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Bankruptcy

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Full-Text Articles in Law

Premerger Review And Bankruptcy: The Meaning Of Section 363(B)(2), Robert B. Greenbaum, Alan J. Meese Sep 2019

Premerger Review And Bankruptcy: The Meaning Of Section 363(B)(2), Robert B. Greenbaum, Alan J. Meese

Alan J. Meese

No abstract provided.


Barnhill V. Johnson And Payment By Check On The Eve Of Bankruptcy: Implications For The Real Estate Attorney, Lynda L. Butler Sep 2019

Barnhill V. Johnson And Payment By Check On The Eve Of Bankruptcy: Implications For The Real Estate Attorney, Lynda L. Butler

Lynda L. Butler

No abstract provided.


Unexpired Leases In Bankruptcy: Rights Of The Affected Mortgagee, Peter A. Alces Sep 2019

Unexpired Leases In Bankruptcy: Rights Of The Affected Mortgagee, Peter A. Alces

Peter A. Alces

No abstract provided.


If You Don't Have Anything Good To Say..., Peter A. Alces Sep 2019

If You Don't Have Anything Good To Say..., Peter A. Alces

Peter A. Alces

No abstract provided.


Delaware Is Not A State: Are We Witnessing Jurisdictional Competition In Bankruptcy, G. Marcus Cole Sep 2019

Delaware Is Not A State: Are We Witnessing Jurisdictional Competition In Bankruptcy, G. Marcus Cole

G. Marcus Cole

Over the last twelve years, the United States District Court for the District of Delaware has experienced exponential growth in the number of bankruptcy filings for large corporate debtors. This relatively recent rise in Delaware bankruptcy venue cannot, on its face, be explained by Delaware's eighty-five-year preeminence in the race for corporate charters, since the advantages most often postulated for Delaware's dominance in corporate law do not carry over to corporate bankruptcy. The state has limited influence over federal bankruptcy law and virtually no control over the selection of federal bankruptcy judges.

This rise of Delaware bankruptcy venue ...


Limiting Liability Through Bankruptcy, G. Marcus Cole Sep 2019

Limiting Liability Through Bankruptcy, G. Marcus Cole

G. Marcus Cole

The purpose of this Article is to expose that function of bankruptcy law that distinguished it from English and Colonial insolvency law, and to determine the scope of and need for bankruptcy law to perform that function in contemporary society. I posit that the distinguishing character of bankruptcy law was, and continues to be, its ability to serve as a temporal asset partitioning device. By asset partition, I mean the ability of a structure to sequester the assets of an owner of an enterprise from the reach of the creditors of that enterprise, or the assets of the enterprise from ...


Anna Nicole Smith Goes Shopping: The New Forum-Shopping Problem In Bankruptcy, G. Marcus Cole, Todd J. Zywicki Aug 2019

Anna Nicole Smith Goes Shopping: The New Forum-Shopping Problem In Bankruptcy, G. Marcus Cole, Todd J. Zywicki

G. Marcus Cole

In the United States, relations between debtors and their creditors are governed by two distinct legal regimes. For the overwhelming majority of credit relationships, state law of contract, property, tort, and consumer protection set up the framework within which the debtor-creditor relationship is established, functions, and in the end, is dissolved. In a smaller but significant number of these relationships, a different forum orchestrates the end of these relationships, namely, federal bankruptcy court. These two distinct forums for debtor-creditor relations coexist side by side, with some disputes moving over time from one forum to the other. As with any system ...


Consumer Bankruptcy, Nondischargeability, And Penal Debt, Abbye Atkinson Aug 2019

Consumer Bankruptcy, Nondischargeability, And Penal Debt, Abbye Atkinson

Abbye Atkinson

This Article examines the issue of categorically nondischargeable debts in the Bankruptcy Code. These debts are excepted from discharge ostensibly because they indicate that the debtor incurred the debt through some misconduct, there is an important public policy at play that requires the debt to be excepted from discharge, or a discharge of certain state-imposed debts raises federalism concerns. Using penal debt as its lens, this Article critiques these analytical frames, arguing that they do not do much work to help explain why some debts are treated as categorically nondischargeable while others that seem to implicate the same concerns are ...


The Looming Chapter 9 Battle Over State Protection Of Vested Public Employee Pension Benefits, Mark S, Kaufman, Summer B. Chandler Apr 2019

The Looming Chapter 9 Battle Over State Protection Of Vested Public Employee Pension Benefits, Mark S, Kaufman, Summer B. Chandler

Summer Chandler

"For years, observers have warned of the looming threat of unfunded pension liabilities. Some dubbed the danger the “pension tsunami,” and it has hit an increasing number of U.S. cities, including Vallejo, Stockton and San Bernardino in California and the city of Detroit, which have sought chapter 9 relief in bankruptcy court.1 Despite the attention given to these cases, chapter 9 filings are relatively scarce, and many significant issues remain to be resolved by the courts. One unanswered question is whether a municipal debtor in bankruptcy can propose to pay its pension debt2 less than in full ...


Is It Fair To Discriminate In Favor Of Pensioners In A Chapter 11 Plan?, Summer B. Chandler Apr 2019

Is It Fair To Discriminate In Favor Of Pensioners In A Chapter 11 Plan?, Summer B. Chandler

Summer Chandler

“A number of U.S. cities are plagued with debt obligations that cannot be met. As municipalities1 have turned to chapter 9 protection to ease their financial burdens, various creditor constituencies have found themselves pitted against each other as they realize that they might be forced to share a finite amount of assets and funds that are insufficient to cover all of the a municipality’s debts. The ultimate goal of a chapter 9 filing is the confirmation of an adjustment plan that implements a feasible and comprehensive restructuring of a municipality’s obligations. A municipality’s proposed plan ...


Maybe Taxes Aren't So Certain: What Is "Fair And Equitable" In A Chapter 9 Plan?, B. Summer Chandler, Mark S. Kaufman Apr 2019

Maybe Taxes Aren't So Certain: What Is "Fair And Equitable" In A Chapter 9 Plan?, B. Summer Chandler, Mark S. Kaufman

Summer Chandler

"Many U.S. cities and other municipalities are struggling under crippling financial demands. Buckling under the financial strain, a number of municipalities are considering an option that, just a few short years ago, was almost unheard of—filing for bankruptcy protection. Assuming that eligibility requirements are met, a municipality1 may seek bankruptcy protection under chapter 9 of title 11 of the Bankruptcy Code. Historically, chapter 9 filings have been rare, with typically less than 10 such filings annually.2 In recent months, however, a number of chapter 9 cases have been filed.3 In addition to the rise in ...


Immigration Adjudication Bankruptcy, Jill E. Family Feb 2019

Immigration Adjudication Bankruptcy, Jill E. Family

Jill E. Family

The Trump Administration is pushing an adjudicatory system on the brink over the edge. The system designed to decide whether to remove (deport) individuals from the United States has longstanding problems that predate the Trump Administration. Those problems are being exasperated rather than improved. It is time to consider the notion of immigration adjudication bankruptcy. Immigration adjudication bankruptcy involves a declaration that the removal adjudication system is not satisfying the basic principles of administrative process: accuracy, acceptability, and efficiency. This Article, a part of a symposium on executive power and immigration law, raises questions about when bankruptcy should be declared ...


Contract Claims And The Willful And Malicious Injury Exception To The Discharge In Bankruptcy, Scott F. Norberg Oct 2018

Contract Claims And The Willful And Malicious Injury Exception To The Discharge In Bankruptcy, Scott F. Norberg

Scott Norberg

No abstract provided.


You've Got Your Mother's Laugh: What Bankruptcy Mediation Can Learn From The Her/History Of Divorce And Child Custody Mediation, Nancy A. Welsh Jul 2018

You've Got Your Mother's Laugh: What Bankruptcy Mediation Can Learn From The Her/History Of Divorce And Child Custody Mediation, Nancy A. Welsh

Nancy Welsh

Due to our current deep economic woes, growing bankruptcy filings, and apparent legislative unwillingness to expand the number of judges, bankruptcy courts are exploring the use of mediation to help resolve adversary proceedings, negotiate elements of reorganizations, and deal with claims that cannot be heard directly in bankruptcy proceedings. In addition, mediation advocates have been consistent in urging greater use of the process to reduce debtors’ and claimants’ costs, bridge the jurisdictional and standing challenges that bankruptcies can pose, and offer claimants the opportunity to be heard and determine their own resolution of claims. At this point, the relatively few ...


Integrating "Alternative" Dispute Resolution Into Bankruptcy: As Simple (And Pure) As Motherhood And Apple Pie?, Nancy A. Welsh Jul 2018

Integrating "Alternative" Dispute Resolution Into Bankruptcy: As Simple (And Pure) As Motherhood And Apple Pie?, Nancy A. Welsh

Nancy Welsh

Today, there can be little doubt that “alternative” dispute resolution is anything but alternative. Nonetheless, many judges, lawyers (and law students) do not truly understand the dispute resolution processes that are available and how they should be used. In the shadow of the current economic crisis, this lack of knowledge is likely to have negative consequences, particularly in those areas of practice such as bankruptcy and foreclosure in which clients, lawyers, regulators, and courts work under pressure, often with inadequate time and financial resources to permit careful analysis of procedural options. Potential negative effects can include: (1) impairment of a ...


Cities In Distress: Municipal Recovery Lessons From Pennsylvania, Juliet M. Moringiello Jul 2018

Cities In Distress: Municipal Recovery Lessons From Pennsylvania, Juliet M. Moringiello

Juliet M. Moringiello

As we reflect on the five years since Detroit’s bankruptcy filing, Pennsylvania’s experience in intervening in its municipalities’ financial distress provides some useful insights on the problems plaguing municipalities as well as lessons for states.


Rethinking The Jurisdiction Of Bankruptcy Courts Over Post-Confirmation Federal Tax Liabilities: Towards A New Jurisprudence Of 11 U.S.C. 505, Shu-Yi Oei Jul 2017

Rethinking The Jurisdiction Of Bankruptcy Courts Over Post-Confirmation Federal Tax Liabilities: Towards A New Jurisprudence Of 11 U.S.C. 505, Shu-Yi Oei

Shu-Yi Oei

No abstract provided.


La Responsabilisation De L'Economie: What The United States Can Learn From The New French Law On Consumer Overindebtedness, Jason J. Kilborn Jan 2017

La Responsabilisation De L'Economie: What The United States Can Learn From The New French Law On Consumer Overindebtedness, Jason J. Kilborn

Jason Kilborn

This Article on the French law continues a study of European consumer debt-relief systems, which the author began previously in an article on the German system. With rapid legal and practical developments in consumer debt-relief law, Europe provides an excellent comparative legal laboratory for observing the potential benefits and pitfalls of consumer bankruptcy reforms. In particular, French and German experiences with long-term payment plans shed useful light on the great debate raging in the United States over similar plans.


Forced Sale Risk: Class, Race, And The "Double Discount", Thomas W. Mitchell, Stephen Malpezzi, Richard K. Green Sep 2016

Forced Sale Risk: Class, Race, And The "Double Discount", Thomas W. Mitchell, Stephen Malpezzi, Richard K. Green

Thomas W. Mitchell

What impact does a forced sale have upon a property owner's wealth? And do certain characteristics of a property owner such as whether they are rich or poor or whether they are black or white, tend to affect the price yielded at a forced sale? This Article addresses arguments made by some courts and legal scholars who have claimed that certain types of forced sales result in wealth maximizing, economic efficiencies. The Article addresses such economic arguments by returning to first principles and reviewing the distinction between sales conducted under fair market value conditions and sales conducted under forced ...


Who Gets Paid? Section 365(N) Royalty Payments Under "Zombie Licenses" After A Sale Of Ip, Christopher G. Bradley Aug 2016

Who Gets Paid? Section 365(N) Royalty Payments Under "Zombie Licenses" After A Sale Of Ip, Christopher G. Bradley

Christopher Bradley

This short article discusses the Bankruptcy Code's unusual treatment of certain intellectual property licenses. First, it gives a brief overview of § 365(n) of the Bankruptcy Code. It then provides a short analysis of a difficult but important question: If a licensee of a debtor’s intellectual property opts to retain its license rights under § 365(n), who should receive the stream of licensing payments in the event that the IP is sold: the buyer of the IP, or the debtor in bankruptcy? The answer that has emerged in some of the case law is somewhat surprising -- after providing ...


Treating The New European Disease Of Consumer Debt In A Post-Communist State: The Groundbreaking New Russian Personal Insolvency Law, Jason J. Kilborn Jun 2016

Treating The New European Disease Of Consumer Debt In A Post-Communist State: The Groundbreaking New Russian Personal Insolvency Law, Jason J. Kilborn

Jason Kilborn

This article examines the tumultuous transition from restrictive Communism to the debt-fueled consumer economy of modern Russia. In particular, it surveys Russia’s legal response to severe debt distress, situating it in the context of nearly one thousand years of historical development. Effective 1 October 2015, Russia finally joined most of its European neighbors in adopting a personal bankruptcy law, with characteristics that reflect both evolving international best practices and a series of lessons not learned. This article offers the first detailed exposition in English of the two steps forward represented by this new law, as well as an evaluation ...


Of Progressive Property And Public Debt, Christopher K. Odinet Dec 2015

Of Progressive Property And Public Debt, Christopher K. Odinet

Christopher K. Odinet

Debt is property, and, because of this, property law has a lot to say about how debts are resolved. Indeed, property law is deeply woven into the fabric of the bankruptcy process — a fact that has been woefully neglected by many scholars. The ability to provide debtors with relief and the ability of creditors to demand protections from discharge or diminished payments are both concepts that are intimately tied to property law. However, despite the doctrinal workings of property law in this context, from a theoretical standpoint property law has been underutilized. This is particularly true, as this Article asserts ...


The Gendered Dimensions Of Social Insurance For The "Non-Poor" In Canada, Stephanie Ben-Ishai Sep 2015

The Gendered Dimensions Of Social Insurance For The "Non-Poor" In Canada, Stephanie Ben-Ishai

Stephanie Ben-Ishai

This article emerges from an exploration of the meanings of consumer bankruptcy in the current context of Canadian society, as well as the role consumer bankruptcy plays in shaping this context. Examining consumer bankruptcy through the lens of gender relations, the claim is made that Canadian consumer bankruptcy legislation, policies, practices, and accompanying discourses are implicated in the causation and perpetuation of the conditions of marginalization and subordination endured by women who experience long-term poverty. These women are affected not only in terms of access to the bankruptcy system, but also by the broader implications of the delivery of consumer ...


Sales Or Plans: A Comparative Account Of The "New" Corporate Reorganization, Stephanie Ben-Ishai, Stephen J. Lubben Sep 2015

Sales Or Plans: A Comparative Account Of The "New" Corporate Reorganization, Stephanie Ben-Ishai, Stephen J. Lubben

Stephanie Ben-Ishai

In this article, Professors Stephanie Ben-Ishai and Stephen Lubben explore the recent surge in popularity of “quick-sales,” essentially the pre-reorganization plan sale of an insolvent debtor’s assets. In their examination of quick sales, the authors use the recent examples of Lehman Brothers and Chrysler to illustrate the popularity and relevance of the pre-plan sales. The authors then move on to a more detailed discussion of the quick sales process in both Canada and the United States, isolating the differences and similarities between both countries, and weighing the costs and benefits of each approach. Ultimately, the authors argue that questions ...


Bankruptcy For The Poor?, Stephanie Ben-Ishai, Saul Schwartz Sep 2015

Bankruptcy For The Poor?, Stephanie Ben-Ishai, Saul Schwartz

Stephanie Ben-Ishai

The conventional wisdom is that the poor are not heavy users of the insolvency system, because creditors are unwilling to take risks on the poor and because many of the poor are judgment-proof. However, credit is now widely available across the spectrum of income groups. In addition, poverty is often a temporary state for many Canadians; therefore, being judgment-proof is likewise temporary. Some of those who are poor at any point in time are in fact in need of bankruptcy protection. They have debts that they are unable to pay and little likelihood of being able to repay in the ...


Hidden In Plain View: The Pension Shield Against Creditors, Patricia E. Dilley Aug 2015

Hidden In Plain View: The Pension Shield Against Creditors, Patricia E. Dilley

Patricia E Dilley

This Article examines the virtually unquestioned protection of retirement assets from creditors, in both state and federal law, with a view to determining whether tax qualification or even retirement itself is a sufficient rationale for preserving debtor assets in the face of creditors' claims, and if so, what the limits of such protection should be. The problems of current law stem in large part from the use of tax qualified status as a convenient shortcut for determining the appropriate bankruptcy treatment of retirement accounts. The result is a wide disparity in the treatment of debtors epitomized by the cases of ...


Bankruptcy Treatment Of Intellectual Property Assets: An Economic Analysis, Peter S. Menell Aug 2015

Bankruptcy Treatment Of Intellectual Property Assets: An Economic Analysis, Peter S. Menell

Peter Menell

No abstract provided.


How Revised Article 9 Will Turn The Trustee's Strong-Arm Into A Weak Finger: A Potpourri Of Cases, C. Scott Pryor Jul 2015

How Revised Article 9 Will Turn The Trustee's Strong-Arm Into A Weak Finger: A Potpourri Of Cases, C. Scott Pryor

C. Scott Pryor

Analysis of effects of revisions to Article 9 of the Uniform Commercial Code on certain leading pre-revision cases.


The Missing Piece Of The Puzzle: Perspectives On The Wage Priority In Bankruptcy, C. Scott Pryor Jul 2015

The Missing Piece Of The Puzzle: Perspectives On The Wage Priority In Bankruptcy, C. Scott Pryor

C. Scott Pryor

Reviews history of priority of claims of wage-earners in bankruptcy beginning with the Bankruptcy Act of 1840 and concluding with the decision of the Supreme Court in Howard Delivery Service v. Zurich American Ins. Co.


Who Pays The Price: The Necessity Of Taxpayer Participation In Chapter 9, C. Scott Pryor Jul 2015

Who Pays The Price: The Necessity Of Taxpayer Participation In Chapter 9, C. Scott Pryor

C. Scott Pryor

No abstract provided.