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University of Michigan Law School

Land Use Law

Eminent domain

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Full-Text Articles in Law

Commonwealth Of Puerto Rico V. Rosso: Land Banking And The Expanded Concept Of Public Use, David L. Callies Dec 1968

Commonwealth Of Puerto Rico V. Rosso: Land Banking And The Expanded Concept Of Public Use, David L. Callies

University of Michigan Journal of Law Reform

As the supply of vacant land on which to expand dwindles, the economic, social and cultural blight attendant upon the rapid but relatively unplanned growth of metropolitan areas increasingly becomes a subject of grave concern throughout the world. The two most common traditional approaches to land use problems are now proving inadequate, given the nature of urban sprawl. The first is zoning, basically an exercise of the police power whereby a governmental body restricts the use of land by appropriate regulation without compensating the owner. The restriction must be for the purpose of promoting the health, morals, safety or welfare ...


Purely Economic Justifications Sufficient To Permit Exercise Of Federal Eminent Domain Power--United States V. Certain Parcels Of Land, Michigan Law Review Jan 1965

Purely Economic Justifications Sufficient To Permit Exercise Of Federal Eminent Domain Power--United States V. Certain Parcels Of Land, Michigan Law Review

Michigan Law Review

The federal government, pursuant to authorizing statutes, sought to condemn defendant's land, alleging that it was needed as a source of fill for a section of the National System of Interstate and Defense Highways. Defendant offered proof demonstrating that commercial fill could easily be purchased within the immediate area, that it was therefore not necessary for the government to condemn any land in order to complete the construction of the highway, and that his land was zoned "light industrial" and was thus ideally suited for future development. Employing the usual stringent proof requirements, the court granted the government's ...


Eminent Domain-Urban Renewal-Broader Powers To Take Private Property For Public Use, Roger L. Mcmanus Apr 1964

Eminent Domain-Urban Renewal-Broader Powers To Take Private Property For Public Use, Roger L. Mcmanus

Michigan Law Review

Defendant city instituted a comprehensive urban redevelopment plan under which condemnation and purchase of blighted property would be followed by extensive demolition and clearance. This land was then to be sold subject to certain use restrictions to private developers, chiefly for light industry. Plaintiff, an owner of real estate described as "improved and enhanced with . . . a good, sound, sanitary, modem and well-kept building," brought an action in a lower state court seeking a declaratory judgment against the constitutionality of the Washington Urban Renewal Law, and an injunction to prevent defendant city from condemning his property under the statute. The owner ...


Constitutional Law-Eminent Domain-Master Flight Plan As A Taking Of Land Under Approach Area To Municipal Airport, Ralph L. Wright S. Ed Nov 1961

Constitutional Law-Eminent Domain-Master Flight Plan As A Taking Of Land Under Approach Area To Municipal Airport, Ralph L. Wright S. Ed

Michigan Law Review

Plaintiff owned land adjacent to the Greater Pittsburgh Airport which lay under an approach area for one of the runways. Allegheny County, in compliance with rules and regulations of the Civil Aeronautics Authority, drafted a "Master Plan," approved by the CAA, which showed the approach area over part of plaintiff's property. Plaintiff sued to recover damages from the county, owner and operator of the airport, alleging an appropriation of his land because of the substantial interference with its use and enjoyment caused by flights at low altitudes above his land during landings and take-offs. Upon an award of damages ...


Acquisition And Protection Of Water Supplies By Municipalities, Wilbert L. Ziegler Jan 1959

Acquisition And Protection Of Water Supplies By Municipalities, Wilbert L. Ziegler

Michigan Law Review

Among the prime functions of a municipal government is the furnishing of a potable supply of water for its inhabitants. In view of the increasing demand for water and the shortage of available supply, a number of problems have been or will be encountered by municipalities in fulfilling that function, apart from the problem of financing.