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Full-Text Articles in Law

Civil Liberties V. National Security In The Law's Open Areas, Geoffrey R. Stone Dec 2006

Civil Liberties V. National Security In The Law's Open Areas, Geoffrey R. Stone

Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


'How's My Driving?' For Everyone (And Everything?), Lior Strahilevitz Nov 2006

'How's My Driving?' For Everyone (And Everything?), Lior Strahilevitz

Journal Articles

This is an Article about using reputation-tracking technologies to displace criminal law enforcement and improve the tort system. The Article contains an extended application of this idea to the regulation of motorist behavior and examines the broader case for using technologies that aggregate dispersed information in various settings where reputational concerns do not adequately deter uncooperative behavior. The Article proposes a compulsory "How's My Driving?" program for all motor vehicles. Although more rigorous study is warranted, the initial data from voluntary "How's My Driving?" programs is quite promising, suggesting that the use of "How's My Driving?" placards ...


The Law Of Other States, Eric A. Posner, Cass R. Sunstein Oct 2006

The Law Of Other States, Eric A. Posner, Cass R. Sunstein

Journal Articles

The question of whether courts should consult the laws of "other states" has produced intense controversy. But in some ways, this practice is entirely routine; within the United States, state courts regularly consult the decisions of other state courts in deciding on the common law, the interpretation of statutory law, and even the meaning of state constitutions. A formal argument in defense of such consultation stems from the Condorcet Jury Theorem, which says that under certain conditions, a widespread belief accepted by a number of independent actors, is highly likely to be correct. It follows that if a large majority ...


Cali Lessons In Legal Research Courses: Alternatives To Reading About Research, Elizabeth G. Adelman Oct 2006

Cali Lessons In Legal Research Courses: Alternatives To Reading About Research, Elizabeth G. Adelman

Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


Gendering The Gentrification Of Public Housing: Hope Vi's Disparate Impact On Lowest-Income African American Women, Danielle Pelfrey Duryea Oct 2006

Gendering The Gentrification Of Public Housing: Hope Vi's Disparate Impact On Lowest-Income African American Women, Danielle Pelfrey Duryea

Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


Information Asymmetries And The Rights To Exclude, Lior Strahilevitz Aug 2006

Information Asymmetries And The Rights To Exclude, Lior Strahilevitz

Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


The Law Of Implicit Bias, Cass R. Sunstein, Christine Jolls Jul 2006

The Law Of Implicit Bias, Cass R. Sunstein, Christine Jolls

Journal Articles

Considerable attention has been given to the Implicit Association Test (IA T), which finds that most people have an implicit and unconscious bias against members of traditionally disadvantaged groups. Implicit bias poses a special challenge for antidiscrimination law because it suggests the possibility that people are treating others differently even when they are unaware that they are doing so. Some aspects of current law operate, whether intentionally or not, as controls on implicit bias; it is possible to imagine other efforts in that vein. An underlying suggestion is that implicit bias might be controlled through a general strategy of "debiasing ...


Theorizing The Diffusion Of Law: Conceptual Difficulties, Unstable Imaginations, And The Effort To Think Gracefully Nonetheless, David A. Westbrook Jul 2006

Theorizing The Diffusion Of Law: Conceptual Difficulties, Unstable Imaginations, And The Effort To Think Gracefully Nonetheless, David A. Westbrook

Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


My God, My Choice: The Mature Minor Doctrine And Adolescent Refusal Of Life-Saving Or Sustaining Medical Treatment Based Upon Religious Beliefs, Jonathan Will Apr 2006

My God, My Choice: The Mature Minor Doctrine And Adolescent Refusal Of Life-Saving Or Sustaining Medical Treatment Based Upon Religious Beliefs, Jonathan Will

Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


Legal Reason: The Use Of Analogy In Legal Argument, Richard A. Posner Mar 2006

Legal Reason: The Use Of Analogy In Legal Argument, Richard A. Posner

Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


Reasoning By Analogy (Reviewing Lloyd L. Weinreb, Legal Reason: The Use Of Analogy In Legal Argument (2005)), Richard A. Posner Mar 2006

Reasoning By Analogy (Reviewing Lloyd L. Weinreb, Legal Reason: The Use Of Analogy In Legal Argument (2005)), Richard A. Posner

Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


Examining A Comparative Law Myth: Two Hundred Years Of Riparian Misconception, Andrea B. Carroll Feb 2006

Examining A Comparative Law Myth: Two Hundred Years Of Riparian Misconception, Andrea B. Carroll

Journal Articles

This article is a first step in an effort to critically examine - and to debunk - some of the myths that persist about the degree to which the common and civil law systems differ. Specifically, the article questions the validity of recent scholarly commentary suggesting that the primary differences between the systems can be found in their substantive legal rules or in their respective "spirits." A relatively narrow issue of riparian access perfectly highlights the problem. Nearly all of the high courts in the United States that have examined this particular riparian issue have chosen to adopt either the so-called "common ...


Misfearing: A Reply, Cass R. Sunstein Feb 2006

Misfearing: A Reply, Cass R. Sunstein

Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


The Narrowing Of The National Labor Relations Act: Maintaining Workplace Decorum And Avoiding Liability, William R. Corbett Jan 2006

The Narrowing Of The National Labor Relations Act: Maintaining Workplace Decorum And Avoiding Liability, William R. Corbett

Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


Seeking Different Treatment, Or Seeking The Same Regard: Remarketing The Transracial Adoption Debate, Angela Mae Kupenda Jan 2006

Seeking Different Treatment, Or Seeking The Same Regard: Remarketing The Transracial Adoption Debate, Angela Mae Kupenda

Journal Articles

The transracial adoption discourse mistakenly has been phrased as a request for black children awaiting adoption to be treated different from white children and to be placed with parents of like race only. This paper urges a remarketing of the transracial adoption debate to reflect a request based on sameness, not difference. The request presented here is not a request for different treatment for black children. Rather, it is for black children to be given the same regard that is given to white children. This request is illustrated with the story of a black couple seeking to adopt healthy, fat ...


Overruling The Jury: Duncan V. Gmc And Appellate Treatment Of Hostile Work Environment Judgments, Dara Purvis Jan 2006

Overruling The Jury: Duncan V. Gmc And Appellate Treatment Of Hostile Work Environment Judgments, Dara Purvis

Journal Articles

In 2002, the Eighth Circuit reversed a one million dollar jury award to the plaintiff in a sexual harassment suit against General Motors Corporation. This reversal demonstrates the danger of appellate review of such verdicts, limiting sexual harassment verdicts to the lowest common denominator in that circuit.


The Neglected Political Economy Of Eminent Domain, Nicole Stelle Garnett Jan 2006

The Neglected Political Economy Of Eminent Domain, Nicole Stelle Garnett

Journal Articles

This Article challenges a foundational assumption about eminent domain - namely, that owners are systematically undercompensated because they receive only fair market value for their property. The Article shows that, in fact, scholars have overstated the undercompensation problem because they have focused on the compensation required by the Constitution, rather than on the actual mechanics of eminent domain. The Article examines three ways that Takers (i.e., non-judicial actors in the eminent domain process) minimize undercompensation. First, Takers may avoid taking high-subjective-value properties. Second, Takers frequently must pay more compensation in the form of relocation assistance. Third, Takers and property owners ...


Prophecy And Casuistry: Abortion, Torture And Moral Discourse, M. Cathleen Kaveny Jan 2006

Prophecy And Casuistry: Abortion, Torture And Moral Discourse, M. Cathleen Kaveny

Journal Articles

In turn of the 21st century United States there are serious moral disputes over issues such as abortion and torture among persons who see themselves as belonging to the same moral tradition. These disputes have not given rise to fruitful discussion about differences, but instead led to a breakdown of conversation and even of community. A part of these clashes and breakdowns are not the result of mutually inconsistent moral premises, but are driven by tensions between two styles of moral discourse, the prophetic and casuistical. The former invokes the absolute and fiery rhetorical style of biblical prophets while the ...


William H. Rehnquist: A Life Lived Greatly, And Well, Richard W. Garnett Jan 2006

William H. Rehnquist: A Life Lived Greatly, And Well, Richard W. Garnett

Journal Articles

Chief Justice Rehnquist leaves behind a formidable and important legacy in constitutional law. His work on the Court was animated and guided by the view that We the People, through our Constitution, have authorized our federal courts, legislators, and administrators to do many things - but not everything. Because the Nation's powers are few and defined, Congress may not pursue every good idea or smart policy, nor should courts invalidate every foolish or immoral one. However, for those of us who knew, worked with, learned from, and cared about William Rehnquist, it is his unassuming manner, the care he took ...


Four Mistakes On The Debate On "Outsourcing Authority", Roger P. Alford Jan 2006

Four Mistakes On The Debate On "Outsourcing Authority", Roger P. Alford

Journal Articles

The purpose of this Article is to discuss common mistakes in the current debate on outsourcing authority. The first mistake in the debate on outsourcing authority is about the protagonists. To focus solely on the fact that some justices espouse this approach, while others do not, distorts the true picture of the rich debate that is ongoing at the bar, the bench, the academy, and beyond. Mistaking the voices in the debate will distort what is at issue in the discussion. The reality is much more complex. There is a groundswell of opposition to this trend from various corners and ...


Rules Of Evidence For The Use Of Force In International Law's New Era, Mary Ellen O'Connell Jan 2006

Rules Of Evidence For The Use Of Force In International Law's New Era, Mary Ellen O'Connell

Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


Reflections On Us - Zeroing: A Study In Judicial Overreaching By The Wto Appellate Body, Roger P. Alford Jan 2006

Reflections On Us - Zeroing: A Study In Judicial Overreaching By The Wto Appellate Body, Roger P. Alford

Journal Articles

This essay is about the application of procedural approaches in the US-Zeroing case that serve to highlight potential problems with Appellate Body decision-making. Those problems go to central issues of judicial restraint, including concerns surrounding standards of review, appellate fact-finding, and notions of justiciability and ripeness. This essay will begin with an analysis of US-Zeroing's approach in applying the specialized standard of review under the Antidumping Agreement, arguing that it fails to adhere to the obligation of deference to permissible Member State interpretations of WTO antidumping obligations. It then examines the fact-finding procedures applied by the Appellate Body, which ...


International Insolvency Case Venue In The European Union: The Parmalat And Daisytek Controversies, Samuel Bufford Jan 2006

International Insolvency Case Venue In The European Union: The Parmalat And Daisytek Controversies, Samuel Bufford

Journal Articles

The European Union Insolvency Regulation (the EU Regulation) is a giant step forward in promoting international cooperation among EU countries for cross-border insolvency proceedings. It adopts a modified universalist solution to cross-border proceedings insofar as they are located within the EU. However, experience has shown that it needs improvement to work effectively. A venue battle now rages between courts of several European countries over which country's courts will administer particular cross-border proceedings and how the center of main interest is to be determined for this purpose.

This Article begins with a detailed examination of the two principal cases where ...


Behavioral Genetics Research And Criminal Dna Databanks, David H. Kaye Jan 2006

Behavioral Genetics Research And Criminal Dna Databanks, David H. Kaye

Journal Articles

This article examines the current concerns about whether DNA databases may be used for actions other than to apprehend criminals, such as genetic research, in particular, searching for a "crime gene". Part II considers the perspective that these databases may be useful for research. The information within a DNA sample consists of a limited number of DNA base-pair variations, which are important to identification, but not necessarily to genetic research. However, while it may be difficult to conduct genetic research, it is not impossible. Part III examines state and federal database legislation. There are examples of three states' statutes and ...


A Theory Of Federal Common Law, Jay Tidmarsh Jan 2006

A Theory Of Federal Common Law, Jay Tidmarsh

Journal Articles

Federal common law is a puzzle. Despite Erie's declaration that "[t]here is no federal general common law,"' well-established and stable pockets of federal common law persist in several areas: cases affecting the rights and obligations of the United States,2 disputes between states, 3 cases affecting international relations,4 and admiralty.5 If anything, federal common law is expanding. Eighteen years ago, a case in which state law was in "significant conflict" with "uniquely federal interests" provided an occasion for the Supreme Court to create another form of federal common law.6 Five years ago, the Court added ...


"The Dean Of Chicago's Black Lawyers": Earl Dickerson And Civil Rights Lawyering In The Years Before Brown, Jay Tidmarsh, Stephen Robinson Jan 2006

"The Dean Of Chicago's Black Lawyers": Earl Dickerson And Civil Rights Lawyering In The Years Before Brown, Jay Tidmarsh, Stephen Robinson

Journal Articles

Brown v. Board of Education is a watershed in American law and society. In the years since it was decided, Brown has shaped America's views of race, constitutionalism, and equality. Brown exerts an equally important influence over the historiography of civil rights lawyering in the decades before Brown. In particular, in constructing the story of civil rights lawyering in the crucial years between World War I and World War II, historians and legal scholars have focused primarily on the people and the events that shaped Brown.


Roman Catholic Lawyers In The United States Of America, Thomas L. Shaffer Jan 2006

Roman Catholic Lawyers In The United States Of America, Thomas L. Shaffer

Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


The Democratic Virtues, Our Common Life And The Common School: Trust In Democracy: Anabaptists, Italian Americans, And Solidarity, Thomas L. Shaffer Jan 2006

The Democratic Virtues, Our Common Life And The Common School: Trust In Democracy: Anabaptists, Italian Americans, And Solidarity, Thomas L. Shaffer

Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


Penalty Defaults In Family Law: The Case Of Child Custody, Margaret F. Brinig Jan 2006

Penalty Defaults In Family Law: The Case Of Child Custody, Margaret F. Brinig

Journal Articles

This paper considers whether an amendment to state divorce laws that strengthens its joint custody preference operates as a traditional default rule, specifying what most divorcing couples would choose or as a penalty default rule the parties will attempt to contract around.

While the Oregon statutes that frame our discussion here, like most state laws, do not state an explicit preference for joint custody, shared custody is certainly encouraged by Section 107.179, which refers cases in which the parties cannot agree on joint custody to mediation and by Section 107.105, which requires the court to consider awarding custody ...


The Secret Sharers: "Anthony Rivers" And The Appellant Controversy, 1601-2, John M. Finnis, Patrick Martin Jan 2006

The Secret Sharers: "Anthony Rivers" And The Appellant Controversy, 1601-2, John M. Finnis, Patrick Martin

Journal Articles

Historians have known of the letters of “Anthony Rivers,” recounting religious, political, and military affairs from the court in London in 1601–3, and of certain dispatches from Rome forwarded to Robert Cecil by Thomas Phelippes, “the Decipherer,” in 1602. In this article, Patrick Martin and John Finnis show that the letters and dispatches were integral to a coordinated effort by William Sterrell, secretary to the Earl of Worcester and long-time double agent, and Father Robert Persons, prefect in Rome of the Jesuit mission to England, to frustrate the climactic third appeal to the pope by the disaffected secular priests ...