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Copyright’S Facelift: An Analysis Of The New Look Of Copyright Following The Music Modernization Act And The United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement, Octavious A. Buiey Jr. Dec 2019

Copyright’S Facelift: An Analysis Of The New Look Of Copyright Following The Music Modernization Act And The United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement, Octavious A. Buiey Jr.

University of Miami Inter-American Law Review

No abstract provided.


The Law As Uncopyrightable: Merging Idea And Expression Within The Eleventh Circuit’S Analysis Of “Law-Like” Writing, Christina M. Frohock Jun 2019

The Law As Uncopyrightable: Merging Idea And Expression Within The Eleventh Circuit’S Analysis Of “Law-Like” Writing, Christina M. Frohock

University of Miami Law Review

The Eleventh Circuit recently issued an opinion in Code Revision Commission v. Public.Resource.Org, Inc. that meditates on the law as much as resolves a dispute. For that reason alone, attention should be paid. A commission acting on behalf of the Georgia General Assembly and the State of Georgia filed a copyright infringement action against a nonprofit organization that had disseminated annotated state statutes. The Eleventh Circuit took these modest facts and delivered a philosophical analysis of the nature of law, finding that statutory annotations are outside copyright protection because the true author of such “law-like” writing is “the ...


The Unlikely Duo That Shocked The Intellectual Property World And Why The Supreme Court Was The Chosen One To Restore Balance, Nicholas Dilts May 2019

The Unlikely Duo That Shocked The Intellectual Property World And Why The Supreme Court Was The Chosen One To Restore Balance, Nicholas Dilts

University of Miami Law Review

The United States Congress passed the Leahy Smith America Invents Act in 2011 in an effort to streamline the patent system and reduce patent litigation, allowing the United States to continue to be competitive globally. The Act enabled the U.S. Patent Office to facilitate patent challenges through an administrative process called inter partes review, an adversarial proceeding before the newly established Patent Trial and Appeal Board that was designed to be a cheaper and more efficient alternative for post-grant patent review than litigation in front of the federal district courts. In the years that followed, the Patent Trail and ...


Canada’S Summary Trial Procedure: A Viable Alternative To Summary Judgment On Trademark Likelihood Of Confusion Actions In The United States, Elaine Kussurelis Jan 2019

Canada’S Summary Trial Procedure: A Viable Alternative To Summary Judgment On Trademark Likelihood Of Confusion Actions In The United States, Elaine Kussurelis

University of Miami Inter-American Law Review

No abstract provided.


The Rearden Problem: Defining Ownership In A Changing Landscape, Jake Altobello Dec 2018

The Rearden Problem: Defining Ownership In A Changing Landscape, Jake Altobello

University of Miami Business Law Review

This paper will address the problem that is currently being confronted by the Walt Disney World Company; who owns the creative works made from software stolen from the original creator? Furthermore, does the court’s application of the “lion’s share” theory effectively further the Constitution’s intent to promote the growth of arts and sciences? By looking at the historical progression of intellectual property law and the holdings of key cases in copyright law, this paper will distill into a summary of key concerns the jurisprudence regarding associating property rights in intellectual property. By narrowing the key considerations of ...


The Sample Solution: How Blockchain Technology Can Clarify A Divided Copyright Doctrine On Music Sampling, Angelo Massagli Dec 2018

The Sample Solution: How Blockchain Technology Can Clarify A Divided Copyright Doctrine On Music Sampling, Angelo Massagli

University of Miami Business Law Review

This article will examine how blockchain technology can clarify the complex and inconsistent judicial approach to the copyright doctrine regarding music sampling. As it stands today, circuit courts are divided over how to handle copyright infringement stemming from unlicensed music sampling. The first approach is simple: if you want to sample, get a license. The second approach is more lenient and applies a de minimis standard that forces courts to make fact sensitive, case–by–case decisions regarding whether or not the sample of the original work is sufficient enough to be defined as an infringement. The reason for this ...


"It's Your Right…!": A Legal History Of The Bacardi Cocktail, Brian L. Frye Dec 2018

"It's Your Right…!": A Legal History Of The Bacardi Cocktail, Brian L. Frye

University of Miami Business Law Review

No abstract provided.


“Wake Up, Mr. West!”: Distinguishing Albums And Compilations For Statutory Damages In Copyright Within A Streaming–Centric Music Economy, Tyler Laurence May 2018

“Wake Up, Mr. West!”: Distinguishing Albums And Compilations For Statutory Damages In Copyright Within A Streaming–Centric Music Economy, Tyler Laurence

University of Miami Business Law Review

The concept of the music album has been a vital cornerstone of the recorded music industry since its adoption in the form of the long–play vinyl record in 1948. For over sixty years, the ability for artists to package a cohesive collection of performances has remained of paramount priority and an art within itself, notwithstanding the flurry of technological innovations that have altered the album’s size, shape, length, and interactivity. These collections of songs have even withstood the so–called “era of unbundilization,” as digital music services declared a new piecemeal distribution standard of albums through the turn ...


The New Separability, Lili Levi Jan 2018

The New Separability, Lili Levi

Articles

In Star Athletica v. Varsity Brands, the Supreme Court recently unveiled a new approach to separability. Because copyright law protects expression, not function, aesthetic features of useful articles are eligible for copyright protection only if they are separable from the functional work in which they are incorporated. But the Copyright Actdoes not define separability, and Star Athletica is the latest judicial effort to try to fill that void. Unfortunately, the new separability is open to a wide range of critiques. Relatively low-hanging fruit are the vagueness and indeterminacy of the new test, the Court's unsatisfactory attempts to avoid defining ...


The Central Claiming Renaissance, Andres Sawicki Jan 2018

The Central Claiming Renaissance, Andres Sawicki

Articles

The Supreme Court has recently reinvigorated the law of patentable subject matter. But beneath the headlines proclaiming the return of limits to patent eligibility, a more profound shift has taken place: central claiming is reborn.

The Court's eligibility cases are significant outliers compared to today's run-of-the-mill patent law because claim language plays little role in their analyses. In our modern peripheral claiming system, the claim language is the near exclusive guide to the patent's boundaries. But in its earliest days, our patent system pursued a central claiming approach, in which the inventor's actual work determined the ...


A View Of Copyright From The Digital Ground, Andres Sawicki Jan 2018

A View Of Copyright From The Digital Ground, Andres Sawicki

Articles

No abstract provided.


Samsung V. Apple: Taking A Bite Out Of The Design Patent “Article Of Manufacture” Controversy, Elizabeth M. Gil May 2017

Samsung V. Apple: Taking A Bite Out Of The Design Patent “Article Of Manufacture” Controversy, Elizabeth M. Gil

University of Miami Business Law Review

Smartphones have become a universal item. A smartphone is comprised of hundreds of thousands of patented inventions, many of which are design patents.1It is these design patents that are at the center of the highly-contested case of Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. v. Apple Inc., which involves three of the design patents within Apple’s iPhone. Beginning in 2011, Apple and Samsung have been in a seemingly never-ending litigious battle over these design patents with the case commencing in the district court, climbing up to the Supreme Court of the United States, and returning to the district court. It is ...


Counter-Ip Conspiracies: Patent Alienability And The Sherman Antitrust Act, Hannibal Travis Apr 2017

Counter-Ip Conspiracies: Patent Alienability And The Sherman Antitrust Act, Hannibal Travis

University of Miami Law Review

Anticompetitive collusion by intellectual property owners frequently triggered antitrust enforcement during the twentieth century. An emerging area of litigation and scholarship, however, involves conspiracies by potential licensees of intellectual property to reduce or eliminate opportunities by a property’s holders to profit from it, or even to recoup their investments in creating and protecting it. The danger is that potential licensees will collude with one another to suppress royalties or sale prices. This Article traces the history of such litigation, provides an overview of the scholarly and theoretical arguments against monopsonistic or oligopsonistic collusion against licensors of intellectual property, and ...


Fixing Forum Selling, Brian L. Frye, Christopher J. Ryan Jr. Apr 2017

Fixing Forum Selling, Brian L. Frye, Christopher J. Ryan Jr.

University of Miami Business Law Review

“Forum selling” is jurisdictional competition intended to attract litigants. While consensual forum selling may be beneficial, non-consensual forum selling is harmful because it encourages jurisdictions to adopt an inefficient pro-plaintiff bias. In the last 20 years, the Eastern District of Texas has adopted an aggressive and remarkably successful policy of non-consensual forum selling in patent infringement actions. In 2016, 44% of all patent infringement actions were filed in the Eastern District of Texas, and 93% of them were filed by patent assertion entities or “patent trolls.”

In December 2016, the Supreme Court granted certiorari in TC Heartland v. Kraft, to ...


Tc Heartland: The Patent Venue Question Is Informed By Personal Jurisdiction Issues, Richard Samp Apr 2017

Tc Heartland: The Patent Venue Question Is Informed By Personal Jurisdiction Issues, Richard Samp

University of Miami Business Law Review

No abstract provided.


Patent Venue Exceptionalism After Tc Heartland V. Kraft, Ana Santos Rutschman Apr 2017

Patent Venue Exceptionalism After Tc Heartland V. Kraft, Ana Santos Rutschman

University of Miami Business Law Review

No abstract provided.


Brazil’S New Path To Meaningful Intellectual Property Protection, Luiz Miranda Feb 2017

Brazil’S New Path To Meaningful Intellectual Property Protection, Luiz Miranda

University of Miami Inter-American Law Review

Today in Brazil, it takes over eleven years to receive legal rights to an invention by means of a patent. This state of affairs provides inadequate intellectual property protection for inventors and businesses, hampering Brazil’s desire to accelerate innovation, entrepreneurship, and economic growth through a national patent system. But a new Joint Agreement between the Government of the United States and the Government of the Federative Republic of Brazil could mean rescue is on the way. Both governments agreed to engage in patent work sharing programs between the two patent offices, in hopes of increased efficiency. Yet, some scholars ...


The Problem Of Creative Collaboration, Anthony J. Casey, Andres Sawicki Jan 2017

The Problem Of Creative Collaboration, Anthony J. Casey, Andres Sawicki

Articles

In this Article, we explore a central problem facing creative industries: how to organize collaborative creative production. We argue that informal rules are a significant and pervasive-but nonetheless underappreciated-tool f or solving the problem. While existing literature has focused on how informal rules sustain incentives for producing creative work, we demonstrate how such rules can facilitate and organize collaboration in the creative space.

We also suggest that informal rules can be a better fit for creative organization than formal law. On the one side, unique features of creativity, especially high uncertainty and low verifiability, lead to organizational challenges that formal ...


Exclusive Groove: How Modern Substantial Similarity Law Invites Attenuated Infringement Claims At The Expense Of Innovation And Sustainability In The Music Industry, Mark Kuivila Nov 2016

Exclusive Groove: How Modern Substantial Similarity Law Invites Attenuated Infringement Claims At The Expense Of Innovation And Sustainability In The Music Industry, Mark Kuivila

University of Miami Law Review

As of 2015, the American entertainment market was worth about $600 billion, and it is projected to substantially exceed that figure in coming years. The global entertainment industry is worth about $2 trillion, meaning the U.S. is responsible for over a quarter of total global entertainment revenue. These statistics illustrate the staggering impact of the American entertainment industry on the global markets for film, television, and music. The American music industry is particularly dominant in its global market, earning half of world-wide sync revenues and accounting for nearly a third of all global music revenue. Entertainment is clearly the ...


A Passion For Fashion: The International Trade Commission Should “Step Up” Its Role In The Enforcement Of Design Patents, Nikki Rigl May 2016

A Passion For Fashion: The International Trade Commission Should “Step Up” Its Role In The Enforcement Of Design Patents, Nikki Rigl

University of Miami International and Comparative Law Review

No abstract provided.


Risky Ip, Andres Sawicki Jan 2016

Risky Ip, Andres Sawicki

Articles

No abstract provided.


Buying Teams, Andres Sawicki Jan 2015

Buying Teams, Andres Sawicki

Articles

No abstract provided.


Copyright In Teams, Anthony J. Casey, Andres Sawicki Jan 2013

Copyright In Teams, Anthony J. Casey, Andres Sawicki

Articles

Dozens of people worked together to produce Casablanca. But a single person working alone wrote The Sound and the Fury. While almost all films are produced by large collaborations, no great novel ever resulted from the work of a team. Why does the frequency and success of collaborative creative production vary across art forms?

The answer lies in significant part at the intersection of intellectual property law and the theory of the firm. Existing analyses in this area often focus on patent law and look almost exclusively to a property-rights theory of the firm. The implications of organizational theory for ...


Copyright Freeconomics, John M. Newman Jan 2013

Copyright Freeconomics, John M. Newman

Articles

Innovation has wreaked creative destruction on traditional content platforms. During the decade following Napster's rise and fall, industry organizations launched litigation campaigns to combat the dramatic downward pricing pressure created by the advent of zero-price, copyright-infringing content. These campaigns attracted a torrent of debate among scholars and stakeholders regarding the proper scope and role of copyright law-but this ongoing debate has missed the forest for the trees. Industry organizations have abandoned litigation efforts, and many copyright owners now compete directly with infringing products by offering legitimate content at a price of $0.00.

This sea change has ushered in ...


Personal Jurisdiction And Choice Of Law In The Cloud, Damon C. Andrews, John M. Newman Jan 2013

Personal Jurisdiction And Choice Of Law In The Cloud, Damon C. Andrews, John M. Newman

Articles

Cloud computing has revolutionized how society interacts with, and via, technology. Though some early detractors criticized the "cloud" as being nothing more than an empty industry buzzword, we contend that by dovetailing communications and calculating processes for the first time in history, cloud computing is--both practically and legally-a shift in prevailing paradigms. As a practical matter, the cloud brings with it a previously undreamt-of sense of location independence for both suppliers and consumers. And legally, the shift toward deploying computing ability as a service, rather than as a product, represents an evolution to a contractual foundation for interacting.

Already, substantive ...


Not In It For The Long Run: China's Solution For Compliance With Trips Requires More Than A Nine-Month Campaign, Devon Spencer Apr 2012

Not In It For The Long Run: China's Solution For Compliance With Trips Requires More Than A Nine-Month Campaign, Devon Spencer

University of Miami International and Comparative Law Review

No abstract provided.


Made In America: Is The Idpppa The Answer To The United States Fashion Industry's Quest For Design Protection?, Courtney Daniels Jan 2012

Made In America: Is The Idpppa The Answer To The United States Fashion Industry's Quest For Design Protection?, Courtney Daniels

University of Miami Business Law Review

No abstract provided.


The Google Police: How The Indictment Of The Pirate Bay Presents A New Solution To Internet Piracy, Bernard A. Mantel Jan 2012

The Google Police: How The Indictment Of The Pirate Bay Presents A New Solution To Internet Piracy, Bernard A. Mantel

University of Miami Business Law Review

No abstract provided.


Better Mistakes In Patent Law, Andres Sawicki Jan 2012

Better Mistakes In Patent Law, Andres Sawicki

Articles

This Article analyzes patent mistakes-that is, mistakes made by the patent system when it decides whether a particular invention has met the patentability requirements. These mistakes are inevitable. Given resource constraints, some might even be desirable. This Article evaluates the relative costs of patent mistakes, so that we can make better ones.

Three characteristics drive the costs of mistakes: their type (false positive or false negative), timing (early or late), and doctrinal basis (utility, novelty, nonobviousness, and so on). These characteristics make some mistakes more troubling than others.

This Article compares the costs of making mistakes of different types, at ...


Raising The Bar And The Public Interest: On Prior Restraints, Traditional Contours, And Constitutionalizing Preliminary Injunctions In Copyright Law, John M. Newman Jan 2011

Raising The Bar And The Public Interest: On Prior Restraints, Traditional Contours, And Constitutionalizing Preliminary Injunctions In Copyright Law, John M. Newman

Articles

No abstract provided.