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Full-Text Articles in Law

The Original Meaning Of The Establishment Clause, Robert G. Natelson Oct 2005

The Original Meaning Of The Establishment Clause, Robert G. Natelson

William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal

No abstract provided.


The Supreme Court And The Ten Commandments: Compounding The Establishment Clause Confusion, Jay A. Sekulow, Francis J. Manion Oct 2005

The Supreme Court And The Ten Commandments: Compounding The Establishment Clause Confusion, Jay A. Sekulow, Francis J. Manion

William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal

No abstract provided.


But Could They Pray At Uva? The Fourth Circuit's Application Of The Supreme Court's School Prayer Jurisprudence To The Virginia Military Institute's Adult Cadets, Alexander A. Minard Feb 2005

But Could They Pray At Uva? The Fourth Circuit's Application Of The Supreme Court's School Prayer Jurisprudence To The Virginia Military Institute's Adult Cadets, Alexander A. Minard

William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal

No abstract provided.


Religious Land Use And Institutionalized Persons Act Of 2000: The Land Use Provisions Are Both Unconstitutional And Unnecessary, Ada-Marie Walsh Dec 2001

Religious Land Use And Institutionalized Persons Act Of 2000: The Land Use Provisions Are Both Unconstitutional And Unnecessary, Ada-Marie Walsh

William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal

The Religious Land Use and Institutionalized Persons Act of 2000 was Congress 'response to the Supreme Court's striking down of the Religious Freedom Restoration Act in City of Boerne v. Flores. In promulgating the Religious Land Use and Institutionalized Persons Act, Congress, inter alia, sought to protect the free exercise of religion from excessive governmental meddling while remedying discrimination suffered by religious individuals and groups in the area of land use. In dealing solely with land use provisions of the RLUIPA, the author argues that the Religious Land Use and lnstitutionalized Person Act is unconstitutional because it violates the ...


Religion, Rationality, And Special Treatment, Jane Rutherford Feb 2001

Religion, Rationality, And Special Treatment, Jane Rutherford

William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal

Religion has always played a major role in American society, both politically and socially. Its influence on the Constitution is expressed in the Establishment and Free Exercise Clauses. Why is religion given special treatment by the Constitution? In this Article, Professor Jane Rutherford makes a structural argument for religious liberty. Rutherford posits that religion is treated differently not because of the content of its views, but because of the various other functions it serves, such as providing voices for outsiders and advancing non-market values. Rutherford concludes that we should return to more serious enforcement of the Establishment and Free Exercise ...


Religious Neutrality And The Death Penalty, Arnold H. Loewy Dec 2000

Religious Neutrality And The Death Penalty, Arnold H. Loewy

William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal

Cases involving the Establishment of Religion Clause predominantly emphasize religious neutrality. Believing this to be normatively correct, Professor Loewy argues for religious neutrality in capital punishment cases. In accordance therewith, he would uphold religious peremptory challenges where a juror's religious belief is related to her death penalty perspective. Professor Loewy agrees with the courts'general willingness to disallow religion as an aggravating factor while allowing it as a mitigating factor. This dichotomy comports with the neutrality principle because aggravating factors, in general, are limited whereas mitigating factors are unlimited.


The Absolution Of Reynolds: The Constitutionality Of Religious Polygamy, Todd M. Gillett Feb 2000

The Absolution Of Reynolds: The Constitutionality Of Religious Polygamy, Todd M. Gillett

William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal

The ancient practice of polygamy became prevalent in parts of the United States in the mid-nineteenth century, when the Mormon Church canonized the doctrine of polygamy and encouraged its practice among its members. Today, there are nearly 40, 000 polygamists in the United States, mostly living in Utah. The Supreme Court has ruled on polygamy several times in decisions and dicta, each time finding it to be unconstitutional within the United States. In Reynolds v. United States, a 1878 decision upholding a statute that criminalized polygamy, the Court introduced the belief/action distinction that controls religious First Amendment doctrine today ...


Toward A Religious Minority Voice: A Look At Free Exercise Law Through A Religious Minority Perspective, Samuel J. Levine Dec 1996

Toward A Religious Minority Voice: A Look At Free Exercise Law Through A Religious Minority Perspective, Samuel J. Levine

William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal

Legal scholars have recently advanced theories emphasizing the importance of perspectives in the law. Perspective scholarship recognizes that laws are necessarily shaped by society's dominant forces, including its biases and preconceptions. Perspective scholars attempt to understand how these forces have shaped our laws, and they suggest changes to accommodate those affected by society's biases.

In this Article, Professor Levine introduces the concept of a religious minority perspective. He develops the concept of a religious minority perspective in the context of several, prominent Free Exercise cases. Professor Levine discusses these cases in his presentation of the central themes of ...


The Substantial Burden Of Municipal Zoning: The Religious Freedom Restoration Act As A Means To Consistent Protection For Church-Sponsored Homeless Shelters And Soup Kitchens, Marc-Olivier Langlois May 1996

The Substantial Burden Of Municipal Zoning: The Religious Freedom Restoration Act As A Means To Consistent Protection For Church-Sponsored Homeless Shelters And Soup Kitchens, Marc-Olivier Langlois

William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal

Despite the increase in poverty and homelessness in the United States, many municipalities are attempting to use zoning regulations to limit the spread of church-sponsored programs that minister to the poor. Although the Religious Freedom Restoration Act of 1993 (RFRA) suggests that courts should find churchsponsored programs exempt from the burdens of municipal zoning, recent decisions in federal courts demonstrate that church-sponsored homeless shelters and soup kitchens will receive the same inconsistent protection they received under traditional Free Exercise Clause analysis. This Note argues that enforcement of zoning regulations places a substantial burden on church-sponsored programs that minister to the ...


Religion In The Classroom, M. G. "Pat" Robertson Feb 1995

Religion In The Classroom, M. G. "Pat" Robertson

William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal

In this essay, Chancellor Robertson addresses the role religion has had in society, and in the public schools in particular. He stresses the significance religion had to the Founding Fathers and in the inception of a public school system in America. Chancellor Robertson maintains that the remnants of our country's religious heritage can still be seen today. He warns, however, of the dangers that can result, and in fact have resulted, because of the absence of religion in modern society. Chancellor Robertson argues that many Supreme Court cases have distorted the Establishment Clause, resulting in numerous violations of students ...


How Much God In The Schools? A Discussion Of Religion's Role In The Classroom, Nadine Strossen Feb 1995

How Much God In The Schools? A Discussion Of Religion's Role In The Classroom, Nadine Strossen

William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal

In this essay Professor Strossen addresses the controversial subject of religion in the public schools. She argues that while there may well be instances of unconstitutional government suppression of religious expression, there are certainly many examples of the opposite--unconstitutional government promotion of religion. Professor Strossen discusses the guiding principles governing the relationship between religion and the public schools, as set out by the Supreme Court. She stresses the First Amendment demand that public schools remain neutral toward religion. While they may and should teach about religion, schools may not promote either religion in general or any particular religion. Professor Strossen ...