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Full-Text Articles in Law

All Human Rights Are Equal, But Some Are More Equal Than Others: The Extraordinary Rendition Of A Terror Suspect In Italy, The Nato Sofa, And Human Rights, Chris Jenks, Eric Talbot Jensen Dec 2010

All Human Rights Are Equal, But Some Are More Equal Than Others: The Extraordinary Rendition Of A Terror Suspect In Italy, The Nato Sofa, And Human Rights, Chris Jenks, Eric Talbot Jensen

Faculty Scholarship

On November 4, 2009, an Italian court found a group of Italian military intelligence agents, operatives from the Central Intelligence Agency and a U.S. Air Force (USAF) officer guilty of the 2003 kidnapping of terror suspect Abu Omar. Thrown in a van on the streets of Milan, the abduction took Abu Omar from Italy to Egypt, where he was allegedly tortured and interrogated about his role in recruiting fighters for extremist Islamic causes, including the insurgency in Iraq. This essay posits that lost amidst politically charged rhetoric about Bush administration impunity and the “war on terror” is that the ...


Gender Violence In India Prajnya Report 2010, Professor Vibhuti Patel Dec 2010

Gender Violence In India Prajnya Report 2010, Professor Vibhuti Patel

Professor Vibhuti Patel

Gender violence in personal lives as well as the systems and structures perpetuating it need serious examination. Indian women experience all kinds of gendered violence at different stages of their lives, from womb to tomb, as a result of modernisation and commercialisation of subsistence economies, family ties becoming less supportive, increasing migration, demanding work, inhuman labour processes in informal economies, sectarian vested interests manifesting through identity politics, trafficking of women and girls as cheap labour, forced marriage and various forms of misogyny in print and electronic media. Honour killing of young lovers and married couples by their relatives brings to ...


The Invalidity Of The 1910 Japan-Korea Annexation Treaty And The Plain Defects Of The Corollaries In Japanese Assertions Of The Sovereign Title To The Dokdo Island, Young K. Kim Dec 2010

The Invalidity Of The 1910 Japan-Korea Annexation Treaty And The Plain Defects Of The Corollaries In Japanese Assertions Of The Sovereign Title To The Dokdo Island, Young K. Kim

Young K Kim

In view of the rule of international law, the Japanese control upon the Korean territories during these 26 years could only been precisely defined as a belligerent occupation. No sovereign title or any legally valid title had ever been entitled to Japan, by this belligerent occupation. So, when the subjection by the Japanese warlords ended, the liberated Korea had immediately resumed the national liberty and the proud cultural heritage. Any vestiges of Japanese control over to the Korean territories should have been eliminated completely, and at once. Removing Japanese warlords from the Korean territory was the only condition for the ...


Third Party Access And Refusal To Deal In European Energy Networks: How Sector Regulation And Competition Law Meet Each Other, Michael Diathesopoulos Dec 2010

Third Party Access And Refusal To Deal In European Energy Networks: How Sector Regulation And Competition Law Meet Each Other, Michael Diathesopoulos

Michael Diathesopoulos

In this paper, we will analyse the issue of concurrence between competition and sector rules and the relation between parallel concepts within the two different legal frameworks. We will firstly examine Third Party Access in relation to essential facilities doctrine and refusal of access and we will identify the common points and objectives of these concepts and the extent to which they provide a context to each other’s implementation. Second, we will focus on how Commission uses sector regulation and objectives as a context within the process of implementation of competition law in the energy sector and third, we ...


The Tax Relief, Unemployment Insurance Reauthorization, And Job Creation Act Of 2010 (H.R. 4853), Neil E. Harl Dec 2010

The Tax Relief, Unemployment Insurance Reauthorization, And Job Creation Act Of 2010 (H.R. 4853), Neil E. Harl

Agricultural Law Digest

Note from the Editor:

This is a special edition of the Agricultural Law Digest published to provide our subscribers with the quickest access to Dr. Harl’s article on the new tax legislation. The article will also be published in the first issue in January 2011 but the issue will include new summaries of current developments.


The Unctad Liner Code: A Dead Letter?, Sock-Yong Phang, Rex S. Toh Dec 2010

The Unctad Liner Code: A Dead Letter?, Sock-Yong Phang, Rex S. Toh

PHANG Sock Yong

The UNCTAD Code of conduct for Liner Conferences entered into force in 1983. The Code's cargo allocation scheme or '40-40-20 rule' aims to provide shipping lines of developing countries with a fair change to compete for the carriage of their seabourne trade. However, the Code has not been effective in meeting its stated objectives for a variety of reasons. Amongst the administrative difficulties are (i) the complications introduced by the EEC's Brussels Package, (ii) the definition of national lines, (iii) the unit of measurement for cargo allocation purposes, and (iv) the monitoring of cargo movements. The tremendous growth ...


Book Review Of Competition Law And Policy In Singapore, By Cavinder Bull, Lim Chong Kin, Academy Publishing, Singapore, 2009, Sock-Yong Phang Dec 2010

Book Review Of Competition Law And Policy In Singapore, By Cavinder Bull, Lim Chong Kin, Academy Publishing, Singapore, 2009, Sock-Yong Phang

PHANG Sock Yong

No abstract provided.


Constraints Of The Agreement On South Asian Free Trade Area And Saarc Agreement On Trade In Services Militating Against Sub-Regional Trade Proliferation In South Asia, Rizwanul Islam Dec 2010

Constraints Of The Agreement On South Asian Free Trade Area And Saarc Agreement On Trade In Services Militating Against Sub-Regional Trade Proliferation In South Asia, Rizwanul Islam

Brigham Young University International Law & Management Review

No abstract provided.


A Study On The Development Of A Global Community From A Legal Perspective, Sung-Soo Han Dec 2010

A Study On The Development Of A Global Community From A Legal Perspective, Sung-Soo Han

Brigham Young University International Law & Management Review

No abstract provided.


Wrongful Convictions As A Result Of Public Defender Representation., Annie Elizabeth Ross Dec 2010

Wrongful Convictions As A Result Of Public Defender Representation., Annie Elizabeth Ross

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Our criminal justice system works very hard to prevent criminals from harming other individuals; however, unfortunately mistakes happen. One wrongful conviction is one too many. There are multiple factors that can be assumed to be the cause of wrongful convictions. However, due to the lack of directly related research, the determents are not well established. The following research addresses wrongful convictions as a result of public defender representation. Through the process of theory construction, the research uses critical race theory and social disorganization theory to show the relationship between court appointed representation and wrongful convictions. A new theory is also ...


Index To Volume 21, Nos. 1-23, Agricultural Law Digest Dec 2010

Index To Volume 21, Nos. 1-23, Agricultural Law Digest

Agricultural Law Digest

No abstract provided.


Tempted To Make Big Gifts In 2010?, Neil E. Harl Dec 2010

Tempted To Make Big Gifts In 2010?, Neil E. Harl

Agricultural Law Digest

As the year 2010 enters its final month, with no federal estate tax in effect,1 no generation skipping transfer tax in effect2 and a federal gift tax at a rate of 35 percent,3 the temptation is to make major gifts late in 2010 if that is a step the donor would like to take. Such a move is particularly attractive under the assumption that the Congress will not enact legislation that will be retroactive to January 1, 2010 and impose a federal estate tax and a generation-skipping transfer tax for 2010 and that would also modify the ...


Cases, Regulations And Statutes, Robert P. Achenbach Jr Dec 2010

Cases, Regulations And Statutes, Robert P. Achenbach Jr

Agricultural Law Digest

No abstract provided.


Não Uma Outra República, A Nossa República, Outra, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha Dec 2010

Não Uma Outra República, A Nossa República, Outra, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

Porque é que as democracias nunca se defendem bem? E como não vêem alguns dos que, generosa ou utopicamente, advogam uma nova república (a que chamam IV, normalmente, contando como tal o salazarismo-caetanismo, que foi uma autocracia, logo não uma república, mesmo uma anti-república), estão objectivamente a levar água ao moinho dessa coisa-outra que pode ter fachada republicana (ou monárquica…), mas só poderia ser, de novo, uma autocracia?


Adequate Yearly Progress In Arkansas 2009-10, Nathan C. Jensen, Gary W. Ritter Dec 2010

Adequate Yearly Progress In Arkansas 2009-10, Nathan C. Jensen, Gary W. Ritter

Policy Briefs

At the end of October, the Arkansas Department of Education released annual adequate yearly progress (AYP) figures for Arkansas schools. These results are based on benchmark and end-of-course test scores in math and literacy for both overall populations and subgroups within schools. They are used to determine whether a school meets state standards and, given their performance in the most recent two years, whether they are placed in the "school improvement" category


Does It Hurt A State To Introduce An Income Tax?, David J. Shakow Dec 2010

Does It Hurt A State To Introduce An Income Tax?, David J. Shakow

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

In an article in the Wall Street Journal, Arthur Laffer argued that, since 1960, the introduction of state income taxes reduced the relative size of a state’s gross state product and its relative per capita personal income. This paper criticizes Laffer’s conclusions on a number of grounds. 1. He uses incorrect figures for per capita income. In fact, relative per capita income rose in a majority of states that introduced an income tax since 1960. 2. The results are not clear when a state’s data is compared to other states in its region, rather than to the ...


Cases, Regulations And Statutes, Robert P. Achenbach Jr Dec 2010

Cases, Regulations And Statutes, Robert P. Achenbach Jr

Agricultural Law Digest

No abstract provided.


Confusion Over Income Tax Basis For Deaths In 2010, Neil E. Harl Dec 2010

Confusion Over Income Tax Basis For Deaths In 2010, Neil E. Harl

Agricultural Law Digest

The allegedly vague and confusing provisions in the Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act of 20011 have succeeded in raising questions about effects of the enactments on the income tax basis of assets included in the gross estate for deaths in 2010. The provisions have produced questions as to what was intended by the Congressional drafters and how the provisions should be interpreted. As has been widely observed, no one believed in 2001 that the federal estate tax and generation-skipping transfer tax would be repealed after 2009 but would reappear one year later. That probably accounts for at ...


Vertical Restraints, Dealers With Power, And Antitrust Policy, Herbert J. Hovenkamp Dec 2010

Vertical Restraints, Dealers With Power, And Antitrust Policy, Herbert J. Hovenkamp

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

The Supreme Court’s Leegin decision has now brought the rule of reason to all purely vertical intrabrand distribution restraints. But the rule of reason does not mean per se legality and occasions for anticompetitive vertically imposed restraints may still arise. Of all those that have been suggested the most plausible are vertical restraints imposed at the behest of a powerful dealer or group (cartel) of dealers.

Although a vertical distribution restraint resembles a dealer cartel in that both limit intraband competition, a manufacturer restraining the distribution of its product shuns the excess dealer profits a dealer cartel would seek ...


Family Security Insurance: A New Foundation For Economic Security, Workplace Flexibility 2010, Georgetown University Law Center, Berkeley Center On Health, Economic & Family Security, Uc Berkeley School Of Law Dec 2010

Family Security Insurance: A New Foundation For Economic Security, Workplace Flexibility 2010, Georgetown University Law Center, Berkeley Center On Health, Economic & Family Security, Uc Berkeley School Of Law

Published Reports

A report released by Georgetown Law's Workplace Flexibility 2010 and the Berkeley Center on Health, Economic & Family Security (Berkeley CHEFS) outlining a blueprint for establishing and financing a new national insurance program to provide wage replacement for time off for health and caregiving needs. The report describes the need among working Americans for time off from work to address personal illness, to care for a new child, or to care for a loved one with a serious illness. It argues that the need for time off is no longer an issue for individual families or select industries, but a ...


Michigan Rulemaking, Virginia C. Thomas Dec 2010

Michigan Rulemaking, Virginia C. Thomas

Library Scholarly Publications

No abstract provided.


A Contractual Approach To Shareholder Oppression Law, Benjamin Means Dec 2010

A Contractual Approach To Shareholder Oppression Law, Benjamin Means

Faculty Publications

According to standard law and economics, minority shareholders in closely held corporations must bargain against opportunism by controlling shareholders before investing. Put simply, you made your bed, now you must lie in it. Yet most courts offer a remedy for shareholder oppression, often premised on the notion that controlling shareholders owe fiduciary duties to the minority or must honor the minority's reasonable expectations. Thus, law and economics, the dominant mode of corporate law scholarship, appears irreconcilably opposed to minority shareholder protection, a defining feature of the existing law of close corporations.

This Article contends that a more nuanced theory ...


Selling Knowledge: A Sociological Analysis Of Attorney Advertisement In Las Vegas, Giselle Velasquez Dec 2010

Selling Knowledge: A Sociological Analysis Of Attorney Advertisement In Las Vegas, Giselle Velasquez

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

I analyze how Las Vegas attorneys represent themselves, their associates and clients in televised law firm commercials. I use attorney commercials as a case to explore cultural beliefs in media representations. Using an inductive method, I analyze the textual, visual, and aural symbols that appear most frequently in television commercials to interpret how law firm advertisements convey themes of attorney expertise, knowledge, ethnic and gender stereotyping. I introduce this study with a historical evaluation of the rise of advertisement in the United States. I continue discussing how the media is an important realm of discourse that affects people's identity ...


The Challenge Of Developing Effective Public Policy On The Use Of Social Media By Youth, John Palfrey Dec 2010

The Challenge Of Developing Effective Public Policy On The Use Of Social Media By Youth, John Palfrey

Federal Communications Law Journal

Symposium: Essays from Time Warner Cable's Research Program on Digital Communications.


Recessions And The Social Safety Net: The Alternative Minimum Tax As A Counter-Cyclical Fiscal Stabilizer, Brian Galle, Jonathan Klick Dec 2010

Recessions And The Social Safety Net: The Alternative Minimum Tax As A Counter-Cyclical Fiscal Stabilizer, Brian Galle, Jonathan Klick

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

As recent events illustrate, state finances are procyclical: during recessions, state revenues crash, worsening the effects of economic downturns. This problem is well known, yet persistent. We argue here that, in light of predictable federalism and political economy dynamics, states will be unable to change this situation on their own. Additionally, we note that many possible federal remedies may result in worse problems, such as by creating moral hazard that would induce states to take on excessively risky policy, both fiscal and otherwise. Thus, we argue that policymakers should consider so-called “automatic” stabilizers, such as are found in the federal ...


The Disutility Of Injustice, Paul H. Robinson, Geoffrey P. Goodwin, Michael Reisig Dec 2010

The Disutility Of Injustice, Paul H. Robinson, Geoffrey P. Goodwin, Michael Reisig

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

For more than half a century, the retributivists and the crime-control instrumentalists have seen themselves as being in an irresolvable conflict. Social science increasingly suggests, however, that this need not be so. Doing justice may be the most effective means of controlling crime. Perhaps partially in recognition of these developments, the American Law Institute's recent amendment to the Model Penal Code's "purposes" provision – the only amendment to the Model Code in the 47 years since its promulgation – adopts desert as the primary distributive principle for criminal liability and punishment. That shift to desert has prompted concerns by two ...


Law Clerks Out Of Context, Parker B. Potter Jr. Dec 2010

Law Clerks Out Of Context, Parker B. Potter Jr.

The University of New Hampshire Law Review

[Excerpt] “In a previous article, I examined judicial opinions in cases in which law clerks have gone wild, principally by doing things that law clerks just aren‘t supposed to do, such as convening court, conducting independent factual investigations into matters before their judges, or leaking drafts of opinions to the press. Here, I focus on opinions in federal cases that discuss two other categories of unusual law-clerk activity, serving as a source of evidence, and going to court, as a litigant.

The article is informed by my ten years of experience as a trial court law clerk in the ...


Fred Fejes' Gay Rights And Moral Panic: The Origins Of America's Debate On Homosexuality (Book Review), Michael Boucai Dec 2010

Fred Fejes' Gay Rights And Moral Panic: The Origins Of America's Debate On Homosexuality (Book Review), Michael Boucai

Book Reviews

No abstract provided.


Religion In The Abortion Discourse In Singapore: A Case Study Of The Relevance Of Religious Arguments In Law-Making In Multi-Religious Democracies, Seow Hon Tan Dec 2010

Religion In The Abortion Discourse In Singapore: A Case Study Of The Relevance Of Religious Arguments In Law-Making In Multi-Religious Democracies, Seow Hon Tan

Research Collection School Of Law

The article discusses the social issue on religion in the abortion discourse in Singapore. It mentions the relevance of religious arguments in law-making in multi-religious democracies. It notes that laws on abortion vary across different jurisdictions, like prohibiting abortion under all circumstances to freely allowing it without restriction as to reason.


Two Contrasting Approaches In The Interpretation Of Outdated Statutory Provisions, Yihan Goh Dec 2010

Two Contrasting Approaches In The Interpretation Of Outdated Statutory Provisions, Yihan Goh

Research Collection School Of Law

Some statutes in operation today were passed a long time ago. Inevitably, through the passage of time, social norms at the time of enactment may now be unrecognizable. Two recent cases show contrasting approaches towards the interpretation of outdated statutory provisions. The first approach is seen in the Singapore High Court case of WX v.WW. That case concerned the interpretation of section 114 of the Evidence Act, a decidedly ancient statutory provision. The second approach was adopted by the Singapore Court of Appeal in AAG v. Estate of AAH, deceased. In that case, the Court of Appeal had to ...