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The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau: Financial Regulation For The 21st Century Jun 2012

The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau: Financial Regulation For The 21st Century

Patricia A. McCoy

After existing regulatory systems failed to prevent the recent financial crisis, Congress passed the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act, a sweeping reform designed to alleviate the crisis and prevent its recurrence. Out of this Act, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau was born. This new agency is charged with making markets for consumer financial products and services work for Americans, a task that was previously spread out among seven different federal agencies with varying priorities. This Article describes, with a series of concrete case studies, four key principles that have guided the Bureau as it strives to fulfill ...


Federal Preemption And Consumer Financial Protection: Past And Future Feb 2012

Federal Preemption And Consumer Financial Protection: Past And Future

Patricia A. McCoy

Starting in 1995 and throughout the subprime boom during the next decade, Congress failed to take action to curb predatory mortgage lending. Many states and cities filled the void by passing anti-predatory lending laws of their own. Lenders, worried about potential liability, quickly organized a full-scale attack on the state and local initiatives. Their most potent strategy lay in challenging the laws and ordinances under federal preemption rules for national banks and federal savings associations that precluded states from enforcing their anti-predatory lending laws.

The Dodd-Frank Act curtailed the preemption rules by establishing that state consumer financial laws can only ...


Public Engagement In Rulemaking: The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau’S New Approach Dec 2011

Public Engagement In Rulemaking: The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau’S New Approach

Patricia A. McCoy

No abstract provided.


Mortgage Product Substitution And State Anti-Predatory Lending Laws: Better Loans And Better Borrowers? Dec 2011

Mortgage Product Substitution And State Anti-Predatory Lending Laws: Better Loans And Better Borrowers?

Patricia A. McCoy

Mounting foreclosures and disclosures of abusive lending practices led many states to adopt new anti-predatory lending (APL) laws. Researchers have examined the impact of such laws on credit flows and the cost of credit. This research extends the literature by examining whether the market responded to these laws by substituting different mortgage products for those restricted by APL provisions. The evidence indicates that the laws were effective in restricting loans with targeted characteristics, and that the market substituted other product types to maintain access to credit and affordability in the face of these restrictions. The laws reduced the involvement of ...