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Popular Consultation And Referendum In The Making Of Contemporary Cuban Socialist Democracy Practice And Constitutional Theory, Larry Catá Backer, Flora Sapio Feb 2020

Popular Consultation And Referendum In The Making Of Contemporary Cuban Socialist Democracy Practice And Constitutional Theory, Larry Catá Backer, Flora Sapio

University of Miami International and Comparative Law Review

The language of democracy and democratic organization is usually spoken only in the vernacular of liberal democracy. Liberal democracy, mostly of western origin centers legitimacy of a political order on open, full, and free election for representatives, as well as a substantially unregulated civic space in which individuals and others can engage in political discourse. This essentially exogenous form of democratic organization has been increasingly challenged in the 21st century by an alternative model of endogenous democracy more compatible with states organized along Marxist Leninist principles. These emerging forms of endogenous democratic practices have been developed along two distinct lines ...


Their Cheese Has Holes But Their Gun Policy Doesn’T: A Review Of The Swiss Gun Policy Compared To The United States, Nikolaos Manuel Hernandez Feb 2020

Their Cheese Has Holes But Their Gun Policy Doesn’T: A Review Of The Swiss Gun Policy Compared To The United States, Nikolaos Manuel Hernandez

University of Miami International and Comparative Law Review

“With the right to bear arms come a great responsibility to use caution and common sense on handgun purchases.” – Ronald Reagan

The left will say we need more gun control, the right will say it is our constitutional right to bear arms. Is one truly better than the other? Does the answer lie simply in gun education? This note will scrutinize the history of the Second Amendment to the United States Constitution as it relates to gun rights, gun laws, and gun violence. Next, this note will compare those rights, laws, and statistics to that of Switzerland. Switzerland’s gun ...


Reforming Expansive Crime Control & Sentencing Legislation In An Era Of Mass Incarceration: A National And Cross-National Study, Rebecca Wasif Feb 2020

Reforming Expansive Crime Control & Sentencing Legislation In An Era Of Mass Incarceration: A National And Cross-National Study, Rebecca Wasif

University of Miami International and Comparative Law Review

No abstract provided.


Environmental Racism: How Governments Are Systematically Poisoning Indigenous Communities & The U.N.’S Role, Maia Dombey Feb 2020

Environmental Racism: How Governments Are Systematically Poisoning Indigenous Communities & The U.N.’S Role, Maia Dombey

University of Miami International and Comparative Law Review

This note examines the practice of toxic waste dumping on indigenous lands and how it fits within the broader concept of environmental racism. It further evaluates the international human rights framework and how the United Nations and other international bodies interact with this concept and provide means for protection against this illicit practice. Further, it examines the role of the Special Rapporteur on the Implications for Human Rights of the Environmentally Sound Management and Disposal of Hazardous Substances and Wastes and how he, in his role as Special Rapporteur, can provide relief to indigenous communities suffering the effects of this ...


The Shortcomings Of The “Public Charge” Doctrine: Why The Dhs Final Rule Should Be Abandoned And Why The United States Should Look To The Progressive Immigration Policies Of Sweden, Emily Demetree Feb 2020

The Shortcomings Of The “Public Charge” Doctrine: Why The Dhs Final Rule Should Be Abandoned And Why The United States Should Look To The Progressive Immigration Policies Of Sweden, Emily Demetree

University of Miami International and Comparative Law Review

The United States has a longstanding history of denying aliens admission based on a wide range of grounds that we have deemed to demonstrate the alien would be either dangerous to society or a financial burden on the state. “Self-sufficiency” has been a basic principle of US immigration law since the country’s earliest immigration statutes. It is the contention of the Department of Homeland Security that the availability of public benefits can create an incentive for immigration to the United States at a rate that cannot be financially supported by the government. Certain European countries, such as Sweden, see ...


Pluralism, Democracy, And The Conflict Within: Challenging The State’S Narrative By Artistic Forms Of Protest, Alexandra V. Orlova Feb 2020

Pluralism, Democracy, And The Conflict Within: Challenging The State’S Narrative By Artistic Forms Of Protest, Alexandra V. Orlova

University of Miami International and Comparative Law Review

This article follows the Pussy Riot case from the 2012 trial decision to the 2018 challenge before the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR). The case revolved around the “punk prayer” performed by three women in Christ the Saviour Cathedral in Moscow. While the case, which centered on violation of freedom of expression, may be framed as a matter of political speech vs. religious speech, it has broader implications. Pussy Riot’s performance and subsequent legal cases were about the ability of pluralism and dissent to counter the carefully constructed government narrative of “traditional values” and moral sovereignty. For democracy ...


Front Matter And Table Of Contents Dec 2019

Front Matter And Table Of Contents

University of Miami Inter-American Law Review

No abstract provided.


Masthead Dec 2019

Masthead

University of Miami Inter-American Law Review

No abstract provided.


Variations On A Theme: Corporate Law In Latin America, Continental Europe, And The United States, Ángel R. Oquendo Dec 2019

Variations On A Theme: Corporate Law In Latin America, Continental Europe, And The United States, Ángel R. Oquendo

University of Miami Inter-American Law Review

The regulation of incorporated companies in Latin America and Continental Europe appears to distance itself from that in the United States. It differs in how it structures itself and handles incorporation, incorporators, piercing, governance, discipline, and shareholders. In their regulatory exertions, both regimes rely, certainly, on legislation and adjudication yet do so differently, qualitatively in addition to quantitatively.

Apparently, civil and common law continue to specialize respectively though not exclusively in statutes and binding precedents. Still, they ever more frequently intrude into each other’s apparent specialty, while leaving their own imprint on it. The tendency to converge coexists with ...


How Animal Science Products, Inc. Plays A Role In The China And U.S. International Relations Saga, Tessa V. Mears Dec 2019

How Animal Science Products, Inc. Plays A Role In The China And U.S. International Relations Saga, Tessa V. Mears

University of Miami Inter-American Law Review

“How Animal Science Products, Inc. Plays a Role in the China and U.S. International Relations Saga” takes a look at a June 2018 Supreme Court decision that ruled federal courts are not bound to defer to a foreign government’s interpretation of its own law. This paper discusses the pros and cons of absolute deference to foreign governments in these instances, in addition to examining the effectiveness of foreign amicus briefs in antitrust cases before the Supreme Court. This paper finishes with a discussion on the current state of international relations China and the U.S., with a summary ...


Mexico’S National Anti-Corruption System: Reaching The Finish Line?, Dr. Roberto Carlos Fonseca Apr 2019

Mexico’S National Anti-Corruption System: Reaching The Finish Line?, Dr. Roberto Carlos Fonseca

University of Miami Inter-American Law Review

No abstract provided.


Simple Legal Writing Can Improve Business Outcomes In Latin America, Leon C. Skornicki Apr 2019

Simple Legal Writing Can Improve Business Outcomes In Latin America, Leon C. Skornicki

University of Miami Inter-American Law Review

No abstract provided.


Banking On Blockchains: A Transformative Technology Reshaping Latin American And Caribbean Economies, Robert W. Rust Ii Apr 2019

Banking On Blockchains: A Transformative Technology Reshaping Latin American And Caribbean Economies, Robert W. Rust Ii

University of Miami Inter-American Law Review

No abstract provided.


Biometric Identification In India Versus The Right To Privacy: Core Constitutional Features, Defining Citizens’ Interests, And The Implications Of Biometric Identification In The United States, Madison Julia Levine Feb 2019

Biometric Identification In India Versus The Right To Privacy: Core Constitutional Features, Defining Citizens’ Interests, And The Implications Of Biometric Identification In The United States, Madison Julia Levine

University of Miami Law Review

In 2009, the Indian government introduced a widespread biometric identification system called Aadhaar—a national scheme that issues Indian citizens and residents a unique identification number while collecting and storing their most personal biometric and demographic information. As the Aadhaar system was implemented and promoted in India, widespread concerns grew regarding the storage and protection of such private information. How can Indian citizens enforce and protect their privacy rights? In 2017, the Indian Supreme Court attempted to address this issue by holding that an individual’s right to privacy is an inherent part of the right to life and personal ...


The Question Of The Constitutionality Of Non-Economic Damage Caps In Personal Injury Cases In Canada, Rachael Kratz Jan 2019

The Question Of The Constitutionality Of Non-Economic Damage Caps In Personal Injury Cases In Canada, Rachael Kratz

University of Miami Inter-American Law Review

No abstract provided.


Prefatory Matter And Table Of Contents Jan 2019

Prefatory Matter And Table Of Contents

University of Miami Inter-American Law Review

No abstract provided.


Nafta/Usmca Dispute Settlement Mechanisms And The Constitution, John S. Baker Jr., Phd, Lindsey Keiser Jan 2019

Nafta/Usmca Dispute Settlement Mechanisms And The Constitution, John S. Baker Jr., Phd, Lindsey Keiser

University of Miami Inter-American Law Review

No abstract provided.


Canada’S Summary Trial Procedure: A Viable Alternative To Summary Judgment On Trademark Likelihood Of Confusion Actions In The United States, Elaine Kussurelis Jan 2019

Canada’S Summary Trial Procedure: A Viable Alternative To Summary Judgment On Trademark Likelihood Of Confusion Actions In The United States, Elaine Kussurelis

University of Miami Inter-American Law Review

No abstract provided.


Will Corruption In Argentina Prevent The Protection Of Personal Tax Information It Exchanges Under Its Fatca And Crs Commitments?, Jihan Jude Jan 2019

Will Corruption In Argentina Prevent The Protection Of Personal Tax Information It Exchanges Under Its Fatca And Crs Commitments?, Jihan Jude

University of Miami Inter-American Law Review

No abstract provided.


A Constitutional Hope: An Alternative Approach To The Right Of Privacy And Marijuana Laws Using Argentina As An Example, Kevin E. Szmuc Dec 2018

A Constitutional Hope: An Alternative Approach To The Right Of Privacy And Marijuana Laws Using Argentina As An Example, Kevin E. Szmuc

University of Miami International and Comparative Law Review

No abstract provided.


Crimes Against Humanity In Venezuela: Can The Icc Bring Justice To Venezuelan Victims?, Ayumary M. Fitzgerald Dec 2018

Crimes Against Humanity In Venezuela: Can The Icc Bring Justice To Venezuelan Victims?, Ayumary M. Fitzgerald

University of Miami International and Comparative Law Review

State parties to the Rome Statute submit to the jurisdiction of the International Criminal Court (ICC). This permanent and autonomous Court tries individuals for heinous international crimes, including crimes against humanity (CAH). Crimes such as murder, imprisonment, or torture, when committed as part of a widespread or systematic attack directed against a civilian population, with knowledge of the attack, are known as CAH. Under the Statute, national jurisdictions are primarily responsible for investigating and prosecuting those responsible for international crimes. So, before it can assert jurisdiction, the ICC must determine that a state party is unwilling or unable to prosecute ...


A Room With A Brew: A Comparative Look At Homebrewing Laws In Japan & The United States, Christopher J. Fraga Jul 2018

A Room With A Brew: A Comparative Look At Homebrewing Laws In Japan & The United States, Christopher J. Fraga

University of Miami Law Review

Following the enactment of Prohibition, it took the United States almost four decades to legalize homebrewing. Subsequently, the nation experienced a booming interest in beer. And not just beer, but good beer. Drinkers found themselves invested in both quality and variety. This interest has matured into the craft beer industry. Even in holdover states, where state laws prohibited homebrewing far past 1979, the craft beer industry has experienced near exponential growth following the legalization of homebrewing. This has resulted in significant economic implications. Given these considerations, nations with restrictive homebrewing laws, like Japan, should consider easing them. When specifically applied ...


Searching For Spiritual Security: The Tangled Relationship Of The Russian Orthodox Church, The Russian State And Religious Freedom, June "Bonnie" M. Kelly Jun 2018

Searching For Spiritual Security: The Tangled Relationship Of The Russian Orthodox Church, The Russian State And Religious Freedom, June "Bonnie" M. Kelly

University of Miami International and Comparative Law Review

No abstract provided.


The Power Struggle: Shareholder Rights In Brazilian Corporate Bankruptcy, Jessica Nowak Jun 2018

The Power Struggle: Shareholder Rights In Brazilian Corporate Bankruptcy, Jessica Nowak

University of Miami International and Comparative Law Review

No abstract provided.


Front Matter And Table Of Contents May 2018

Front Matter And Table Of Contents

University of Miami Inter-American Law Review

No abstract provided.


Custody Rights Of Same-Sex Couples In The United States V. Chile: More Progress Needed, Isabel Jolicoeur May 2018

Custody Rights Of Same-Sex Couples In The United States V. Chile: More Progress Needed, Isabel Jolicoeur

University of Miami Inter-American Law Review

No abstract provided.


Masthead May 2018

Masthead

University of Miami Inter-American Law Review

No abstract provided.


Brazil’S Zika Epidemic And Its Effects On The Criminalization Of Abortion, Laura M. Monteiro May 2018

Brazil’S Zika Epidemic And Its Effects On The Criminalization Of Abortion, Laura M. Monteiro

University of Miami Inter-American Law Review

No abstract provided.


Masthead Feb 2018

Masthead

University of Miami International and Comparative Law Review

No abstract provided.


European (Dis)Union: From The 1992 Single Market To Brexit, Caroline Bradley Feb 2018

European (Dis)Union: From The 1992 Single Market To Brexit, Caroline Bradley

University of Miami International and Comparative Law Review

No abstract provided.