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Full-Text Articles in Law

Fifty Years Since Passage Of The Fair Housing Act: Rent-To-Income Ratios In The Persistence Of Residential Racial Segregation In Chicago, 51 J. Marshall L. Rev. 551 (2018), Amanda Insalaco Jan 2018

Fifty Years Since Passage Of The Fair Housing Act: Rent-To-Income Ratios In The Persistence Of Residential Racial Segregation In Chicago, 51 J. Marshall L. Rev. 551 (2018), Amanda Insalaco

The John Marshall Law Review

No abstract provided.


Justice For Victims Of Sex Trafficking: Why Current Illinois Efforts Aren’T Enough, 51 J. Marshall L. Rev. 715 (2018), Rachael Derham Jan 2018

Justice For Victims Of Sex Trafficking: Why Current Illinois Efforts Aren’T Enough, 51 J. Marshall L. Rev. 715 (2018), Rachael Derham

The John Marshall Law Review

No abstract provided.


Evader, Avoider, Or None Of The Above? Shedding Light On The Implications Of The Illinois Employee Classification Act On Small Construction Contractors, And Considerations For Their Exemption, 51 J. Marshall L. Rev. 341 (2018), Taso Tsiganos Jan 2018

Evader, Avoider, Or None Of The Above? Shedding Light On The Implications Of The Illinois Employee Classification Act On Small Construction Contractors, And Considerations For Their Exemption, 51 J. Marshall L. Rev. 341 (2018), Taso Tsiganos

The John Marshall Law Review

No abstract provided.


Article Xiv, Section 3 Of The Illinois Constitution: A Limited Initiative To Amend The Article On The Legislature, 48 Loy. U. Chi. L.J. 899 (2017), Ann Lousin Jan 2017

Article Xiv, Section 3 Of The Illinois Constitution: A Limited Initiative To Amend The Article On The Legislature, 48 Loy. U. Chi. L.J. 899 (2017), Ann Lousin

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Town Of Greece And City Of Saguenay: Non-Establishment Principles With Or Without An Establishment Clause, 14 First Amend. L. Rev. 343 (2016), Donald L. Beschle Jan 2016

Town Of Greece And City Of Saguenay: Non-Establishment Principles With Or Without An Establishment Clause, 14 First Amend. L. Rev. 343 (2016), Donald L. Beschle

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


How An Acoustic Sensor Can Catch A Gunman, 32 J. Marshall J. Info. Tech. & Privacy L. 211 (2016), Amanda Busljeta Jan 2016

How An Acoustic Sensor Can Catch A Gunman, 32 J. Marshall J. Info. Tech. & Privacy L. 211 (2016), Amanda Busljeta

The John Marshall Journal of Information Technology & Privacy Law

Conversations said in public do not have an expectation of privacy, and therefore, the ShotSpotter does not violate the right to privacy. This comment will address the following: a) ShotSpotter technology is a necessity in all neighborhoods; b) ShotSpotter does not violate an individual’s expectation of privacy; c) the need for ShotSpotter outweighs the cost of the device; and e) regulations and economic solutions will allow cities to use ShotSpotter while still protecting the individual’s privacy rights.


Justice Brennan’S Call To Arms—What Has Happened Since 1977?, 77 Ohio St. L.J. 387 (2016), Ann Lousin Jan 2016

Justice Brennan’S Call To Arms—What Has Happened Since 1977?, 77 Ohio St. L.J. 387 (2016), Ann Lousin

Faculty Scholarship

We are about to observe the fortieth anniversary of the publication of a seminal law review article: State Constitutions and the Protection of Individual Rights by Associate Justice William J. Brennan. This Article was also the basis of a talk Justice Brennan later gave at The New York University Law School. It is often said that this article, one of the most-cited in American legal scholarship, sparked the “new judicial federalism.”

In 1986, I wrote in a tribute to Justice Brennan: “This one law review article, almost by itself, created the renaissance of state constitutionalism.” I have not really changed ...


Patently Preempted, 14 J. Marshall Rev. Intell. Prop. L. 268 (2015), Nick Vogel Jan 2015

Patently Preempted, 14 J. Marshall Rev. Intell. Prop. L. 268 (2015), Nick Vogel

The John Marshall Review of Intellectual Property Law

Small and medium size businesses often take advantage of the latest advancements in technology. Doing so, however, now seems to carry the risk of patent infringement. In 2012, so called patent trolls, also known as Non Practicing Entities, began sending letters to small and medium sized businesses demanding money in exchange for a license to use allegedly patented technology. Many saw the demands as an abuse of the patent system. In response, states have passed or are considering statutes that outlaw patent holders from delivering a bad faith notice of infringement. The State of Vermont was the first to address ...


What’S Law Got To Do With It? Confronting Judicial Nullification Of Domestic Violence Remedies, 10 Nw. J. L. & Soc. Pol'y. 130 (2015), Debra Pogrund Stark Jan 2015

What’S Law Got To Do With It? Confronting Judicial Nullification Of Domestic Violence Remedies, 10 Nw. J. L. & Soc. Pol'y. 130 (2015), Debra Pogrund Stark

Faculty Scholarship

In 1982, the Illinois legislature passed the Illinois Domestic Violence Act (the Act) and most recently passed an updated version in 2012. This Article examines how the specialized domestic violence courthouse in Chicago implements these laws.

Where the courthouse falls short, this Article will explore why, what can be done, and consider implications for other jurisdictions seeking to implement similar resources for survivors of domestic violence. The results from this empirical study are mixed. On the positive side, the data reflect that judges are properly applying many important aspects of the new order of protection laws and granting a high ...


Free, But Still Behind Bars: Reading The Illinois Post-Conviction Hearing Act To Allow Any Person Convicted Of A Crime To Raise A Claim Of Actual Innocence, 35 B.C. J. L. & Soc. Just. 1 (2015), Hugh Mundy Jan 2015

Free, But Still Behind Bars: Reading The Illinois Post-Conviction Hearing Act To Allow Any Person Convicted Of A Crime To Raise A Claim Of Actual Innocence, 35 B.C. J. L. & Soc. Just. 1 (2015), Hugh Mundy

Faculty Scholarship

As the number of wrongfully convicted prisoners who are subsequently exonerated continues to rise, the importance of access to post-conviction relief also increases. Under the Illinois Post-Conviction Hearing Act, this access is restricted to petitioners who are currently imprisoned or otherwise facing a restraint on their liberty. Persons convicted of a crime who have completed their sentence are barred from pursuing post-conviction relief under the Act, regardless of the existence of exculpatory evidence that supports their innocence. Removing this procedural roadblock and interpreting the Act broadly to allow any person convicted of a crime to raise a claim of actual ...


Why Illinois Should Adopt Federal Rule Of Evidence 803(18) To Allow The Learned Treatise Exception To The Hearsay Rule, 39 S. Ill. U. L.J. 275 (2015), Ralph Ruebner, Katarina Durcova, Amy Taylor Jan 2015

Why Illinois Should Adopt Federal Rule Of Evidence 803(18) To Allow The Learned Treatise Exception To The Hearsay Rule, 39 S. Ill. U. L.J. 275 (2015), Ralph Ruebner, Katarina Durcova, Amy Taylor

Faculty Scholarship

Illinois still adheres to a rigid and outdated common law principle that treats a learned treatise as hearsay. This principle stands at odds with the adoption of Federal Rules of Evidence 703 ("FRE 703")' and 705 ("FRE 705") by the Illinois Supreme Court. Illinois courts have developed clever ways to get around the common law prohibition thereby creating an incoherent and inconsistent jurisprudence that at times yields bizarre outcomes.

Adopting the federal learned treatise exception to the hearsay rule would set out a consistent standard in Illinois for admitting learned treatises and allowing them as substantive evidence. Now that Illinois ...


Selected State Laws Governing The Safeguarding And Disposing Of Personal Information, 31 J. Marshall J. Info. Tech. & Privacy L. 487 (2015), Bruce Radke, Michael Waters Jan 2015

Selected State Laws Governing The Safeguarding And Disposing Of Personal Information, 31 J. Marshall J. Info. Tech. & Privacy L. 487 (2015), Bruce Radke, Michael Waters

The John Marshall Journal of Information Technology & Privacy Law

Numerous states have adopted laws mandating the protection and disposal of personal information. Under those laws, businesses are required to implement and maintain reasonable security procedures and practices appropriate to the nature of the information in order to protect the personal information from unauthorized access, destruction, use, modification, or disclosure. Although the definition of “personal information” varies from state to state, “personal information” is generally defined as an individual’s first name or initial and last name in combination with any one or more of the following data elements, when either the name or the data elements are not encrypted ...


Changing Residency For Illinois Tax Purposes, 40 S. Ill. U. L.J. 11 (2015), Ronald Z. Domsky Jan 2015

Changing Residency For Illinois Tax Purposes, 40 S. Ill. U. L.J. 11 (2015), Ronald Z. Domsky

Faculty Scholarship

Currently, Illinois is in a financial crisis. Amidst this crisis, the First District Appellate Court of Illinois, in 2012, decided Cain v Hamer. In Cain, the issue was whether a pair of snowbirds (retirees spending the winter months in a warmer climate and returning to Illinois each year) were residents of Illinois for income tax purposes when they spent roughly an equal amount of time in Illinois as in Florida. The court narrowed the issue of residency down to two important issues; namely, whether the taxpayers (the “Cains”) changed domicile, and if so, whether their visits to Illinois were temporary ...


Scottie Pippen’S Airball: On The Role Of Fiduciary Duty Law In Illinois Professional Liability Cases, 48 J. Marshall L. Rev. 777 (2015), William Lynch Schaller Jan 2015

Scottie Pippen’S Airball: On The Role Of Fiduciary Duty Law In Illinois Professional Liability Cases, 48 J. Marshall L. Rev. 777 (2015), William Lynch Schaller

The John Marshall Law Review

No abstract provided.


A Survey Of Illinois Code Of Civil Procedure Section 2-619(A), 48 J. Marshall L. Rev. 1009 (2015), Wm. Dennis Huber Jan 2015

A Survey Of Illinois Code Of Civil Procedure Section 2-619(A), 48 J. Marshall L. Rev. 1009 (2015), Wm. Dennis Huber

The John Marshall Law Review

The paper examines the requirements of each section of Illinois Code of Civil Procedure Section 2-619(a) in greater depth by examining appellate and Illinois Supreme Court rulings in cases brought under each section of 2-619(a). It also analyzes the standards of review appellate courts apply under each section of 2-619(a). Finally, because 619(a) motions require affidavits in support of the motion, it is also necessary to consider the nature and sufficiency of affidavits


An Overview Of The Grossly Inconsistent Definitions Of “Gross Negligence” In American Jurisprudence, 48 J. Marshall L. Rev. 471 (2015), Olga Voinarevich Jan 2015

An Overview Of The Grossly Inconsistent Definitions Of “Gross Negligence” In American Jurisprudence, 48 J. Marshall L. Rev. 471 (2015), Olga Voinarevich

The John Marshall Law Review

On one side of the spectrum, certain courts, such as New York, define gross negligence as conduct that borders intentional wrongdoing. On the other side of the spectrum, courts continue to recognize the degrees of negligence and differentiate between various degrees of care. Between these two approaches, there is inconsistency. For instance, some Illinois decisions equate gross negligence to recklessness, while others define it as nothing more than “very great negligence.” This Article concludes that the latter may be the proper standard relied upon by a majority of the recent decisions interpreting Illinois law, but advocates for a uniform definition ...


Truth Stories: Credibility Determinations At The Illinois Torture Inquiry And Relief Commission, 45 Loy. U. Chi. L.J. 1085 (2014), Kim D. Chanbonpin Apr 2014

Truth Stories: Credibility Determinations At The Illinois Torture Inquiry And Relief Commission, 45 Loy. U. Chi. L.J. 1085 (2014), Kim D. Chanbonpin

Faculty Scholarship

This is the first scholarly Article to investigate the inner workings of the Illinois Torture Inquiry and Relief Commission (“TIRC”). The TIRC was established by statute in 2009 to provide legal redress for victims of police torture. Prisoners who claim that their convictions were based on confessions coerced by police torture can utilize the procedures available at the TIRC to obtain judicial review of their cases. For those who have exhausted all appeals and post-conviction remedies, the TIRC represents the tantalizing promise of justice long denied. To be eligible for relief, however, the claimant must first meet the TIRC’s ...


Informed Consent And The Differential Diagnosis: How The Law Overestimates Patient Autonomy And Compromises Health Care, 60 Wayne L. Rev. 349 (2014), Marc Ginsberg Jan 2014

Informed Consent And The Differential Diagnosis: How The Law Overestimates Patient Autonomy And Compromises Health Care, 60 Wayne L. Rev. 349 (2014), Marc Ginsberg

Faculty Scholarship

The purpose of this paper is not simply to re-examine the doctrine of informed consent. The purpose, however, is to identify how the doctrine has evolved, its scope expanded, and how it has created serious consequences for physicians and patients. Specifically, this paper focuses on the differential diagnosis - the process by which a physician arrives at a diagnosis - and how some jurisdictions have manipulated informed consent to encompass this process. This paper will urge that the application of informed consent to the differential diagnosis is an unnecessary expansion of the doctrine and, potentially, compromises health care.


California’S Eavesdropping Law Endangers Victims Of Domestic Violence, 31 J. Marshall J. Info. Tech. & Privacy L. 57 (2014), John E.B. Myers Jan 2014

California’S Eavesdropping Law Endangers Victims Of Domestic Violence, 31 J. Marshall J. Info. Tech. & Privacy L. 57 (2014), John E.B. Myers

The John Marshall Journal of Information Technology & Privacy Law

No abstract provided.


The Strange Politics Of Medicaid Expansion, 47 J. Marshall L. Rev. 947 (2014), Steven Schwinn Jan 2014

The Strange Politics Of Medicaid Expansion, 47 J. Marshall L. Rev. 947 (2014), Steven Schwinn

The John Marshall Law Review

This paper first outlines the Medicaid program, Medicaid expansion in the PPACA, and the Court’s ruling on Medicaid expansion in NFIB. It next explores the impacts of the opposition to Medicaid expansion. In particular, it details the substantial federal resources that opposing states will leave on the table, the health insurance coverage that states stand to deny to their poor citizens, and the constitutional law that opposing states left in NFIB.


Escape From Freedom: Why “Limited Lockstep” Betrays Our System Of Federalism, 48 J. Marshall L. Rev. 325 (2014), Timothy P. O'Neill Jan 2014

Escape From Freedom: Why “Limited Lockstep” Betrays Our System Of Federalism, 48 J. Marshall L. Rev. 325 (2014), Timothy P. O'Neill

The John Marshall Law Review

The Illinois Supreme Court has ironically chosen to make the Illinois Constitution completely insignificant in several areas of constitutional law. It has accomplished this through “the limited lockstep doctrine.” This approach is used to interpret cognate provisions of the U.S. and Illinois Constitutions.


Stubhub's Tug At The Municipal Purse String: Why The Home-Rule Taxing Powers Enumerated In The Illinois Constitution Must Remain Broad And Strong, 48 J. Marshall L. Rev. 37 (2014), Joseph Kearney Jan 2014

Stubhub's Tug At The Municipal Purse String: Why The Home-Rule Taxing Powers Enumerated In The Illinois Constitution Must Remain Broad And Strong, 48 J. Marshall L. Rev. 37 (2014), Joseph Kearney

The John Marshall Law Review

The issues facing Illinois cities are equally, if not more, important today as in 1970 and will require local leaders to be able to use all governance tools at their disposal. The ability of a municipality to raise revenue is arguably one of the most important expressly granted by home rule. Accordingly, the Stubhub case should be viewed with caution going forward, as it raises the possibility of potentially serious challenges to municipal home rule power in the future. This article, then, will do several things. First, it will give the reader a concise definition and history of the constitutional ...


Where Are We At? The Illinois Constitution After Forty-Five Years, 48 J. Marshall L. Rev. 1 (2014), Ann Lousin Jan 2014

Where Are We At? The Illinois Constitution After Forty-Five Years, 48 J. Marshall L. Rev. 1 (2014), Ann Lousin

The John Marshall Law Review

No abstract provided.


Reflections On Reform Litigation: Strategic Intervention In Arizona's Ethnic Studies Ban, 47 J. Marshall L. Rev. 1181 (2014), Jean Stefancic Jan 2014

Reflections On Reform Litigation: Strategic Intervention In Arizona's Ethnic Studies Ban, 47 J. Marshall L. Rev. 1181 (2014), Jean Stefancic

The John Marshall Law Review

No abstract provided.


More Bang For Their Buck: How Federal Dollars Are Militarizing American Law Enforcement, 47 J. Marshall L. Rev. 1479 (2014), Jeffrey Endebak Jan 2014

More Bang For Their Buck: How Federal Dollars Are Militarizing American Law Enforcement, 47 J. Marshall L. Rev. 1479 (2014), Jeffrey Endebak

The John Marshall Law Review

No abstract provided.


Attention Gun-Rights Advocates! Don't Forget The Illinois Constitutional Right To Keep And Bear Arms, 48 J. Marshall L. Rev. 53 (2014), James Leven Jan 2014

Attention Gun-Rights Advocates! Don't Forget The Illinois Constitutional Right To Keep And Bear Arms, 48 J. Marshall L. Rev. 53 (2014), James Leven

The John Marshall Law Review

This Article will show that Kalodimos’s reasoning is deeply flawed and also that developments in the law following that decision demonstrate that it is no longer viable.


Illinois Gets An “F” In Public School Financing, 48 J. Marshall L. Rev. 141 (2014), Matthew Locke Jan 2014

Illinois Gets An “F” In Public School Financing, 48 J. Marshall L. Rev. 141 (2014), Matthew Locke

The John Marshall Law Review

Contrary to the Federal Constitution, almost every state constitution, including Illinois’s, specifically guarantees its citizens’ the right to a free and efficient education provided by the state. This article will advocate for a number of reforms, which will minimize spending disparities across the state, enhance equality in per-pupil funding, and lower overall operating cost.


Is Welching On Public Pension Promises An Option For Illinois? An Analysis Of Article Xiii, Section 5 Of Illinois Constitution, 48 J. Marshall L. Rev. 167 (2014), Eric Madiar Jan 2014

Is Welching On Public Pension Promises An Option For Illinois? An Analysis Of Article Xiii, Section 5 Of Illinois Constitution, 48 J. Marshall L. Rev. 167 (2014), Eric Madiar

The John Marshall Law Review

This Article reviews not only the Pension Clause’s language and origins, but also the constitutional convention debates discussing it, and relevant court decisions construing the provision. The Article also evaluates the arguments made by legal commentators on behalf of particular stakeholders about whether the Clause allows the legislature to cut the pension benefits of current public employees and retirees as well as other related issues. The Article concludes that the General Assembly cannot unilaterally cut the pension benefits of current employees or retirees as a means to reduce the State’s existing pension liabilities based on the Clause’s ...


Stop Presumptive Transfers: How Forcing Juveniles To Prove They Should Remain In The Juvenile Justice System Is Inconsistent With Roper V. Simmons & Graham V. Florida, 48 J. Marshall L. Rev. 365 (2014), Rachel Fugett Jan 2014

Stop Presumptive Transfers: How Forcing Juveniles To Prove They Should Remain In The Juvenile Justice System Is Inconsistent With Roper V. Simmons & Graham V. Florida, 48 J. Marshall L. Rev. 365 (2014), Rachel Fugett

The John Marshall Law Review

Overly expansive juvenile transfer laws are inconsistent with the Court’s reasoning because their primary objective is to transfer juveniles into the adult criminal justice system solely for the purpose of punishing and sentencing them like adults. In so doing, expansive juvenile transfer laws, more often than not, largely ignore a juvenile’s diminished culpability and greater capacity for change.


A New Devil In The White City: The Demolition Of Prentice Women's Hospital And The Failures Of Chicago's Landmarks Ordinance, 48 J. Marshall L. Rev. 391 (2014), Laura Luisi Jan 2014

A New Devil In The White City: The Demolition Of Prentice Women's Hospital And The Failures Of Chicago's Landmarks Ordinance, 48 J. Marshall L. Rev. 391 (2014), Laura Luisi

The John Marshall Law Review

Chicago’s culture is, in large part, defined by its courageous, innovative, and rich architectural history. With such a strong cultural identity comes the responsibility to preserve the City’s character for generations to come. Throughout its history, the City of Chicago allowed architectural masterpieces to succumb to economic and political pressures. The recent decision in Hanna v. City of Chicago left Chicago’s Landmarks Ordinance unscathed, but nevertheless, its inadequacies are showcased by the demolition of the Prentice Women’s Hospital. An examination of the landmark ordinances of other large American cities further demonstrates the shortcomings of Chicago’s ...