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Full-Text Articles in Law

Centering Race At The Medical-Legal Partnership In Hawai’I, Dina Shek Dec 2019

Centering Race At The Medical-Legal Partnership In Hawai’I, Dina Shek

University of Miami Race & Social Justice Law Review

No abstract provided.


Regulating Sugar-Sweetened Beverages, Tyler Rauh Apr 2019

Regulating Sugar-Sweetened Beverages, Tyler Rauh

University of Miami Business Law Review

American waistlines are an international punchline, and United States taxpayers spend hundreds of billions of dollars each year to combat medical complications resulting from obesity. The personal costs are financial, emotional, and mortal. Projections insist that it will become worse. Section I details the obesity epidemic and ponders why the United States is uniquely unhealthy.

The reason could be that America consumes more sugar than any other country. In recent years, some municipal policymakers have attempted to restrain America’s sweet tooth by taxing sugar-sweetened beverages. Initial responses are polarizing. Chicago’s tax did not last three months before its ...


Section 1332 State Innovation Waivers: Waiving Goodbye To Cooperative Federalism And Hello To Collaborative Federalism, Brittany Hynes Apr 2019

Section 1332 State Innovation Waivers: Waiving Goodbye To Cooperative Federalism And Hello To Collaborative Federalism, Brittany Hynes

University of Miami Business Law Review

No abstract provided.


The Dark Side Of The Pharmaceutical Industry: A Compound Of Issues, Geoffrey A. Marcus Apr 2019

The Dark Side Of The Pharmaceutical Industry: A Compound Of Issues, Geoffrey A. Marcus

University of Miami Inter-American Law Review

No abstract provided.


Occupational Licensing And The Limits Of Public Choice Theory, Ryan Nunn, Gabriel Scheffler Jan 2019

Occupational Licensing And The Limits Of Public Choice Theory, Ryan Nunn, Gabriel Scheffler

Articles

No abstract provided.


Unlocking Access To Health Care: A Federalist Approach To Reforming Occupational Licensing, Gabriel Scheffler Jan 2019

Unlocking Access To Health Care: A Federalist Approach To Reforming Occupational Licensing, Gabriel Scheffler

Articles

No abstract provided.


Mitochondrial Replacement Therapy: How A Government For The People, Failed The People, Jeffery Mark Sauer Oct 2018

Mitochondrial Replacement Therapy: How A Government For The People, Failed The People, Jeffery Mark Sauer

University of Miami Law Review

Despite having the potential to significantly reduce the passage of many lethal diseases and devastating birth defects, mitochondrial replacement therapy—a controversial medical procedure in which mitochondrial RNA from a healthy female replaces the mitochondrial RNA from the intended mother in vitro—will have no place in the United States anytime soon. Under the guise of purported safety concerns and ethical dilemmas, the Republican Congress used its “power of the purse” to halt any and all research furthering mitochondrial replacement therapy, notwithstanding the fact that many leaders in the medical community have advocated for further research. Several developed countries have ...


Brazil’S Zika Epidemic And Its Effects On The Criminalization Of Abortion, Laura M. Monteiro May 2018

Brazil’S Zika Epidemic And Its Effects On The Criminalization Of Abortion, Laura M. Monteiro

University of Miami Inter-American Law Review

No abstract provided.


Will The Zika Virus Enable A Transplant Of Roe V. Wade To Brazil?, Amanda Greenberg Jan 2018

Will The Zika Virus Enable A Transplant Of Roe V. Wade To Brazil?, Amanda Greenberg

University of Miami Inter-American Law Review

No abstract provided.


Strategic Litigation To Advance Public Health, Tamar Ezer, Priti Patil Jan 2018

Strategic Litigation To Advance Public Health, Tamar Ezer, Priti Patil

Articles

The HIV movement has relied on strategic litigation as an important tool to develop and enforce legal protections critical to health. This experience contains lessons on the potential of strategic litigation to advance public health more generally. Beyond impacting laws and policies, strategic litigation can change practice, breathing life into existing legal rules never implemented. While cases may target a particular law, policy, or practice, indirect impacts beyond a particular court decision on future cases, other branches of government, and the public record may be just as important. Each case is only one step towards change, and a judgment can ...


The Epipen Problem: Analyzing Unethical Drug Price Increases And The Need For Greater Government Regulation, Talal Rashid Dec 2017

The Epipen Problem: Analyzing Unethical Drug Price Increases And The Need For Greater Government Regulation, Talal Rashid

University of Miami Business Law Review

In recent years, some pharmaceutical companies have started increasing the price of their existing drugs to exorbitant levels. Often, these drugs are medically necessary for patients, who are left to take on the high costs of the medicine. One recent example is Mylan, who raised the price of the EpiPen by four hundred percent, solely for the profit of its own company and to the detriment of consumers who rely on the EpiPen. Similar patterns of drug price increases have occurred in the past and will likely happen again in the future. This Comment will seek to identify the common ...


A Call To Higher Action: Cannabis Prohibition In The United States And Canada Makes For An Uncertain Future, Carlos Alvarez Aug 2017

A Call To Higher Action: Cannabis Prohibition In The United States And Canada Makes For An Uncertain Future, Carlos Alvarez

University of Miami International and Comparative Law Review

No abstract provided.


Circumcision: Immigration, Religion, History, And Constitutional Identity In Germany And The U.S., David Abraham Jan 2017

Circumcision: Immigration, Religion, History, And Constitutional Identity In Germany And The U.S., David Abraham

Articles

A four-year-old Muslim boy was brought to a local Cologne emergency room by his mother, who was concerned about minor bleeding around the site of a circumcision. A District Court there found that circumcision, notwithstanding parental consent or religious motivation, constituted a criminal bodily injury and child abuse. Ultimately, on July 19, 2012 the Bundestag resolved that "Jewish and Muslim religious life be viable in Germany," and in December a bill was passed that legislatively overrode the ruling of the District Court and recognized circumcision as a non-punishable undertaking when undertaken for religious reasons by someone professionally trained. Two years ...


Medical-Legal Partnerships With Communities: Legal Empowerment To Transform Care, Tamar Ezer Jan 2017

Medical-Legal Partnerships With Communities: Legal Empowerment To Transform Care, Tamar Ezer

Articles

Medical-legal partnerships (MLPs) integrate legal services into health care settings to provide holistic care and address the social determinants of health. This article brings a legal-empowerment lens to MLP work, arguing for a stronger focus on communities. It examines the application to MLPs of bringing services to communities, investing in rights literacy, and partnering with community-based paralegals. It then outlines the potential for a transformation in health and legal services to a rights - rather than needs-based framework where communities are active partners in program design and development.


International Reciprocity: If A Drug Is Good Enough For Great Britain, It Should Be Good Enough For The United States, Nicole C. Perez Dec 2016

International Reciprocity: If A Drug Is Good Enough For Great Britain, It Should Be Good Enough For The United States, Nicole C. Perez

University of Miami Business Law Review

The pharmaceutical industry is one of the largest, and most lucrative, industries in the world, worth about one trillion U.S. dollars. Specifically, the United States accounts for more than one-third of the global pharmaceutical market with about 340 million dollars in sales. Not only is the pharmaceutical industry one of the biggest industries profit-wise, but it is also an industry that affects almost every single person in the world. In a nation where healthcare issues are always on the rise, ensuring that American citizens benefit from pharmacology is essential to improving the nation’s healthcare system. The Food and ...


No One Statute Should Have Too Much Power: How Electing Not To Amend 42 U.S.C § 1320(A)–7(B) May Frustrate The Purpose Of The Patient Protection And Affordable Care Act, Amber C. Dawson Dec 2016

No One Statute Should Have Too Much Power: How Electing Not To Amend 42 U.S.C § 1320(A)–7(B) May Frustrate The Purpose Of The Patient Protection And Affordable Care Act, Amber C. Dawson

University of Miami Business Law Review

The over breadth of the Federal Anti-Kickback statute as amended by the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA) holds dangerous implications for the future of the health care marketplace. When a statute permits criminal, civil and administrative punishment for an overbroad category of innocuous actions, such a statute must also take into account the specific, rather than general, intent of the actor, or the ensnaring of innocents is ultimately likely to result. Historically, the statute required a finding of specific intent to be found to uphold a violation of the statute. With the passing of Greber v. US and ...


A Promise Realized? A Critical Review Of Accountable Care Organizations Since The Enactment Of The Affordable Care Act, Jean Phillip Shami Nov 2016

A Promise Realized? A Critical Review Of Accountable Care Organizations Since The Enactment Of The Affordable Care Act, Jean Phillip Shami

University of Miami Law Review

As the six-year anniversary of the passage of the Affordable Care Act (“ACA”) comes to a close, a critical review of one of the key inventions of the ACA—Accountable Care Organizations (“ACOs”)—is timely as part of the greater narrative around affordable, quality health care in America. This Comment begins with a discussion of the statutory creation, philosophy and vision, and organizational structure of ACOs in the context of the passage of the ACA in 2010. Then, it will critically review ACOs from three perspectives based on the ACO model’s mission to provide better care for more people ...


The Heartbreak Of Not Making Automated External Defibrillators Available For Public Use, Samuel D. Hodge Jr., Daria Koscielniak Nov 2016

The Heartbreak Of Not Making Automated External Defibrillators Available For Public Use, Samuel D. Hodge Jr., Daria Koscielniak

University of Miami Law Review

An automated external defibrillator (AED) is one of the greatest advancements in defibrillator technology in the past several decades. Its purpose is to treat sudden cardiac arrest, the leading cause of death in this country. An AED checks the heart’s rhythm and will dispatch an electric jolt when needed to reestablish the organ’s normal electrical pattern. The magic of this portable device is that anyone can use it and it is relatively inexpensive to purchase. Studies have shown that access to AEDs can improve the odds of surviving a cardiac arrhythmia outside of the hospital and the American ...


Paternalism, Self-Governance, And Public Health: The Case Of E-Cigarettes, Wendy E. Parmet May 2016

Paternalism, Self-Governance, And Public Health: The Case Of E-Cigarettes, Wendy E. Parmet

University of Miami Law Review

This article develops a normative framework for assessing public health laws, using the regulation of e-cigarettes as a case study. Although e-cigarettes are likely far less dangerous to individual users than traditional cigarettes, it remains uncertain whether their proliferation will lead to a reduction of smoking-related disease and deaths or to increased morbidity and mortality. This scientific uncertainty, whether and how to regulate e-cigarettes. This article presents a normative framework for analyzing such questions by offering three justifications for public health laws: impaired agency, harm to others, and self-governance. Each justification responds to the common charge that public health laws ...


The Contraception Mandate Accomodated: Why The Rfra Claim In Zubik V. Burwell Fails, Caroline Mala Corbin Mar 2016

The Contraception Mandate Accomodated: Why The Rfra Claim In Zubik V. Burwell Fails, Caroline Mala Corbin

Short Works

No abstract provided.


Deference To Claims Of Substantial Religious Burden, Caroline Mala Corbin Jan 2016

Deference To Claims Of Substantial Religious Burden, Caroline Mala Corbin

Articles

No abstract provided.


Dignifying Madness: Rethinking Commitment Law In An Age Of Mass Incarceration, Jonathan Simon, Stephen A. Rosenbaum Oct 2015

Dignifying Madness: Rethinking Commitment Law In An Age Of Mass Incarceration, Jonathan Simon, Stephen A. Rosenbaum

University of Miami Law Review

Modern nation-states have been trapped in recurring cycles of incarcerating and emancipating residents with psychiatric disabilities. New cycles of enthusiasm for incarceration generally commence with well-defined claims about the evils of allowing “the mad” to remain at liberty and the benefits incarceration would bring to the afflicted. A generation or two later, at most, reports of terrible conditions in institutions circulate and new laws follow, setting high burdens for those seeking to imprison and demanding exacting legal procedures with an emphasis on individual civil liberties. Today, we seem to be arriving at another turn in the familiar cycle. A growing ...


Trafficked? Aids, Criminal Law And The Politics Of Measurement, Aziza Ahmed Oct 2015

Trafficked? Aids, Criminal Law And The Politics Of Measurement, Aziza Ahmed

University of Miami Law Review

Since early in the HIV epidemic, epidemiologists identified individuals who transact sex as a high-risk group for contracting HIV. Where the issue of transacting sex has been framed as sex work, harm-reduction advocates and scholars call for decriminalization as a primary legal solution to address HIV. Where the issue is defined as trafficking, advocates known as abolitionists argue instead for the criminalization of the purchase of sex.

Global health governance institutions are porous to these competing ideas and ideologies. This article first historicizes the contestation between harm-reduction and abolition in global governance on health. The paper then turns to a ...


Pharmaceuticals And Biopiracy: How The Aia May Inadvertently Reduce The Misappropriation Of Traditional Medicine, Ryan D. Levy, Spencer Green Jul 2015

Pharmaceuticals And Biopiracy: How The Aia May Inadvertently Reduce The Misappropriation Of Traditional Medicine, Ryan D. Levy, Spencer Green

University of Miami Business Law Review

For decades, Eastern traditional medicine has been misappropriated by others who claim it as their own and attempt to obtain patent protection for it. As long this practice has existed, the international community has pushed back against it. Several countries and international bodies have created databases of traditional knowledge, hoping to preclude the issuance of patents on that knowledge. Other countries, like Thailand, have extended intellectual property protection to the traditional knowledge stakeholders themselves. However, a recent change to US patent law may have the unintended consequence of helping resolve the issue of biopiracy


Wollschlaeger, A Patient’S Right To Privacy, And A Renewed Focus On Mental Health Treatment, Chad A. Pasternack Jul 2015

Wollschlaeger, A Patient’S Right To Privacy, And A Renewed Focus On Mental Health Treatment, Chad A. Pasternack

University of Miami Business Law Review

In response to doctors pushing gun control agendas on patients, Florida enacted the Firearm Owners Privacy Act. The law, upheld by the Eleventh Circuit in Wollschlaeger v. Governor of Florida, protects patients from intrusive lines of inquiry unrelated to their treatment and from discrimination due to firearm ownership. While patients in Florida benefit greatly from the Firearm Owners Privacy Act, this note argues for more specific language in the law, which would parallel language in the Florida Mental Health Act (“Baker Act”). The proposed changes would limit inquiries into firearm ownership to instances where there is a substantial likelihood of ...


Ebola, Quarantine, And Flawed Cdc Policy, Robert Gatter Jul 2015

Ebola, Quarantine, And Flawed Cdc Policy, Robert Gatter

University of Miami Business Law Review

The CDC’s Interim Guidance for Monitoring and Movements of Persons with Potential Ebola Virus Exposure is deeply flawed because it disregards the science of Ebola transmission. It recommends that officials quarantine individuals exposed to the virus but who do not have any symptoms of illness, ignoring the fact that only those with Ebola symptoms can communicate the virus to others. Consequently, any quarantine order based on the Guidelines is surely unconstitutional and illegal under most states’ public health statutes—as exemplified by the State of Maine’s failed petition to quarantine Nurse Kaci Hickox in October 2014. This article ...


Terminating The Hospital-Physician Employment Relationship: Navigating Conflicts Arising From The Physician’S Dual Roles As Employee And Medical Staff Member, Gayland Hethcoat Jul 2015

Terminating The Hospital-Physician Employment Relationship: Navigating Conflicts Arising From The Physician’S Dual Roles As Employee And Medical Staff Member, Gayland Hethcoat

University of Miami Business Law Review

In an effort to meet the challenges of the post-health reform marketplace, hospitals have accelerated the practice of employing physicians. Despite this trend, many hospitals require their employed physicians to also maintain membership and privileges on the medical staff—the self-governing entity comprised of fellow physicians that oversees the practice of medicine within the hospital setting. Recent case law identifies at least two salient issues that will likely arise from physicians’ dual roles as hospital employee and medical staff member and be a point of negotiation and litigation: (1) the applicability of “due process” rights, which are typically afforded in ...


Legal, Operational, And Practical Considerations For Hospitals And Health Care Providers In Responding To Communicable Diseases Following The 2014 Ebola Outbreak, Jane Jordan, Greg Measer, Asha Agrawal, James G. Hodge Jr. Jul 2015

Legal, Operational, And Practical Considerations For Hospitals And Health Care Providers In Responding To Communicable Diseases Following The 2014 Ebola Outbreak, Jane Jordan, Greg Measer, Asha Agrawal, James G. Hodge Jr.

University of Miami Business Law Review

This article analyzes some of the potential issues that may arise during epidemics or other public health emergencies. It specifically focuses on legal and operational preparedness experiences at Emory University during the 2014 Ebola crisis. Emory University Hospital was the first health care facility in the U.S. to treat patients diagnosed with Ebola Viral Disease (EVD). Although EVD has particularly frightening symptoms and a high mortality rate, its containment and treatment implicate similar legal, practical, and operational issues as other highly infectious and communicable diseases. These issues include laws related to: isolation and quarantine; travel restrictions; duties to treat ...


Unfair Coercion, Or Greater Deference? Two New Sides Of King V. Burwell, Tom Miller May 2015

Unfair Coercion, Or Greater Deference? Two New Sides Of King V. Burwell, Tom Miller

University of Miami Business Law Review

Litigation challenging the legality of an Internal Revenue Service rule that became final on May 2012 has traveled a long, winding, and contentious path. The IRS rule authorized the distribution of federal premium assistance tax credits in all health benefits exchanges under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010 (the “ACA”). However, potential legal problems with reconciling various sections of the final legislation involving those tax credits were identified as early as December 6, 2010. On September 19, 2012, the first of four different legal challenges to the IRS rule was filed in federal district court in Oklahoma ...


King V. Burwell And The Rise Of The Administrative State, Ronald D. Rotunda May 2015

King V. Burwell And The Rise Of The Administrative State, Ronald D. Rotunda

University of Miami Business Law Review

The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act—popularly called either the “ACA,” or “Obamacare” by opponents, proponents, and even the White House—is a complex law totaling nearly a thousand pages in length. The litigation now before the Supreme Court in King v. Burwell presents, on the surface, a simple issue of statutory interpretation. However, that surface has a very thin veneer. If the Court allows administrators carte blanche to change the very words of a statute, we will have come a long way towards governance by bureaucrats. Over the years, Congress has delegated many of its powers, but it ...