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2006

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Full-Text Articles in Law

Foreign Authority, American Exceptionalism, And The Dred Scott Case, Sarah H. Cleveland Dec 2006

Foreign Authority, American Exceptionalism, And The Dred Scott Case, Sarah H. Cleveland

Chicago-Kent Law Review

One distinctive feature of the Dred Scott decision for modern readers is the extent to which the Supreme Court Justices looked to foreign and international law in support of their decisions. The legal status of a slave who entered a free jurisdiction was a question that had been confronted by many courts at home and abroad, and international law had played an important role in American and European adjudication of slavery questions. The Justices therefore were confronted with the strikingly modern question of the extent to which U.S. law embraced, or distinguished itself from, foreign practice. Arguments from foreign ...


The Relevancy Of Foreign Law As Persuasive Authority And Congress's Response To Its Use: A Preemptive Attack On The Constitution Restoration Act, Elizabeth Bulat Turner Dec 2006

The Relevancy Of Foreign Law As Persuasive Authority And Congress's Response To Its Use: A Preemptive Attack On The Constitution Restoration Act, Elizabeth Bulat Turner

Georgia State University Law Review

No abstract provided.


Compensation For Property Under The European Convention On Human Rights, Tom Allen Nov 2006

Compensation For Property Under The European Convention On Human Rights, Tom Allen

ExpressO

This Article investigates the nature of the right to property guaranteed under the First Protocol to the European Convention on Human Rights ('P1-1'). It argues that the European Court of Human Rights has been torn between two theories of the right to property. The first is the "integrated theory", and it holds that the right to property shares common values and purposes with other Convention rights. Hence, the interpretation of P1-1 should reflect principles developed in the interpretation of other Convention rights. It is argued that the application of the integrated theory should support a "social model" of property. The ...


International Private Rights Of Action: A Cost-Benefit Framework, Philip M. Moremen Nov 2006

International Private Rights Of Action: A Cost-Benefit Framework, Philip M. Moremen

San Diego International Law Journal

This Article seeks to chart a different course, by developing and applying an analytical cost-benefit framework, for assessing the costs and benefits of PRAs to enforce international law before an international forum. This framework is drawn from various literatures. For example, there is much to be learned about the potential benefits and costs of PRAs in the international setting from the rich literature comparing domestic PRAs with domestic regulation in the American context. More broadly, the article employs a comparative institutional approach, using a comparison between PRAs and regulatory enforcement mechanisms to shed light on their respective costs and benefits ...


U.S. Asylum Law Out Of Sync With International Obligations: Real Id Act, Victor P. White Nov 2006

U.S. Asylum Law Out Of Sync With International Obligations: Real Id Act, Victor P. White

San Diego International Law Journal

Focusing on defensive asylum applications, this Comment examines whether certain provisions of REAL ID violate due process and international obligations to asylum seekers. Part I situates REAL ID within the historical context of nearly a decade of restrictive U.S. immigration law and over two decades of Executive Orders aimed at deterring a mass exodus of asylum seekers from reaching U.S. shores. Part II provides an overview of the U.S. asylum system and argues that the system produces inconsistent and sometimes arbitrary results, indicating that segments of the system do not satisfy international obligations. Part III outlines three ...


Full Volume 81: International Law Challenges: Homeland Security And Combating Terrorism Oct 2006

Full Volume 81: International Law Challenges: Homeland Security And Combating Terrorism

International Law Studies

No abstract provided.


The World Court's Advisory Function: "Not Legally Well-Founded", David L. Breau Oct 2006

The World Court's Advisory Function: "Not Legally Well-Founded", David L. Breau

University of Miami International and Comparative Law Review

No abstract provided.


Global Privacy Handbook, Baker & Mckenzie Oct 2006

Global Privacy Handbook, Baker & Mckenzie

Law Firms

[Excerpt] Baker & McKenzie has an unparalleled global team of internationally experienced and locally qualified privacy and data protection lawyers in 38 countries worldwide who are familiar with the many facets of global privacy compliance. In preparing this Global Privacy Handbook, we have drawn on our many years of experience in helping clients develop and implement practical and strategic privacy compliance solutions. The goal of this Handbook is to: (i) provide a snapshot of core privacy laws, principles and concepts in many of the world’s major business centers, and (ii) highlight some of the key privacy and data protection issues ...


Toward An International Criminal Procedure: Due Process Aspirations And Limitations, Gregory S. Gordon Sep 2006

Toward An International Criminal Procedure: Due Process Aspirations And Limitations, Gregory S. Gordon

ExpressO

The breathtaking growth of international criminal law over the past decade has resulted in the prosecution of Balkan and Rwandan mass murderers, the development of a substantial body of atrocity law jurisprudence and the creation of a permanent International Criminal Court with jurisdiction over genocide, crimes against humanity, and war crimes. The growth of international criminal procedure, unfortunately, has not kept pace. Among its shortcomings, critics have pointed to lengthy pre-trial detention without a real possibility of provisional release, the use of affidavits and transcripts instead of live witnesses at trial, the absence of juries, and the right of prosecutorial ...


Legal Pluralism & Women's Rights: A Study In Post-Colonial Tanzania, Edward R. Fluet, Mark J. Calaguas, Cristina M. Drost Sep 2006

Legal Pluralism & Women's Rights: A Study In Post-Colonial Tanzania, Edward R. Fluet, Mark J. Calaguas, Cristina M. Drost

ExpressO

Recognizing a dearth of legal research on Zanzibar, the authors explore the complex legal and cultural landscape of this archipelago and its relationship to mainland Tanzania. The article discusses the problems that arise when multicultural societies adopt a pluralist system of justice in order to preserve the traditions of its diverse communities. Although the article focuses on Tanzania, the problems that arise from multicultural accommodations affect not only young, postcolonial nations in Africa and Asia, but also individuals in cosmopolitan, economically-developed countries such as Israel and the United States. As countries wrestle with ever diversifying ethnic and religious populations, such ...


Enforcing Foreign Summary/Default Judgments: The Damoclean Sword Hanging Over Pro Se Canadian Corporate Defendants? Case Comment On U.S.A. V. Shield Development, Antonin I. Pribetic Sep 2006

Enforcing Foreign Summary/Default Judgments: The Damoclean Sword Hanging Over Pro Se Canadian Corporate Defendants? Case Comment On U.S.A. V. Shield Development, Antonin I. Pribetic

ExpressO

Following the 2003 Supreme Court of Canada decision in Beals v. Saldanha, where the “real and substantial connection” test is otherwise met (i.e. consent-based jurisdiction, presence-based jurisdiction or assumed jurisdiction) the only available defences to a domestic defendant seeking to have a Canadian court refuse enforcement of a foreign judgment are fraud, public policy and natural justice. The 2005 Ontario decision in United States of America v. Shield Development Co., presents an opportunity to critically analyze the defence of natural justice through a juxtaposition of American and Canadian procedural law. The thesis is that procedural justice mandates that “form ...


Internalizing Gender: International Goals, Comparative Realities, Darren Rosenblum Aug 2006

Internalizing Gender: International Goals, Comparative Realities, Darren Rosenblum

Pace Law Faculty Publications

This Article uses the example of international women's political rights to examine the value of comparative methodologies in analyzing the process by which nations internalize international norms. As internalized in Brazil and France, the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women suggests possibilities for (and possible limitations of) interdisciplinary comparative and international law scholarship. Indeed, international law scholarship is divided between theories of internalization and neorealist challenges to those theories. Comparative methodologies add crucial complexity to internalization theory, the success of which depends on acknowledging vast differences in national legal cultures. Further, comparative methodologies expose ...


Agenda: Climate Change And The Future Of The American West: Exploring The Legal And Policy Dimensions, University Of Colorado Boulder. Natural Resources Law Center Jun 2006

Agenda: Climate Change And The Future Of The American West: Exploring The Legal And Policy Dimensions, University Of Colorado Boulder. Natural Resources Law Center

Climate Change and the Future of the American West: Exploring the Legal and Policy Dimensions (Summer Conference, June 7-9)

Sponsors: The William and Flora Hewlett Foundation; BP America; Holland & Hart; Patrick, Miller & Krope, P.C.; The Rocky Mountain Mineral Law Foundation, Rocky Mountain Natural Resource Center of the National Wildlife Federation, Western Water Assessment.

Exploring the legal and political dimensions that climate change will bring to the American West will be the focus of the CU-Boulder Natural Resources Law Center's 27th Annual Summer Conference.

Titled "Climate Change and the Future of the American West: Exploring the Legal and Policy Dimensions," the conference will be held June 7-9 at the Fleming Law Building on the University of Colorado at Boulder campus.

Participants will ...


El Uso Del Derecho Comparado Como Forma De Escape De La Subordinación Colonial, Jorge Gonzalez-Jacome May 2006

El Uso Del Derecho Comparado Como Forma De Escape De La Subordinación Colonial, Jorge Gonzalez-Jacome

Jorge Gonzalez-Jacome

The Colombian legal culture has not been able to make a fruitful use of the available methodologies in the area of comparative law. National doctrine has understood comparative law as a contrast between two legal provisions that belong to different legal systems without being aware that this kind of comparison is contributing to perpetuate old colonialist ideologies. This phenomenon is visible when Colombian doctrine compares our legal provisions with those issued in what might be called countries of the first world. Under this perspective, it appears that law travels from the civilized world to the uncivilized. Therefore, I think that ...


Evaluate Patentability Of Your Invention, Umakant Mishra Apr 2006

Evaluate Patentability Of Your Invention, Umakant Mishra

Umakant Mishra

The patent system is designed to encourage inventions that are useful to society by granting inventors absolute right to make profit from their inventions. While disclosing the invention benefits the society, protecting the invention benefits the inventor. But patents cannot protect each and every person who conceives an invention. While there are some common criteria of accepting an invention for patenting, the laws of patenting differ from country to country to some extent. The concept of patentability is also very vague in some instances of the legal system. Hence it is important to check the patentability of your invention in ...


Hostis Humani Generi: Piracy, Terrorism And A New International Law, Douglas R. Burgess Jr. Apr 2006

Hostis Humani Generi: Piracy, Terrorism And A New International Law, Douglas R. Burgess Jr.

University of Miami International and Comparative Law Review

No abstract provided.


Patentability Criteria In Different Countries, Umakant Mishra Mar 2006

Patentability Criteria In Different Countries, Umakant Mishra

Umakant Mishra

The patent system is designed to attract inventors to disclose and protect their inventions. While disclosing the invention benefits the society, protecting the invention benefits the inventor. However, the invention must fulfill certain criteria to be patentable. Hence, patentability assessment is extremely important before filing a patent application. Although there are some commonalities in the criteria of patentability there are some differences from country to country depending on the law of the land. In many cases the criteria are very vague and the patent application may be rejected for several unforeseen reasons. A proper patentability assessment helps the inventors assessing ...


John Paul Stevens, Human Rights Judge, Diane Marie Amann Mar 2006

John Paul Stevens, Human Rights Judge, Diane Marie Amann

Scholarly Works

This article explores the nature and origins of Supreme Court Justice John Paul Stevens' engagement with international and foreign law and norms. It first discusses Stevens' pivotal role in the revived use of such norms to aid constitutional interpretation, as well as 1990s opinions testing the extent to which constitutional protections reach beyond the water's edge and 2004 opinions on post-September 11 detention. It then turns to mid-century experiences that appear to have contributed to Stevens' willingness to consult foreign context. The article reveals that as a code breaker Stevens played a role in the downing of the Japanese ...


The Case For A Flat-Earth Law School, Erik M. Jensen Feb 2006

The Case For A Flat-Earth Law School, Erik M. Jensen

Faculty Publications

This essay suggests - usually politely - that the American legal academy has been overdoing its push for globalization, and, as a result, education in the basics has suffered. That's a pity because law school graduates need to know the basics to be successful not only in Smalltown USA, but also on a world stage.


Battered Nation Syndrome: Relaxing The Imminence Requirement Of Self-Defense In International Law, Michael Skopets Feb 2006

Battered Nation Syndrome: Relaxing The Imminence Requirement Of Self-Defense In International Law, Michael Skopets

American University Law Review

No abstract provided.


Battered Nation Syndrome: Relaxing The Imminence Requirement Of Self-Defense In International Law, Michael Skopets Feb 2006

Battered Nation Syndrome: Relaxing The Imminence Requirement Of Self-Defense In International Law, Michael Skopets

American University Law Review

No abstract provided.


Indian Givers: What Indigenous Peoples Have Contributed To International Human Rights Law, S. James Anaya Jan 2006

Indian Givers: What Indigenous Peoples Have Contributed To International Human Rights Law, S. James Anaya

Washington University Journal of Law & Policy

The remarks that follow summarize how the claims of indigenous peoples have not only taken advantage of changes in the character of international law but have also contributed to those changes, particularly in the area of human rights. These changes are beneficial not just for indigenous peoples themselves but the humanity more broadly. Part I describes the nature of disparate international legal arguments employed by indigenous peoples and how those arguments have tended toward a human rights discourse. Part II discusses specific ways in which the indigenous human rights discourse has contributed to the evolution of international human rights law.


Fundamentally Conflicting Views Of The Rule Of Law In China And The West & (And) Implications For Commercial Disputes, Benedict Sheehy Jan 2006

Fundamentally Conflicting Views Of The Rule Of Law In China And The West & (And) Implications For Commercial Disputes, Benedict Sheehy

Northwestern Journal of International Law & Business

This paper is an examination of the notions of law, the Rule of Law, and commercial practice in the West and China. The paper outlines the basic philosophical principles and legal concomitants of the Rule of Law, and the corollary Chinese principles and concomitants. It examines the traditions, differences, and similarities in thinking about the issues in each tradition. It then examines the implications of these differences in commercial dispute resolution. After this discussion of traditions, similarities, and differences and their impact on commercial dispute resolution, the paper turns to address how the discrepancies could be dealt with in the ...


Personal Jurisdiction For Internet Torts: Towards An International Solution, Holger P. Hestermeyer Jan 2006

Personal Jurisdiction For Internet Torts: Towards An International Solution, Holger P. Hestermeyer

Northwestern Journal of International Law & Business

As an introduction to the issue of Internet tort jurisdiction, Part I will recount the Yahoo! case, the most divisive case on the issue recently. Parts II and III will give an overview of the current law on Internet tort jurisdiction in two different legal systems: the United States and Germany. They will show that several recent cases in both countries have applied targeting approaches as advocated by Michael Geist and Rufus Pichler. However, insecurity remains and jurisprudence is far from consistent. Part IV will argue that insecurity about Internet jurisdiction could be reduced significantly if countries were to commit ...


Enforcement Of Arbitral Awards Against Foreign States Or State Agencies, S.I. Strong Jan 2006

Enforcement Of Arbitral Awards Against Foreign States Or State Agencies, S.I. Strong

Northwestern Journal of International Law & Business

For years, U.S. courts took a highly deferential, "hands-off' approach to litigation involving a foreign sovereign. However, recent case law out of the D.C. Circuit has radically diminished the jurisdictional elements that plaintiffs must establish before a U.S. court will assert its power to enforce an arbitral award against a foreign state or state agency. This Article investigates this recent shift and describes what contacts, if any, a foreign state or state agency must have with the United States before a U.S. court will assert jurisdiction under sections 1605(a)(1) and 1605(a)(6) of ...


Competition Advocacy: Time For A Rethink Symposium On Competition Law And Policy In Developing Countries , Simon J. Evenett Jan 2006

Competition Advocacy: Time For A Rethink Symposium On Competition Law And Policy In Developing Countries , Simon J. Evenett

Northwestern Journal of International Law & Business

This paper examines the conventional wisdom concerning competition advocacy, paying particular attention to the applicability of such wisdom to developing countries. The definition of competition advocacy, its evaluation, and the likelihood of its successful implementation are discussed in some detail. The paper concludes with a call for considerably more thought about what, hitherto, has been one of the relatively uncontroversial aspects of many competition authorities' activities.


Development Of Competition Law In Vietnam In The Face Of Economic Reforms And Global Integration, The Symposium On Competition Law And Policy In Developing Countries, Alice Pham Jan 2006

Development Of Competition Law In Vietnam In The Face Of Economic Reforms And Global Integration, The Symposium On Competition Law And Policy In Developing Countries, Alice Pham

Northwestern Journal of International Law & Business

This article examines the development of a competition regime in Vietnam, with all of the existing difficulties and problems. In the context of this socialist country, we examine the economic reform and integration process and the challenges of liberalization and globalization. Finally, we provide some thoughts for the future. Specifically, Section II addresses the emergence of Vietnam's competition law since the 1980's. Section III describes some of the key legal provisions of the Competition Law of Vietnam. Section IV evaluates the current challenges in the implementation of the Vietnam competition regime, while Section V proposes some recommendations.


The Alien Tort Statute And The Torture Victims' Protection Act: Jurisdictional Foundations And Procedural Obstacles, Eric A. Engle Jan 2006

The Alien Tort Statute And The Torture Victims' Protection Act: Jurisdictional Foundations And Procedural Obstacles, Eric A. Engle

Eric A. Engle

Outlines the jurisdictional and procedural obstacles to alien tort claims and claims under the torture victims's protection act and presents solutions to them.


Triptych: Sectarian Disputes, International Law, And Transnational Tribunals In Drinan's "Can God And Caesar Coexist?", Christopher J. Borgen Jan 2006

Triptych: Sectarian Disputes, International Law, And Transnational Tribunals In Drinan's "Can God And Caesar Coexist?", Christopher J. Borgen

Faculty Publications

Can international law be used to address conflicts that arise out of questions of the freedom of religion? Modern international law was born of conflicts of politics and religion. The Treaty of Westphalia, the seed from which grew today's systems of international law and international relations, attempted to set out rules to end decades of religious strife and war across the European continent. The treaty replaced empires and feudal holdings with a system of sovereign states. But this was within a relatively narrow and historically interconnected community: Protestants and Catholics, yes, but Christians all. Europe was Christendom.

To what ...


The Practice Of Rendition In The War On Terror, Jeffrey F. Addicott Jan 2006

The Practice Of Rendition In The War On Terror, Jeffrey F. Addicott

Faculty Articles

It is imperative that discussion of emotionally charged issues such as torture or illegal rendition focus on the governing legal standards. The dilemma that confronts the United States and its allies is al-Qa'eda--not a nation-state but a virtual state. Therefore, the rules for fighting the War on Terror face challenges not yet fully appreciated or anticipated by international law, let alone domestic law. The primary international instrument dealing with illegal rendition is the 1984 United Nations Convention Against Torture, and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (Torture Convention).

It is necessary to first define the terms "torture ...