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2018

William & Mary Law School

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Articles 1 - 30 of 219

Full-Text Articles in Law

The Esquire Case: A Lost Free Speech Landmark, Samantha Barbas Dec 2018

The Esquire Case: A Lost Free Speech Landmark, Samantha Barbas

William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal

No abstract provided.


Civil Rights Notes: American Indians And Banishment, Jury Trials, And The Doctrine Of Lenity, Grant Christensen Dec 2018

Civil Rights Notes: American Indians And Banishment, Jury Trials, And The Doctrine Of Lenity, Grant Christensen

William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal

No abstract provided.


The Father Of Modern Constitutional Liberalism, John Lawrence Hill Dec 2018

The Father Of Modern Constitutional Liberalism, John Lawrence Hill

William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal

No abstract provided.


The Superior Solution To The “Denominator Problem” — Comparing The Majority And Dissent’S Property Benchmark Tests In Murr V. Wisconsin With A Focus On Property Owners’ Reasonable Expectations, Rosemary K. Mcguirk Dec 2018

The Superior Solution To The “Denominator Problem” — Comparing The Majority And Dissent’S Property Benchmark Tests In Murr V. Wisconsin With A Focus On Property Owners’ Reasonable Expectations, Rosemary K. Mcguirk

William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal

No abstract provided.


Who’S Your Sovereign?: The Standing Doctrine Of Parens Patriae & State Lawsuits Defending Sanctuary Policies, Lexi Zerrillo Dec 2018

Who’S Your Sovereign?: The Standing Doctrine Of Parens Patriae & State Lawsuits Defending Sanctuary Policies, Lexi Zerrillo

William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal

No abstract provided.


A Reparative Justice Approach To Assessing Ancestral Classifications Aimed At Colonization’S Harms, Susan K. Serrano Dec 2018

A Reparative Justice Approach To Assessing Ancestral Classifications Aimed At Colonization’S Harms, Susan K. Serrano

William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal

No abstract provided.


Other Lands And Other Skies: Birthright Citizenship And Self-Government In Unincorporated Territories, John Vlahoplus Dec 2018

Other Lands And Other Skies: Birthright Citizenship And Self-Government In Unincorporated Territories, John Vlahoplus

William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal

No abstract provided.


A Chance To End Gerrymandering In Virginia, A. E. Dick Howard, Rebecca Green Dec 2018

A Chance To End Gerrymandering In Virginia, A. E. Dick Howard, Rebecca Green

Popular Media

No abstract provided.


Halted Innovation: The Expansion Of Federal Jurisdiction Over Medicine And The Human Body, Myrisha S. Lewis Dec 2018

Halted Innovation: The Expansion Of Federal Jurisdiction Over Medicine And The Human Body, Myrisha S. Lewis

Faculty Publications

Modern medical innovations are blurring the line between medical practice and medical devices and drugs. Historically, many techniques have been developed in medicine, without any interference from the federal government, as medical practice is (and has historically been) an area of state jurisdiction. Over the past two decades, however, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has been exerting jurisdiction over the human body and the practice of medicine by targeting new medical techniques for oversight and subjecting the continued use of those treatments to onerous and legally questionable regulatory requirements that hinder the use of those treatments in ...


Copyright And The Single Work, Laura A. Heymann Nov 2018

Copyright And The Single Work, Laura A. Heymann

Popular Media

No abstract provided.


Children’S Welfare And The State’S Fiduciary Responsibility, James G. Dwyer Nov 2018

Children’S Welfare And The State’S Fiduciary Responsibility, James G. Dwyer

Popular Media

No abstract provided.


How Google Perceives Customer Privacy, Cyber, E-Commerce, Political And Regulatory Compliance Risks, Lawrence J. Trautman Nov 2018

How Google Perceives Customer Privacy, Cyber, E-Commerce, Political And Regulatory Compliance Risks, Lawrence J. Trautman

William & Mary Business Law Review

By now, almost every business has an Internet presence. What are the major risks perceived by those engaged in the universe of Internet businesses? What potential risks, if they become reality, may cause substantial increases in operating costs or threaten the very survival of the enterprise?

This Article discusses the relevant annual report disclosures from Alphabet, Inc. (parent of Google), along with other Google documents, as a potentially powerful teaching device. Most of the descriptive language to follow is excerpted directly from Alphabet’s (Google) regulatory filings. My additions about these entities include weaving their disclosure materials into a logical ...


Music Streaming: Where Interactive & Non-Interactive Services Fit Under The Homestyle Exemption, Taylor Mcgraw Nov 2018

Music Streaming: Where Interactive & Non-Interactive Services Fit Under The Homestyle Exemption, Taylor Mcgraw

William & Mary Business Law Review

When business owners play music in their establishments, they have either appropriately purchased a public performance license or they are playing the musical composition without permission from the rights holder, ultimately violating the Copyright Act. Business owners commonly use what is known as the Homestyle Exemption, giving them the ability to forego purchasing a license, assuming they can meet the exemption’s requirements. Before the era of music streaming, terrestrial radio was the popular way to consume music, which is reflected in the Homestyle Exemption’s requirement that the music be radio broadcast. Today’s business owners are taking advantage ...


A Voice In The Wilderness: John Paul Stevens, Election Law, And A Theory Of Impartial Governance, Cody S. Barnett, Joshua A. Douglas Nov 2018

A Voice In The Wilderness: John Paul Stevens, Election Law, And A Theory Of Impartial Governance, Cody S. Barnett, Joshua A. Douglas

William & Mary Law Review

Justice John Paul Stevens retired from the Supreme Court almost a decade ago and turned ninety-eight years old in April 2018. How should we remember his legacy on the Supreme Court? This Article places his legacy within his election law jurisprudence. Specifically, Justice Stevens provided a consistent theory, which we term “impartial governance,” that has had a lasting impact on the field. This theory undergirds Justice Stevens’s creation of the important Anderson-Burdick-Crawford balancing test that federal courts use to construe the constitutionality of laws that impact the right to vote, such as voter ID laws. It is part of ...


Democratizing Interpretation, Anya Bernstein Nov 2018

Democratizing Interpretation, Anya Bernstein

William & Mary Law Review

Judges interpreting statutes sometimes seem eager to outsource the work. They quote ordinary speakers to define a statutory term, point to how an audience understands it, or pin it down with interpretive canons. But sometimes conduct that appears to diminish someone’s power instead sneakily enhances it. So it is with these forms of interpretive outsourcing. Each seems to constrain judges’ authority by handing the reins to someone else, giving interpretation a democratized veneer. But in fact, each funnels power right back to the judge.

These outsourcing approaches show a disconnect between the questions judges pose and the methods they ...


The Theory And Practice Of Contestatory Federalism, James A. Gardner Nov 2018

The Theory And Practice Of Contestatory Federalism, James A. Gardner

William & Mary Law Review

Madisonian theory holds that a federal division of power is necessary to the protection of liberty, but that federalism is a naturally unstable form of government organization that is in constant danger of collapsing into either unitarism or fragmentation. Despite its inherent instability, this condition may be permanently maintained, according to Madison, through a constitutional design that keeps the system in equipoise by institutionalizing a form of perpetual contestation between national and subnational governments. The theory, however, does not specify how that contestation actually occurs, and by what means.

This paper investigates Madison’s hypothesis by documenting the methods actually ...


The Fatal Failure Of The Regulatory State, W. Kip Viscusi Nov 2018

The Fatal Failure Of The Regulatory State, W. Kip Viscusi

William & Mary Law Review

Although regulatory agencies place high values on the benefits associated with the reduction in mortality risks due to regulations, these same agencies substantially undervalue lives in their enforcement efforts. The disparity between the valuation of prospective risks and fatalities that have occurred is often by several orders of magnitude, diminishing whatever safety incentives the regulations might have generated. A review of the practices by the major federal agencies with responsibility for product safety and occupational safety finds that the value placed on fatalities in agencies’ regulatory analyses can be a factor of 1000 times greater than the magnitude of the ...


Salary History Should Be Her Story: Upholding Regulations Of Salary History Through A Commercial Speech Analysis, Elizabeth Lester-Abdalla Nov 2018

Salary History Should Be Her Story: Upholding Regulations Of Salary History Through A Commercial Speech Analysis, Elizabeth Lester-Abdalla

William & Mary Law Review

No abstract provided.


Absolute Priority Redux: First-Day Orders And Pre-Plan Settlements In Chapter 11 Post-Jevic, Bruce Grohsgal Nov 2018

Absolute Priority Redux: First-Day Orders And Pre-Plan Settlements In Chapter 11 Post-Jevic, Bruce Grohsgal

William & Mary Business Law Review

This Article considers the problem of priority-skipping distributions made by a chapter 11 debtor outside of a plan, following the Supreme Court’s Jevic decision. The Jevic Court extended the absolute priority rule—which under U.S. bankruptcy enactments dictates the order of distributions to creditors under a chapter 11 cramdown plan and in a chapter 7 liquidation—to a chapter 11 case-ending settlement known as a “structured dismissal.”

The Jevic Court limited its holding to a case-ending settlement. It did not extend the absolute priority rule to an interim or pre-plan settlement or other transaction that is not case-ending ...


Codification Of The Economic Substance Doctrine: Agency Response And Certain Other Unforeseen Consequences, Rebecca Rosenberg Nov 2018

Codification Of The Economic Substance Doctrine: Agency Response And Certain Other Unforeseen Consequences, Rebecca Rosenberg

William & Mary Business Law Review

Section 7701(o) of the Internal Revenue Code incorporates the controversial judicial doctrine of economic substance into statutory language. In other words, it “codifies” the doctrine. (The economic substance doctrine generally provides that a tax benefit that goes beyond Congressional intent can be disallowed by the courts, even if the taxpayer meets all of the literal Code and regulatory requirements for claiming the benefit.)

This codification appears to have accidentally dissuaded the relevant agency (the Internal evenue Service, or IRS) from raising economic substance issues—an effect that is contrary to Congress’s intent in enacting the doctrine into legislation ...


Boost: Improving Mindfulness, Thinking, And Diversity, Peter H. Huang Nov 2018

Boost: Improving Mindfulness, Thinking, And Diversity, Peter H. Huang

William & Mary Business Law Review

Many important decisions can be difficult; require focused, cognitive attention; produce delayed, noisy feedback; benefit from careful and clear thinking; and quite often trigger anxiety, stress, and other strong, negative emotions. Much empirical, experimental, and field research finds that we often make decisions leading to outcomes we judge as suboptimal. These studies have contributed to the popularity of the idea of nudging people to achieve better outcomes by changing how choices and information are framed and presented (also known as choice architecture and information architecture). Although choice architecture and information architecture can nudge people into better outcomes, choice architecture and ...


Digital Gold: Cybersecurity Regulations And Establishing The Free Trade Of Big Data, Victoria Conrad Nov 2018

Digital Gold: Cybersecurity Regulations And Establishing The Free Trade Of Big Data, Victoria Conrad

William & Mary Business Law Review

Data is everywhere. With more than ten billion Internetenabled devices worldwide, each day individuals create a flood of information that is transferred onto the Internet as big data. Businesses that have the resources to capture and utilize data can better understand their consumers, allowing for reinforcement of customer relationship management, improvements to the management of operational risk, and enhancement of overall firm performance. However, big data’s advantages come with high costs. The cost of organization and storage coupled with the fact that no legal principle allows for any sort of property rights in big data creates a “digital divide ...


Anticompetitive Manipulation Of Rems: A New Exception To Antitrust Refusal-To-Deal Doctrine, Tyler A. Garrett Nov 2018

Anticompetitive Manipulation Of Rems: A New Exception To Antitrust Refusal-To-Deal Doctrine, Tyler A. Garrett

William & Mary Law Review

No abstract provided.


Which Side Are You On?, James G. Dwyer Nov 2018

Which Side Are You On?, James G. Dwyer

Popular Media

No abstract provided.


Federal Tax Update (Powerpoint), Stephen L. Owen Nov 2018

Federal Tax Update (Powerpoint), Stephen L. Owen

William & Mary Annual Tax Conference

No abstract provided.


Politics Of Tax Reform: Outline, Evan M. Migdail Nov 2018

Politics Of Tax Reform: Outline, Evan M. Migdail

William & Mary Annual Tax Conference

No abstract provided.


Powers Of Deduction: Tax-Saving Strategies Under The Legislation Formerly Known As The Tax Cuts And Jobs Act (Powerpoint), Thomas J. Pauloski Nov 2018

Powers Of Deduction: Tax-Saving Strategies Under The Legislation Formerly Known As The Tax Cuts And Jobs Act (Powerpoint), Thomas J. Pauloski

William & Mary Annual Tax Conference

No abstract provided.


International Provisions Of Public Law No. 115-97 (The “Tcja”) (Powerpoint), William B. Sherman Nov 2018

International Provisions Of Public Law No. 115-97 (The “Tcja”) (Powerpoint), William B. Sherman

William & Mary Annual Tax Conference

No abstract provided.


Nonqualified Employee Benefits For Privately-Held Companies – Equity And Deferred Compensation Opportunities (Outline), Taylor W. French, G. William Tysse Nov 2018

Nonqualified Employee Benefits For Privately-Held Companies – Equity And Deferred Compensation Opportunities (Outline), Taylor W. French, G. William Tysse

William & Mary Annual Tax Conference

No abstract provided.


At A Loss: Excess Business Loss And Nol Provisions Of The Tcja (Powerpoint), Brian J. O'Connor, Stephen M. Sharkey Nov 2018

At A Loss: Excess Business Loss And Nol Provisions Of The Tcja (Powerpoint), Brian J. O'Connor, Stephen M. Sharkey

William & Mary Annual Tax Conference

No abstract provided.