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College of William & Mary Law School

Freedom of Religion

William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal

2000

Articles 1 - 2 of 2

Full-Text Articles in Law

Religious Neutrality And The Death Penalty, Arnold H. Loewy Dec 2000

Religious Neutrality And The Death Penalty, Arnold H. Loewy

William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal

Cases involving the Establishment of Religion Clause predominantly emphasize religious neutrality. Believing this to be normatively correct, Professor Loewy argues for religious neutrality in capital punishment cases. In accordance therewith, he would uphold religious peremptory challenges where a juror's religious belief is related to her death penalty perspective. Professor Loewy agrees with the courts'general willingness to disallow religion as an aggravating factor while allowing it as a mitigating factor. This dichotomy comports with the neutrality principle because aggravating factors, in general, are limited whereas mitigating factors are unlimited.


The Absolution Of Reynolds: The Constitutionality Of Religious Polygamy, Todd M. Gillett Feb 2000

The Absolution Of Reynolds: The Constitutionality Of Religious Polygamy, Todd M. Gillett

William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal

The ancient practice of polygamy became prevalent in parts of the United States in the mid-nineteenth century, when the Mormon Church canonized the doctrine of polygamy and encouraged its practice among its members. Today, there are nearly 40, 000 polygamists in the United States, mostly living in Utah. The Supreme Court has ruled on polygamy several times in decisions and dicta, each time finding it to be unconstitutional within the United States. In Reynolds v. United States, a 1878 decision upholding a statute that criminalized polygamy, the Court introduced the belief/action distinction that controls religious First Amendment doctrine today ...