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Articles 1 - 12 of 12

Full-Text Articles in Law

Foreign Affairs Law And Democracy, Phillip R. Trimble May 1991

Foreign Affairs Law And Democracy, Phillip R. Trimble

Michigan Law Review

A Review of Constitutionalism, Democracy, and Foreign Affairs by Louis Henkin


Article 235 Of The Treaty Establishing The European Economic Community: Potential Conflicts Between The Dynamics Of Lawmaking In The Community And National Constitutional Principles, Franziska Tschofen Jan 1991

Article 235 Of The Treaty Establishing The European Economic Community: Potential Conflicts Between The Dynamics Of Lawmaking In The Community And National Constitutional Principles, Franziska Tschofen

Michigan Journal of International Law

The purpose of this essay is to analyze the extent to which the present interpretation and application of article 235 of the Treaty appears to be incompatible with basic national constitutional safeguards such as the principles of democracy, the "Rule of Law," sovereignty and federalism and to discuss ways to reconcile potential incompatibilities. To this end, Part I will explore the scope of the authority of EEC organs under article 235 as delimited by the European Court of Justice and legal scholars. Part II will analyze potential conflicts between Community powers exercised pursuant to article 235 of the Treaty and ...


The Unification Of Germany And International Law, Frans G. Von Der Dunk, Peter H. Kooijmans Jan 1991

The Unification Of Germany And International Law, Frans G. Von Der Dunk, Peter H. Kooijmans

Michigan Journal of International Law

What role these rights and obligations could have played is the central theme of this article. However, in view of the enormous complexity of the problems involved, this article can do no more than provide a general overview. Sections II through VII will first sketch the outlines of the rights and obligations confronting the two German States before unification. Section VIII will compare those outlines to the actual political outcome of the unification process. The former six Sections will explore a number of different contexts in which legal rights and obligations could have been found.


Vital Interests And The Law Of Gatt: An Analysis Of Gatt's Security Exception, Michael J. Hahn Jan 1991

Vital Interests And The Law Of Gatt: An Analysis Of Gatt's Security Exception, Michael J. Hahn

Michigan Journal of International Law

This article will ask to what extent article XXI allows Contracting Parties to escape obligations of GATT and to what extent it should.


Demoncratic Institutions Of Industrial Relations: A Polish Perspective, Ludwik Florek Jan 1991

Demoncratic Institutions Of Industrial Relations: A Polish Perspective, Ludwik Florek

Michigan Journal of International Law

This essay addresses three issues. The author first describes the major features of the previous Polish industrial relations system which caused it to be undemocratic. He then presents arguments justifying the need for a democracy in industrial relations in Poland. Second, the indispensable premises and elements of three basic democratic institutions of industrial relations are identified: trade union freedom, collective bargaining and the right to strike. These elements were selected for analysis on the basis of international legal instruments, in particular, conventions of the International Labor Organization ("ILO"), as well as U.S. and West European labor legislation. The author ...


Negotiating Investment In The Gatt: A Call For Functionalism, Paul Bryan Christy Iii Jan 1991

Negotiating Investment In The Gatt: A Call For Functionalism, Paul Bryan Christy Iii

Michigan Journal of International Law

In part, this article is about the conflict between literalism and functionalism in the GATT. It examines an attempt in the Uruguay Round to negotiate rules on foreign direct investment - the so-called trade-related investment measures (TRIMs) negotiations. Foreign direct investment is often a stage in the internationalization of enterprises; it is helpful to the trade of goods producers and necessary to the trade of many services providers. Affected by the output-oriented history of the GATT, however, the Contracting Parties have treated investment as though it were simply one of three legs of an economic triangle: goods, services, investment. In the ...


Strategy And Compliance With Bilateral Trade Dispute Settlement Agreements: Ustr's Section 301 Experience In The Pacific Basin, Michael P. Ryan Jan 1991

Strategy And Compliance With Bilateral Trade Dispute Settlement Agreements: Ustr's Section 301 Experience In The Pacific Basin, Michael P. Ryan

Michigan Journal of International Law

The paper is laid out in five parts. First, the conceptual linkages among strategy, goals, and agreement compliance are developed. Second, the study research design and findings are reported. Third, the strategy of trade dispute settlement negotiation is discussed with regard to bureaucratic politics. Fourth, case evidence that illustrates the key study findings is reviewed. Finally, effective monitoring and the notion of unilateral surveillance within the context of the present GATT-based, multilateral trading system are explored.


Nurturin Rights: An Essay On Women, Peace, And International Human Rights, Barbara Stark Jan 1991

Nurturin Rights: An Essay On Women, Peace, And International Human Rights, Barbara Stark

Michigan Journal of International Law

This essay will explore the relationship between what many view as the two most urgent issues of our time: nurturing rights, and promoting peace.


Can Antidumping Law Apply To Trade In Services?, Hideaki Kubo Jan 1991

Can Antidumping Law Apply To Trade In Services?, Hideaki Kubo

Michigan Journal of International Law

In this paper, the author will investigate whether current U.S. antidumping law can apply to trade in services. Because service industries vary significantly in nature, the author takes an industry-specific approach, selecting three service industries - insurance, banking, and construction - and discussing possible problems in applying the U.S. antidumping law to these industries.


The Czechoslovak Approach To The Draft Convention On Jurisdictional Immunitites Of States And Their Property, Vladimir Balaš, Monika Pauknerová Jan 1991

The Czechoslovak Approach To The Draft Convention On Jurisdictional Immunitites Of States And Their Property, Vladimir Balaš, Monika Pauknerová

Michigan Journal of International Law

This article deals with four issues: (1) The effort of the International Law Commission of the United Nations to codify jurisdictional immunity. (2) The theoretical and practical Czechoslovak approach toward the institution of jurisdictional immunity of States and the Draft Convention, and a prediction of possible change of the Czechoslovak view. (3) The changing views of East European scholars. (4) An analysis of particular provisions of the Draft Convention with respect to their acceptability by States with different socioeconomic systems and especially by Czechoslovakia.


Note, The Convention For The Elimination Of All Forms Of Discrimination Against Women: Radical, Reasonable, Or Reactionary?, Sarah C. Zearfoss Jan 1991

Note, The Convention For The Elimination Of All Forms Of Discrimination Against Women: Radical, Reasonable, Or Reactionary?, Sarah C. Zearfoss

Michigan Journal of International Law

This Note will explore the merits behind these positions and attempt a resolution. If the potential effect of the Convention can only be to freeze and enshrine sex equality law as it currently exists, one who is interested in achieving changes in the law for the purpose of benefiting women will not want to put her energy into lobbying for ratification. It is therefore important to get past political strategies and determine what promise the Convention might hold for women in the United States. If the United States were to ratify the Convention, what changes, if any, would result?


Developing A Standard For Politically Related State Economic Action, Clinton E. Cameron Jan 1991

Developing A Standard For Politically Related State Economic Action, Clinton E. Cameron

Michigan Journal of International Law

This Note will give an analysis of the scholarship that has appeared in this field, as well as the actual practice of States, to determine if any fixed rules have been established in this area, and if so, what they are. It will do so by looking at the debates that have taken place concerning the application of the language and underlying principles of the U.N. Charter in order to see if these norms of State action prohibit economic diplomacy. The Note will then look to the actual practice of States to determine whether it provides adequate evidence of ...