Say Embargo, I Say Bloqueo - A Policy Recommendation For Promoting Foreign Direct Investment And Safeguarding Human Rights In Cuba, Marcia Narine Weldon Jan 2017

You Say Embargo, I Say Bloqueo - A Policy Recommendation For Promoting Foreign Direct Investment And Safeguarding Human Rights In Cuba, Marcia Narine Weldon

Articles

The United States is the only major industrialized nation that restricts trade with Cuba. Although President Obama issued several executive orders that have facilitated limited trade (and President Trump has scaled some back), an embargo remains in place, and by law, Congress cannot lift it until, among other things, the Cuban government commits to democratization and human rights reform. Unfortunately, the Cuban and U.S. governments fundamentally disagree on the definition of "human rights, " and neither side has shown a willingness to compromise. Meanwhile, although some US. investors clamor to join their European and Canadian counterparts in expanding operations in ...


The Lingua Franca Of Reproductive Rights: The American Convention On Human Rights And The Emergence Of Human Legal Personhood In The New Civil And Commerce Code Of Argentina, Martin Hevia, Carlos Herrera Vacaflor May 2016

The Lingua Franca Of Reproductive Rights: The American Convention On Human Rights And The Emergence Of Human Legal Personhood In The New Civil And Commerce Code Of Argentina, Martin Hevia, Carlos Herrera Vacaflor

University of Miami International and Comparative Law Review

No abstract provided.


Inverting Human Rights: The Inter-American Court Versus Costa Rica, Robert S. Barker Feb 2016

Inverting Human Rights: The Inter-American Court Versus Costa Rica, Robert S. Barker

University of Miami Inter-American Law Review

Costa Rica has for many years been deeply and genuinely committed to the worldwide rule of law and, in particular, to the protection of human rights through the inter-American legal system and to the jurisprudence of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights.

In the year 2000 Costa Rica’s Constitutional Chamber declared unconstitutional the country’s program of in-vitro fertilization, primarily because the program violated the right to life as guaranteed by the national Constitution and by international conventions, in that the in-vitro fertilization process exposed large numbers of embryos to death, as only a very small percentage of in-vitro ...


Extraterritorial Application Of The Alien Tort Statute After Kiobel, Ranon Altman Jan 2016

Extraterritorial Application Of The Alien Tort Statute After Kiobel, Ranon Altman

University of Miami Business Law Review

This article explores when corporations can be held liable under the Alien Tort Statute for human rights abuses that are committed outside of the United States. The Alien Tort Statute grants the United States district courts jurisdiction for torts committed against foreigners in violation of the law of nations. While the Alien Tort Statute concerns international law, it does not indicate whether the district courts have jurisdiction over disputes that involve conduct outside of the United States.

In this article, I focus my analysis on the Supreme Court’s 2013 decision in Kiobel v. Royal Dutch Petroleum Co. That case ...


Disclosing Disclosure's Defects: Addressing Corporate Irresponsibility For Human Rights Impacts, Marcia Narine Jan 2015

Disclosing Disclosure's Defects: Addressing Corporate Irresponsibility For Human Rights Impacts, Marcia Narine

Articles

Although many people believe that the role of business is to maximize shareholder value, corporate executives and board members can no longer ignore their companies' human rights impacts on other stakeholders. Over the past four years, the role and responsibility of non-state actors such as multinationals has come under increased scrutiny. In 2011, the United Nations Human Rights Council unanimously endorsed the "UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights," which outline the State duty to protect human rights, the corporate responsibility to respect human rights, and both the State and corporations' duties to provide remedies to parties. The Guiding ...


Reversal Of Fortune: How The German Courts Found Their Human Rights And Helped The European Courts Find Theirs, Henry Biggs May 2014

Reversal Of Fortune: How The German Courts Found Their Human Rights And Helped The European Courts Find Theirs, Henry Biggs

University of Miami International and Comparative Law Review

No abstract provided.


Divergent Paths, Similar Results: How African Asylum Seekers Have Been Failed In Both Israel And Malta Despite Varying Procedures And Treatment, Edward N. Krakauer May 2014

Divergent Paths, Similar Results: How African Asylum Seekers Have Been Failed In Both Israel And Malta Despite Varying Procedures And Treatment, Edward N. Krakauer

University of Miami International and Comparative Law Review

No abstract provided.


A Regime In Need Of Balance: The Un Counter-­Terrorism Regimes Of Security And Human Rights, Isaac Kfir Apr 2014

A Regime In Need Of Balance: The Un Counter-­Terrorism Regimes Of Security And Human Rights, Isaac Kfir

University of Miami National Security & Armed Conflict Law Review

Since 9/11, the UN’s counter-­‐terrorism regime has developed two distinct approaches to combating international terrorism. The Security Council follows a traditional security doctrine that focuses on how to best protect states from the threat posed by international terrorists. This is largely due to the centrality of the state in Security Council thinking and attitudes. On the other hand, the General Assembly and the various UN human rights organs, influenced by the human security doctrine, have taken a more holistic, human rights-­‐based approach to the threat of international terrorism. This paper offers a review of how the ...


A New American Dilemma?: U.S. Constitutionalism Vs. International Human Rights, Stanley N. Katz Oct 2013

A New American Dilemma?: U.S. Constitutionalism Vs. International Human Rights, Stanley N. Katz

University of Miami Law Review

No abstract provided.


From Kansas To The Congo: Why Naming And Shaming Corporations Through The Dodd-Frank Act's Corporate Governance Disclosure Won't Solve A Human Rights Crisis, Marcia Narine Jan 2013

From Kansas To The Congo: Why Naming And Shaming Corporations Through The Dodd-Frank Act's Corporate Governance Disclosure Won't Solve A Human Rights Crisis, Marcia Narine

Articles

No abstract provided.


Silent Partners: Private Forces, Mercenaries, And International Humanitarian Law In The 21st Century, Steven R. Kochheiser Jul 2012

Silent Partners: Private Forces, Mercenaries, And International Humanitarian Law In The 21st Century, Steven R. Kochheiser

University of Miami National Security & Armed Conflict Law Review

In response to gritty accounts of firefights involving private forces like Blackwater in Iraq and Afghanistan, many legal scholars have addressed the rising use of private forces——or mercenaries——in the 21st century under international law. Remarkably, only a few have attempted to understand why these forces are so objectionable. This is not a new problem. Historically, attempts to control private forces by bringing them under international law have been utterly ineffective, such as Article 47 of Additional Protocol II to the Geneva Conventions. In Silent Partners, I propose utilizing the norm against mercenary use as a theoretical framework to ...


The Ferrini Doctrine: Abrogating State Immunity From Civil Suit For Jus Cogens Violations, Natasha Marusja Saputo Jul 2012

The Ferrini Doctrine: Abrogating State Immunity From Civil Suit For Jus Cogens Violations, Natasha Marusja Saputo

University of Miami National Security & Armed Conflict Law Review

Article 10 of the Italian Constitution incorporates generally recognized principles of international law. Thus, State immunity from civil suit in the domestic courts of another State——a principle generally recognized in international law——would apply in Italy. However, the protection of fundamental human rights is another generally recognized principle in international law and the ostensible conflict between these two principles has resulted in a series of controversial rulings issued by the Italian Court of Cassation. These rulings allow for the abrogation of State immunity from civil suit in the domestic courts of another State for alleged violations of jus cogens ...


The Paradox Of Impartiality: A Critical Defense Of The International Criminal Tribunal For Rwanda, Daniel Koosed Apr 2012

The Paradox Of Impartiality: A Critical Defense Of The International Criminal Tribunal For Rwanda, Daniel Koosed

University of Miami International and Comparative Law Review

No abstract provided.


The Challenge Of Domestic Implementation Of International Human Rights Law In The Cotton Field Case, Caroline Bettinger-López Jan 2012

The Challenge Of Domestic Implementation Of International Human Rights Law In The Cotton Field Case, Caroline Bettinger-López

Articles

No abstract provided.


The Second Circuit Correctly Interprets The Alien Tort Statute: Kiobel V. Royal Dutch, Frank Cruz-Alvarez, Laura E. Wade Jul 2011

The Second Circuit Correctly Interprets The Alien Tort Statute: Kiobel V. Royal Dutch, Frank Cruz-Alvarez, Laura E. Wade

University of Miami Law Review

No abstract provided.


Women's Citizen Security, Susana Chiarotti Boero Apr 2011

Women's Citizen Security, Susana Chiarotti Boero

University of Miami Law Review

No abstract provided.


Laptops And The Border Search Exception To The Fourth Amendment: Protecting The United States Borders From Bombs, Drugs, And The Pictures From Your Vacation, Victoria Wilson Apr 2011

Laptops And The Border Search Exception To The Fourth Amendment: Protecting The United States Borders From Bombs, Drugs, And The Pictures From Your Vacation, Victoria Wilson

University of Miami Law Review

No abstract provided.


Modern Day Inquisitions, Rebecca J. Cook Apr 2011

Modern Day Inquisitions, Rebecca J. Cook

University of Miami Law Review

No abstract provided.


Who Is A Human Rights Defender? An Essay On Sexual And Reproductive Rights Defenders, Cynthia Soohoo, Diana Hortsch Apr 2011

Who Is A Human Rights Defender? An Essay On Sexual And Reproductive Rights Defenders, Cynthia Soohoo, Diana Hortsch

University of Miami Law Review

No abstract provided.


Labor Rights And Environmental Protection Under Nafta And Other U.S. Free Trade Agreements, David A. Gantz, C. Ryan Reetz, Guillermo Aguilar-Alvarez, Jan Paulsson Jan 2011

Labor Rights And Environmental Protection Under Nafta And Other U.S. Free Trade Agreements, David A. Gantz, C. Ryan Reetz, Guillermo Aguilar-Alvarez, Jan Paulsson

University of Miami Inter-American Law Review

No abstract provided.


Trade And Investment Treaties, The Rule Of Law, And Standards Of The Administration Of Justice, Alejandro M. Garro, Stephen J. Schnably, Pedro Martinez Fraga, David Abraham Jan 2011

Trade And Investment Treaties, The Rule Of Law, And Standards Of The Administration Of Justice, Alejandro M. Garro, Stephen J. Schnably, Pedro Martinez Fraga, David Abraham

University of Miami Inter-American Law Review

No abstract provided.


Spaces Of Freedom For Citizens And Asylees In The Eu And U.S., Francis J. Conte Oct 2010

Spaces Of Freedom For Citizens And Asylees In The Eu And U.S., Francis J. Conte

University of Miami International and Comparative Law Review

No abstract provided.


Indivisibility And Linkage Arguments: A Reply To Gilabert, James W. Nickel Jan 2010

Indivisibility And Linkage Arguments: A Reply To Gilabert, James W. Nickel

Articles

This reply discusses Pablo Gilabert's response to my article, "Rethinking Indivisibility." It welcomes his distinction between conceptual, normative, epistemic, and causal forms of support from one right to another. It denies, however, that "Rethinking Indivisibility" downplayed linkage arguments for human rights (although it did call for careful evaluation of such arguments), and rejects Gilabert's suggestion that we understand the indivisibility of two rights as two rights being highly useful to each other (interdependence) rather than as mutual indispensability. In the final section, I offer two new worries about the system-wide indivisibility of human rights.


Outsiders Inside The Beltway: Latcrit Xiv - Critical Outsider Theory And Praxis In The Policy Making Of The New American Regime, Anthony E. Varona Jan 2010

Outsiders Inside The Beltway: Latcrit Xiv - Critical Outsider Theory And Praxis In The Policy Making Of The New American Regime, Anthony E. Varona

Articles

No abstract provided.