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Judicial Elections, Public Opinion, And Their Impact On State Criminal Justice Policy, Travis N. Taylor Jan 2020

Judicial Elections, Public Opinion, And Their Impact On State Criminal Justice Policy, Travis N. Taylor

Theses and Dissertations--Political Science

This dissertation explores whether and how the re-election prospects faced by trial court judges in many American states influence criminal justice policy, specifically, state levels of incarceration, as well as the disparity in rates of incarceration for Whites and Blacks. Do states where trial court judges must worry about facing reelection tend to encourage judicial behavior that results in higher incarceration rates? And are levels of incarceration and racial disparities in the states influenced by the proportion of the state publics who want more punitive policies? These are clearly important questions because they speak directly to several normative and empirical ...


Why Use A Hammer When A Scalpel Will Do? Suggestions For Fairer Juvenile Plea Bargaining In Kentucky, Aaron Wallace Meek Jan 2020

Why Use A Hammer When A Scalpel Will Do? Suggestions For Fairer Juvenile Plea Bargaining In Kentucky, Aaron Wallace Meek

Kentucky Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Recognized Right Or Open Question? An Exploration Of Johnson And Its Progeny, Richard Simpson Jan 2019

Recognized Right Or Open Question? An Exploration Of Johnson And Its Progeny, Richard Simpson

Kentucky Law Journal

No abstract provided.


How To Instruct The Jury On Stipulations Of Fact In Federal Criminal Cases, Linsey K. Hogg Jan 2018

How To Instruct The Jury On Stipulations Of Fact In Federal Criminal Cases, Linsey K. Hogg

Kentucky Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Book Review | Who Killed Betty Gail Brown? Murder, Mistrial, And Mystery, William H. Fortune Jan 2018

Book Review | Who Killed Betty Gail Brown? Murder, Mistrial, And Mystery, William H. Fortune

Law Faculty Popular Media

No abstract provided.


Expanding Reach: The Importance Of Batson V. Kentucky Thirty Years On, Melynda J. Price J.D., Ph.D. Jan 2017

Expanding Reach: The Importance Of Batson V. Kentucky Thirty Years On, Melynda J. Price J.D., Ph.D.

Kentucky Law Journal

No abstract provided.


A Call To Criminal Courts: Record Rules For Batson, Catherine M. Grasso, Barbara O'Brien Jan 2017

A Call To Criminal Courts: Record Rules For Batson, Catherine M. Grasso, Barbara O'Brien

Kentucky Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Governmental Acquiescence In Private Party Searches: The State Action Inquiry And Lessons From The Federal Circuits, Eugene L. Shapiro Jan 2016

Governmental Acquiescence In Private Party Searches: The State Action Inquiry And Lessons From The Federal Circuits, Eugene L. Shapiro

Kentucky Law Journal

In an area characterized by a significant potential for governmental abuse, judicial examination of whether governmental acquiescence in a specific private party search constitutes state action, consequently subject to Fourth Amendment constraints, has often lacked appropriate focus and depth. An examination of the standards used among the federal circuits reveals prevalent approaches which identify the circumstances bearing upon the matter, but which address them under "multi-factored" totality of the circumstances standards. The result has too often been a lack of specificity in discussing the issues and a failure to provide needed clarity for law enforcement.

This article examines the analyses ...


The Use Of False Dna Evidence To Gain A Confession During Interrogation Is Classic Coercion: Why Such Coerced Confessions Should Not Be Admissible In A Criminal Trial, Andrea Reed Jan 2016

The Use Of False Dna Evidence To Gain A Confession During Interrogation Is Classic Coercion: Why Such Coerced Confessions Should Not Be Admissible In A Criminal Trial, Andrea Reed

Kentucky Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Batson V. Kentucky Reflections Inspired By A Podcast, Nancy S. Marder Jan 2016

Batson V. Kentucky Reflections Inspired By A Podcast, Nancy S. Marder

Kentucky Law Journal

An episode of More Perfect, a podcast devoted to the US. Supreme Court, focused on Batson v. Kentucky, which just marked its thirtieth anniversary. This podcast serves as the starting point for reflections on Batson v. Kentucky, a case in which the Court maintained the peremptory challenge while trying to eliminate discriminatory peremptory challenges. The podcast contributes to our understanding of Batson in several ways. First, it allows listeners to hear from participants in the case and how they viewed their situation at the time. Second, it considers whether Batson has been effective in ridding jury selection of race-based peremptory ...


What Is Criminal Restitution?, Cortney E. Lollar Nov 2014

What Is Criminal Restitution?, Cortney E. Lollar

Law Faculty Scholarly Articles

A new form of restitution has become a core aspect of criminal punishment. Courts now order defendants to compensate victims for an increasingly broad category of losses, including emotional and psychological losses and losses for which the defendant was not found guilty. Criminal restitution therefore moves far beyond its traditional purpose of disgorging a defendant's ill-gotten gains. Instead, restitution has become a mechanism of imposing additional punishment. Courts, however, have failed to recognize the punitive nature of restitution and thus enter restitution orders without regard to the constitutional protections that normally attach to criminal proceedings. This Article deploys a ...


Text Me: A Text-Based Interpretation Of 28 U.S.C. § 2255(E), Jennifer L. Case Jan 2014

Text Me: A Text-Based Interpretation Of 28 U.S.C. § 2255(E), Jennifer L. Case

Kentucky Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Getting Jurors To Awesome, Cortney E. Lollar Jan 2014

Getting Jurors To Awesome, Cortney E. Lollar

Law Faculty Scholarly Articles

A 2011 American Bar Association report on the death penalty in Kentucky revealed that a shocking two-thirds of the 78 people sentenced to death in Kentucky since reinstatement of the death penalty in 1976 have had their sentences overturned on appeal. Kentucky’s reversal rate is more than twice the national average, with a 31% reversal rate in capital cases and almost four times the 17% national reversal rate in all other case types. With a sentence as irreversible as death, troubling does not begin to describe the depth of concern many experience when viewing such a startling statistic.

A ...


Closing The Door On Subjective Reasonableness: Evaluating Police-Created Exigencies And The Issues With The Doctrinal Shift To Objectivity In Warrantless Searches, Gordon L. Mowen Ii Jan 2013

Closing The Door On Subjective Reasonableness: Evaluating Police-Created Exigencies And The Issues With The Doctrinal Shift To Objectivity In Warrantless Searches, Gordon L. Mowen Ii

Kentucky Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Toward A Common Law Of Plea Bargaining, Wesley Macneil Oliver Jan 2013

Toward A Common Law Of Plea Bargaining, Wesley Macneil Oliver

Kentucky Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Reconsidering State Parole Board Membership Requirements In Light Of Model Penal Code Sentencing Revisions, Stefan J. Bing Jan 2012

Reconsidering State Parole Board Membership Requirements In Light Of Model Penal Code Sentencing Revisions, Stefan J. Bing

Kentucky Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Cost Conscious Justice: The Case For Wholly-Informed Discretionary Sentencing In Kentucky, Emily M. Grant Jan 2011

Cost Conscious Justice: The Case For Wholly-Informed Discretionary Sentencing In Kentucky, Emily M. Grant

Kentucky Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Drawing The Line At Pushing "Play": Barring Video Montages As Victim Impact Evidence At Capital Sentencing Trials, Alicia N. Harden Jan 2011

Drawing The Line At Pushing "Play": Barring Video Montages As Victim Impact Evidence At Capital Sentencing Trials, Alicia N. Harden

Kentucky Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Relationship And Injury Trends In The Homicide Of Women Across The Lifespan: A Research Note, Carol E. Jordan, Adam J. Pritchard, Danielle Duckett, Pamela Wilcox, Tracey Corey, Mandy Combest May 2010

Relationship And Injury Trends In The Homicide Of Women Across The Lifespan: A Research Note, Carol E. Jordan, Adam J. Pritchard, Danielle Duckett, Pamela Wilcox, Tracey Corey, Mandy Combest

Office for Policy Studies on Violence Against Women Publications

In 2006, more than 3,600 women in the United States lost their lives to homicide. Descriptive data regarding homicides of women are beginning to reveal important complexities regarding victim–offender relationships, severity of injury, and age of female homicide victim. More specifically, there is some indication that the correlation between victim–offender relationship and injury severity may be conditional, depending on victim age. This retrospective review accessed medical examiner records of female homicide victims from 2002 through 2004, and its findings offer additional illumination on the trends in associations of injury and relationship variables in the homicide of women ...


The Disregarding Of The Rehabilitative Spirit Of Juvenile Codes: Addressing Resentencing Hearings In Blended Sentencing Schemes, Grace Shear Jan 2010

The Disregarding Of The Rehabilitative Spirit Of Juvenile Codes: Addressing Resentencing Hearings In Blended Sentencing Schemes, Grace Shear

Kentucky Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Drug Law Reform—Retreating From An Incarceration Addiction, Robert G. Lawson Jan 2010

Drug Law Reform—Retreating From An Incarceration Addiction, Robert G. Lawson

Law Faculty Scholarly Articles

Now, thirty years into the "war on drugs," views about the law's reliance on punishment to fix the drug problem are less conciliatory and more absolute: "[t]he notion that 'the drug war is a failure' has become the common wisdom in academic ... circles." Those who have most closely studied the results of the "war" believe that it has "accomplished little more than incarcerating hundreds of thousands of individuals whose only crime was the possession of drugs." More importantly, they believe that it has had little if any effect on the drug problem: "Despite the fact that the number ...


Performing Discretion Or Performing Discrimination: An Analysis Of Race And Ritual In Batson Decisions In Capital Jury Selection, Melynda J. Price Oct 2009

Performing Discretion Or Performing Discrimination: An Analysis Of Race And Ritual In Batson Decisions In Capital Jury Selection, Melynda J. Price

Law Faculty Scholarly Articles

Research shows the mere presence of Blacks on capital juries--on the rare occasions they are seated--can mean the difference between life and death. Peremptory challenges are the primary method to remove these pivotal participants. Batson v. Kentucky developed hearings as an immediate remedy for the unconstitutional removal of jurors through racially motivated peremptory challenges. These proceedings have become rituals that sanction continued bias in the jury selection process and ultimately affect the outcome of capital trials. This Article deconstructs the role of the Batson ritual in legitimating the removal of African American jurors. These perfunctory hearings fail to meaningfully interrogate ...


Deferring Ineffectiveness Claims To Collateral Review: Ensuring Equal Access And A Right To Appointed Counsel, Thomas M. Place Jan 2009

Deferring Ineffectiveness Claims To Collateral Review: Ensuring Equal Access And A Right To Appointed Counsel, Thomas M. Place

Kentucky Law Journal

No abstract provided.


The Undiscovered Country: Execution Competency & Comprehending Death, Jeffrey L. Kirchmeier Jan 2009

The Undiscovered Country: Execution Competency & Comprehending Death, Jeffrey L. Kirchmeier

Kentucky Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Drug Law Reform--Retreating From An Incarceration Addiction, Robert G. Lawson Jan 2009

Drug Law Reform--Retreating From An Incarceration Addiction, Robert G. Lawson

Kentucky Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Pfo Law Reform, A Crucial First Step Towards Sentencing Sanity In Kentucky, Robert G. Lawson Jan 2008

Pfo Law Reform, A Crucial First Step Towards Sentencing Sanity In Kentucky, Robert G. Lawson

Law Faculty Scholarly Articles

The purpose of this article is to engage in some analysis and discussion of the part of this sentencing law that cries out loudest for reform (the state's persistent felony offender law), reform that in short order would begin to deflate the population that has our prisons and jails grossly overcrowded. In this analysis and discussion, there is some brief consideration of the justifications used to support repeat offender laws (Part I), a segment on the history and evolution of Kentucky's law (Part II), an examination of a selection of repeat offender laws from other states (Part III ...


Turning Jails Into Prisons--Collateral Damage From Kentucky's "War On Crime", Robert G. Lawson Jan 2006

Turning Jails Into Prisons--Collateral Damage From Kentucky's "War On Crime", Robert G. Lawson

Kentucky Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Turning Jails Into Prisons—Collateral Damage From Kentucky's War On Crime, Robert G. Lawson Jan 2006

Turning Jails Into Prisons—Collateral Damage From Kentucky's War On Crime, Robert G. Lawson

Law Faculty Scholarly Articles

The primary purpose of this article is to scrutinize Kentucky's ever-increasing reliance on local jails for the incarceration of state prisoners. This objective cannot be achieved without an examination of the problems that compel counties and cities to allow (and even encourage) the state to capture their jails for this use. The first half of the article (Parts I-IV) provides general information about jails (including some pertinent history), contains a detailed description of jail functions (including some that have descended upon jails by default), and concludes with a discussion of what the state has done over two decades to ...


Testimonial Or Nontestimonial? The Admissibility Of Forensic Evidence After Crawford V. Washington, John M. Spires Jan 2005

Testimonial Or Nontestimonial? The Admissibility Of Forensic Evidence After Crawford V. Washington, John M. Spires

Kentucky Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Through The Looking-Glass At The Brady Doctrine: Some New Reflections On White Queens, Hobgoblins, And Due Process, Eugene Cerruti Jan 2005

Through The Looking-Glass At The Brady Doctrine: Some New Reflections On White Queens, Hobgoblins, And Due Process, Eugene Cerruti

Kentucky Law Journal

No abstract provided.