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Labor and Employment Law

2008

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Articles 1 - 30 of 229

Full-Text Articles in Law

Uneasy Terrain: The Impact Of Capital Mobility On Workers, Wages, And Union Organizing, Kate Bronfenbrenner Dec 2008

Uneasy Terrain: The Impact Of Capital Mobility On Workers, Wages, And Union Organizing, Kate Bronfenbrenner

Kate Bronfenbrenner

In May 2000, the United States Trade Deficit Review Commission contracted with Cornell University to conduct a study updating Cornell’s previous research on the impact of plant closings and threats of plant closings on union organizing campaigns in the U.S. private sector. Through surveys, personal interviews, documentary evidence, and the use of electronic databases, the Cornell researchers were able to collect detailed data on the extent, nature, and impact of plant closings and plant closing threats for a random sample of more than 400 NLRP certification campaigns that took place between January 1, 1998 and December 31, 1999 ...


A Sampling Of Workplace Flexibility Laws And Programs For Military Personnel, Workplace Flexibility 2010, Georgetown University Law Center Dec 2008

A Sampling Of Workplace Flexibility Laws And Programs For Military Personnel, Workplace Flexibility 2010, Georgetown University Law Center

Conferences, Panels, and Events

A variety of laws, policies, and programs govern the availability and utilization of workplace flexibility in the military as an employer for both service members and civilians. This document provides examples of those laws, policies, and programs, categorized by the type of flexibility governed.


An Overview Of Userra And The Fmla's Provisions For Military Families, Workplace Flexibility 2010, Georgetown University Law Center Dec 2008

An Overview Of Userra And The Fmla's Provisions For Military Families, Workplace Flexibility 2010, Georgetown University Law Center

Conferences, Panels, and Events

Two federal laws offer employment protections specifically to service members and their families. This is a summary of these laws, the USERRA and provisions of the FMLA.


Labor Rights In The Generalized System Of Preferences: A 20-Year Review, Lance A. Compa, Jeffrey S. Vogt Dec 2008

Labor Rights In The Generalized System Of Preferences: A 20-Year Review, Lance A. Compa, Jeffrey S. Vogt

Lance A Compa

[Excerpt]In the fall of 1982, a small group of labor, religious, and human rights activists began charting a new course for human rights and workers' rights in American trade policy. The principles of these labor rights advocates were straightforward: 1. No country should attract investment or gain an edge in international trade by violating workers' rights; 2. No company operating in global trade should gain a competitive edge by violating workers' rights; and, 3. Workers have a right to demand protection for labor rights in the international trade system, and to have laws to accomplish it. The coalition that ...


Addressing Segregation In The Brown Collar Workplace: Toward A Solution For The Inexorable 100%, Leticia M. Saucedo Dec 2008

Addressing Segregation In The Brown Collar Workplace: Toward A Solution For The Inexorable 100%, Leticia M. Saucedo

University of Michigan Journal of Law Reform

Despite public perception to the contrary, segregated workplaces exist in greater number today than ever before, largely because of the influx of newly arrived immigrant workers to low-wage industries throughout the country. Yet existing antidiscrimination frameworks no longer operate adequately to rid workplaces of the segregation that results from targeting immigrant workers. This Article suggests a new anti-discrimination framework to address workplace segregation. The Article reviews how litigants have attempted to rid the workplace of conditions resulting from segregated departments through existing anti-discrimination frameworks. It then suggests a simple, yet powerful, shift in the inferences that can be drawn from ...


An Overview Of The Gloves-Off Economy: Workplace Standards At The Bottom Of America’S Labor Market, Annette Bernhardt, Heather Boushey, Laura Dresser, Chris Tilly Dec 2008

An Overview Of The Gloves-Off Economy: Workplace Standards At The Bottom Of America’S Labor Market, Annette Bernhardt, Heather Boushey, Laura Dresser, Chris Tilly

Center for Social Policy Publications

When we talk about the “gloves-off economy,” we are identifying a set of employer strategies and practices that either evade or outright violate the core laws and standards that govern job quality in the U.S. While such strategies have long been present in certain sectors, such as sweatshops and marginal small businesses, we argue that they are spreading. This trend, driven by competitive pressures, has been shaped by an environment where other major economic actors—government, unions, and civil society—have either promoted deregulation or been unable to contain gloves-off business strategies. The result, at the start of the ...


Of Service Workers, Contracting Out, Joint Employment, Legal Consciousness, And The University Of Miami, Kenneth M. Casebeer Dec 2008

Of Service Workers, Contracting Out, Joint Employment, Legal Consciousness, And The University Of Miami, Kenneth M. Casebeer

Buffalo Law Review

No abstract provided.


Short Notes On Teaching About The Micro-Politics Of Class, With Examples From Torts And Employment Law Casebooks, Susan Carle, Michelle Lapointe Dec 2008

Short Notes On Teaching About The Micro-Politics Of Class, With Examples From Torts And Employment Law Casebooks, Susan Carle, Michelle Lapointe

Buffalo Law Review

No abstract provided.


The Failure Of Punitive Damages In Employment Discrimination Cases: A Call For Change, Joseph A. Seiner Dec 2008

The Failure Of Punitive Damages In Employment Discrimination Cases: A Call For Change, Joseph A. Seiner

William & Mary Law Review

Punitive damages were described by one early court as "an unsightly and an unhealthy excrescence." Although views toward punitive relief have changed over the years, the debate over the availability of exemplary damages in the judicial system has remained controversial. No place is that controversy more aptly demonstrated than in employment discrimination law, where punitive damages first became available in an amendment to Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 after a bitter congressional debate. Almost a decade ago, in Kolstad v. American Dental Association, the Supreme Court provided guidance on how punitive damages should be applied in ...


Class Conflicts Of Law I: Unilateral Worker Lawmaking Versus Unilateral Employer Lawmaking In The U.S. Workplace, James Gray Pope Dec 2008

Class Conflicts Of Law I: Unilateral Worker Lawmaking Versus Unilateral Employer Lawmaking In The U.S. Workplace, James Gray Pope

Buffalo Law Review

No abstract provided.


Extended Time Off Overview, Workplace Flexibility 2010, Georgetown University Law Center Nov 2008

Extended Time Off Overview, Workplace Flexibility 2010, Georgetown University Law Center

Memos and Fact Sheets

Workplace Flexibility 2010 defines Extended Time Off (EXTO) as time taken off from work for a single reason that extends for more than five days but less than one year.

EXTO may be brief in nature (e.g., a few weeks), when taken, for example, for a vacation, to recover from minor surgery, or to comply with a public health quarantine request. EXTO may also be longer in nature (e.g., a month or more), when taken, for example, for maternity/paternity purposes, for elder care, for military duty, or for a sabbatical from work.

EXTO (either brief or prolonged ...


Fact Sheet On Extended Time Off (Exto), Workplace Flexibility 2010, Georgetown University Law Center, Urban Institute Nov 2008

Fact Sheet On Extended Time Off (Exto), Workplace Flexibility 2010, Georgetown University Law Center, Urban Institute

Memos and Fact Sheets

The Need for Extended Time Off (EXTO):

  1. New children: More women and mothers are working, and there is an increase in the number of couples with children in which both parents work.
  2. Health issues: According to a 2000 survey of employees regarding the Family & Medical Leave Act (FMLA), among those who took FMLA leave, more than half, 52.4%, of workers used the leave to attend to their own health conditions. Thirteen percent reported taking leave to care for a parent and nearly 12% reported using leave to care for an ill child.
  3. The need for paid EXTO: Despite the ...


Hiring, Managing, And Changing Managers, Jonathan B. Forman Nov 2008

Hiring, Managing, And Changing Managers, Jonathan B. Forman

Jonathan B. Forman

No abstract provided.


Labor And Employment Law, Anne Richardson Smith Nov 2008

Labor And Employment Law, Anne Richardson Smith

University of Richmond Law Review

No abstract provided.


Data Note: Tracking Employment And Day Support Participation And Outcomes In State Intellectual Disability And Developmental Disability Agencies, Samita Bhattarai, Jean E. Winsor Nov 2008

Data Note: Tracking Employment And Day Support Participation And Outcomes In State Intellectual Disability And Developmental Disability Agencies, Samita Bhattarai, Jean E. Winsor

Data Note Series, Institute for Community Inclusion

As a part of the FY2007 National Survey of Day and Employment Programs data was requested from state Intellectual Disabilities and Developmental Disabilities (ID/DD) agencies regarding the sources of information used to report the total number of individuals served in the following services categories: integrated employment, facility-based work, community-based non work, and facility-based non work. Data on sources is an important factor to note when comparing each state’s service outcomes over time. Collecting information on the source of the data can help to explain unexpected trends in state service distribution when the state has not implemented changes in ...


Reconceiving Labour Law: The Labour Market Regulation Project, Andrew D. Frazer Nov 2008

Reconceiving Labour Law: The Labour Market Regulation Project, Andrew D. Frazer

Faculty of Law - Papers (Archive)

This paper reviews the recent work by Australian labour lawyers that has embraced the ‘new regulation’ and in particular the idea of law as regulation. This approach has recast the academic study of labour law as being concerned with regulation of the labour market. While much of this work has concentrated on expanding the field of labour law to include many areas of law affecting the labour market (beyond the employer-employee relationship), the work has also developed the view of law as a mechanism of state regulation. The paper examines how the ‘regulatory turn’ in Australian labour law has affected ...


Optimal Retirement Age, Jonathan B. Forman Oct 2008

Optimal Retirement Age, Jonathan B. Forman

Jonathan B. Forman

No abstract provided.


Erisa Misrepresentation And Nondisclosure Claims: Securities Litigation Under The Guise Of Erisa?, Clovis Trevino Bravo Oct 2008

Erisa Misrepresentation And Nondisclosure Claims: Securities Litigation Under The Guise Of Erisa?, Clovis Trevino Bravo

Georgetown Law Student Series

In the wake of recent corporate scandals and dramatic market downturns, many employees whose retirement savings plans were heavily invested in the stock of their employer have seen their account balances substantially depleted. To recover for their losses, plan participants have filed lawsuits under the Employee Retirement Income Security Act (ERISA) alleging that plan fiduciaries made misrepresentations or failed to disclose material information about the suitability of investing in the company stock. These suits are generally derivative or companion cases to securities class actions based on the same allegations of misrepresentations or nondisclosures. Even though there is a significant overlap ...


Grocery Store Activism: A Wto Compliant Means To Incentivize Social Responsibility, Jessica M. Karbowski Oct 2008

Grocery Store Activism: A Wto Compliant Means To Incentivize Social Responsibility, Jessica M. Karbowski

Student Scholarship Papers

Despite the increases in global wealth attributable to globalization and increased international trade, the damage done by socially irresponsible production practices remains an area of concern for international human and labor rights advocates. Because international trade law under the World Trade Organization (WTO) imposes strict limitations on the policy options available to Member States, international human rights and international trade have been viewed as fundamentally at odds with one another. This Article argues that market-based incentives can be used to allow international trade to reinforce established human rights principles, rather than constantly undermining government attempts to formulate appropriate policy solutions ...


Bills Introduced In The 110th Congress Regarding Flexible Work Arrangements, Workplace Flexibility 2010, Georgetown University Law Center Oct 2008

Bills Introduced In The 110th Congress Regarding Flexible Work Arrangements, Workplace Flexibility 2010, Georgetown University Law Center

Charts and Summaries of State, U.S., and Foreign Laws and Regulations

Flexible Work Arrangements (FWAs) alter the time and/or place that work is conducted on a regular basis -- in a manner that is as manageable and predictable as possible for both employees and employers. This document charts bills introduced in the 110th Congress regarding flexible work arrangements.


Privatizing Labor Law: Neutrality/Card Check Agreements And The Role Of The Arbitrator, Laura J. Cooper Oct 2008

Privatizing Labor Law: Neutrality/Card Check Agreements And The Role Of The Arbitrator, Laura J. Cooper

Indiana Law Journal

William R. Stewart Lecture given at Indiana University School of Law-Bloomington on November 13, 2007.


Vol. 25, No. 4, Paul R. Klenck Oct 2008

Vol. 25, No. 4, Paul R. Klenck

The Illinois Public Employee Relations Report

Contents:

Caught in the Web: On and Off-Duty Use of Computers, by Paul R. Klenck

Recent Developments

Further References, compiled by Yoo-Seong Song


Data Note: Wia Employment Outcomes And Trends, Monica Cox, Frank A. Smith Oct 2008

Data Note: Wia Employment Outcomes And Trends, Monica Cox, Frank A. Smith

Data Note Series, Institute for Community Inclusion

This data note focuses on employment outcomes for individuals served by the One-Stop system through the Workforce Investment Act (WIA) Adult funding stream. Outcomes data include the rate of WIA customers entering employment and their employment retention rate. This data note compares outcomes among adults with reported disabilities to those without reported disabilities.


تونل, Sajjad Khaksari Sep 2008

تونل, Sajjad Khaksari

SAJJAD KHAKSARI

برداشتی از فیلم سینمایی تونل؛ فیلمی که صدا و سیمای خامنه ای همواره سعی در سوء استفاده از آن را داشته اما واقعیت این است که اوضاع و احوال «حقوق کارگر» و به خصوص فعالان سندیکایی آنان اسفناک است آنچنان که در فیلم هم به خوبی به نمایش گذاشته می شود. این تنها نسخه پی دی افی است که برای ام باقی مانده چرا که در بازداشت ها و دستگیری های سربازان گمراه حضرت آقا، ظالمان موفق شدند تا نوشته هایم در این زمینه را معدوم کنند! غافل از آنکه «حق» پا برجا بوده و خواهد بود


International Labor Standards, Soft Regulation, And National Government Roles, Sarosh C. Kuruvilla, Anil Verma Sep 2008

International Labor Standards, Soft Regulation, And National Government Roles, Sarosh C. Kuruvilla, Anil Verma

Sarosh Kuruvilla

[Excerpt] In this article, we briefly describe the different approaches to the regulation of international labor standards, and then argue for a new role for national governments based on soft rather than hard regulation approaches. We argue that this new role shows potential for significantly enhancing progress in international labor standards, since it enables governments to articulate a position without having to deal with the enforcement issues that hard regulation mandates. We justify this new role for governments based on the increasing use of soft regulation in the international arena. Of course, this approach is not without its own problems ...


Mining Mining Data: Bringing Empirical Analysis To Bear On The Regulation Of Safety And Health In U.S. Mining, Alison D. Morantz Sep 2008

Mining Mining Data: Bringing Empirical Analysis To Bear On The Regulation Of Safety And Health In U.S. Mining, Alison D. Morantz

West Virginia Law Review

No abstract provided.


Federal Regulation Of State Employment Under The Commerce Clause And "National Defense" Powers: Constitutional Issues Presented By The Public Safety Employer-Employee Cooperation Act, Kevin J. O'Brien Sep 2008

Federal Regulation Of State Employment Under The Commerce Clause And "National Defense" Powers: Constitutional Issues Presented By The Public Safety Employer-Employee Cooperation Act, Kevin J. O'Brien

Boston College Law Review

Pending before Congress is the Public Safety Employer-Employee Cooperation Act, which would require states and their localities to engage in collective bargaining with unions representing their public safety officers (i.e., police officers, firefighters, and emergency medical services workers). As constitutional authority for the Act, the legislation invokes the Commerce Clause and congressional "national defense" powers. This Note examines Congress's ability to regulate the states' employment of public safety officers. It concludes that the Commerce Clause does not enable such regulation because public safety employment does not substantially affect interstate commerce and that state sovereignty acts as an independent ...


The Failed Promise Of Workplace Health Regulation, David C. Vladeck Sep 2008

The Failed Promise Of Workplace Health Regulation, David C. Vladeck

West Virginia Law Review

No abstract provided.


Integrating Technology To Improve Mine Safety In The Wake Of Recent Mine Disasters, Jeffery L. Kohler Sep 2008

Integrating Technology To Improve Mine Safety In The Wake Of Recent Mine Disasters, Jeffery L. Kohler

West Virginia Law Review

No abstract provided.


Dedication, Joyce E. Mcconnell Sep 2008

Dedication, Joyce E. Mcconnell

West Virginia Law Review

No abstract provided.