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Full-Text Articles in Law

Indians, Race, And Criminal Jurisdiction In Indian Country, Alexander Tallchief Skibine Jan 2016

Indians, Race, And Criminal Jurisdiction In Indian Country, Alexander Tallchief Skibine

Utah Law Faculty Scholarship

With the possible exception of the Indian Major Crimes Act, the classification of “Indian” for the purposes of the ICCA and the Duro Fix is not “racial” even if it includes non-enrolled people of Indian ancestry with significant connections to tribal communities. Furthermore, although the first prong of the Rogers test should be eliminated on policy grounds, the holding of the Zepeda court that the first prong could be satisfied by proof of blood quantum from any Indian tribe, recognized or not, is highly suspicious, seems to be arbitrary, and boosts the argument that the classification of “Indian” in such ...


Untangling The Web: Juvenile Justice In Indian Country, Addie C. Rolnick Jan 2016

Untangling The Web: Juvenile Justice In Indian Country, Addie C. Rolnick

Scholarly Works

The juvenile justice system in Indian country is broken. Native youth are vulnerable and traumatized. They become involved in the system at high rates, and they are more likely than other youth to be incarcerated and less likely to receive necessary health, mental-health, and education services. Congressional leaders and the Obama administration have made the needs of Indian country, especially improvement of tribal justice systems, an area of focus in recent years. The release of two major reports—one from a task force convened by the Attorney General to study violence and trauma among Native youth and the other from ...


An Analysis Of The Legal And Practical Implications Of The Potential Increased Participation In Jury Service By Racial Minorities In The U.S. Criminal Justice System, Brian Keith Leonard Apr 2015

An Analysis Of The Legal And Practical Implications Of The Potential Increased Participation In Jury Service By Racial Minorities In The U.S. Criminal Justice System, Brian Keith Leonard

West Virginia Law Review

No abstract provided.


Contemporary Uses Of Force Against Terrorism: The United States Response To Achille Lauro-Questions Of Jurisdiction And Its Exercise, Jeffrey A. Mccredie Jan 2015

Contemporary Uses Of Force Against Terrorism: The United States Response To Achille Lauro-Questions Of Jurisdiction And Its Exercise, Jeffrey A. Mccredie

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Criminal Justice In Indian Country, M. Alexander Pearl Jan 2014

Criminal Justice In Indian Country, M. Alexander Pearl

Faculty Publications

This Article examines the role played by different enacted legislation on California’s Indian tribes criminal justice system. For centuries, tribal governments were the only entities with criminal jurisdiction in Indian Country. In 1883, the Supreme Court in Ex parte Kan-Gi-Shun-Ka (Ex parte Crow Dog) confirmed that a crime committed by an Indian against another Indian did not give rise to federal jurisdiction. In response, Congress passed the Major Crimes Act, granting federal authorities the power to investigate, enforce, and prosecute certain crimes occurring in Indian Country. The federal statutes creating federal jurisdiction did not preclude tribal jurisdiction, but states ...


Abducted Fugitives Before The International Criminal Court: Problems And Prospects, Robert Currie Jan 2007

Abducted Fugitives Before The International Criminal Court: Problems And Prospects, Robert Currie

Articles, Book Chapters, & Blogs

In the law and literature relating to the exertion of criminal jurisdiction over the person, there exists a nagging problem that has plagued practitioners, courts and academics alike. The phrase of art is usually something along the lines of "irregular rendition," but the issues are as notorious as they are controversial: what should a court do with an accused criminal brought before it as a result of abduction (or otherwise illegal detention) from a foreign state? And, in particular, should the fact of the illegal or irregular rendition of the fugitive affect either the court's ability or its willingness ...


The Military Extraterritorial Jurisdiction Act And Its Implications For Private Military Companies, Dustin M. Tipling May 2006

The Military Extraterritorial Jurisdiction Act And Its Implications For Private Military Companies, Dustin M. Tipling

ExpressO

Private Military Companies (PMCs) are civilian staffed corporations that provide military (and law enforcement) services, logistics, and support under contract to a government both inside and outside the country’s borders. Prior to Congress passing the Military Extraterritorial Jurisdiction Act, U.S. courts lacked jurisdiction to prosecute civilians accompanying United States’ Armed Forces overseas. This article will specifically address how the United States exercises jurisdiction and prosecutes the civilian employees of PMCs in United States courts for crimes they have committed in foreign countries while working under contract to the United States government.


Surviving Racism And Sexual Assault: American Indian Women Left Unprotected, Talib Ellison Jan 2005

Surviving Racism And Sexual Assault: American Indian Women Left Unprotected, Talib Ellison

The Modern American

No abstract provided.


Book Review Of Luc Reydams, Universal Jurisdiciton: International And Municipal Legal Perspectives (2003), David Luban Jan 2005

Book Review Of Luc Reydams, Universal Jurisdiciton: International And Municipal Legal Perspectives (2003), David Luban

Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works

Some crimes are so odious that committing them makes one hostis generis humani (an enemy of all mankind). Intuitively, the idea of a universal enemy implies the possibility of universal criminal jurisdiction (UCJ). As Luc Reydams notes, the notion of UCJ originated in the 16th century with Covarruvias, although the idea is better known through Grotius's famous assertion that every state has jurisdiction over "gross violations of the law of nature and of nations, done to other states and subjects" (De Jure Belli ac Pacis, AC Campbell trans., II.20.VII). For many years piracy was the only recognized ...


Rulemaking From The Bench: A Place For Minimalism At The Icty, Megan A. Fairlie Jan 2004

Rulemaking From The Bench: A Place For Minimalism At The Icty, Megan A. Fairlie

Faculty Publications

This article explores the ability of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia to create and amend its own Rules of Procedure and Evidence. It also focuses on the manner in which the Tribunal addresses issues that arise, throughout the course of its proceedings, for which its statute and rules are silent. This article advances the theory that, when confronted with issues that are controversial, complex, or for which there is a lack of consensus among national legal systems or the Tribunal’s judiciary, the Court should simply decide the case before it rather that create broad and binding ...


Just When You Thought It Was Safe To Go Back On The Rez: Is It Safe , Jared B. Cawley Jan 2004

Just When You Thought It Was Safe To Go Back On The Rez: Is It Safe , Jared B. Cawley

Cleveland State Law Review

This article will trace the history of tribal criminal jurisdiction following the arrival of the colonists, through the foundation of the United States government, and will lead into where it stands today. On this journey, this article will discuss significant statutes and case law dealing with the role tribal courts have played in handling criminal jurisdiction in Indian country and will also discuss some important studies conducted by the Department of Justice Bureau of Justice Statistics and others on the current state of violent crime in Indian country, as well as the tribes' ability to handle it. Finally, this article ...


Jurisdiction To Adjudicate And Jurisdiction To Prescribe In International Criminal Courts, Kenneth S. Gallant Jan 2003

Jurisdiction To Adjudicate And Jurisdiction To Prescribe In International Criminal Courts, Kenneth S. Gallant

Faculty Scholarship

Direct jurisdiction over individuals, along with responsibilities to them, are outstanding characteristics of the new International Criminal Court (ICC or Court), as they already are of the International Criminal Tribunals for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY) and for Rwanda (ICTR). This Article raises issues of legitimate power to prosecute and to define criminal law and issues of individual human rights which necessarily arise in any criminal system.

This Article is predominantly an analysis of issues of criminal jurisdiction over persons as they are treated in the ICC Statute, as well as in the current ad hoc international criminal tribunals. Part II ...


A "Civil" Method Of Law Enforcement On The Reservation: In Rem Forfeiture And Indian Law, Henry S. Noyes Jan 1996

A "Civil" Method Of Law Enforcement On The Reservation: In Rem Forfeiture And Indian Law, Henry S. Noyes

American Indian Law Review

No abstract provided.


Federal Criminal Law: The Need, Not For Revised Constitutional Theory Or New Congressional Statutes, But The Exercise Of Responsible Prosecutive Discretion, G. Robert Blakey Jan 1995

Federal Criminal Law: The Need, Not For Revised Constitutional Theory Or New Congressional Statutes, But The Exercise Of Responsible Prosecutive Discretion, G. Robert Blakey

Journal Articles

My basic point is that major aspects of systems of legal justice deal with antisocial behavior. That an aspect of these systems may be categorized as “criminal,” “civil,” “state,” “federal,” or “international,” is relevant principally to a question of legal theory or governmental organization, which is fundamentally secondary to the character of the behavior itself. In short, we have to look at the behavior first–and only then ask questions of legal theory or governmental organization.

We should not be talking about “federalization.” That is a constitutional question to which we now have a fairly clear constitutional answer. Little or ...


Federal Recent Developments Jan 1993

Federal Recent Developments

American Indian Law Review

No abstract provided.


New Frontiers: The Expansion Of International Criminal Law, Michael E. Tigar Jan 1987

New Frontiers: The Expansion Of International Criminal Law, Michael E. Tigar

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Federal Recent Developments Jan 1984

Federal Recent Developments

American Indian Law Review

No abstract provided.


American Prisoners In Foreign Prisons: The Prisoner Transfer Treaties, Patricia M. Wilson Jan 1984

American Prisoners In Foreign Prisons: The Prisoner Transfer Treaties, Patricia M. Wilson

Penn State International Law Review

For the average American traveler, being apprehended and arrested in a foreign country on criminal charges can be an unimaginable and bizarre experience. Whether he is in England, which has a legal system relatively similar to ours, or in China, which has a very different legal system, he is likely to be equally mistaken in believing that his status as an American citizen will be of any real assistance. Unfortunately, unless he happens to be with United States military forces or protected by some sort of diplomatic or other immunity, his criminal case will proceed from start to finish entirely ...


Far Beyond Nuremberg: Steps Toward International Criminal Jurisdiction, Richard I. Miller Jan 1973

Far Beyond Nuremberg: Steps Toward International Criminal Jurisdiction, Richard I. Miller

Kentucky Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Criminal Jurisdiction Of The Kentucky Courts: A Tentative Codification, Roy Mitchell Moreland Jan 1958

Criminal Jurisdiction Of The Kentucky Courts: A Tentative Codification, Roy Mitchell Moreland

Kentucky Law Journal

No abstract provided.


The Original Criminal Jurisdiction Of Courts In Kentucky, H. Wendell Cherry, Linza B. Inabnit Jan 1958

The Original Criminal Jurisdiction Of Courts In Kentucky, H. Wendell Cherry, Linza B. Inabnit

Kentucky Law Journal

No abstract provided.


The Criminal Jurisdiction Of Equity--Purprestures And Other Public Nuisances Affecting Health And Safety, John C. Bagwell Jan 1932

The Criminal Jurisdiction Of Equity--Purprestures And Other Public Nuisances Affecting Health And Safety, John C. Bagwell

Kentucky Law Journal

No abstract provided.