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Full-Text Articles in Law

Community Control, Public Policy, And The Limits Of Law, David L. Kirp Jun 1970

Community Control, Public Policy, And The Limits Of Law, David L. Kirp

Michigan Law Review

This Article deals with those two points of conflict-disputes about governance, race, and political power; and constitutional concerns, rooted in Brown v. Board of Education, about racially heterogeneous education. Both are central to understanding, and to giving content to, the disagreements about community control. The questions about power provide a context within which to understand the terms of the debate. The constitutional discussion suggests some inevitable judicial difficulties in resolving disputes that emerge from the debate. Such questions are increasingly before the courts, whose decisions may alter the bounds of acceptable conduct in ways that permit or deny the legitimacy ...


Civil Rights--Segregation--Federal Income Tax: Exemptions And Deductions--The Validity Of Tax Benefits To Private Segregated Schools, Michigan Law Review Jun 1970

Civil Rights--Segregation--Federal Income Tax: Exemptions And Deductions--The Validity Of Tax Benefits To Private Segregated Schools, Michigan Law Review

Michigan Law Review

In granting the preliminary injunction, the district court found that plaintiffs were asserting a substantial constitutional claim and had a reasonable possibility of success. Balancing the equities of the parties, the court decided that the possibility of significant adverse effect on the Commissioner and schools awaiting tax benefits was not great and was in any event far outweighed by the harm which could result from a denial of the requested relief pendente lite. Thus, the court found that the threat of irreparable injury justified the issuance of a preliminary injunction. The propriety of the court's decision to grant a ...


Constitutional Law--Church And State--Freedom Of Religion--The Constitutionality Under The Religion Clauses Of The First Amendment Of Compulsory Sex Education In Public Schools, Michigan Law Review Apr 1970

Constitutional Law--Church And State--Freedom Of Religion--The Constitutionality Under The Religion Clauses Of The First Amendment Of Compulsory Sex Education In Public Schools, Michigan Law Review

Michigan Law Review

It has been said that "[s]ex education, once the domain of the church and the home, has by necessity, become a responsibility of the schools." Indeed, by the operation of most state education statutes, sex education can be made compulsory in public primary and secondary schools if it is taught as part of otherwise compulsory classes or if the local school authorities have prescribed sex education courses as a compulsory part of the curriculum. While some of the state statutes authorize exemptions on religious grounds, most do not. Nevertheless, the introduction of sex education into public schools has not ...


Restrictions On Student Voting: An Unconstitutional Anachronism?, W. Perry Bullard, James A. Rice Jan 1970

Restrictions On Student Voting: An Unconstitutional Anachronism?, W. Perry Bullard, James A. Rice

University of Michigan Journal of Law Reform

Using Michigan as a vehicle for analysis because it has a student voting process representative of many states, this note seeks to accomplish four purposes: (1) an examination of the case law often underlying the presumption against student registrability; (2) an analysis of recent constitutional developments in the due process and equal protection areas as they relate to the particular problems posed by the student voter; (3) a survey of the competing local and student interests in the student vote issue; and (4) a conclusion regarding the likelihood that thwarted student voters can follow the paths of other disfranchised groups ...